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研究生:吳佳芸
研究生(外文):Wu, Chia-Yun
論文名稱:民主化程度、自然資源與外人直接投資流入:跨國追蹤資料分析
論文名稱(外文):Democracy, Nature Resources and FDI Inflow:Cross-Country Evidence
指導教授:劉文獻劉文獻引用關係
指導教授(外文):Liu, Wen-Hsien
口試委員:周登陽祁玉蘭唐孟祺
口試委員(外文):Chou, Deng-YangChyi, ElaineTang, Meng-Chi
口試日期:2012-06-20
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:國際經濟研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:81
中文關鍵詞:外人直接投資流入民主化程度自然資源政治風險
相關次數:
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本文探討在1970年至2010年間,地主國的民主化程度和自然資源豐富程度是否影響跨國公司對地主國的投資。本文使用系統性一般動差法進行估計,以116個國家為研究對象,並依國家程度分成已開發國家、開發中國家以及轉型國家。除了考量總體經濟環境影響FDI流入之因素,並加入金融市場變數以及政治風險變數如貪腐程度、官僚品質及徵收風險等做為衡量指標,探討各國金融市場環境及政治環境對FDI流入的影響。實證結果發現,民主化程度較高的國家通常伴隨著較良好的金融市場環境,且政治風險較低,政治環境較穩定,因此能吸引跨國公司對地主國的投資。而自然資源的規模大小對FDI流入到不同發展程度國家的影響較不一致,其原因在於部分自然資源較豐富的國家可能受到政府的干預和管制,造成市場機制的扭曲,阻礙跨國公司對地主國投資。此外,本文經由實證結果也發現,已開發國家和開發中國家會因為自然資源的型態不同而對FDI流入有不同的影響效果,但轉型國家只會受到自然資源的規模大小而對FDI流入有不同的影響效果。
By using data from 116 countries over the period 1970-2010, this thesis applies the System GMM approach to examine the main determinants of FDI inflows. In particular, we place our focus on whether the scale or the type of natural resources in the host country may alter the relationship between the degree of democracy and FDI inflow. Several conclusions are drawn from the empirical results. First, for the developing and transition counties, an improvement in the degree of democracy does enhance FDI inflows. Second, a decrease in political risk encourages FDI inflows. Third, for the developed and developing countries, the type instead of the scale of natural resources matters to FDI inflows, while the opposite is true for the transition countries.
第一章 緒論……………………………………….......................................................1
第一節 研究動機………………………………………………….……...………...1
第二節 研究目的……………………………………………………….…...……...4
第三章 研究架構………………………………………………………....………...6
第二章 文獻探討................................................………………....…..…..........…….. 8
第一節 FDI 流入經濟轉型國家之實證文獻…………………..……......…........…8
第二節 FDI 流入、自然資源及民主政治之實證文獻.... .. …………...................13
第三章 實證模型與變數說明………….………….……….……….……………….21
第一節 變數說明及資料來源……………………………………….……………21
第二節 實證模型………………………………………………………………….29
第三節 研究方法………………………………………………………………….31
第四章 實證結果與分析…………………………………………………………….37
第一節 特性檢定………………………………………………………………….37
第二節 系統性一般動差法之分析結果……………………………….…………52
第五章 結論………………………………………………………………………….68
第一節 全文總結………………………………………………………………….68
第二節 研究限制及建議………………………………………………………….70
參考文獻……………………………………………………………………………….71
中文部分…………………………………………………………………………….71
英文部分…………………………………………………………………………….72
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