跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(3.231.230.177) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/07/28 20:10
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:許寧晏
研究生(外文):Hsu Ning Yeng
論文名稱:違實思考對創造表現之影響
論文名稱(外文):The Impact of Counterfactual Thinking on Creativity
指導教授:高泉豐高泉豐引用關係
口試委員:林以正孫蒨如
口試日期:2012-06-28
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:心理學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:71
中文關鍵詞:負向情緒責任歸屬創造力違實思考違實思考影響力
外文關鍵詞:Negative AffectResponsibilityCreativityCounterfactual thinkingCounterfactual potency
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:523
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:26
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本研究將量化違實思考概念帶入,促發不同程度之違實思考,探討其對責任歸屬、負向情緒及創造力之影響。以自身體驗與情境故事之兩種方式進行促發,佐以情緒認知問卷與新編創造思考測驗,測量參與者的責任歸屬判定、負向情緒程度及創造力的發揮。結果顯示,操弄高程度的事前其他可能(if-likelihood)與事後其他可能性(then-likelihood)時,對依變項的影響最為強大。責任歸屬方面,高違實思考組在自責與責任判定顯著高於低違實思考組與無違實思考組;於負向情緒方面,高違實思考組其負向情緒明顯大於低違實思考組與無違實思考組;而創造表現上,高違實思考組於獨創力、精進力與整體創造表現的發揮明顯差於低違實思考組與無違實思考組。然而,違實思考影響力(counterfactual potency)在違實思考與依變項之間的中介效果卻未展現。
摘要---i
目次---ii
表次---iv
圖次---v
緒論---1
違實思考的操弄方式---4
違實思考的影響---6
負向情緒對創造力的影響---9
本研究目的--10
實驗一---11
方法---13
結果----19
討論---26
實驗二---28
方法---30
結果---34
討論---44
綜合討論---46
研究貢獻與限制---46
未來研究方向---47
參考文獻---50
附錄 1 高IL與高TL之情境故事---58
附錄 2 低IL與高TL之情境故事---59
附錄 3 無IL與無TL之情境故事---60
附錄 4 實驗一負向思考與情緒對語文創造力表現之中介狀況---61
附錄 5 實驗一違實思考組別與負向思考或情緒預測語文創造力表現之迴歸分析---62
附錄 6 實驗二負向思考與情緒對圖形創造力表現之中介狀況---63
附錄 7實驗二違實思考組別與負向思考或情緒預測圖形創造力表現之迴歸分析---64

邱發忠、陳學志、徐芝君、吳相儀及卓淑玲(2008)。〈內隱與外顯因素對創造作業表現的影響〉。《中華心理學刊》,50,125-145。[Chiu, F. C., Chen, H. C., Hsu, C. C., Wu, H. Y., & Cho, S. L. (2008). The impact of implicit and explicit factors on the performance of creativity tasks. Chinese Journal of Psychology, 50, 125-145.]
吳靜吉、陳甫彥、郭俊賢、林偉文、劉士豪及陳玉樺(1998)。〈新編創造思考測驗研究〉。《教育部輔導工作六年計畫研究報告》。[ Wu, J. J., Chen, F. Y., Kuo, T. S., Lin, W. W., Liu, S. H., & Chen, Y. H. (1998). A new version of tests of creative thinking. Technical report of 6 years guidance work of ministry of educatio n, Republic of China (Taiwan)]
Alicke, M. D., Buckingham, J., Zell, E., & Davis, T. (2008). Culpable control and counterfactual reasoning in the psychology of blame. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34, 1371-1381. doi: 10.1177/0146167208321594
Au, T. K. (1983). Chinese and English counterfactuals: The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis revisited. Cognition, 15, 155-187. doi:10.1016/0010-0277(83)90038-0
Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 1173-1182. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.51.6.1173
Bechara, A., Damasio, H., & Damasio, A. R. (2000). Emotion, decision-making, and the orbitofrontal cortex. Cerebral Cortex, 10, 295-307. doi:10.1093/cercor/10.3.295
Beck, S. R., Robinson, E. J., Carroll, D. J., & Apperly, I. A. (2006). Children’s thinking about counterfactuals and future hypotheticals as possibilities. Child Development, 77, 431-426. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.2006.00879.x
Beer, J. S., Knight, R. T., & D’Esposito, M. (2006). Integrating emotion and cognition: The rule of the frontal lobes in distinguishing between helpful and hurtful emotions. Psychological Science, 17, 448-453. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9280.2006.01726.x
Byrne, R. M. J. (2005). The rational imagination: How people create alternatives to reality. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Camille, N., Coricelli, G., Sallet, J., PradatDiehl, P., Duhamel, J. R., & Sirigu, A. (2004). The involvement of the orbitofrontal cortex in the experience of regret. Science, 304, 1167-1170. doi:10.1126/science.1094550
Chen, J., Chiu, C. Y., Roese, N. J., Tam, K., & Lau, I. Y. (2006). Culture and counterfactuals: On the importance of life domains. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 37, 75-84. doi:10.1177/0022022105282296
Coricelli, G., Critchley, H. D., Joffily, M., O’Doherty, J. P., Sirigu, A., & Dolan R. J. (2005). Regret and it’s avoidance: A neuroimaging study of choice behavior. Nature Neurosicence, 8, 1255-1262. doi:10.1038/nn1514
DeSteno, D., Petty, R. E., Rucker, D. D., Wegener, D. T., & Braverman, J. (2004). Discrete emotions and persuasion: The role of emotion-induced expectancies. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86, 43-56. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.86.1.43
Dias, M. G., & Harris, P. L. (1990). The influence of the imagination on reasoning by young children. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 8, 305-318. doi:10.1111/j.2044-835X.1990.tb00847.x
Epstude, K., & Roese, N. J. (2007). Beyond rationality: Counterfactual thinking and behavior regulation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 30, 457-458. doi:10.1017/S0140525X07002634
