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研究生:林天偉
研究生(外文):Lin, Tian-Wei
論文名稱:導電高分子於樹脂中聚合行為研究
論文名稱(外文):Conducting polymer polymerise with epoxy resin
指導教授:喬緒明喬緒明引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chiao, Shu-Min
口試委員:楊宜寬徐武軍黃建銘
口試日期:2011-07-19
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:東海大學
系所名稱:化學工程與材料工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:108
中文關鍵詞:導電高分子電聚合環氧樹脂
外文關鍵詞:conducting polymerelectropolymerizeepoxy resin
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本研究發現環氧樹脂在丙酮中利用電聚合方式可以成功得到聚合物,在IR的測試中也發現產物確實為環氧樹脂的聚合物,而先前實驗室學長研究中將導電高分子單體加入環氧樹脂中,直接進行電化學聚合,可以得到導電性高分子與環氧樹脂的混合膜,因此本研究是在探討環氧樹脂在加入稀釋劑後,與導電高分子單體進行電化學反應會有何不同的影響。
在研究中發現環氧樹脂、電解質和電壓都會影響膜的產率,而且膜的特性也有改變,經SEM的觀察也可以得到完全不同的表面結構,TGA分析也發現不同的條件會有不同的最大裂解溫度,而在混合膜的交流阻抗測試中,可以得到不同的聚合條件,因為聚合速率的改變,造成混合膜的性質有明顯的影響。

The study found that epoxy resin in acetone using electropolymerization method can be successfully obtained polymer. In the IR tests also found that the product does for the epoxy polymer. While the previous laboratory research, we added conductive polymer monomer to epoxy resin. And the direct electrochemical polymerization of conductive polymer can be mixed with the epoxy resin film. This study is to explore what is the electrocmemical reaction different in joining the thinner, epoxy resin and the conductive polymer monomer.
Epoxy resin found in the study, the electrolyte membrane and the voltage will affect the yield, but also change the characteristics of film. By SEM observation can also be completely different surface structure. TGA analysis also found that the different conditions have different maximum degradation temperature. While in the mixed membrane impedance test, we can get different result of film which polymerization conditions changes.

目錄
摘要.............................................................................................................I
Abstract .....................................................................................................II
目錄 ........................................................................................................III
表目錄 ...................................................................................................VII
圖目錄 .................................................................................................VIII
壹、 緒論 ................................................................................................ 1
貳、 文獻與回顧 ................................................................................….3
2.1 導電性高分子…………………………….………..…..………3
2.1.1 導電高分子簡介 ........................................................... 3
2.1.2 導電高分子之能帶理論................................................. 6
2.1.3 導電高分子的導電機構..................................................8
2.2 導電高分子的電化學聚合........................................................10
2.2.1 電化學聚合裝置..............................................................10
2.2.2 單體的選擇......................................................................11
2.2.3 溶劑與支持電解質的選擇..............................................13
2.2.4 電極的選擇......................................................................15
2.3 導電高分子聚噻吩...................................................................16
2.3.1噻吩簡介...........................................................................16
2.3.2噻吩的聚合方法...............................................................16
2.4 環氧樹脂..................................................................................19
2.4.1環氧樹脂的性質.............................................................19
2.4.2環氧樹脂的硬化反應.....................................................21
2.4.3環氧樹脂電化學反應.....................................................24
2.5 導電高分子在環氧樹脂的應用................................................25
2.6 交流阻抗分析............................................................................27
參、 實驗方法 ...................................................................................... 31
3.1 實驗藥品 ................................................................................. 31
3.2 實驗儀器 ................................................................................. 32
3.3 實驗步驟 ................................................................................. 33
3.3.1 循環伏安測試 ............................................................... 34
3.3.2 定電壓聚合 ................................................................... 34
3.3.3 交流阻抗測試 ................................................................36
肆、 結果與討論 ................................................................................. 38
4.1 環氧樹脂電化學系統............................................................... 38
4.1.1 循環伏安法 ................................................................... 38
4.1.1.1環氧樹脂濃度影響.............................................. 39
4.1.1.2 電解質濃度影響................................................ 40
4.1.2環氧樹脂定電壓反應 ...................................................45
4.1.3環氧樹脂電聚合物FT-IR測試........................................48
4.1.4 環氧樹脂產物熱分析 ..................................................50
4.1.4.1 TGA分析................................................................50
4.1.4.2 DSC測試................................................................54
4.1.5 環氧樹脂產物表面結構................................................57
4.2 聚噻吩電化學聚合...................................................................62
4.2.1 聚噻吩循環伏安法........................................................62
4.2.2聚噻吩定電壓聚合 .......................................................65
4.2.3 聚噻吩FT-IR鑑定..........................................................68
4.2.4聚噻吩TGA分析.............................................................69
4.2.5 聚噻吩表面結構............................................................72
4.3 聚噻吩/環氧樹脂複合材料聚合..............................................76
4.3.1 複合膜循環伏安法......... ..............................................76
4.3.2 複合膜定電壓聚合........................................................78
4.3.3 複合膜IR鑑定................................................................80
4.3.4 複合膜熱分析................................................................81
4.3.4.1 複合膜TGA分析....................................................81
4.3.4.2 複合膜DSC 分析..................................................84
4.3.5複合膜形態與EDS結果....................................................87
4.3.5.1 複合膜表面結構..................................................87
4.3.5.2 複合膜斷面結構..................................................92
4.3.6 交流阻抗分析................................................................96

伍、 結論與建議....................................................................................101
陸、 參考文獻 .....................................................................................103
柒、 附錄 ............................................................................................ 109

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