跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(18.204.48.64) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/08/04 17:59
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:陳玉萍
研究生(外文):CHEN, YU-PING
論文名稱:利用再生資源燒製輕質骨材之研究
論文名稱(外文):Sintering Lightweight Aggregate Using Renewable Resources
指導教授:TANG, CHAO-WEITANG, CHAO-WEI引用關係
指導教授(外文):湯兆緯
口試委員:王和源鄭錦銅
口試委員(外文):WANG, HER-YUANCHENG, CHIN-TUNG
口試日期:2012-06-22
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:正修科技大學
系所名稱:營建工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:167
中文關鍵詞:廢液晶玻璃水庫淤泥田口實驗設計法
外文關鍵詞:waste liquid crystal glassreservoir sedimentsTaguchi experimental design method
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:6
  • 點閱點閱:442
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:136
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
眾所周知,輕質骨材可用來拌製輕質骨材混凝土。相較於普通常重骨材混凝土,輕質骨材混凝土具有質輕、隔熱、耐火及耐震等優點。有鑑於利用工業廢棄物以焙燒方式將其燒成輕質骨材實意味著一種深具潛在吸引力的應用方式。爰此,本研究旨在利用再生資源燒製輕質骨材。試驗工作分為兩部分,第一部分為利用工業區污水處理廠污泥燒製輕質骨材及其量產技術研發之先期評估,第二部分以廢液晶玻璃粉末為添加劑,將其摻配於水庫淤泥中,以燒製輕質骨。先利用田口實驗設計法的概念,採取L16(45)直交表,將影響燒製結果之各項控制因子(添加劑用量、預熱溫度、預熱時間、焙燒溫度及焙燒時間)定義成不同的控制水準;然後,應用數理統計學的全距分析與變異數分析探討各因子水準組合在輕質骨材顆粒密度、吸水率及體積膨脹率的表現,以評估最佳的處置。
研究結果顯示,工業區污水處理場污泥因其二氧化矽含低量較低,無法點繪於Riley適宜熔液黏度的三相圖內,故若以旋窯製程單獨用於燒製輕質骨材,將無法提供適宜的熔液黏度供骨材膨脹。相較之下,水庫淤泥可作為輕質骨材之主要原料,不僅具有技術的優勢,亦可獲致良好的社會與生態效益。另方面,試驗結果顯示,廢液晶玻璃粉混配水庫淤泥可燒製出高性能輕質骨。此外,田口直交實驗設計法可有效探討各項控制因子水準組合在輕質骨材特性上的表現,並可大幅減少試誤工作。
It is well known that using lightweight aggregate (LWA) may make lightweight aggregate concrete (LWC). Comparing with normal weight aggregate concrete (NC), LWC possesses many advantages such as lightweight, lower thermal conductivity, and better fire and seismic resistance. In view of the fact that synthetic LWA produced from industrial waste is a viable new source of structural aggregate material. For this reason, this study aimed to produce lightweight aggregate using renewable resources. The experimental work was divided into two parts. In the first part, experiments were conducted to investigate the initial valuation of development of firing and large-scale production techniques for ordinary lightweight aggregate using sludge from industrial parks wastewater treatmentplants. In the second part, the waste liquid crystal glass was used as an additive. It was incorporated with reservoir sediments to produce lightweight aggregates. Taguchi method with an L16(45) orthogonal array and five controllable 4-level factors (i.e., cullet content, preheat temperature, preheat time, sintering temperature, and sintering time) was adopted. Then, in order to optimize the selected parameters, the range analysis and analysis of variance the mathematical statistics were used to explore the effects of the experimental factors on the performances (particle density, water absorption, and bloating index) of the produced lightweight aggregates.
The analysis result showed that the sludge from industrial parks wastewater treatment plants was not in the limits of the expandable region of the ternary diagram due to the low content of SiO2. Therefore, they can only be used as additives. By contrast, the reservoir sediments can be used as primary resource materials for lightweight aggregates that can achieve not only technical benefits, but also can result in good social and ecological benefits. On the other hand, the results showed that it is possible to produce high performance lightweight aggregates by incorporating waste liquid crystal glass with reservoir sediments. Moreover, Taguchi method is a promising approach for optimizing process condition of synthetic lightweight aggregates using recycled glass cullet and reservoir sediments and it significantly reduces the number of tests.
