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研究生:張嘉麟
研究生(外文):Chang,Chia-Lin
論文名稱:場發射燈泡陽極製作及其螢光粉改質
論文名稱(外文):Fabrication of the Anodes of Field Emission Bulbs and Modification of the Phosphors
指導教授:劉益銘
指導教授(外文):Liu,Yih-Ming
口試委員:劉益銘葛明德蒲念文陳登銘
口試委員(外文):Liu,Yih-MingGer,Ming-DerPu,Nen-WenChen,Teng-Ming
口試日期:2012-07-10
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國防大學理工學院
系所名稱:材料科學與工程碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:材料工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:56
中文關鍵詞:場發射陽極螢光粉
外文關鍵詞:Field emissionanodephosphor
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:7
  • 點閱點閱:325
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:5
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0

場發射燈源為新世代的光源,具有高效率、無汞及製程簡單的優點,尤其是製作過程中產生的耗能與汙染問題非常小,所以極具發展的潛力。本研究以場發射燈泡陽極之製備為主,並輔以陽極螢光粉之改質,研究內容分成兩部分,第一部分為開發場發射燈泡陽極的燈殼製作,使用化學鍍鎳的作法,先將燈殼金屬化,金屬層可作用為陽極螢光粉的反射層與導電層。之後塗佈白光螢光粉,運用場發射原理使陰極拉出電子轟擊螢光粉而發光。 第二部分:則以不同導電物塗佈或混參來改善場發射陽極螢光粉之發光效率、及提高陽極螢光粉壽命。藉由在白光螢光粉上塗覆氧化銦薄膜、氧化鋅薄膜及塗佈石墨烯層等三種方式,來增加陽極的導電性,降低場發射元件中表面電荷的累積及提升螢光粉的壽命。

Field emission lamps (FELs) are promising next-generation light sources with the advantages of high efficiency, mercury-free nature and simple fabrication processes. In addition, the energy consumption and pollution generated in the production processes are very small. Therefore they are considered the light sources with great potential for future development and applications.
The purpose of this study is to fabricate the anodes for Field Emission Bulbs (FEBs), and also to modify the phosphors for FEB anodes. This thesis is divided into two parts: the first part describes the development of processes for producing the FEB anode on a bulb shell. Electroless nickel plating was employed to deposit on the glass bulb a metal layer, which serves as the conduction layer for anode phosphor and the reflection layer for the light emitted from the phosphor. White-light phosphor was subsequently coated on top of the metal. White light was generated by cathodoluminescence in the phosphor bombarded with the high energy electrons pulled out of the cathode via field emission.
In the second part, various conductive materials were coated on the surface of or added into the phosphor in order to improve the luminous efficiency and lifetime of the phosphor. Three ways were developed to modify the phosphors so as to increase the anode conductivity, reduce the surface charge accumulation, and enhance the life of the phosphors: (1) coating indium oxide on the phosphor particles, (2) coating zinc oxide on the phosphor particles, and (3) depositing a continuous graphene film on the phosphor layer.

誌謝 ............................................................................................................................ ii
摘要 ........................................................................................................................... iii
ABSTRACT ............................................................................................................... iv
目錄 ............................................................................................................................ v
表目錄 ..................................................................................................................... viii
圖目錄 ....................................................................................................................... ix
1. 緒論 ....................................................................................................................... 1
1.1 前言 ..................................................................................................................... 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 ................................................................................................. 3
2. 文獻回顧與理論基礎 ........................................................................................... 8
2.1 場發射原理 ......................................................................................................... 8
2.2 陰極材料簡介 ................................................................................................... 10
2.3 化學鍍鎳原理 ................................................................................................... 12
2.4 石墨烯簡介 ....................................................................................................... 14
2.5 螢光粉發光機制 ............................................................................................... 17
2.6 光度測定 ........................................................................................................... 18
2.6.1 輝度 ................................................................................................................ 18
2.6.2 光通量 ............................................................................................................ 18
2.6.3 CIE座標 .......................................................................................................... 19
2. 實驗方法 ............................................................................................................. 20
3.1 研究流程 ........................................................................................................... 20
3.1.1 場發射燈泡製作過程 .................................................................................... 21
3.1.2 螢光粉改質流程 ............................................................................................ 22
3.1.3 白光螢光板製作 ............................................................................................ 23
3.1.4 塗覆氧化銦薄膜 ............................................................................................ 23
3.1.5 塗覆氧化鋅薄膜 ............................................................................................ 24
3.1.6 混拌、網印、噴塗法石墨烯薄膜 ................................................................ 24
3.2 實驗藥品與儀器 ............................................................................................... 26
3.2.1 實驗藥品 ........................................................................................................ 26
3.2.2 實驗儀器 ........................................................................................................ 27
4.1 場發射燈泡陽極製作 ....................................................................................... 28
4.1.1 玻璃金屬化 .................................................................................................... 28
4.1.2 螢光粉漿料調配 ............................................................................................ 31
4.1.3 螢光粉塗佈 .................................................................................................... 32
4.1.4 小結 ................................................................................................................ 35
4.2 塗覆、混合不同導電質之白光螢光粉亮度、壽命測試比較 ....................... 37
4.2.1 白光螢光粉特性分析 .................................................................................... 37
4.2.2 白光螢光粉與氧化鋅、氧化銦薄膜塗佈螢光粉之壽命比較 …................ 40
4.2.3 白光螢光粉與石墨烯混螢光粉之壽命比較 ................................................ 41
4.2.4 亮度總比較 .................................................................................................... 44
4.2.5 白光螢光粉與石墨烯混拌螢光粉、石墨烯噴塗螢光粉亮度比較 …........ 46
4.2.6 小結 ................................................................................................................ 47
5. 結論 ..................................................................................................................... 48
6. 未來展望 ............................................................................................................. 49
7. 參考文獻 ............................................................................................................. 50
自傳 .......................................................................................................................... 56

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