(3.230.173.249) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/04/18 07:52
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:陳喜月
研究生(外文):TAN HEE GUEK
論文名稱:芬蘭師資培育制度之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study on Finnish Teacher Education
指導教授:許智香許智香引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:慈濟大學
系所名稱:教育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:綜合教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:215
中文關鍵詞:芬蘭芬蘭教育芬蘭師資培育制度
外文關鍵詞:FinlandFinnish EducationFinnish Teacher Education.
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:4
  • 點閱點閱:563
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:4
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
  本研究旨在探討芬蘭的師資培育制度。本研究採用文獻分析法與訪談法,針對芬蘭師資培育制度的培育目標、培育機構、培育課程、師資生遴選等制度的內涵與實施進行研究探索與分析,其研究發現有:
一、以培育具備多元能力之教師為目標;
二、提升至碩士層級的教師資格;
三、控管師資生名額與嚴謹的遴選方式;
四、對教師無正式輔導與評估機制。
  由以上芬蘭師資培育制度所呈現的內涵,整理其特色為:一、讓「對」的人成為未來教師候選人;二、以完備之課程內容成就未來教師。
  根據本研究之結果,提出對台灣師資培育制度的建議如下:
一、培育政策宜長遠一貫且具專業性;
二、投注更多的師資教育經費與資源;
三、重視教師的專業與社會地位;
四、重質亦重量的入口與出口管制;
五、彈性調整師資培育課程與有效落實教學實習。
  This study is aimed at exploring the Finnish Teacher Education on adopting the document analysis and interview methods. This study is mainly focused on the dimensions of the aims of the Finnish Teacher Education, training institutions, training courses and the methods of selecting student teachers, etc. The findings from this study are as follows:
1.To nurture the teachers with multiple abilities;
2.To enhance teacher qualifications to Masters level;
3.Control the quota for student teachers and rigorous selection methods;
4.No formal counseling and evaluation for teachers.
  This study summarizes the characteristics of the Finnish Teacher Education as below: (1) Let the “right” people be the candidates for future teachers; and (2) The use of complete curriculum to bring achievements on the future teachers.
  Based on the above conclusions from this study, the main suggestions to the Taiwan Teacher Education are as follows:
1.The long term policy of Teacher Education should be done consistently and professionally;
2.Dedicate more funding and resources for teacher education;
3.The emphasis on teachers' profession and social status;
4.Pay more attention on the entrance and exit of students teacher;
5.Flexibility to adjust the effective implementation of teacher education
curriculum and teaching practices.
第一章 緒論
 第一節 研究背景與研究意識 1
 第二節 研究目的   13
 第三節 研究方法與步驟 14
第二章 芬蘭時代背景與師資培育制度發展沿革
 第一節 民族與歷史 24
 第二節 政治與經濟 34
