(3.230.154.160) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/05/07 17:41
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:顏安昌
研究生(外文):An-Chang Yen
論文名稱:大陸台幹工作不安全感及離職傾向之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Research of Job Insecurtity and Turnover Intention among Expatriated Personnel in China
指導教授:曾淑芬曾淑芬引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shu-Ten Tseng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:元智大學
系所名稱:資訊社會學碩士學位學程
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:社會學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:79
中文關鍵詞:工作不安全感離職傾向組織變革角色模糊角色衝突內控取向
外文關鍵詞:Job InsecurityTurnover IntentionOrganizational ChangeRole AmbiguityRole ConflictLocus of Control
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:6
  • 點閱點閱:254
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
隨著全球化的經濟發展,台灣國際化的腳步亦日趨快速,加上中國大陸政策改革及投資環境的開放,擁有低價勞工資源與廣大的低價土地,加上具有無窮潛在的內需商機,無不吸引全球各企業競相赴大陸投資或設廠。尤其台灣的勞力密集產業,為了降低人力成本以獲取更大利潤,紛紛往大陸設廠生產。台商大舉在大陸投資設廠的情況下,台幹也必須大量的外派到大陸長駐,台幹到大陸工作被為正常的工作形態。但台資企業生產基地在大陸,因此營運的重心也日益往大陸移動,台灣公司的組織也面臨縮編的變革,加上成本的考量,台幹在大陸的數量也被管控,一人身兼多職,再者陸幹的知識水平及技術能力的提升,限制了台幹在大陸的發展空間,甚至有取代台幹的趨勢。因此,現有台幹在雙重就業壓力下,面臨組織變革、角色模糊、角色衝突及個性取向等變數所產生的焦慮而有工作不安全感,進而產生離職傾向即為本研究的重點。
  本研究調查了43名在大陸工作的台幹。研究發現當台幹的組織變革及角色模糊的感知程度愈高時,工作不安全感愈高;而偏向內控取向的台幹,有較低的工作不安全感。同時也發現當台幹的工作不安全感愈高時,所產生的離職傾向也愈高。


With the employment opportunity decreasing in Taiwan and the threat faced being employment in China, Taiwan expatriated personnel are under dual employment pressure. Creating work anxiety that is caused by organization change, role ambiguity, roles conflict and locus of control; further causing the main investigation in this research of employee turnover intension caused by the perceived job insecurity and anxiety.
The purposes of this study are:
(1) Measure the job insecurity level of Taiwan expatriated personnel in China.
(2) Explore the relations between turnover tension, job insecurity and four variables, they are organizational change, role ambiguity, role conflict and locus of control.
A total of 43 expatriated personnel were surveyed. The results suggested that the greater perceived organizational changes and role ambiguity increase the perception of job insecurity. And the greater internal locus of control decreases the perception of job insecurity. Besides, turnover intention is increased when the job insecurity is perceived.


目錄
書名頁 …………………………………………………………………………… i
論文口試委員審定書 ………………………………………………………… ii
授權書…………………………………………………………………………… iii
中文摘要 …………………………………………………………………………. iv
英文摘要 ………………………………………………………………………….. v
謝誌 …………………………………………………………………………..…… vi
目錄 …………………………………………………………………………….… vii
表目錄 …………………………………………………………………………..… ix
圖目錄 …………………………………………………………………………… x
第一章 緒論 …………………………………………………………………… 1
第一節 研究動機與目的…………………………………………………… 1
第二節 研究流程 …………………………………………………………… 3
第二章 文獻探討 ……………………………………………………………… 4
第一節 海外派遣 …………………………………………………………… 4
第二節 工作不安全感 ……………………………………………………… 8
