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研究生:彭冠于
研究生(外文):Peng, Guanyu
論文名稱:噴印金屬化應用於太陽能電池極導線製備之研究
論文名稱(外文):The study of inkjet printing metallic lines applied onto the metal wires of the solar panel
指導教授:張章平葛明德葛明德引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chang, ChangpinGer, Mingder
口試委員:張章平葛明德胡文華楊勝俊曾俊傑
口試委員(外文):Chang, ChangpinGer, MingderHu, WunhuaYang, ShenjyunZeng, Jyunjie
口試日期:2012-05-16
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國防大學理工學院
系所名稱:化學工程碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:69
中文關鍵詞:噴印技術無電電鍍聚電解質銦錫氧化玻璃
外文關鍵詞:inkjet printingelectrolesss depositionpolyelectrolyteITO/Glass
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本研究主要目是利用噴印技術取代傳統利用黃光微影製程所製作出之太陽能板之金屬導線。利用噴印技術將合成之溫敏性鈀觸媒[poly(St-co-NIPAAm)Pd]噴印於太陽能級銦錫氧化玻璃基材上,藉此製備形成具催化活性圖案,進而以無電電鍍技術將其圖案金屬化產生金屬圖形。藉由百格測試觀察金屬鍍層之附著特性,並使用SEM觀察鍍層表面及厚度對時間之影響,四點探針檢測金屬鍍層之導電率,及3D白光干涉儀觀察墨滴之咖啡環效應及鍍層之平整性。本研究發現表面粗糙度是影響附著特性的重要因素之一,在基材經過聚電解質表面改質之後也能有效增加金屬鍍層附著特性,並且利用不同分子量之聚電解質比較其電荷多寡之影響,實驗可得到金屬鍍層厚度為2.68 μm,電阻率約為 1.87x10-7 Ωm,且附著能力達到百格測試規範中的4B等級,此技術可應用於太陽能板或觸控板所需之金屬電極。
The metal line used on solar cell plates prepared with inkjet printing rather than photolithography process was studied in this thesis. The catalytic patterns were printed onto solar cell grade ITO wafers with the ink containing thermal-responsive poly(St-co-NIPAAm)/Pd) catalysts, and then deposited with electroless plating to form the metallic pattern. The effect of process parameters on the surface morphology of the pattern and the adhesion between the pattern film and the substrate test by cross-cut tape test were evaluated. The results show that the surface roughness of the substrate is an important factor to affect the film adhesion to the substrate. However, using surface modification with the polyelectrolyte can also improve the adhesion. The polyelectrolytes with different molecular weight were used to modify the wafer substrates to evaluate the influence of the charge amount on the film adhesion. This technique has potential for the application on the solar panel or the metallic electrodes of the touch panel.
致謝 ii
摘要 iii
Abstact iv
目錄 v
圖目錄 vii
表目錄 ix
2.文獻回顧 3
2.1噴印技術發展 3
2.2金屬化墨水 8
2.3無電電鍍技術 11
2.4表面改質技術 13
2.5基材潤濕特性 15
3.實驗 16
3.1實驗藥品與設備 16
3.1.1實驗藥品 16
3.1.2實驗設備 17
3.1.3檢測方法 17
3.2實驗流程 22
3.2.1製備奈米鈀觸媒墨水 22
3.2.2基材粗化與表面改質處理 23
3.2.3噴印奈米鈀觸媒墨水 24
3.2.4有機相墨水合成與混摻固化膠 25
3.2.5無電鍍金屬化實驗 27
4.結果與討論 28
4.1金屬化墨水附著度特性探討 28
4.1.1基材粗糙度之影響 28
4.1.2表面改質 32
4.1.3鍍層特性分析 34
4.1.4有機相墨水混摻硬化膠測試 41
4.2噴印參數之影響 43
4.2.1基材溫度之影響 43
4.2.2液滴間距之影響 46
5.結論 51
參考文獻 52
自傳 57

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