 第三節 社會與文化 42
 第四節 芬蘭教育系統之發展沿革 46
 第五節 芬蘭師資培育制度之發展沿革 62
 第六節 芬蘭學生教育表現 67
 第七節 本章小結 82
第三章 芬蘭師資培育制度與實施
 第一節 師資培育目標 86
 第二節 師資培育機構 91
 第三節 師資培育課程結構 107
 第四節 師資生之遴選 127
 第五節 教師之資格取得、聘任、輔導、評估與在職教育 135
 第六節 師資培育制度評鑑 142
 第七節 教師教育信念之初探 151
 第八節 討論 168
第四章 結論與建議
 第一節 結論 175
 第二節 建議 178
 第三節 研究省思 183
參考文獻
 一、中文部份 185
 二、英文部份 188
一、中文部份
方永泉(2008)。宗教改革與教育的關係。2009年2月11日,取自web.ed.ntnu.edu.tw/~ycfang/_document/syllabus12(eduhistory).doc
王文科,王智弘(2007)。教育研究法。臺北市:五南。
王美恩(2008)。創新圖書館:吸引青少年爲樂趣閲讀。載於蕭富元等(著),芬蘭教育,世界第一的秘密(頁152-161)。臺北市:天下雜誌。
世界文明史‧世界風物誌聯合編譯小組編譯(1978)。世界風物誌15:北歐。臺北市:地球。
自由時報電子報(2010)。師培教育13年,5.8萬成流浪教師。2010年10月29日,取自http://www.libertytimes.com.tw/2010/new/oct/27/today-life15.htm
吳明烈(2004)。終身學習—理念與實踐。臺北市:五南。
吳祥輝(2006)。芬蘭驚艷:全球成長競爭力第一名的故事。臺北市:遠流。
李麗君(2006)。檢視師資生教學信念與其實踐之方案實施與成效。國立臺北教育大學學報,19(1),39-62。
林煥祥(主編)(2006)。臺灣參加 PISA 2006 成果報告。行政院國家科學委員會計畫編號(NSC 95-2522-S-026-002)。2011年1月29日,取自http://pisa.nutn.edu.tw/download/2006pisa/2006PISA.pdf
洪蘭(譯)(2008a)。R. Uosukainen著。單一國會制。載於I. Taipale(主編),芬蘭的100個社會創新(頁1)。臺北市:天下雜誌。
洪蘭(譯)(2008b)。H. Holkeri著。聯合政府。載於I. Taipale(主編),芬蘭的100個社會創新(頁5)。臺北市:天下雜誌。
洪蘭(譯)(2008c)。R. Salonen著。政黨補助。載於I. Taipale(主編),芬蘭的100個社會創新(頁72)。臺北市:天下雜誌。
洪蘭(譯)(2008d)。M. af Heurlin著。TEKES 芬蘭國家技術局。載於I. Taipale(主編),芬蘭的100個社會創新(頁58)。臺北市:天下雜誌。
洪蘭(譯)(2008e)。E. Aho著。SITRA過家研究發展基金。載於I. Taipale(主編),芬蘭的100個社會創新(頁57)。臺北市:天下雜誌。
洪蘭(譯)(2008f)。K. Dromberg著。芬蘭的國家圖書館。載於I. Taipale(主編),芬蘭的100個社會創新(頁52)。臺北市:天下雜誌。
洪蘭(譯)(2008g)。J. Sarjala著。芬蘭兒童的閲讀能力。載於I. Taipale(主編),芬蘭的100個社會創新(頁55)。臺北市:天下雜誌。
洪蘭(譯)(2008h)。E. Aho著。芬蘭的綜合學校。載於I. Taipale(主編),芬蘭的100個社會創新(頁53)。臺北市:天下雜誌。
高關中,鄭麗群(2004)。北歐五國丹、瑞、挪、冰、芬:福利社會的典範。北京:社會科學文獻出版社。
徐波(2008)。國際教育成績評估的發展歷程、研究項目及其爭論。比較教育研究,225(10),71-75。
袁振國主編(2005)。當代教育學。北京:教育科學出版社。
時代—生活叢書編輯(1995)。斯堪的那維亞。紐約:時代公司。
許智偉(2002)。北歐五國的教育。臺北市:編譯舘。
莊曉霞(譯)(2006)。Virpi Timonen 著。獲取福利公民權:芬蘭及瑞典福利國家的改革。載於劉育廷等(譯),Peter Taylor-Gooby等(著),壓力下的福利國家:變革與展望(頁42-70)。臺北市:松慧。
黃瑞琴(1991)。質的教育研究方法。臺北市:心理。
陳之華(2008)。沒有資優班,珍視每個孩子的芬蘭教育。臺北縣:木馬文化。
陳之華(2009)。每個孩子都是第一名:芬蘭教育給台灣父母的45堂必修課。臺北市:天下雜誌。
陳之華(2010)。成就每一個孩子:從芬蘭到台北,陳之華的教育觀察筆記。臺北市:天下雜誌。
陳秋伶等譯(1996)。放眼新世界8:東歐、北歐。臺北市:錦繡。
陳照雄(2007)。芬蘭教育制度:培育高品質之國民,建立平等、安全、福利之社會。臺北市:心理。
張家倩(2006)。芬蘭教育改革的歷史及其現況。教育資料集刊,32,201-216。
張家倩(2007)。芬蘭國民教育現況探析。教育資料集刊,33,239-256。
張家倩(2008)。「看不見的第一」:我的芬蘭經驗。載於蕭富元等(著),芬蘭教育,世界第一的秘密(頁168-179)。臺北市:天下雜誌。
張淑媚、朱啓華(2008)。德國對PISA的討論及對臺灣教育的啓示。教育資料集刊,37,1-18。
張銘秋、謝秀月、徐秋月(2009)。PISA 科學素養之試題認知成份分析。課程與教學季刊,13(1),1-20。
國際21世紀教育委員會報告/聯合國教科文組織總部中文科譯(1996)。教育—財富蘊藏其中。北京:教育科學出版社。
陸瑾(2011)。PISA如何測評閱讀素養。中國教育報,讀書週刊。
葉至誠、葉立誠(2002)。研究方法與論文寫作。臺北市:商鼎文化。