第三節 離職傾向 ……………………………………………………………. 22
第三章 研究方法 ……………………………………………………………… 24
第一節 研究架構 ………………………………………………………….. 24
第二節 研究假設 ………………………………………………………….. 25
第三節 研究變項操作性定義 …………………………………………….. 26
第四節 對象及樣本收集 ……………………………………………………. 34
第四章 研究分析與結果 ……………………………………………………… 35
第一節 敍述性統計分析 …………………………………………………… .35
第二節 信度分析 ……………………………………………………………. 38
第三節 單因子變異數分析 …………………………………………………. 50
第四節 相關分析 ……………………………………………………………. 54
第五節 廻歸分析 ……………………………………………………………. 56
第五章 結論與建議 …………………………………………………………… 59
第一節 研究結論 ……………………………………………………………. 59
第二節 結 論 ………………………………………………………………. 61
第三節 研究限制與未來研究建議 …………………………………………. 62
參考文獻(中文) …………………………………………………………………… 63
參考文獻(英文) ………………………………………………………………….. 67
附錄一:問卷 ……………………………………………………………………. 74


中文
1.丁淑華,2000,民營化變革認知與離職意願關係之研究-以中華電信員工為例,國立中山大學人力資源管理研究所碩士論文。
2.王青祥,1985,組織溝通、決策參與、個人特質、角色壓力與工作態度之關。國立政治大學心理學研究所碩士論文。
3.王偉安,2009,台商外派人員離職傾向之影響因素研究-兩岸直航下距離的衝擊探索。國立中央大學資訊管理研究所碩士論文。
4.王國揚,2002,角色衝突、工作壓力與離職傾關係之探討-以財政部台灣省中區國稅局為例。國立中山大學人力資源管理研究所碩士在職專班碩士論文。
5.石計生、邱曉婷、曾淑芬、黃慧琦、羅清俊,2003,社會科學研究與SPSS資料分析。台北:雙葉。
6.朱甯興,1982,學習團體理論與技術。台北:桂冠。
7.田文彬,林月雲,2003,台灣歷年海外派遣管理研究分析。人力資源管理學報 2003秋季號第三卷第三期 PP001-025
8.江玉珍,2003,工作滿意度為角色衝突、角色模糊與留任意願關係的中介變項-以台北市長期照護機構病患服務員為例。國立台北護理學院醫護管理(系)研究所碩士班碩士論文。
9.何維碩,2010,人格特質、外派意願與工作投入之關係研究。國立海洋大學航運管理學系碩士論文。
10.吳秉恩,1986,組織行為學,台北:華泰。
11.吳秉恩,1993,組織行為學,台北:華泰。
12.吳淑賢,2008,國小教師參與在職進修角色衝突與因應策略之研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育研究所碩士論文。
13.宋鎮照,1997,社會學。台北:五南。
14.卓孟珍,2003,組織變革認知、組織承諾與組織公民行為之關係研究-以中央信託局為例。國立成功大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
15.林清江,1971,教師角色理論與師範教育改革動向之比較研究。國立台灣師範大學教育研究所集刊,13,頁45-132。
16.林麗娟,2009,公部門組織變革認知與知識分享之關聯性探討-以組織學習和組織承諾為中介變項。國立中山大學人力資源管理研究所碩士在職專班碩士論文。
17.邱麗家,2006,內部稽核人員人格特質、工作特性與工作滿意度關係之研究-以成就動機為中介變項。國立中山大學人力資管理研究所碩士在職專班碩士論文。
18.施慧敏,2006,組織變革與員工組織承諾及士氣間關性之研究-以國防部「精進案」為例。國立中山大學管理學院高階經營碩士學程碩士在職專班碩士論文。
19.孫本初,1984,機關組織更新之研究,著重在用比較方法來評估計劃式的組織更新效果,國立政治大學政治研究所博士論文。
20.徐宗鈵,2009,轉化型領導對組織公民行為之影響-心理賦權與內控性格之角色探討。國立高雄應用科技大學人力資源發展系暨研究所碩士論文。
21.張春興,1989,張氏心理學辭典。台北:東華。
22.張春興,1991,現代心理學。台北:東華。
23.郭倍宏,2009,工作-家庭衝突、工作壓力、知覺主管支持與離職傾向關係研究:以輔導會所屬員工為例。國立中正大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
24.陳正菁,1989,無力感。台北:久大。原作者為Seligman, M. 1974出版
25.陳俊元,2005,組織變革認知、組織溝通、工作滿足與組織承之研究-台糖公司為例。國立中山大學企業管理學系研究所碩士論文。
26.陳春枝,2007,矩陣組織成員角色模糊之因果關係探討。國立台灣海洋大學航運管理系碩士論文。
27.陳淑容,2008,人格特質、工作滿足、組織承諾對員工離職之影響-以資訊科技業為例。台南科技大學商學與管理研究所碩士論文。
28.陳義勝,1984,組織行為,華泰書局。
29.喻曉月,2008,勞動假期角色模糊與角色衝突之研究。中國文化大學觀光事業研究所碩士論文。
30.項賓和,2002,轉換型領導、內外控取向與工作滿足之關係研究~以台灣地區電視台新聞記者為例。國立中山大學傳播管理研究所碩士論文。
31.劉霈凌,2008,跨文化訓練對台灣企業外人員跨文化適應之影響。國立中正大學成人及繼續教育學系碩士論文。
32.黃英忠,1990,現代人力資源管理。台北:東華。
33.黃筱喻,2007,外派人員類型對涉入程度、工作家庭衝突興工作生活品質之研究。東吳大學國際貿易學系碩士班國際企業組碩士論文。
34.趙美玲,1997,國小已婚女教師工作特性知覺、角色壓力與其工作投入之關係。國立新竹師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文。
35.鄭仙平,2007,組織政治知覺對組織人力資源管理之影響-以個案企業為例。元智大學資訊社會學研究所碩士論文。
36.鄭依青,2008,雲林縣國小教師工作不安全感與工作投入之研究。國立雲林科技大學技術及職業教育研究所。
37.鄭家雯,2003,走出心靈迷霧:諮商師調適與因應接案無力感經驗之研究。屏東師範學院教育心理與輔導學系碩士班碩士論文。
38.鄭臻妹,2001,內外控人格特質、工作特性及工作績效之分析研究~以台灣高科扳產業員工為例。國立中央大學人力資源管理研究碩士論。
