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研究生:蘇瑩珊
研究生(外文):Su, Ying-Shan
論文名稱:全球金融風暴下美國促進就業政策之探討 -兼與「新政」時期政策比較
論文名稱(外文):An Exploration on Employment-promoting Policies Of The United States Of America During The Global Financial Crisis: Also Compare With Policies Of New Deal Period.
指導教授:許繼峰許繼峰引用關係
口試委員:簡建忠張李曉娟
口試日期:2012-06-13
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:勞工關係學系暨研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:綜合社會及行為科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:105
中文關鍵詞:美國復甦與再投資法新政積極性勞動市場政策失業
外文關鍵詞:American Recovery and Reinvestment ActNew DealActive Labor Market Policyunemployment
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:589
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:147
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
2008年9月,美國爆發了全球性的金融危機,美國總統歐巴馬提出了「美國復甦與再投資法」。本研究透過文獻蒐集與資料檢索,針對2009年美國總統歐巴馬提出的「美國復甦與再投資法」及1930年代大蕭條時期美國總統小羅斯福提出的「新政」,比較這兩項政策於促進就業方面所推行的內容與成效,研究結果顯示:
首先,在振興金融體系方面,「美國復甦與再投資法」與「新政」,主要皆採取積極介入管制並整頓金融機構。
而在積極性勞動市場政策方面,在1933年,美國大型公共建設尚未完全開發,因此實施大規模公共建設,提供的就業機會比起現在來得更多、更廣。在老年人就業部分,「新政」僅提供直接救濟方案,並未規劃積極性的促進就業方案使老年人也可以再重回勞動市場。
就消極性勞動市場政策而言,「美國復甦與再投資法」比起「新政」時聯邦緊急救濟方案更為彈性,除失業保險外,另提供失業後延續健康保險的服務。
然而,實際成效仍須透過時間以及未來更精確的評估統計。

In September 2008, the U.S. President, Barack Obama, proposed the “American Recovery and Reinvestment Act” under the global financial crisis. This study compared two employment-promoting policies of the “American Recovery and Reinvestment Act” (2009) and the “New Deal” (1930s) through literature collection and analysis by demonstrating their implementations and effects on employment improvement respectively. As a result, this study found that:
Firstly, in order to revitalize the financial system under the financial crisis, both of the “American Recovery and Reinvestment Act” and “New Deal” had taken the actively intervention to control and reorganize the financial institutions.
The second, work opportunity in the United State in the 1933 has been more sufficient and diverse than nowadays since the large-scale public constructions haven’t developed fully at that moment. Moreover, about to employ older workers, the “New Deal” only gave relief to these elders without applied any employment-improving program on them actively. Thus, elder workers under the “New Deal” were hard to return back to the labor market once they were unemployed.
Furthermore, the “New Deal” only provided on employed people with the Federal Emergency Relief Program. However, the “American Recovery and Reinvestment Act” has more flexible. For example, besides the unemployment insurance the unemployed people can also ask for the health insurance services during their unemployed period. As a whole, the real effect of the creative and inclusive “American Recovery and Reinvestment Act” still needs to be proved by more accurate evaluations. That’s time will tell in the future.

圖目錄...................................................................................................................iii
表目錄...................................................................................................................iv
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究動機與目的......................................................................................1
第二節 研究問題..................................................................................................6
第三節 研究方法與本文結構..............................................................................7
第二章 文獻探討
第一節 政府制定公共政策之重要性..................................................................9
第二節 政治經濟學理論背景與學派.................................................................13
第三節 促進就業之重要因素與對策.................................................................19
第三章2009年之後振興經濟政策之促進就業政策
第一節 政策制定背景與目標.............................................................................29
第二節 促進就業政策內容.................................................................................32
第三節 推行就業政策所遭遇之阻礙與成效.....................................................49
第四節 小結.........................................................................................................56
第四章1930年代小羅斯福新政之促進就業政策
第一節 政策制定背景與目標.............................................................................57
第二節 促進就業政策內容.................................................................................60
第三節 推行就業政策所遭遇之阻礙與成效.....................................................70
第四節 小結.........................................................................................................75
第五章 促進就業政策之比較
第一節 政策制定背景與目標之比較.................................................................77
第二節 促進就業政策內容之比較.....................................................................80
第三節 推行就業政策所遭遇之阻礙與成效之比較.........................................86
第四節 小結.........................................................................................................89
第六章 結論與建議
第一節 研究結論.................................................................................................91
第二節 後續研究建議.........................................................................................94
參考文獻..............................................................................................................95

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