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研究生:莉莎
研究生(外文):Astrid Annisa
論文名稱:海嘯衝擊減緩下濱海觀光區的空間利用
論文名稱(外文):Space Utilization of Waterfront Tourism Area under Mitigation of Tsunami Impacts
指導教授:林文欽林文欽引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wenchin Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中華大學
系所名稱:建築與都市計畫學系碩士班
學門:建築及都市規劃學門
學類:建築學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:英文
論文頁數:79
中文關鍵詞:關鍵字:海嘯減災濱海地區觀光
外文關鍵詞:tsunami mitigationwaterfront areaTourism
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於2004年12月26日發生的地震和海嘯災難之後,班達亞齊市遭受到了嚴重的損害,特別是在沿海地區。本研究試圖以優化班達亞齊市海岸地區的空間利用以符合開發成為觀光區的潛力以及透過受到海嘯衝擊的經驗,建置以降低與減輕海嘯影響的濱海遊樂區為基礎的需求。
本研究分析方法的階段程序為鑑定、合成、依不同文獻理論中實地觀察調整以及過去研究及方式的引用。第一階段是利用SWOT分析將濱海空間作為休閒區利用的內部參數研究基礎。第二階段是在開放空間保護設置及救援實質元件安排的品質分析以及使用調整方式作循環模式的分析。
本研究顯示結果已達到符合現有濱海地區休閒設施設置的最佳化、保護富有的文化及當地文化遺產、人力資源發展和高標準之基礎設施服務,預計將可增加濱海旅遊地區的吸引力。此外,為降低受海嘯之影響,結果制定將擴大種植植物以作為屏障,丘陵區作為救援區,建設新道路以作為疏散路線以及完整明顯標記疏散方向,以協助人員迅速疏散到安全的地方。


關鍵字:海嘯減災、濱海地區、觀光

After the earthquake and tsunami disaster that occurred on December 26, 2004, Banda Aceh City suffered huge damage, especially in coastal areas. This study tries to optimize the space utilization of the waterfront area in Banda Aceh, in accordance with the potentials and problems to develop as tourism objects, and the need for arrangement of waterfront recreation area based on tsunami mitigation to minimize the impact of tsunami as the learning of disaster that happened in the past.
The process of analysis carried out through the stages of identification, synthesis, field observations adjusted to the various references from theory, previous research, and regulation. The first stage is to analyze the internal factor of space utilization of waterfront as recreation area using SWOT analysis. The second stage is to analyze the quality of the physical elements arrangement of open space as protection and rescue, and also circulation pattern using the method of adjustment.
The result implies the concept of optimization of recreational facilities in accordance with the existing potential of waterfront area; maintain the rich cultural and local heritage, development of human resources and service infrastructure with higher standard, which is expected to increase the attractiveness of the waterfront tourist area. As the mitigation effort, the result formulate the expansion of planting vegetation as a barrier, hilly area used as the rescue area, use of the additional roads as evacuation routes, completeness marker to the evacuation direction to facilitate the population to the safer place easily.

Keywords: Tsunami mitigation, waterfront area, tourism.

ABSTRACT i
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ii
TABLE OF CONTENTS iii
LIST OF TABLES vi

CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION
1.1. General Review 1
1.2. Background of Study 2
1.3. Problem Formulation 3
1.4. Objective 4

CHAPTER II: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Waterfront City in Indonesia 5
2.2 Waterfront Area as a Tourism Attraction and Recreation Area 7
2.3 The Concept of Waterfront City as a Public Space 9
2.4 Disaster in Indonesia 11
2.5 Tsunami in Indonesia 12
2.5.1 The Characteristic of Tsunami 13
2.5.2 The Impact Caused by the Tsunami on the Region 15
2.5.3 Urban Planning and Design Strategies for Tsunami Mitigation to Reduce the Vulnerability 19
2.5.4 Disaster Prevention Functions of Coastal Vegetation 20

CHAPTER III: METHODOLOGY
3.1 Types and Methods of Research 23
3.2 Source of Data 23
3.3 Determination of Variables 24
3.4 Processing Techniques and Data Presentation 25
3.5 Analysis Method 25
3.6 Stages of Research 26
3.7 Data Collection 27
3.8 Study Area 27
3.8.1 Banda Aceh City 27
3.8.2 Ulee Lheue Beach as Waterfront Recreation in Banda Aceh City 31
3.8.3 General Description of the Ulee Lheue 35
3.8.4 Pattern of Ulee Lheue Waterfront Area 36