臺灣PISA國家研究中心(2010a)。PISA評量內涵。2011年6月15日,取自http://pisa.nutn.edu.tw/pisa_tw_03.htm
臺灣PISA國家研究中心(2010b)。臺灣PISA2009精簡報告。2011年6月15日,取自http://pisa.nutn.edu.tw/download_tw.htm
賓靜蓀(2010)。全世界最棒的國家。2011年6月15日,取自http://parenting.cw.com.tw/web/docDetail.do?docId=2978
賴小琴(2006)。PISA評價:為成人生活做準備的素養指示器。比較教育研究,192(5),43-46。
蕭富元(2008a)。務實,智慧的開始。載於蕭富元等(著),芬蘭教育,世界第一的秘密(頁40-49)。臺北市:天下雜誌。
蕭富元(2008b)。Smart strategy 投資腦力。載於蕭富元等(著),芬蘭教育,世界第一的秘密(頁58-65)。臺北市:天下雜誌。
蕭富元(2008c)。Smart system 福利國家2.0。載於蕭富元等(著),芬蘭教育,世界第一的秘密(頁50-57)。臺北市:天下雜誌。
蕭富元採訪整理(2008d)。「一個也不能少」芬蘭教育的核心價值—專訪厄基‧阿侯(芬蘭國家教育委員會前主委)。載於蕭富元等(著),芬蘭教育,世界第一的秘密(頁162-167)。臺北市:天下雜誌。
蕭富元(2008e)。白色芬蘭。載於蕭富元等(著),芬蘭教育,世界第一的秘密(頁32-37)。臺北市:天下雜誌。
戴月芳主編(1993)。北歐。臺北市:錦繡。
蘇秀法(1987)。「芬蘭化」與「丹麥化」陰影下的歐洲。臺北市:正中書局。

二、英文部份
Åbo Akademi University (2010). Subjects. Retrieved May 1, 2011, from https://www.abo.fi/student/en/pfamnen
Åbo Akademi University (n.d.).Courses in English 2009-2010 Åbo Akademi University, Vasa Campus. Retrieved May 1, 2011, from https://www.abo.fi/media/16518/coursesinenglish20092010.pdf
Aho, E., Pitkanen, K., and Sahlberg, P. (2006). Policy development and reform principles of basic and secondary education in Finland since 1968. Helsinki, Finland: World Bank.
Anna, J. (2008). Swedish in Finland. Retrieved February 11, 2009, from http://finland.fi/netcomm/news/showarticle.asp?intNWSAID=26218
Antikainen, A., and Luukkainen, A. (n.d.). Twenty-five Years of Educational Reform Initiatives in Finland. Retrieved January 13, 2009, from http://cc.joensuu.fi/~anti/publ/uudet/twenty_five_years.pdf
Asunta, T. (n.d.). Developments in Teacher Education in Finland. In-service Education and Training. Retrieved October 29, 2009, from http://www.see-educoop.net/education_in/pdf/workshop/tesee/dokumenti/monografija/Tula.pdf
Atjonen, P. (1993).The role of teacher training schools in the basic education of Finnish teachers. European Education, 25(1), 62-70.
Brady, J. (2008). Chronology of Finnish history. Retrieved January 13, 2009, from http://newsroom.finland.fi/netcomm/news/showarticle.asp?Int NWSAID=25911
Byman, R., Krokfors, L., Toom, A., Maaranen, K., Jyrhämä, R., Kynäslahti, H., and Kansanen, P. (2009). Educating inquiry-oriented teachers: students’ attitudes and experiences towards research-based teacher education. Educational Research and Evaluation, 15(1), 79-92.
Clark, C. M. and Peterson, P. L. (1986). Teachers’ Thought Process. In M. C. Wittrock (Ed.), Handbook of research on teaching 3rd Ed. (pp.255-296). New York: Macmillan.
