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研究生:朱格君
論文名稱:英美兒童文學和閱讀日誌如何提升大學生閱讀能力之研究
指導教授:張期敏張期敏引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:臺北市立教育大學
系所名稱:英語教學系碩士班
學門:教育學門
學類:普通科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
中文關鍵詞:英美兒童文學閱讀日誌閱讀能力
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中文摘要

本研究旨在探索英語兒童文學和閱讀日誌如何提升大學生閱讀理解之研究。研究問題主要有兩點:(一) 對於大學生,英語兒童文學如何作為良好的閱讀教材? (二) 閱讀日誌如何提升大學生對於英語兒童文學之閱讀理解?
本研究以質性研究為基礎。藉由問卷、研究者之反思日誌、個別訪談及閱讀日誌,徹底了解大學生對於英語兒童文學及閱讀日誌之看法,進而將結果歸納分析。本研究之總體受觀察者為四十五位,並參與問卷填寫及閱讀日誌撰寫。四十五位中有八位受訪者接受個別訪談。所有受觀察者接來自於英美兒童文學選讀課程。
本研究主要分析英語兒童文學和閱讀日誌是否提升大學生之閱讀理解、動機及建議。研究結果如下: (一) 英美兒童文學如奇幻故事能提供讀者有趣、真實、有意義的文字情境以及不同的觀點。(二) 閱讀日誌能幫助讀者將抽象思考化為具體文字,並在讀者反覆閱讀、思考及寫作的過程中增強閱讀理解。(三) 英語兒童文學和閱讀日誌能幫助讀者在反覆閱讀及寫作之中培養批判性思考。(四) 讀者不擅長閱讀不熟悉的文化情境及操作精準簡潔的的寫作。(五) 不同的故事值得多方閱讀、較艱深的故事需要較多時間理解、老師可在學生的閱讀日誌中給予評語及英語兒童文學配合閱讀日誌之閱讀策略應持續進行。研究結果鼓勵老師配合英語兒童文學及閱讀日誌以提升學生的閱讀理解。

