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研究生:洪偉倫
研究生(外文):Wei-Lun-Hung
論文名稱:拜香燃煙所產生微粒相多環芳香烴
論文名稱(外文):Characterization of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Emissions in the Particulate Phase from Burning Incense
指導教授:楊慈定楊慈定引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tzu-Ting Yang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:元培科技大學
系所名稱:環境工程衛生研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:116
中文關鍵詞:拜香悶燒多環芳香烴排放因子
外文關鍵詞:IncenseBurningPAHEmission Factor
相關次數:
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本研究的目的為在不同的燃燒測試系統中,探討拜香原物料的原子氫碳比值與環境條件對拜香燃煙產生微粒相多環芳香烴的影響。選取17種拜香作為實驗對象。使用內裝37 mm石英濾紙的全粉塵採樣器進行總微粒採樣,採樣流量設定為2 L/min。採集得微粒相多環芳香烴含量,使用二氯甲烷進行萃取後,以GC/MS分析。
結果顯示17種拜香有不同原子氫碳的比值。總微粒的質量和多環芳烴排放因子分別為4.19-82.16 mg/g和1.20-9.50 μg/g。拜香原物料原子氫碳比值0.51增加至1.57,總微粒質量和多環芳香烴排放因子呈現指數增加。當原物料原子氫碳比值由1.57增加至1.69,總微粒質量和多環芳香烴排放因子呈線性下降。因此,拜香原物料原子氫碳比值是影響微粒質量和多環芳烴排放因子的關鍵因素。另外,於測試的環境風速(0.72、0.48、0.29、0.19與0.12 m/s)及相對溼度(5、30、55、75與95 %)範圍內,低風速與高相對溼度環境,有較低的多環芳香烴排放因子。
假使必須燃燒拜香,建議選用拜香原物料氫碳比值為0.51的香種會產生最低的微粒質量和多環芳香烴的排放因子

The purpose of this study was to investigate polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in particulate phases generated by burning incense materials with different chemical compositions. 17 kinds of incense were selected in this study. A two-piece filter cassette mounted with a 37-mm quartz filter was applied to collect particulates at a sampling flow rate of 2 L/min for 15 min. After weighing, the samples were extracted with CH2Cl2 and then analyzed for PAHs by the GC/MS instrument.
There were various atomic hydrogen/carbon (H/C) ratios in the raw material of these 17 types of incense. The range of emission factor for total particulate mass and PAHs was 4.19-82.16 mg/g and 1.20-9.50 μg/g, respectively. As the atomic H/C ratios of incense materials increased from 0.51 to 1.57, the total particulate mass and PAHs emission factor increased exponentially. But when the atomic H/C ratio of material increased from 1.57 to 1.69, the mass emission factor of total particulates decreased linearly. Therefore, the atomic H/C ratio of incense materials was the key factor affecting the particulate mass and PAHs emission factor. In a test of wind speed and relative humidity, low wind speed and high humidity emitted lower levels of PAH.
If people continue burning incense to pay respect to ancestors or gods, we suggest using smoldering incense with an atomic H/C ratio of 0.51 to minimize production of the particulate mass and the PAH emission factors.

誌謝 I
中文摘要 II
英文摘要 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VII
表目錄 IX
表附錄 X
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究源起 1
1.2 研究目的 1
第二章 文獻回顧 3
2.1 拜香的使用情形及危害 3
2.2 多環芳香烴相關簡介 3
2.2.1多環芳香烴的特性 4
2.2.2多環芳香烴的特徵比值 4
2.3拜香燃燒產生的粒狀污染物及多環芳香烴 4
2.4不同環境條件對拜香燃燒所產生污染物的影響 5
2.4.1不同表面風速對拜香燃燒產物的影響 5
2.4.2不同相對溼度對拜香燃燒產物的影響 5
第三章 研究方法 7
3.1拜香燃燒測試系統 7
3.2溫度與相對溼度控制系統 7
3.3拜香燃燒測試系統的設定條件 7
3.4選擇拜香與拜香的元素組成分析 8
3.5計算燃燒速率並紀錄溫度與相對溼度變化 8
3.6採樣方法 9
3.7多環芳香烴化學分析 9
3.7.1分析方法 10
3.7.2分析儀器條件 10
3.7.3 檢量線配置 10
3.7.4方法偵測極限 11
3.7.5化學樣品分析前處理 11
3.7.6萃取回收率 12
3.8分析數據的處理 12
第四章 結果與討論 23
4.1多環芳香烴化學分析的品保與品管 23
4.2不同原子氫碳比值對多環芳香烴排放特性的影響 23
4.2.1拜香原物料化學組成 23
4.2.2拜香燃燒速率 24
4.2.3總微粒的排放特性 24
4.2.4多環芳香烴的濃度 24
4.2.5多環芳香烴的特徵比值 25
4.2.6多環芳香烴的排放率與排放因子 25
4.2.7多環芳香烴相當於BaP毒性當量濃度
、排放率與因子 26
4.3不同表面風速條件下對多環芳香烴排放特性的影響 29
4.3.1拜香燃燒速率 29
4.3.2總微粒的排放特性 29
4.3.3多環芳香烴的濃度 30
4.4.4多環芳香烴的特徵比值 30
4.3.5多環芳香烴的排放率與排放因子 30
4.3.6多環芳香烴相當於BaP毒性當量濃度
、排放率與因子 31
4.4不同相對溼度條件下對多環芳香烴排放特性的影響 32
4.4.1環境條件控制的品保與品管 32
4.4.2拜香燃燒速率 32
4.4.3總微粒的排放特性 32
4.4.4多環芳香烴的濃度 33
4.4.5多環芳香烴的特徵比值 33
4.4.6多環芳香烴的排放率與排放因子 33
4.4.7多環芳香烴相當於BaP毒性當量濃度
、排放率與因子 34
第五章 結論與建議 80
第六章 參考文獻 81
附錄 85

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