Eloranta, J., Garcia-Iglesias, C., Ojala, J., and Jalava, J. (2006). On the road to prosperity: a introduction. In J. Ojala, J. Eloranta and J. Jalava (Eds.), The Road to Prosperity. An Economic History of Finland (pp.15-32). Helsinki, Finland: SKS.
European Commission (n.d). Organisation of the education system in Finland 2008/09. Retrieved October 29, 2008, from http://eacea.ec.europa.eu/ education/eurydice/documents/eurybase/eurybase_full_reports/FI_EN.pdf
Finnish Higher Education Evaluation Council (n.d.). Centres of Excellence in University Education for 2010-2012. Retrieved May 1, 2011, from http://www.kka.fi/?l=en&s=153
Finnish Institute for Educational Research (2010). Teacher Education Curricula in the EU. Final Report. Retrieved May 9, 2011, from http://ktl.jyu.fi/img/portal/17545/TEC_FINAL_REPORT_12th_Apr2010_WEB.pdf?cs=1271922032
Finnish National Board of Education (2002). Historical Overview. Retrieved October 29, 2008, from http://www.oph.fi/english/pageLastasp?path=447, 4699,4767
Finnish National Board of Education (2004). National Core for Basic Education 2004. Helsinki, Finland: Finnish National Board of Education.
Finnish National Board of Education (2009). The Finnish Education System. Retrieved October 29, 2008, from http://www.minedu.fi/export/sites/default/OPM/Koulutus/koulutusjaerjestelmae/liitteet/finnish_education.pdf
Finnish National Board of Education (2009). Teachers in General Education. Retrieved January 26, 2010, from http://www.oph.fi/english/education/teachers/teachers_in%20_general_education
Frank, L., Hirvonen T., and Inkinen, T. (2006). A Territorial Perspective on the Information Society. In H. Eskelinen and T. Hirvonen (Eds.), Positioning Finland in a European Space (pp. 110-120). Helsinki, Finland: Ministry of the Environment, Ministry of the Interior.
Gamerman, E. (2008). What Makes Finnish Kids So Smart? Retrieved January 26, 2010, from http://online.wsj.com/article/SB120425355065601997.html
Graber, K. C. (1996). Influencing student beliefs: The design of a “high impact” teacher education program. Teaching and Teacher Education, 12(5), 451-466.
Haapasalo, I., Välimaa, R., and Kannas, L. (2010). How Comprehensive School Students Perceive their Psychosocial School Environment. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 54(2), 133-150.
Himanen, P. (2005). The Nordic Model of the Information Society: The Finnish Case. In O. Kangas and J. Palme (Eds.), Social Policy and Economic Development in the Nordic Countries (pp. 265-298). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Hjerppe, R., and Jalava, J. (2006). Economic Growth and Structural Change A Century and a Half of Catching-up. In J. Ojala, J. Eloranta and J. Jalava (Eds.), The Road to Prosperity. An Economic History of Finland (pp. 33-63). Helsinki, Finland: SKS.
Houtsonen, L. (2004). Developments in Teacher Training in Finland: Emerging Models of Geography Education. International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education, 13(2), 190-196.
Huhtala, A. (1998). Finland: Forestry, Energy Policy, and Restructuring. In H. Aage (Ed.), Environmental transition in Nordic and Baltic countries (pp. 48-62). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.
Husu, J. and Tirri, K. (2007). Developing whole school pedagogical values—A case of going through the ethos of ‘‘good schooling’’. Teaching and Teacher Education, 23, 390-401.
Ikonen, R. (2004). From Poverty to Prosperity: the impact of socio-economic change on Finnish elementary education in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 48(1), 3-18.
Jakku-Sihvonen, R. (2007). Curricula for Majoring in Education. In R. Jakku-Sihvonen & H. Niemi (Eds.), Education as a societal contributor: reflections by Finnish Educationalists (pp.207-225). Germany: Peter Lang.