39.駱奇宗,2005,影響台商外派大陸人員離職因素之探討-離職與在職人員之差異性。銘傳大學管理學院高階經理班碩士學程在職專班碩士論文。
40.謝安田,1992,企業管理,台北:五南圖書公司。
41.謝茉莉,1989,工作角色壓力、性格特質與工作倦怠之相關研究-以助人專業者為例。國立師範大學衛生教育研究所碩士論文。
42.鍾芳榮,2004,探討知識工作者內外控人格特質、工作投入、工作滿足及離職傾向之影響關係。東吳大學商學院企業管理學系碩士在職專班碩士論文。
43.魏裕興,2005,個人/群體主義、僱用身分和角色衝突對組織承諾與組織公民行為的影響。國立中央大學企業管理學研究所碩士論文。
44.蘇進棻,1991,國民中小學校長角色衝突與工作滿意之關係研究。國立台灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文。。
45.網站,經濟部全球台商服務網/經貿統計/雙邊投資統計。

英文
1.Ashford S. J., Lee, C., Bobko P., 1989. Content, Causes, and Consequences of Job Insecurity: A Theory-Based Measure and Substantive Test. The Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 32, No 4 (Dec., 1989), pp. 803-829.
2.Basil, D. C. & Cook, C. W., 1974, “The management of change”. England: Mcgraw-Hill Book Company (U.K.).
3.Bedeian, A. G. and Armenakies, 1981. “A path-analytic Study of the Consequences of Role Conflict and Ambiguity.” Journal of Applied Psychology, 1981, Vol. 24, pp. 417-424.
4.Black, J. S.(1988), “Work role transitions: A study of American expatriate manager in Japan, “Journal of International Business Studies, Vol. 19, pp. 277-294.
5.Boyacigiller, N. (1990). The role of expatriates in the management of interdependence, complexity and risk in multinational corporations. Journal of International Business Studies, 357-381.
6.Brett, J. M., Stroh, L. K. and Reilly, A. H. (1993), “Pulling up roots in the 1990s: Who’s willing to relocate?” Journal of Organizational Behavior, Vol. 14, pp. 49-60.
7.Brett, J. M. and Stroth, L. K. (1995), “Willingness to relocate internationally,” Human Resource Management, Vol. 34, pp. 405-424.
8.Brief, A. P. and Roman, J. A., 1976. Correlates of role indices. Journal of Applied Psycholoty, 61(4), pp. 468-472.
9.Brief, A. P. and Schrler, R. S. and Vansell, M., 1981. Managing Job Stress. Boston: Little, Brown and Company.
10.Brockner, J. 1988. The effects of work layoff on survivors: Research, theory, and practice. In B. M. Staw & L. L. Cummings (Eds.), Research in organizational behavior, vol. 10: 213- 256. Greenwich, Conn.: JAI Press.
11.Butterfield, E. C. (1963). Task Recall and repetition choice as a function of locus of control components, mental, age, and skill vs. nonskill instructions, Ph.D. Peabody College for Teachers of Vanderbilt University, 1963, 166 pages.
12.Davy, J. A., Kinicki, A. J., and Scheck, C. L. (1997). A test of job security’s direct and mediated effects on withdrawal cognitions. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 18, 323-349.
13.Dowling P. J. and Welch E. D. (2005), International Human Resource Management.
14.Dunphy, D.C., & Stace, D.A., 1988, “Transformational and coercive strategies for planned organizational change: Beyond the O.D. Model”. Organization Studies, Vol. 9(3), 317-334.
15.Ettlie, J. E. & Reza, E. M., 1992, “Organizational integration and process innovation”. Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 35(4), pp.795-827.