Table of Contents

Chapter I Introduction
Overview--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1
Rationale--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4
Purpose of the Study------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------7
Significance of the Study-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8
Organization of the Study------------------------------------------------------------------------------------9
Chapter II Literature Review
Introduction---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------10
Concepts of Reading Comprehension---------------------------------------------------------------------10
Brief Definition of Reading Comprehension----------------------------------------------------------11
Strategies Used by Learners of Different Language Proficiency-----------------------------------11
Using Appropriate Strategies and Materials could Support Proficient L2 Learners-------------13
Children’s Literature as Appropriate Reading Material for Proficient Readers----------------------14
Reading Motivation from Children’s Literature-------------------------------------------------------14
Children’s Literature as a Good “Blueprint” in Authentic Language------------------------------15
Children’s Literature Provides Life-Experience Association----------------------------------------17
Critical Thinking Enhanced by Children’s Literature------------------------------------------------17
The Applications of Children’s Literature in Class of Different Levels---------------------------18
Choosing Fictions as Feasible Materials in the Classroom------------------------------------------19
Concepts of the Transactional Theory---------------------------------------------------------------------19
Basic Ideas of Rosenblatt’s Transactional Theory—Literature-Reading Process----------------19
Two Stances-Aesthetic and Efferent Readings in Transactional Theory--------------------------20
Emphasis on Aesthetic Readings------------------------------------------------------------------------21
Alternative Materials and Appropriate Strategies to Meet Aesthetic Readings-------------------22
Perspectives on Using Journals-----------------------------------------------------------------------------22
Reading Journals to Construct Meanings from the Written Work--------------------------------23
The Reader’s Response Theory in Louise Rosenblatt’s Transactional Theory------------------23
The Purpose of Keeping Journals----------------------------------------------------------------------24
Prompts Used to Encourage Students’ Responses--------------------------------------------------25
Journals as Response Framework in Class-----------------------------------------------------------25
Questions that Could be Used to Lead Students’ Responses in Journals-------------------------26
Keeping Reading Journals as Good Strategies in the Classroom----------------------------------29
The Significance of Children’s Literature and Reading Journal to Enhance L2 College Students’ Reading Comprehension------------------------------------------------------------------------------------29
Why and How to Enhance Reading Comprehension-----------------------------------------------29
Researches on Enhancing Reading Comprehension------------------------------------------------30
Summary--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------31
Chapter III Method
Introduction---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------32
Research Questions------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------32
Research Design----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------33
Methods--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------34
The Setting of the Study--------------------------------------------------------------------------------34
Participants of the Study--------------------------------------------------------------------------------35
Criteria of Selecting English and American Children’s Literature--------------------------------36
The Role of the Researcher-----------------------------------------------------------------------------39
Demonstrating Procedures------------------------------------------------------------------------------39
Data Collection-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------41
Data Analysis-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------44
Summary------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------44
Chapter IV Results and Discussions
Introduction---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------46
Findings of the Questionnaires-----------------------------------------------------------------------------46
Perceptions of the Process of Reading----------------------------------------------------------------49
Perceptions of the Reading Journal--------------------------------------------------------------------51
Perceptions of the Reading Ability--------------------------------------------------------------------54
Motivation -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------56
Background Perceptions toward the Course of English and American Children’s Literature--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------58
Findings from the Individual Interview Data-------------------------------------------------------------62
Perspectives toward Four Selected English and American Children’s Literature---------------66
1. Preference of Selected Books-----------------------------------------------------------------66
2. Process of Reading Selected Books----------------------------------------------------------68
3. Thoughts After Reading Selected Books----------------------------------------------------70
Perspectives toward Reading Journal-----------------------------------------------------------------72
1. Reading-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------72
2. Writing--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------74
3. Comprehension----------------------------------------------------------------------------------75
The Learning Effects of Combining Selected English and American Children’s Literature and Reading Journal------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------77
1. Authentic Materials-----------------------------------------------------------------------------78
2. Structure------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------79
3. Critical Thinking--------------------------------------------------------------------------------81
Problems Encountered in the Materials Used in the Class of Selected English and American Children’s Literature------------------------------------------------------------------------------------82
1. Problems Encountered in English and American Children’s Literature-----------------82
2. Problems Encountered in Reading Journal--------------------------------------------------84
Suggestions toward Materials Used in the Class of Selected English and American Children’s Literature--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------85
1. Suggestions toward English and American Children’s Literature------------------------85
2. Suggestions toward Reading Journal---------------------------------------------------------87
Summary------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------88
Chapter V Conclusions
Introduction---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------90Major Findings-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------90
How Does English and American Children’s Literature Serve as a Good Reading Material for EFL College Students-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------90
1. Perspectives toward Four Selected English and American Children’s Literature------90
2. Problems from the Selected Books-----------------------------------------------------------91
3. Suggestions to the Selected Books-----------------------------------------------------------92
How Do Readers’ Reading Journals Enhance EFL College Students’ Understanding and Comprehension of the English and American Children’s Literature-----------------------------92
1. Perspectives toward Reading Journal--------------------------------------------------------92
2. Problems of Journal Writing------------------------------------------------------------------93
3. Suggestions to Journal Writing---------------------------------------------------------------93
Implications---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------94
Suggestions----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------94
Suggestions for Instructors-------------------------------------------------------------------------------94
1. Materials Should Be More Accessible-------------------------------------------------------95
2. More Advise from Teachers-------------------------------------------------------------------95
3. Encourage Students to Use Materials Well--------------------------------------------------95
Suggestions for Future Study---------------------------------------------------------------------------95
1. Field Observation Could Be Included in the Future Study--------------------------------95
2. Teachers Could Also Be Interviewed--------------------------------------------------------96
Final Conclusion---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------96
References-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------98
Appendixes---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------101
Appendix A- I. Questionnaire of Charlotte’s Web-----------------------------------------------------101
II. Questionnaire of The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe ------------------------103
III. Questionnaire of The Secret Garden------------------------------------------------105
IV. Questionnaire of The Adventure of Huckleberry Finn ---------------------------107
Appendix B- Basic Background Perceptions toward the Course of English and American
Children’s Literature-----------------------------------------------------------------------109
Appendix C-Post-Interview Guide-----------------------------------------------------------------------110
Appendix D-Reading Journal-----------------------------------------------------------------------------112

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