Jarmo, L. (2007). Parliamentarism. Retrieved February 11, 2008, from http://finland.fi/netcomm/news/showarticle.asp?intNWSAID=25783
Joe, B. (2008). Chronology of Finnish history. Retrieved February 11, 2008, from http://finland.fi/netcomm/news/showarticle.asp?intNWSAID=25911#bc
Joensuun normaalikoulu (n.d.). The school. Retrieved May 1, 2011, from http://jnor.joensuu.fi/index.php?id=1&lang_id=1
Joshua, L. (2011). Finland's Educational Success? The Anti-Tiger Mother Approach. Retrieved April 18, 2011, from http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,2062419-2,00.html
Jussila, J. & Saari, S. (Eds.) (2000). Teacher Education as a Future-moulding Factor: International Evaluation of Teacher Education in Finnish Universities. Helsinki, Finland: Finnish Higher Education Evaluation Council 9:2000.
Jyrhämä, R., Kynäslahti, H., Krokfors, L., Byman, R., Maaranen, K., Toom, A., and Kansanen, P. (2008). The appreciation and realisation of research-based teacher education: Finnish students’ experiences of teacher education. European Journal of Teacher Education, 31(1), 1-16.
Kansanen, P. (2004). The role of general education in teacher education. Zeitschrift für Erziehungswissenschaft, 7(2), 207-218.
Kansanen, P. and Meri, M. (2007). Finland. In W. Hörner et al. (Eds.), The Education Systems of Europe (pp. 251-262). Dordrecht: Springer.
Kauppila, J. and Ahvenharju, A. (2007). Teacher Generations in Finland: A Biographical Study of the Key Experience and Life-Course Trajectories of Teachers. In A. Antikainen (Ed.), Transforming A Learning Society: The case of Finland (pp. 235-253). Germany: Peter Lang.
Kivinen, O. and Rinne, R. (1994). The Thirst for Learning, or Protecting One’s Niche? The shaping of teacher training in Finland during the 19th and 20th centuries. British Journal of Sociology Education, 15(4), 515-527.
Krokfors, L. (2007). Two-fold role of reflective pedagogical practise in research-based teacher education. In R. Jakku-Sihvonen & H. Niemi (Eds.), Education as a societal contributor: reflections by Finnish Educationalists (pp.147-159). Germany: Peter Lang.
Laukkanen, R. (2008). Finnish strategy for high-level education for all. In S. Nils C. and J. Pierre (Eds.), Governance and performance of education systems (pp.305-324). Berlin: Springer.
Leijola, L. (2004). The Education System in Finland-Development and Equality. Helsinki: ETLA, Elinkeinoelämän Tutkimuslaitos, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy (Keskusteluaiheita, Discussion Papers, ISSN 0781-6847; No. 909).
Linnakylä, P. (1996). Quality of school life in the Finnish Comprehensive School: a comparative view. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 40(1), 69-85.
Luukkainen, O. (2000). Teachers in 2010. Anticipatory Project to Investigate Teachers’ Initial and Continuing Training Needs (OPEPRO), Report 15. Final Report. Helsinki, Finland: National Board of Education.
Maaranen, K. (2009). Practitioner Research as Part of Professional Development in Initial Teacher Education. Abstracts from ERIC#: EJ864684.
Maaranen, K. (2010). Teacher Students' MA Theses: A Gateway to Analytic Thinking about Teaching? A Case Study of Finnish Primary School Teachers. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 54(5), 487-500.
Maaranen, K. and Krokfors, L. (2007). Time to think? Primary school teacher students reflecting on their MA thesis research processes. Reflective Practice, 8(3), 359-373.
Maaranen, K. and Krokfors, L. (2008). Researching pupils, schools and oneself. Teachers as integrators of theory and practice in initial teacher education. Journal of Education for Teaching, 34(3), 207-222.
Maaranen, K., Kynäslahti, H. and Krokfors, L. (2008). Learning a teacher’s work. Journal of Workplace Learning, 20(2), 133-145.
Malin, A. & Linnakylä, P. (2001). Multilevel Modelling in Repeated Measures of the Quality of Finnish School Life. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 45(2), 145-166.
McKinsey and Company (2007). How the world's best-performing school systems come out on top. Retrieved October 29, 2009, from http://www.mckinsey.com/App_Media/Reports/SSO/Worlds_School_Systems_Final.pdf
Meisalo, V. (2007). Subject Teacher Education in Finland: a Research-based Approach-The Role of Subject Didactics and Networking in Teacher Education. In R. Jakku-Sihvonen & H. Niemi (Eds.), Education as a societal contributor: reflections by Finnish Educationalists (pp.161-180). Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.
Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland (2007). Finland at a glance. Retrieved October 29, 2008, from http://virtual.finland.fi/netcomm/news/showarticle. asp?intNWSAID=24856
Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland (2009). Finland at a glance. Retrieved June 1, 2009, from http://finland.fi/Public/default.aspx?contentid= 160032&nodeid=41803&culture=en-US
Ministry of Education (1998). Basic Education Decree 852/1998. Helsinki, Finland: Ministry of Education.
Ministry of Education (2001). Teacher education development programme. Helsinki, Finland: Ministry of Education.
Ministry of Education (2003). Attracting, Development and Retaining Effective Teachers. Country background report for Finland. Retrieved October 29, 2008, from http://www.usgvox.nl/pdf/oeso%20attracting,%20developing%20and%20retaining%20effective%20teachers.pdf
Ministry of Education (2004). Basic Education Act 628/1998 (Amendments up to 1136/2004). Helsinki, Finland: Ministry of Education.
Ministry of Education (2004). Government Decree on University Degrees 794/2004. Helsinki, Finland: Ministry of Education.
Ministry of Education (2005). Reform of University Degrees. Helsinki, Finland: Ministry of Education.
Ministry of Education (2006). Final report of the teacher training development programme. Helsinki, Finland: Ministry of Education.
Ministry of Education (2008). Education and research 2007-2012 Development Plan. Helsinki, Finland: Ministry of Education.
Ministry of Education (2009). Minister Henna Virkkunen: The Universities Act promulgated. Retrieved March 28, 2010, from http://www.minedu.fi/OPM/Tiedotteet/2009/06/Yliopistolaki.html?lang=en
Ministry of Education (2009). Universities Act 558/2009. Helsinki, Finland: Ministry of Education.
Ministry of Education (n.d.). Education System in Finland. Retrieved October 29, 2008, from http://www.minedu.fi/OPM/Koulutus/koulutusjaerjestelmae /?lang=en
Ministry of Education (n.d.). Education policy in Finland. Retrieved October 29, 2008, from http://www.minedu.fi/OPM/Koulutus/koulutuspolitiikka /?lang=en
Ministry of Social Affairs and Health (2006). Social welfare in Finland. Helsinki, Finland: Ministry of Social Affairs and Health.
Nettle, E. B. (1998). Stability and change in the beliefs of student teachers during practice teaching. Teaching and Teacher Education, 14(2), 193-204.
Niemi, H. (2002). Active learning—a cultural change needed in teacher education and schools. Teaching and Teacher Education, 18, 763-780.
Niemi, H. and Kohonen, V. (1995). Evaluation of quality in Finnish teacher education. European Journal of Teacher Education, 18(1), 83-95.
Niemi, H. and Jakku-Sihvonen, R. (2006). In the front of the Bologna process Thirty years of research-based teacher education in Finland. Retrieved Sep 21, 2009, from http://www.see-educoop.net/education_in/pdf/workshop/tesee/dokumenti/monografija/Finland.pdf
Niemi, H. and Jakku-Sihvonen, R. (2011). Teacher Education in Finland. In M. V. Zuljan and J. Vogrinc (Eds.), European Dimensions of Teacher Education-Similarities and Differences (pp. 33-51). Ljubljana: Faculty of Education; Kranj: The National School of Leadership and Education.
Ojala, J. (2006). Change and continuity in the Finnish economy over time. Retrieved April 11, 2009, from http://finland.fi/netcomm/news/ showarticle.asp?intNWSAID=56613
Ojala, J. and Nummela, I. (2006). Feeding Economic Growth: Agriculture. In J. Ojala, J. Eloranta and J. Jalava (Eds.), The Road to Prosperity. An Economic History of Finland (pp. 65-91). Helsinki, Finland: SKS.
Oulun yliopisto Kajaanin kampus (n.d.). Kajaani Department of Teacher Education. Retrieved May 1, 2011, from http://www.kajaaninkampus.oulu.fi/
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (2005). Teacher Matter: Attracting, Developing and Retaining Effective Teachers. Paris: OECD.
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (2006). Assessing Scientific, Reading and Mathematical Literacy: A Framework for PISA 2006. Retrieved May 29, 2011, from http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/63/35/37464175.pdf
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (2007). The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA): PISA 2006: Science Competencies for Tomorrow’s World. Paris: OECD.