16.Greenhalgh L. and Rosenblatt Z., 1984. Toward Conceptual Clarity. The Academy of Management Review, Vol. 9, No. 3, (Jul., 1984, pp. 438-448.
17.Hackman, J. R., and Oldham, G. R. (1975), Development of the Job Diagnostic Survey, Journal of Applied Psycholoty, 60, 161.
18.Hammer, M. & Champy, J., 1993, “Reengineering the corporation: A manifesto for business revolution”. New York: Harper businesss.
19.Hammer, T. H., & Y. Vardi., 1981. “Locus of control and career self-management among nonsupervisory employees in industrial setting,” Journal of Vocational Behavior, vol.18, pp.13-29.
20.Hammer, W. C. and Tos (1974). Relationship of role conflict and role ambiguity to job involvement measure. Journal of Applied Psycholoty, 59, pp. 497-499.
21.Heaney, C. A., Israel, B. A., and House, J. S. (1994). Chronic job insecurity among automobile workers : Effects on jobs satisfaction and health. Social Science and Medicine, 38, 1431-1437.
22.Hellriegel, D. & Slocum, J. W., 1995, “Management”. Ohio: South-Western College Publishin.
23.House, R. J. and Rizzo, J. R., 1972. Role conflict and ambiguity as critical variables in a model of organizational behavior. Organizational Behavior and Hunam Performance, 7, pp. 467-505.
24.Hoy, W. K. & Miskel, C. G.(1982). Educational Administration: Theory Research, & Practice, New York: Randon House.
25.Hui, C. & Lee, C., 2000, “Moderating effects of organization-based self-esteem on organizational uncertainty: Employee response relationships”. Journal of Management, Vol. 2, pp.215-232.
26.Jacobson, D. 1988. A personological study of the job insecurity experience. Social Behavior: in press.
27.Jex, S. M.(1998). Stress & Job Performance, London: Sage Publications.
28.Jick, T. D. 1985. As the axe falls: Budget cuts and the experience of stress on organizations. In T. A. Beehr & R. S. Bhagat (Eds.), Human stress and cognition in organizations: 83-114. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
29.Kahn, R. (1980). Conflict, ambiguity, and overload: Three elements in job stress. In D. K. Kahn & J. Adama(eds). The Study of Organization, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, pp. 418-428.
30.Kahn, R .L. Wolfe, D. M., Quinn, R. P. & Snock, J. D., 1964. Organizational Stress: Studies in Role Conflict & Ambiguity, New York: John Wiley & Sons.
31.Lefcourt, H. M., 1972. Internal Versus External Control of Reinforcement Revisited:Recent Developments. In B. A. Maher(Ed), Progress in Experimental Personality research:6, New York.:Academic Press.
32.Leavitt, H. J. 1965. Applied Organizational Change in Industry: Structural, Technological and Humanistic Approaches, in Handbook of Organizations, ed. James G. March(Skokie, Ⅲ. : Rand McNally, pp.1144-1168
33.Magnet, M. 1984. Help! My company has just been taken over. Fortune, July 9: 44-51.
34.Markham. W. T., Macken, P. O., Bonjeam, C. M. and Corder, J. (1983), “ A note on sex, geographic mobility, and career advancement, “Social Forces, Vol. 61. Pp. 1138-1146.
35.Markham. W. T., and Pleck, J. H.,(1986), “Sex and willingness to move for occupational advancement: Some national sample results, “The sociological Quarter, Vol. 27, No. 1, pp. 21-143.
36.Marler, J. H., and Barringer, M. W., and Milkovich, G.T. (2002), “Boundaryless and Traditional Contingent Employees: Worlds Apart.” Journal of Organizational Behavior, No.23 (4), pp.425-453.
37.Michael, C. E and P. E. Spector, “Causes of Employee Turnover: A Test of Mobley, Griffeth, Hand and Meglino Model,” Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 67, No. 1, 1982, pp. 33-59.
38.Miller, H. E., Kateberg, R. and Hullin, L. L., “An Evolution of Mobley Homer and Hollingsworth Model of Employee Turnover,” Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 64, No. 5, 1979, pp. 509-517.
39.Mobley, W., Griffeth, R., Hand, H., & Meglino, B. (1979). Review and conceptual analysis of employee turnover. Psychological Bulletin, 86, 493-522.
40.Mobley, W. H., “Intermediate Linkages in the Relationship between Job Satisfaction and Employee Turnover,” Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 62, 1977, p. 40.
41.Mobley, W. H., Horner, S. O. and Hollingswoth, 1978. An Evacuation of Precursors of Hospital Employee Turnover. Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 63, No. 4, P. 408-414.
