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研究生:蘇桓玉
研究生(外文):SU, HuanYu
論文名稱:國中學生校園霸凌被害恐懼感之研究
指導教授:曾淑萍曾淑萍引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tseng, ShuPing
口試委員:董旭英戴伸峰
口試委員(外文):Tung, YukYingTai, ShenFeng
口試日期:2011-10-13
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:犯罪防治研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:綜合社會及行為科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:142
中文關鍵詞:校園霸凌被害經驗知覺被害風險被害恐懼感
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本研究旨在瞭解嘉義地區國中學生於校園霸凌之直接被害經驗與間接被害經驗的現況,並探討不同背景變項、學校環境、校園霸凌被害經驗、知覺被害風險與校園霸凌被害恐懼感之關聯性。

本研究採問卷調查法,以就讀於嘉義縣市公立國民中學的學生為研究對象,並使用「立意取樣」之方式進行抽樣,回收問卷共計748份,其中有效問卷共計655份。本研究結果顯示:(1)男生的直接與間接校園霸凌被害經驗高於女生,但在某些校園霸凌類型之被害經驗中,女生感受到之校園霸凌被害風險及被害恐懼感卻高於男生。(2)一年級國中學生自身遭遇性霸凌、網路霸凌之被害經驗顯著地多於二年級國中學生,而二年級國中生的同學在遭遇肢體霸凌之被害經驗上,則顯著地多於一年級國中生。(3)社經地位與直接被害經驗、間接被害經驗、知覺被害風險、被害恐懼感無顯著差異。(4)學校環境與校園霸凌被害經驗,及知覺被害風險具負相關。(5)校園霸凌被害經驗與校園霸凌的知覺被害風險,及被害恐懼感呈現不同關聯性,其中知覺被害風險在直接被害經驗與被害恐懼感之間扮演中介變項的重要角色。(6)知覺被害風險與被害恐懼感呈現正向關係。

最後,本研究根據研究結果,針對學校、老師、學生等三方面提出建議,以提供相關單位之參考。

誌謝詞 I
摘要 III
目次 V
表次 VII
圖次 IX
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 4
第三節 名詞解釋 5
第二章 文獻探討 9
第一節 校園霸凌之基本概念 9
第二節 被害恐懼感之基本概念 25
第三節 校園霸凌被害恐懼感之相關研究 36
第三章 研究方法 41
第一節 研究架構 41
第二節 研究工具 43
第三節 預試及效度 50
第四節 研究樣本 52
第五節 資料分析與處理 53
第四章 研究結果 55
第一節 背景變項分析 55
第二節 驗證式因素分析 58
第三節 差異分析 61
第四節 相關分析 76
第五節 路徑分析 80
第六節 各種校園霸凌類型被害經驗之路徑分析 95
第五章 研究結論與建議 107
第一節 研究結論 107
第二節 建議 110
第三節 研究限制與後續研究建議 113
參考文獻 117
附錄一 預試問卷 129
附錄二 正式問卷 137


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