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研究生:鄭瑞裕
研究生(外文):Cheng, JuiYu
論文名稱:無線感測網路技術於發展智慧型監控系統之應用研究
論文名稱(外文):Study of Wireless Sensor Network Technology Application in Developing Intelligent Monitoring and Control Systems
指導教授:洪 敏 雄
指導教授(外文):Hung, MingHsiung
口試委員:張永華、盧樹台、劉瑞榮、俞齊山、郝樹聲
口試日期:2012-07-16
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國防大學理工學院
系所名稱:國防科學研究所
學門:軍警國防安全學門
學類:軍事學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:122
中文關鍵詞:遠端監控ZigBee無線感測網路電力需量控制資料融合雲端運算
外文關鍵詞:MCZigBee Wireless Sensor NetworkPower Demand ControlData FusionCloud Computing
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:3
  • 點閱點閱:169
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
生產設備是製造業非常重要的資產,隨著科技的進步,設備的功能與製造能力越趨複雜與精密,因此很容易受到電力供給異常而損壞。因此,許多企業採用遠端監控系統來監控與維護生產設備的有效性。近年來,無線感測網路廣泛應用於各種監控系統,其中,ZigBee無線感測網路技術具有體積小、低耗電、無線傳輸及在同一個網路中可有多達65,535裝置節點等優點,非常適合應用於許多家庭與工業監控應用。本論文之目的為設計與發展數個基於ZigBee無線感測網路之智慧型監控架構與機制。首先,本研究發展一行動式監控架構,可以整合幾種無線通訊技術,以滿足各種監控需求,如RFID人員識別、ZigBee室內定位、遠端監測與主動推播影像等。接下來,本研究發展一個具機動部署能力之智慧型無線電力監控系統架構,具備有無線電力監控模組、電力需量控制、電力異常偵測與主動異常告警等智慧元件。此外,本文設計一種新的資料融合演算法來提高ZigBee的資料傳輸效率。最後,本論文提出一個基於雲端運算的全新電力監控架構,可以透過雲端運算隨需提供充足的運算與儲存資源,以滿足大規模的監控需求,並節省建構與維持資訊基礎建設的成本。本論文的成果可以成為發展各種監控應用系統的有用參考。
Equipment is the most capital asset in manufacturing factories. Accompanying with the advancement of technologies, the functions and manufacturing capabilities of equipment have become more complicated and precise, which can be vulnerably spoiled by abnormal power supplies. Thus, a lot of enterprises utilize remote monitoring and control (MC) systems to monitor and maintain the efficacy of the manufacturing equipment. In recent years, wireless sensor network (WSN) technologies are widely applied in various MC applications. In particular, ZigBee is a WSN technology that has the advantages of small size, low power consumption, wireless transmission, and having up to 65535 device nodes in a network. It is very suitable to be applied in many home and industrial MC applications. This dissertation aims to design and develop serveral ZigBee-based intelligent MC architectures and mechanisms. First, a mobile MC architecture is developed by integrating various wireless communication technologies for satisfying various MC demands, such as person identification using RFID, ZigBee indoor positioning, remote MC, and active image push. Next, an intelligent wireless power monitoring architecture with portible deployment capability is created and contains serveral intelligent components, including wireless power monitoring modules, power demand control, power abnormality dectection, and active alarming for abnormalities. Also, a novel data aggregation algorithm is designed to increase the data transmission efficiency of the ZigBee. Finally, a new power monitoring architecture based on cloud computing is proposed, which can leverage the advantages of cloud computing to provide sufficient computing and storage resources on demand for fulfilling the large-scale MC requirements and saving the cost of constructing IT infrastructure. The research results of this dissertation can be a useful reference for developing various MC applications.
誌謝 ii
摘要 iii
ABSTRACT iv
目錄 v
表目錄 ix
圖目錄 x
1. 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 2
1.3 研究範圍及研究架構 5
1.4 論文內容結構 7
2. 行動式監控架構之設計 8
2.1 簡介 8
2.2 行動式監控架構之設計 9
2.3 系統功能元件設計 13
2.3.1 IMMS功能元件 13
2.3.2 中介軟體 20
2.4 ZigBee室內定位 22
2.4.1 三角定位概念 22
2.4.2 訊號紋路定位法 23
2.5 系統實作與整合測試 27
2.5.1 行動式監控系統實作 27
2.5.2 實驗測試場地規劃 28
2.5.3 行動式監控系統整合測試 29
2.6 系統效能分析 31
2.6.1 行動式監控系統的遠端控制能力 32
2.6.2 行動式監控系統的異常處置能力 32
2.6.3 行動式監控系統的解析能力 33
2.7 小結 34
3. 具機動部署能力之智慧型電力監控系統 35
3.1 背景介紹 35
3.2 智慧型電力監控系統架構設計 37
3.3 可攜式無線電力監測模組之設計 39
3.3.1 電壓與電流訊號轉換電路之設計 40
3.3.2 數位訊號處理器之設計 42
3.4 功能元件設計 47
3.5 用戶端能量平衡電力需量控制器之設計 50
3.5.1電力需量門檻值計算 53
3.5.2非同步電力需量控制 55
3.5.3 動態順序卸除負載 58
3.6 電力監控系統之建置與整合測試 59
3.6.1 電力監控系統實現 59
3.6.2 測試方法與測試結果 63
3.7 小結 70
4. 具高傳輸效率之照明診斷系統 72
4.1研究背景 72
4.2 高傳輸效率之照明診斷系統架構設計 73
4.3 資料融合演算法 74
4.3.1 資料收集與節點狀態診斷 74
4.3.2 資料融合 76
4.3.3 資料解融合 80
4.4 系統實作 82
4.4.1 軟、硬體需求 82
4.4.2 系統實作 82
4.5 系統效能測試 85
4.6 小結 91
5. 運用雲端技術之新式電力監控系統架構 93
5.1 研究背景 93
5.2 植基於雲端運算與ZigBee之電力監控架構設計 94
5.3 定址模式與通訊格式之規劃 96
5.4 CZPMCA運作腳本 101
5.5 系統實作規劃 104
5.6 雲端優勢 106
5.7 小結 106
6. 結論 108
6.1 論文總結 108
6.2 研究成果 109
6.3 未來研究 112
參考文獻 113
論文發表 120
自傳 122
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