42.Morgan, J. S., 1972, “Managing Change”. New York: McGraw-Hill Co.
43.Mowday, R. T., Koberg, C. S. and McArther, A. W., “The Psychology of the Withdrawal Test of Moblet’s Intermediate Linkages Model of Turnover in Two Samples,” Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 27, No. 1, 1984, pp. 79-94.
44.Newstrom, J. W. & Davis, K., 2002, “Organizational behavior: Human behavior at work", 11th Ed., New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company Riddle, B. J. & Thomas, E. J. (1966). Role Theory: Concepts and Research, New York: John Wiley.
45.Parsons, T.(1961). The School Class as a Social System-Some of Its Function in American-Society, New York: Free Press.
46.Price, J. L., “The Study of Turnover,” Ames: Iowa State University Press, 1977.
47.Recardo, R.J., 1991, “The what, why and how of change management”. Manufacturing System, May, pp.52-58.
48.Rizzo, J. L., House, R. J. & Lirtzman, S. (1970). Role conflict and ambiguity in complex organizations. Administrative Science Quarterly, 15(2), pp. 150-169.
49.Robbins, S. P., 1979. Organizational Behavior: Concepts, Controversies and Applications, 4th ed, Prentice-Hall Inc.
50.Robbins, S. P., 1993. Organizational Behavior. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall Inc..
51.Robbins, S. P., 2001, “Organizational behavior: Concepts controversies and applications”. 9th Ed., Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.
52.Romzek, B. S. 1985. The effects of public service recognition, job security and staff reductions on organizational involvement. Public Administration Review, 45: 282-292.
53.Ronen, S.(1989), “Training the international assignees, “In I. L. Goldstein and Associates (Eds), Training and Development in Organizations, pp. 417-453, San Francisco: Jossey-bass.
54.Rosenberg, D. 1993, Eliminating Resistance to Change, Security Management, Vol.37, No.1, pp20-21.
55.Rosenblatt, Z., and Ruvio, A. (1996). A test of multidimensional model of job insecurity: The case of Israeli teachers. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 17(S1), 587-605.
56.Rotter, J. B. (1966). Generalized expectancies for internal versus external control of reinforcement. Psychological Monographs, 80, 1-28.
57.Schein, E. H. 1980. Organizational psychology. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.
58.Schwab, R. L., 1908. An Analysis of the Relateionship between Role Conflict, Role Ambiguity, Personal Variable, and Perceived Burnount among Teachers. Ph. D Dissertation, Department of Education, University of Connectcut.
59.Schweiger, D. L., & Ivancevich, J. M. 1985. Human resources: The forgotten factor in mergers and acquisitions. Personnel Administrator, 30(11): 47-61.
60.Scullion, H., & Collings, D. G., 2006. Global staffing. USA: Routledge.
61.Seashore, S. E., and Taber, T. D., 1975, Job Satisfaction and Their Correlations, The American Behavioral Scientist, 18(1), 346.
62.Sell, R. R., 1983. “Transferred jobs: A neglected aspect of migration and occupational change,” Work and Occupations, Vol. 10, pp. 179-206.
63.Spector, P. E., 1997. Job Satisfaction, CA: Sage Publications.
64.Torbiorn, I., 1982, “Living aboard: Personal adjustment and personal policy in the overseas setting, “The Internaltional Executive, Vol. 24, No. 3, p6.
65.Spector, P. E., 1988. Development of the Work Locus of control Scale. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 61(4), 335-340
66.Szilagvi, A. D. & Wallace, M. J., 1983, “Organizational Behavior and Performance” (3rd ed.). U.S.A.: Scott, Forman and Company.
67.Tung, R. L., “Selection and Training of Personnel for Oversea Assignments,” Columbia Journal of World Business, Spring 1981, p. 68-78.
68.Van Sell, M., Arthur, P., Brief, A. P. & Schuler, S. R.(1981). Role conflict and role ambiguity: integration of the literature and directions for future research. Human Relations, 34(1), pp. 43-71.
69.Walsh, J. P. 1988. Top management turnover following mergers and acquisitions. Strategic Management Journal, 9: 173-183.
70.Webber, R. A. 1979. Management:Basic Elements of Managing Organization, Richard D. Irwin Inc., Homewood, IL.
71.Wolf, D. M. and Soneok, J. P., 1962. A study of tension and adjustment under role conflict. The Journal of Social Issues, 18, pp. 102-121.
72.Zeira, Y. and Bania, M., “Selecting Managers for Foreign Assignments,” Management Decision, Vol. 25, No. 4, 1987, pp. 38-40.


QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