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (2009). PISA 2009
Assessment Framework: Key competencies in reading, mathematics and science. Retrieved May 29, 2011, from http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/11/40/44455820.pdf
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (2010a). PISA 2009 Results: What Students Know and Can do (Volume I). Retrieved May 29, 2011, from http://browse.oecdbookshop.org/oecd/pdfs/free/9810071e.pdf
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (2010b). PISA 2009 Results: Executive Summary. Retrieved May 29, 2011, from http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/34/60/46619703.pdf
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (2010c). PISA 2009 Results: Learning to learn (Volume III). Retrieved May 29, 2011, from http://browse.oecdbookshop.org/oecd/pdfs/free/9810091e.pdf
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (n.d.). OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA). Retrieved October 29, 2008, from http://www.pisa.oecd.org/pages/0,3417, en_32252351_32235907_1_1_1_1_1,00.html
Parviainen, J. (2002). Forests and forestry. Retrieved April 11, 2009, from http://newsroom.finland.fi/netcomm/news/showarticle.asp?intNWSAID=25853
Prime Minister’s Office (2006). A renewing, human-centric and competitive Finland: The National Knowledge Society Strategy 2007-2015. Helsinki, Finland: Prime Minister’s Office.
Raine, V. and Peter, J. (2007). Entrance Examination as Gatekeepers. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 51(5), 493-510.
Romantschuk, T. (1997).Helsinki, Finland: Finns love school. Europe,369.
Ruohotie-Lyhty, M. and Kaikkonen, P. (2009). The difficulty of change: The impact of personal school experience and teacher education on the work of beginning language teachers. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 53(3), 295-309.
Sahlberg, P. (2011). The professional educator: Lessons from Finland. American Educator, Summer, 34-38.
Schumpeter, J. A. (1983). The theory of economic development: An inquiry into profits, capital, credit, interest, and the business cycle. U.S.A.: Transaction.
Simola, H. (1993). Educational Science, the State, and Teachers: Forming the Corporate Regulation of Teacher Education in Finland. In T. S. Popkewitz (Ed.), Changing patterns of power: social regulation and teacher education reform, pp. 161-210. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
Simola, H., Kivinen O. and Rinne R. (1997). Didactic closure: Professionalization and pedagogic knowledge in Finnish teacher education. Teaching and Teacher Education, 13(8), 877-891.
Steinbock, D. (2001).The Nokia Revolution: the story of an extraordinary company that transformed an industry. New York: AMACOM.
The Finnish National Board of Education (2007). Background for Finnish PISA success. Retrieved October 29, 2008, from http://www.oph.fi/english/ SubPage.asp?path=447,65535,77331
The National Board of Education (2001). The Development of Education. National report of Finland. Helsinki, Finland: The National Board of Education.
The National Board of Education (2004). The Development of Education: National report of Finland. Helsinki, Finland: The National Board of Education.
Tirri, K., Husu, J. and Kansanen, P. (1999). The epistemological stance between the knower and the known. Teaching and Teacher Education, 15, 911-922.
Tirri, K. and Puolimatka, T. (2000).Teacher Authority in Schools: a case study from Finland. Journal of Education for Teaching, 26(2), 157-165.
Toom, A., Kynäslahti, H., Krokfors, L., Jyrhämä, R., Byman, R., Stenberg, K., Maaranen, K., and Kansanen, P. (2010). Experiences of a Research-based Approach to Teacher Education: suggestions for future policies. European Journal of Education, 45(2), 331-344.
Tryggvason, M.-T. (2009). Why is Finnish teacher education successful? Some goals Finnish teacher educators have for their teaching. European Journal of Teacher Education, 32(4), 369-382.
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (n.d.). Recommendation concerning the Status of Teachers. Retrieved March 23, 2010, from http://www.unesco.org/education/information/nfsunesco/pdf/TEACHE_E.PDF
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (n.d.). Education: The UNESCO Associated Schools Project Network. Retrieved May 1, 2011, from http://www.unesco.org/new/en/education/networks/global-networks/aspnet/
University of Eastern Finland (n.d.). History of the University of Eastern Finland. Retrieved May 1, 2011, from http://www.uef.fi/uef/historiaa
University of Helsinki (n.d.). Building the future since 1640. Retrieved April 18, 2011, from http://www.helsinki.fi/yliopistonhistoria/english/index.htm
University of Helsinki (n.d.). Curriculum for class teacher education 2008-. Retrieved October 17, 2009, from http://www.helsinki.fi/teachereducation/education/classteacher/curriculum%20for%20class%20teacher%20education%202008.pdf
University of Helsinki (n.d.). Structure of pedagogical studies for teachers Retrieved October 17, 2009, from http://www.helsinki.fi/teachereducation/education/subjectteacher/structure%20of%20pedagogical%20studies%20for%20teachers%202008.pdf
University of Helsinki (2006). Department of Teacher Education History. Retrieved April 18, 2011, from http://www.helsinki.fi/teachereducation/about/history.html
University of Helsinki (2007). Teacher qualifications. Helsinki, Finland: University of Helsinki.