Epstude, K., & Roese, N. J. (2008). The functional theory of counterfactual thinking. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 12, 168-192. doi:10.1177/1088868308316091
Förster, J., Friedman, R. S., Özelsel, A., & Denzler, M. (2006). Enactment of approach and avoidance behavior influences the scope of perceptual and conceptual attention. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 42, 133-146. doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2005.02.004
Förster, J., & Higgins, E. T. (2005). How global versus local perception fits regulatory focus. Psychological Science, 16, 631-636. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9280.2005.01586.x
Galinsky, A. D., & Moskowitz, G. B. (2000). Counterfactuals as behavioral primes: Priming the simulation heuristic and the consideration of alternatives. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 36, 384-409. doi:10.1006/jesp.1999.1409
Galinsky, A. D., Moskowitz, G. B., & Skurnik, I. W. (2000). Counterfactuals as self-generated primes: The effect of prior counterfactual activation on person perception judgments. Social Cognition, 18, 252-280. doi:10.1521/soco.2000.18.3.252
German, T. P., & Nichols, S. (2003). Children’s reasoning: Counterfactual thinking occurs for ‘negative’ outcomes only. Development Science, 6, 514-523. doi:10.1111/1467-7687.00309
Gilovich, T., Wang, R. F., Regan, D., & Nishina, S. (2003). Regrets of action and inaction across cultures. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 34, 61-71. doi:10.1177/0022022102239155
Gómez-Beldarrain, M., Garcia-Monco, J. C., Astigarraga, E., Gonzalez, A., & Grafman, J. (2005). Only spontaneous counterfactual thinking is impaired in patients with prefrontal lesions. Cognitive Brain Research, 24, 723-726. doi:10.1016/j.cogbrainres.2005.03.013
Harris, P. L. (1991). The work of the imagination. Oxford, UK: Blackwell.
Johnson, M. K., & Sherman, S. J. (1990). Counterfactual and reconstructing the past and the future in the present. In E. T. Higgins, & R. M. Sorrentino (Eds.), Handbook of motivation and cognition: Foundations of social behavior (pp. 482-526). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Kray, L. J., Galinsky, A. D., & Wong E. M. (2006). Thinking within the box: The relational processing style elicited by counterfactual mind-sets. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 91, 33-48. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.91.1.33
Krishnamurthy, P., & Sivaraman, A. (2002). Counterfactual thinking and advertising responses. Journal of Consumer Research, 28, 650-658. doi:10.1086/323736
Landman, J. (1987). Regret and elation following action and inaction: Affective responses to positive versus negative outcomes. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 13, 524-536. doi: 10.1177/0146167287134009
Lengfelder, A., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2001). Reflective and reflexive action control in patients with frontal brain lesions. Neuropsychology, 15, 80-100. doi:10.1037/0894-4105.15.1.80
Liu, L. G. (1985). Reasoning counterfactually in Chinese: Are they any obstacles? Cognition, 21, 239-270. doi:10.1016/0010-0277(85)90026-5
Markman, K. D., Gavanski, I., Sherman, S. J., & McMullen, M. N. (1993). The mental simulation of better and worse possible worlds. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 29, 87-109. doi:10.1006/jesp.1993.1005
Markman, K. D., Lindberg, M. J., Kreay, l. J., & Galinsky, A. D. (2007). Implications of counterfactual structure for creative generation and analytical problem-solving. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33, 312-324. doi:10.1177/0146167206296106
Markman, K. D., & McMullen, M. N. (2003). A reflection and evaluation models of comparative thinking. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 7, 244-267. doi:10.1207/S15327957PSPR0703_04
Markman, K. D., McMullen, M. N., & Elizaga, R. A. (2008). Counterfactual thinking, persistence, and performance: A test of the reflection and evaluation model. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 421-428. doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2007.01.001
Markman, K. D., McMullen, M. N., Elizaga, R. A., & Mizoguchi, N. (2006). Counterfactual thinking and regulatory fit. Judgment and Decision Making, 1, 98-107. doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2007.01.001
Medvec, V. H., Madey, S. F., & Gilovich, T. (1995). When less is more: Counterfactual thinking and satisfaction among Olympic medalists. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 603-610. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.69.4.603
Miller, D. T., & Cohen, J. D. (2001). An integrative theory of prefrontal cortex function. Annual Review of Neuroscience, 24, 167-202. doi:10.1146/annurev.neuro.24.1.167
Miller, D. T., & Gunasegaram, S. (1990). Temporal order and the perceived mutability of events: Implications for blame assignment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 59, 1111-1118. doi:10.1037/ 0022-3514.59.6.1111
