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研究生:林聿詩
研究生(外文):Yu-Shih Lin
論文名稱:職護對經痛止痛藥物之認知、態度與行為
論文名稱(外文):Occupational Health Nurses’ Cognition, Attitude and Practice about Dysmenorrhea Analgesics.
指導教授:張菊惠張菊惠引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:長榮大學
系所名稱:醫務管理學系(所)
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:醫管學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:76
中文關鍵詞:經痛經痛藥物處置止痛藥認知職業衛生護理人員
外文關鍵詞:dysmenorrheaprovide medicinedrug addiction attitudeanalgesics knowledgeoccupational hygiene nurse
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  止痛藥是職護常提供員工的藥物,原因以經痛最常見,具前列腺素抑制功能藥物已證實能有效緩解經痛。故本研究欲探討職護對經痛止痛藥之認知、態度與行為及其相關性探討。
  本研究為調查研究,以事業單位護理人員為對象,有效問卷280份,回收率67%。問卷包含經痛止痛藥認知(藥理理論、藥理應用)、成癮態度、經痛藥物處置及職護個人屬性,變項各構面的分數經標準化轉化運算。以描述性統計、、t-檢定、單因子變異數分析、線性迴歸和邏輯斯迴歸分析。
  研究發現50.7%的受訪職護提供經痛止痛藥,40.4%認為經常使用經痛止痛藥會成癮。整體經痛止痛藥認知標準化得分為57分,各面向得分為藥理理論平均80分、藥理應用46分。職護經痛藥物處置與其成癮態度和認知不具關連性。經痛愈嚴重者,其止痛藥認知愈高及成癮態度愈低。職護經痛藥物處置分別與經痛止痛藥認知和成癮態度無關,只有經痛止痛藥認知與成癮態度有關。經痛藥物處置與女性員工主要年齡有關。
  未來宜開辦相關課程,加強職護經痛止痛藥認知與成癮態度,有助於提供正確的經痛藥物處置。


Analgesics is occupational health nurse usually provide medicine for employee. There are NSAIDs inhibit prostaglandins, it can relieve dysmenorrhea.The aim is Occupational Health Nurses’ Cognition, Attitude and Practice about Dysmenorrhea Analgesics.
It is survey research, the object is TAOHN( http://www.taohn.org.tw/) , total 280 useful questionnaires are collected and return rate is 67%. Research tool is a dysmenorrhea analgesics cognition(pharmacological theory and pharmacological application), drug addiction attitude, analgesics knowledge and occupational health nurse personal attributes, the grade has standardization. There are descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, linear regression and logistic regression.
Research findings found that 50.7% occupational health nurse provide analgesics, 40.4% think use analgesics will abuse. Total analgesics cognition standardization is 57, pharmacological theory is 80 and pharmacological application is 46. Occupation health nurse analgesics and drug addiction abuse compare analgesics cognition no correlation. Occupational health nurse medicine provider and female’s year is correlation.
In the future, push occupational health nurse for analgesics cognition and drug addiction attitude, it will currents dysmenorrhea analgesic.
Keywords: dysmenorrhea, provide medicine, drug addiction attitude, analgesics knowledge, occupational hygiene nurse.


第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 3
第二章 文獻探討 4
第一節 經痛止痛藥物 4
第二節 護理人員對疼痛的認知、態度與行為 15
第三節 職護的專業角色 19
第三章 研究方法 25
第一節 研究對象 25
第二節 研究架構 27
第三節 研究工具 28
第四章 結果 36
第一節 認知、態度和行為現況與相關性 36
第二節 認知、態度和行為與職護個人屬性之關係 43
第三節 認知、態度和行為與職護個人屬性之迴歸分析 55
第五章 結論與討論 61
第一節 結論 61
第二節 討論 63
第三節 限制 66
第四節 建議 67
參考文獻 68





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