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研究生:羅永正
研究生(外文):Luo, Yung Jeng
論文名稱:以增進頻寬利用率為目標之水下通訊協定
論文名稱(外文):MAC Protocols for Enhancing Bandwidth Utilization in UWSNs
指導教授:洪麗玲洪麗玲引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hung, Li-Ling
口試委員:逄愛君張志勇洪麗玲
口試委員(外文):Pang, Ai-ChunChang, Chih-YungHung, Li-Ling
口試日期:2012-07-18
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:真理大學
系所名稱:資訊工程學系碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:87
中文關鍵詞:水下感知網路
外文關鍵詞:UnderWater Sensor Networks
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近年來水下的無線感知網路受到很大的討論,水下無線網路的應用相當廣泛,包含環境的偵測、戰爭的偵測、災害的預警以及許多的應用,因此許多學者紛紛將研究領域轉為從事水下的無線感知網路(UWSNs)方面的研究,由於水下的無線感知網路使用了聲波的方式傳輸資料,因此造成了傳輸速率慢、傳輸延遲過大(Long propagation delay)、同步困難以及需要消耗較高的電量等幾項困難,在這種惡劣的傳輸環境下,傳輸延遲過長將造成一般無線感知網路中不會產生的封包碰撞及隱藏節點問題,但現有的不論是單頻道或是多頻道通訊協定大多在處理如何避免水下網路中封包碰撞的問題,而忽略了傳輸延遲過長所造成的等待時間,也是造成整體頻寬利用率下降的重大原因,因此本文將目標著重於增進場景中的頻寬使用率,分別提出適用於單頻道及多頻道的水下通訊協定。而模擬實驗的結果顯示本文所提出之協定,確實能有效提升頻寬的利用率。
With the rapid development technologies, underwater acoustic sensor networks (UWSNs) have recently received more attention. UWSNs technologies are applied including pollution monitoring, enemy detection, as well as disaster warning and other applications. However, since the acoustical waveform is used in underwater environment, it leads to the long propagation delay, difficult Synchronization, and the more power consumption.
Most related exist research cope with the collision problem in UWSNs, since collision will reduce the bandwidth utilization. To improve the bandwidth utilization, thesis focus on reducing the waiting time for propagation either single-channel or multi-channel environment. The performance study reveals that the proposed protocol outperforms existing w in terms of bandwidth utilization, collision problem as well as network throughput.

第一章、 緒論 ....... 1
第二章、 相關文獻 ....... 4
2.1 單頻道通訊協定.... 6
2.2 多頻道通訊協定.... 7
第三章、 演算法設計 ...... 9
3.1 單頻道通訊協定 ..... 9
3.2 多頻道通訊協定 .... 29
第四章、 模擬實驗 ......... 51
4.1 ES-MAC ......... 51
4.2 ROM-MAC ......... 61
第五章、 結論 ......... 73
第六章、 參考文獻 ......... 74

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