University of Helsinki Faculty of Behavioural Sciences VOKKE-project (2006). Pedagogical studies for subject teachers- National recommendation by Vokke project 2005. Retrieved May 1, 2011, from http://www.helsinki.fi/vokke/english/SubjectTeacher_280806vt.pdf
University of Helsinki Faculty of Behavioural Sciences VOKKE-project (2007). Class teacher programme-National recommendation by Vokke project 2005. Retrieved May 1, 2011, from http://www.helsinki.fi/vokke/english/Classteacher_programme_270406su.pdf
University of Jyväskylä (n.d.). The curriculum (2007-2009) of the Department of Teacher Education. Retrieved Sep 27, 2009, from https://www.jyu.fi/edu/laitokset/okl/en/curriculum
University of Lapland (n.d.). Teaching Practice. Retrieved April 22, 2011, from http://www.ulapland.fi/InEnglish/Units/Teacher_Training_School/Teaching_Practice.iw3
University of Tampere (2008). Origins of the University. Retrieved May 1, 2011, from http://www.uta.fi/english/history.html
University of Tampere (2010). Let's shape the future. Change in the University of Tampere 2010-2015. Retrieved May 1, 2011, from http://www.uta.fi/english/introduction/strategy/index.html
University of Tampere (2010). Bachelor of Arts (Education). Retrieved May 1, 2011, from http://www10.uta.fi/opas/tutkintoOhjelma.htm?rid=5597&uiLang=en&lang=en&lvv=2011
University of Tampere (2011). Facts about the University. Retrieved May 1, 2011, from http://www.uta.fi/english/about.html
University of Turku (2008). Our History. Retrieved May 1, 2011, from http://www.utu.fi/en/university/history/
University of Turku (2010). Department of Teacher Education in Rauma and Teacher Training School in Rauma. Retrieved May 1, 2011, from http://www.edu.utu.fi/laitokset/rokl/en/
University of Turku (2010). Class Teacher Education-Department of Teacher Education, Rauma. Retrieved April 20, 2011, from http://www.edu.utu.fi/en/studying/undergraduate/ClassTeacherEducation_Rauma.pdf
Uusitalo H. (1996). Economic Crisis and Social Policy in Finland in the 1990s. Finland: Social Policy Research Centre Discussion Paper No. 70.
Välijärvi, J., Kupari, P., Reinikainen, P., Sulkunen, S., Tornroos, J., and Arffman, I. (2007). The Finnish success in PISA - and some reasons behind it 2 PISA 2003. Jyväskylä, Finland: Kirjapaino Oma Oy.
Vesikansa, J. (2008). Finnish industry: constantly adapting to a changing world. Retrieved May 14, 2009, from http://virtual.finland.fi/Public/default.aspx? contentid=160094&nodeid=41805&culture=en-US
Westbury, I., Hansén, S-E., Kansanen, P., and Björkvist, O. (2005). Teacher Education for Research-based practice in Finland roles: Finland’s experience. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 49(5), 475-485.
Wuorinen, J. H. (1965). A history of Finland. New York: Columbia University Press.
Zetterberg, S. (2008). Main outlines of Finnish history. Retrieved February 6, 2009, from http://finland.fi/netcomm/news/showarticle.asp?intNWSAID= 25909
24/7 Wall St. (2011). 24/7 Wall St. Ten Brands That Will Disappear In 2012. Retrieved June 26, 2011, from http://247wallst.com/2011/06/22/247-wall-st-ten-brands-that-will-disappear-in-2012/
電子全文 電子全文(本篇電子全文限研究生所屬學校校內系統及IP範圍內開放)
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