Miller, D. T., & Taylor, B. R. (1995). Counterfactual thought, regret, and superstition: How to avoid kicking yourself. In N. J. Roese & J. M. Olson (Eds.), What might have been: The social psychology of counterfactual thinking (pp. 305-331). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Page, C. M.,& Colby, P. M. (2003). If only I hadn’t smoked: The impact of counterfactual thinking on a smoking-related behavior. Psychology and marketing, 20, 955-976. doi:10.1002/mar.10104
Pennington, G. L., & Roese, N. J. (2003). Regulatory focus and temporal perspective. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 421-428. doi:10.1016/S0022-1031(03)00058-1
Perner, J., Sprung, M., & Steinkogler, B. (2004). Counterfactual conditionals and false belief: A developmental dissociation. Cognitive Development, 19, 179-201. doi:10.1016/j.cogdev.2003.12.001
Petrocelli, J. V., Percy, E. J., Sherman, S. J., & Tormala, Z. L. (2011). Counterfactual potency. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 100, 30-46. doi: 10.1037/a0021523
Roese, N. J. (1994). The functional basis of counterfactual thinking. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 66, 805-818. doi:10.1037//0022-3514.66.5.805
Roese, N. J. (1997). Counterfactual thinking. Psychological Bulletin, 121, 133-148. doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.121.1.133
Roese, N. J. (2001). The crossroads of affect and cognition: Counterfactuals as compensatory cognitions. In G. Moskowitz (Ed.), Cognitive social psychology: The princeton symposium on the legacy and future of social cognition (pp. 307-316). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Roese, N. J., Hur, T., & Pennington, G. L. (1999). Counterfactual thinking and regulatory focus: Implications for action versus incation and sufficiency versus necessity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77, 1109-1120. doi:10.1037//0022-3514.77.6.1109
Roese, N. J., & Olson, J. M. (Eds.). (1995). What might have been: The social psychology of counterfactual thinking (pp. 1-55). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Roese, N. J., & Olson, J. M. (1997). Counterfactual thinking: The intersection of affect and function. In M. P. Zanna (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology ( Vol. 29, pp. 1-59). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Roese, N. J., Pennington, G. L., Coleman, J., Janicki, M., Li, N., & Kenrick, D. T. (2006). Sex differences in regret: All for love or some for lust? Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32, 770-780. doi:10.1177/0146167206286709
Roese, N. J., Sanna, L. J., & Galinsky, A. D. (2005). The mechanics of imagination: Automaticity and control in counterfactual thinking. In R. R. Hassin, J. S. Uleman, & J. A. Bargh (Eds.), The new unconscious (pp. 138-170). New York: Oxford University Press.
Roese, N. J., & Summerville, A. (2005). What we regret most... and why. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 31, 1273-1285. doi:10.1177/0146167205274693
Sanna, L. J., Stocker, S. L., & Clarke, J. A. (2003). Rumination, imagination, and personality: Specters of the past and future in the present. In E.C. Chang, & L. J. Sanna (Eds.), Virtue, vice , and personality: The complexity of behavior (pp. 105-124). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Sassenberg, K., & Moskowitz, G. B. (2005). Don’t stereotype, think different! Overcoming automatic stereotype activation by mindset priming. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 41, 506-514. doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2004.10.002
Segura, S. & Morris, M. W. (2005). Scenario simulations in learning: Forms and functions at the organizational level. in D.R. Mandel, D. J., Hiltom, & P. Catellani (Eds.), The psyhology of counterfactual thinking (pp.94-409). New York: Routledge.
Smith, E. R. (2012) Editorial. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102, 1-3. doi:10.1037/a0026676
Spencer, S.J., Zanna, M. P., & Fong, G. T. (2005). Establishing a causal chain: Why experiments are often more effective than mediational analyses in examining psychological processes. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 89, 845-851. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.89.6.845
Summerville, A., & Roese, N. J. (2008). Dare to compare: Fact-based versus simulation-based comparison in daily life. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 664-671. doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2007.04.002
Ursu, S., & Carter, S. T. (2005). Outcome representations, counterfactual comparisons and the human orbitofrontal cortex: Implications for neuroimaging studies of decision-making. Cognitive Brain Research, 23, 51-60. doi:10.1016/j.cogbrainres.2005.01.004

QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top