CHAPTER IV: RESULT AND DISCUSSION
4.1 Analysis of the Space Utilization of Ulee Lheue Waterfront Tourism Area 38
4.1.1 Analysis of Delineation Recreation area 38
4.1.1.1 The core areas of recreation areas 38
4.1.1.2 Supporting Zone of Recreation Area 40
4.2 Analysis of Existing Condition 41
4.2.1 Analysis of Coastal Attraction 41
4.2.2 Analysis of User Activity Area 42
4.2.2.1 Routine Activities of the Community 42
4.2.2.2 Visitor Activities 42
4.3 Analysis of Development Problems of Waterfront Areas 44
4.4 Internal Factor Analysis of the Utilization Ulee Lheue Waterfront area 45
4.4.1 The strength factor that owned by the waterfront area 46
4.4.2 The weakness factor that owned by the waterfront area 47
4.4.3 Formulation of External Factors 47
4.5 Strategies Analysis for Space Utilization of Waterfront Recreational Area 47
4.6 Identification of the Quality of Physical Arrangement Elements and Environmental 49
4.6.1 Conditions of the arrangement of physical elements and the environment 49
4.6.2 Quality Identification of Open Space as Barrier and Escape Function 50
4.7 Identification of Open Space Protection Function 52
4.8 Identification of Open Space as Rescue Function 57
4.9 Identification of Circulation 61
4.10 Identify the Circulation Pattern Direction of the Coastline 62
4.11 Identification of Markers Completeness 65
4.12 Tsunami Mitigation Strategies 66

CHAPTER V: CONCLUSIONS
5.1 Conclusions 77
5.2 Recommendation 78

REFERENCE

LIST OF TABLES

Table 3.1 Supporting Data of Study 28
Table 3.2 Example of Matrix SWOT 31
Scheme 3.1 Schematic Framework of Research 47
Table 4.1 Characteristic of User Activity 43
Table 4.2 Internal Factor Analysis 46
Table 4.3 External Factor Analysis 47
Table 4.4 Strategy Analysis 48
Table 4.5 Existing Condition of Open Space Protection Function 1 53
Table 4.6 Suitability analysis of existing conditions of land protection function of mangroves with the provisions 54
Table 4.7 Existing Condition of Open Space Protection Function 2 55
Table 4.8 Suitability Analysis of Existing Conditions of Protection Function of Green Museum Land with the Provisions 55
Table 4.9 The Existing Condition of Field Area 1 57
Table 4.10 Suitability analysis of existing conditions of the rescue function of the field with the provisions of land. 58
Table 4.11 Existing Condition of Field Area 2 59
Table 4.12 Suitability analysis of existing conditions of the rescue function with the provisions of tourist land 60
Table 4.13 Elaboration Concept 67
Table 4.14 Review Aspect of Open Space-Rescue Function 69
Table 4.15 Review Aspect of Circulation 70
Table 4.16 Planning of Optimization of Evacuation Route 71







LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 2.1 The Existing Plate Composing Indonesia 13
Figure 2.2 Stages of Tsunami Occurrence 14
Figure 2.3 Indian Ocean Tsunami of Dec,26th 16
Figure 2.4 Damaged and Inundation Zone in Banda Aceh city 17
Figure 2.5 Banda Aceh Zone I 18
Figure 2.6 Banda Aceh Zone II 18
Figure 2.7 The functions of coastal vegetations during tsunami inundation21
Figure 3.1 Geographical Situation 28
Figure 3.2 Topographic Map and the Condition of Banda Aceh City 29
Figure 3.3 Semangko Plate 29
Figure 3.4 Administration area of Banda Aceh, Indonesia 33
Figure 3.5 Ulee Lheue Beach,Banda Aceh City 40
Figure 3.6 Tourism Spot of Ulee Lheue Waterfront Area 34
Figure 3.7 Location of Ulee Lheue area, Meuraxa sub district, Banda Aceh City 35
Figure 4.1 Zone I of the recreation area 39
Figure 4.2 Zone II of the recreation area 40
Figure 4.3 Supporting Zone of Recreation Area 41
Figure 4.4 Map of open space land in the Meuraxa District Area 51
Figure 4.5 Satellite Imagery Map of Green Museum Location 56
Figure 4.6 Map Projection and Direction of Tsunami 61
Figure 4.7 Map Projection of Coastal Direction 63
Figure 4.8 Road Network Map and Location of Escape Building 63
Figure 4.9 Roads that Patterned in the Direction of Coastline 64
Figure 4.10 Conclusion of the Identification of Markers Completeness 65
Figure 4.11 Map of Ulee Lheue beach area 72
Figure 4.12 The Location of Open Space for Protection and Recreation Area 72
Figure 4.13 Detail A: Green Museum Area (Before and After) 73
Figure 4.14 Detail B : Recreation Area (Before and After) 74
Figure 4.15 Detail C : Mangrove Area 75
Figure 4.37 Detail D : Tourism Area 75

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