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研究生:林啟榮
研究生(外文):Chi-Jung Lin
論文名稱:格雷互補對應用於DMB-T系統之通道估測
論文名稱(外文):DMB-T channel estimation via Golay Complementary Pair
指導教授:李穎李穎引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:元智大學
系所名稱:通訊工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:56
中文關鍵詞:格雷互補對通道沽測
外文關鍵詞:Golay complementary pairChannel estimation
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DMB-T是中國大陸的數位電視地面廣播標準,調變技術採用時域同步正交分頻多工(TDS-OFDM)。同步及通道估測是利用信號框頭中的PN序列來實現。由於PN序列之週期性自相關函數只是近似脈衝而不是完美脈衝,旁峰值為-1,所以DMB-T接收機的通道估測準確度受到旁峰值的影響而未盡理想。

由於格雷互補對具有成對序列非週期性自相關函數和為完美脈衝的特性,故本論文提出以格雷互補對取代PN序列做為信號框頭,以期提升通道估測性能。本文提出格雷互補對信號框頭的序列配置方法,並以TU6與CT8兩種測試通道,模擬比較兩種信號框頭通道估測效能。電腦模擬結果顯示,採用格雷互補對組成的信號框頭,通道估測準確性會比使用PN序列為佳。格雷互補對信號框頭亦可用於同步。以電腦模擬比較同步與通道估測之綜合性能,使用格雷互補對之優勢更為明顯。


Digital multimedia broadcasting – terrestrial (DMB-T) is the standard of mainland Chinese digital television terrestrial broadcasting system. DMB-T adopts time domain synchronous-orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (TDS-OFDM) signals. Synchronization and channel estimation are achieved based on pseudo-noise (PN) sequences in the signal frame headers. Since the periodic autocorrelation functions of PN sequences are not perfect impulse functions and have nonzero sidelobe values, the DMB-T receivers’ channel estimation accuracy is affected.

Golay complementary pairs have the property that the sum of the aperiodic auto-correlation functions for pairing sequences is an impulse function. We propose to use a Golay complementary pair to replace the PN sequence in the frame header, in hope of improving the channel estimation accuracy. We introduce the configuration of the Golay pair frame header, and conduct simulations to compare channel estimation performance under TU6 and CT8 channels. Computer simulation results show that the channel estimation accuracy with Golay complementary pair frame header is better than the performance with the original DMB-T PN sequence frame header. The proposed Golay pair frame header can also be used for synchronization. Computer simulation comparison for the combined synchronization and channel estimation performance shows that the performance advantage of the Golay pair frame header compare to the PN frame header is even more obvious.



中文摘要.................................................I
ABSTRACT................................................II
誌謝....................................................IV
目錄.....................................................V
表目錄.................................................VII
圖目錄................................................VIII
符號表..................................................XI
第一章 緒論.............................................1
1.1 研究動機與目的...................................1
1.2 各章節提要.......................................2
第二章 DMB-T系統、格雷互補對與通道估測背景簡介..........4
2.1 DMB-T系統簡介....................................4
2.1.1 系統架構.........................................4
2.1.2 信號框結構.......................................5
2.1.3 信號框頭模式.....................................7
2.1.4 信號框體結構....................................10
2.2 格雷互補對簡介..................................11
2.2.1 格雷互補對定義..................................11
2.2.2 格雷互補對建構..................................12
2.3 通道估測........................................14
2.3.1 序列相關法(Sequence Correlation)................14
2.3.2 最小平方法(Least Squares).......................15
第三章 格雷互補對於DMB-T系統通道估測方法與效能.........17
3.1 無線通訊系統通道模型............................17
3.2 格雷互補對通道估測方法..........................20
3.2.1 信號框頭序列配置方式............................21
3.2.2 序列相關時域同步與通道估測法....................22
3.3 通道估測性能比較................................33
3.3.1 信號框頭內部配置對通道估測之影響................33
3.3.2 假設已同步時通道估測性能比較....................39
3.3.3 同步及通道估測綜合性能比較......................51
第四章 結論............................................54
參考文獻................................................55

[1]GB 20600-2006, Framing Structure, Channel Coding and Modulation for Digital Television Terrestrial Broadcasting System, Chinese National Standard, 2006.

[2]張仲逸,“16-與64-QAM格雷序列”,元智大學碩士論文,民國九十七年七月。

[3]教育部顧問室「資通訊人才培育先導型計畫」數位電視與廣播教學推動聯盟中心,“數位電視信號之通道特性與干擾抑止推廣課程”。

[4]ETSI EN 300 744, “Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB); Framing Structure,channel coding and modulation for digital terrestrial television”, European Telecommunication Standard v1.5.1, 2004-06.

[5]M. J. E. Golay, “Complementary Series”, IRE Trans. Inform. Theory, Vol. IT-7, Issue 2, pp. 82-87, Apr. 1961.

[6]L. Gui, Q. Li, B. Liu, W. Zhang, and C. Zheng, “Low complexity channel estimation method for TDS-OFDM based Chinese DTTB system,” IEEE Trans. Consumer Electronics, vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 1135-1140, 2009.

[7]黃彥文,“複數格雷互補序列新建構法”,元智大學博士論文,民國一百年一月。

[8]Y.W. Huang and Y. Li, “802.16 Uplink Sounding via QPSK Golay Sequences,” IEEE Communications Letters, vol. 14, no. 7, July. 2010.

[9]廖貴平,“DMB-T數位電視廣播接收機之內接收機設計”,中央大學碩士論文,民國九十七年六月。

[10]M. Liu, M. Crussière and J.-F. Hélard, “A novel iterative data-aided channel estimation for time domain synchronous-OFDM,” in Proc. of the Fourth International Workshop on Signal Design and its Application in Communications (IWSDA’09), Fukuoka, Japan, Nov. 2009, pp. 48-51.

[11]M. Liu, M. Crussiere and J.-F. Helard, “A combined time and frequency algorithm for improved channel estimation in TDS-OFDM, ” in Proc. of IEEE ICC''10, Cape Town, South Africa, May 2010.

[12]Y. Li and Y.W. Huang, “Extension of Golay’s two pair construction for general complex complementary sequences,” in Proceedings of the 2008 International Symposium on Information Theory and Its Applications(ISITA 2008), pp. 1-4, Auckland, New Zealand, December7-10, 2008.

[13]Y.T. Lin, C.H. Kuo and S.G. Chen, “High-Performance Channel and Noise Power Estimations for the 802.15.3c single Carrier System,”.

[14]J.C. Lin, “Channel Estimation For Wireless OFDM Communications,” published by InTech - Open Access Publisher, ISBN 978-953-307-114-5.

[15]IEEE Std 802.16: IEEE standard for local and metropolitan area networks–Part 16, pp. 960-968, May 2009.

[16]B. Song, L. Gui, Y. Guan and W. Zhang, “On channel estimation and equalization in TDS-OFDM based terrestrial HDTV broadcasting system,” IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron., vol. 51, p.790 , 2005.

[17]Z.X. Yang, X. Q. Wang, Z. C. Wang, J. T. Wang, and J. Wang, “Improved channel estimation for TDS-OFDM based on flexible frequency-binary padding,” IEEE Trans. Broadcast., vol. 56, no. 3, pp.418-424, Sep. 2010.

[18]F. Yang, J. Wang, J. Song and Z. Yang, “Phase noise correction based on TPS symbols for the Chinese DTTB system,” IEEE Trans. Broadcast., vol. 54, p.799, Dec. 2008.


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