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研究生:黃聖林
研究生(外文):Sheng-Lin Huang
論文名稱:大學生實施體育課程對體適能及憂鬱程度影響之研究
論文名稱(外文):Sports Course Impact on Physical Fitness and Depression Among College Students
指導教授:陳朝鍵陳朝鍵引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chao-Chien Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:亞洲大學
系所名稱:休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士在職專班
學門:民生學門
學類:觀光休閒學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:84
中文關鍵詞:體育課程體適能憂鬱程度
外文關鍵詞:Sports CoursePhysical FitnessDepression
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本研究目的在探討體育課程介入對大學生體適能及憂鬱程度之影響。本研究採實驗前設計,以中部某大學大一學生為研究對象,體育課程介入之研究為期共12 週,每週上課時間為兩小時,有效樣本共195 位。

12 週體育課程介入前後各實施一次體適能檢測及自填問卷。其中自填問卷內容包括性別、年齡、吸菸習慣、服藥史、運動頻率、運動時間及運動強度,以評估其對體適能及憂鬱程度之影響,而評估憂鬱程度使用台灣人憂鬱症量表。體適能檢測項目包括:身體質量指數、一分鐘屈膝仰臥起坐、坐姿體前彎、三分鐘登階。資料分析以成對樣本t 檢定比較12 週體育課程介入前後之差異,結果如下:

一、 體育課程介入後,參與者之心肺耐力較介入前有顯著改善(p < 0.05);而身體質
量指數、肌力與肌耐力、柔軟度於體育課程介入前後並無顯著差異。
二、 體育課程介入後,參與者之憂鬱程度較介入前有顯著改善(p < 0.05)。
三、 體育課程介入前後,運動頻率、運動時間及運動強度並無顯著差異。
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impacts of sports course intervention on physical fitness and depression among a college freshmen sample in Taichung city. The study was a pre-experimental design, it utilized the strategy of sports course intervention and lasted for 12 weeks. Meanwhile, the subjects exercised 120 minutes each week. There were 195 students recruited as the subjects.
Before and after the 12-weeks sports course intervention, all subjects completed physical fitness test and one self-reported questionnaire. The contents of self-reported questionnaire included gender, age, smoking habit, medication taking history, exercise frequency, exercise duration and exercise intensity, in order to evaluate the impacts on physical fitness and depression level. Additionally, depression level assessment used Taiwanese Depression Question. The physical fitness test included body mass index, sit-ups, sit-and-reach and 3-minute step test. All tests of the subjects were compared before and after 12-weeks. The paired t-test was used for data analysis and the results were followed:
1. The cardiorespiratory fitness was significantly improved (p < 0.05) after sports course intervention. Body mass index, muscle strength and endurance, flexibility were not significantly improved.
2. The depression level decreased significantly (p < 0.05) after sports course intervention.
3. The exercise frequency, exercise duration and exercise intensity were not significantly changed after sports course intervention.
謝誌………………………………………………………………………………………………I
中文摘要…………………………………………………………………………………………II
英文摘要…………………………………………………………………………………………III
目錄………………………………………………………………………………………………IV
表目錄……………………………………………………………………………………………VI
圖目錄……………………………………………………………………………………………VII
第一章 緒論..........................................................1
第一節 研究背景與動機..................................................1
第二節 研究目的.......................................................4
第三節 研究問題.......................................................4
第四節 研究範圍.......................................................4
第五節 名詞解釋.......................................................4
第二章 文獻探討......................................................7
第一節 體適能之意義與內涵..............................................7
第二節 憂鬱症相關之探討...............................................13
第三節 運動和憂鬱程度相關之研究........................................18
第四節 學校體育課程之相關研究..........................................22
第五節 研究假設......................................................24
第三章 研究方法.....................................................25
第一節 研究架構......................................................25
第二節 研究流程......................................................26
第三節 研究對象......................................................27
第四節 研究工具......................................................27
第五節 實施程序與步驟.................................................29
第六節 體育課程設計...................................................40
第七節 資料分析方法...................................................42
第四章 結果與討論....................................................43
第一節 研究對象基本資料...............................................43
第二節 運動習慣......................................................44
第三節 體育課程介入前後體適能改變之程度.................................49
第四節 體育課程介入前後憂鬱改變之程度...................................55
第五節 運動和憂鬱程度之相關性..........................................57
第五章 結論與建議....................................................59
第一節 結論..........................................................59
第二節 建議..........................................................60
參考文獻............................................................62
附錄一 受試者問卷....................................................71
附錄二 體適能檢測表格................................................74
附錄三 體適能及憂鬱程度檢測結果總表....................................75
附錄四 研究工具使用同意書............................................83
附錄五 研究工具使用同意書............................................84
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