中文摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
目錄 III
表目錄 VI
圖目錄 VIII
照片目錄 XI
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究背景 1
1-2 研究目的 3
1-3 研究內容 4
第二章 文獻回顧 8
2-1 輕質骨材之種類 8
2-2 輕質骨材之發展 10
2-2-1 美國地區 10
2-2-2 日本地區 12
2-2-3 中國大陸地區 17
2-2-4 英國地區 18
2-2-5 德國地區 19
2-2-6 挪威地區 19
2-2-7 台灣地區 20
2-3 輕質骨材之產製 21
2-3-1 輕質骨材之燒製作業流程 21
2-3-2 輕質骨材之燒結與燒脹機理 24
2-3-3 影響輕質骨材燒成之因素 27
2-4 輕質骨材之應用 31
2-4-1 非結構性應用 33
2-4-2 結構性應用 34
2-5 水庫淤泥之再利用 41
2-5-1 台灣水庫淤積現況 41
2-5-2 水庫集水區之地質概況調查 44
2-5-3 水庫淤泥LWA 46
2-6 廢水污泥之再利用 47
2-6-1 工業廢水之處理 47
2-6-2 工業污泥之處理與性質 48
2-6-3 污泥最終處置之現況 52
2-7 廢玻璃之再利用 55
2-8 實驗設計法 56
2-8-1 實驗法簡介 56
2-8-2 實驗設計法之應用 58
2-9 田口實驗設計法 59
2-9-1 田口法簡介 59
2-9-2 直交表 61
2-9-3 訊號/雜音比 62
2-10 輕質骨材之規範 65
第三章 研究方法與試驗計畫 68
3-1 研究方法 68
3-1-1 普通輕質骨材之燒製研究 68
3-1-2 高性能輕質骨材之燒製研究 70
3-2 試驗計畫 70
3-2-1 料源性質分析 71
3-2-2 輕質骨材之實驗室燒製 74
3-2-3 工業污泥再製輕質骨材之量產可行性及應用性評估 77
3-2-4 量產生產工法之研擬 79
3-2-5 輕質骨材性質之分析 80
3-2-6 輕質骨材強度標號試驗法 84
3-2-7 全距分析 86
3-2-8 變異數分析 88
第四章 污水處理廠污泥摻配水庫淤泥燒製輕質骨材 92
4-1 研究構想 92
4-2 原料採樣與基本性質分析 94
4-3 工業污泥再製輕質骨材之燒製研究 98
4-3-1 實驗室燒製 98
4-3-2 燒製結果與分析 104
4-4 量產可行性及應用性評估 108
4-4-1 量產配方 108
4-4-2 量產流程 108
4-4-3 骨材物理性質試驗與分析 110
4-4-4 強度標號試驗與分析 111
4-4-5 TCLP溶出檢測及戴奧辛含量分析 113
4-5 量產工法之研擬 114
第五章 廢玻璃與水庫淤泥混配燒製高性能輕質骨材之研究 117
5-1 研究構想 117
5-2 試驗材料性質 118
5-3 試驗設計 121
5-3 實驗室燒製結果與分析 123
5-3-1 試驗結果 123
5-3-2 全距分析 130
5-3-3 變異數分析 135
5-3-4 微孔隙分析 140
第六章 結論與建議 142
6-1 結論 142
6-2 建議 144
參考文獻 145
著作目錄 153
1.「資源回收再利用法」,民國91年7月3日公布。
2.Somayaji, S., Civil engineering materials, Prentice Hall, Upper Siddle River, New Jersey, p. 45 (2001).
3.Thomas A. Holm and John P., “SPECIFIED DENSITY CONCRETE -A TRANSITION”, Expanded Shale, Clay & Slate Institute (ESCSI) -United States.
4.顏聰,「輕質混凝土的隔熱性能與能源節約」,營建知訊120,臺灣營建研究中心,台北,第81-89頁(1992)。
5.Mindess, S. and Young, J.F., Concrete, Prentice-Hall, Inc. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, pp. 521-532 (1981).
6.Kokubu, K.,「Lightweight concrete in Japan」,台、中、日、美地區輕質骨材混凝土產業成果研討會論文集,第1-31頁,民國95年9月15日。
7.“FIP Manual of Lightweight Aggregate Concrete”, 2nd ed., Surry University Press, Glasgow and London (1983).
8.Chandra, S. and Berntsson, L., Lightweight Aggregate Concrete, Noyes Publications, New York, USA (2002).
9.TEK 4-1A, Productivity and modular coordination in concrete masonry construction, National Concrete Masonry Association (2002).
10.顏聰、湯兆緯、王順元、陳豪吉,「水庫淤泥輕質骨材混凝土燒製及應用」,人造輕質骨材及輕質骨材混凝土在兩岸的生產、應用和發展概況研討會論文集,第1-18頁,高雄,民國94年11月2日。
11.顏聰,「土木材料」,中華輕質骨材協會,民國95年2月。
12.Muellera, A., Sokolova, S. N. and Vereshagin, V. I., “Characteristics of Lightweight Aggregates from Primary and Recycled Raw Materials,” Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 22, pp. 703-712 (2008).
13.Mun, K. J., “Development and Tests of Lightweight Aggregate Using Sewage Sludge for Nonstructural Concrete,” Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 22, pp. 1583-1588 (2007).
14.Tay, J. H. and Show, K. Y., “Resource Recovery of Sludge as a Building and Construction Material – a Future Trend in Sludge Management,” Water Science Technology, Vol. 36, No. 11, pp. 256-266 (1997).
15.Wainwright, P. J. and Cresswell, D. J. F., “Synthetic Aggregate from Combustion Ashes Using an Innovative Rotary Kiln,” Waste Management, Vol. 21, pp. 241-246 (2001).
16.Monzó, J., Payá, J., Borrachero, M. V. and Girbés, I., “Reuse of Sewage Sludge Ashes (SSA) in Cement Mixtures: the Effect of SSA on the Workability of Cement Mortars,” Waste Management, Vol. 23, pp. 373-381 (2003).
17.Chiou, I. J., Wang, K. S., Chen, C. H. and Lin, Y. T., “Lightweight Aggregate Made from Sewage Sludge and Incinerated ash,” Waste Management, Vol. 26, pp. 1453-1461 (2006).
18.Andrade, L. B., Rocha, J. C. and Cheriaf, M., “Evaluation of Concrete Incorporating Bottom Ash as a Natural Aggregates Replacement,” Waste Management, Vol. 27, pp. 1190-1199 (2007).
19.國府勝郎,Lightweight Concrete in JAPAN,臺、中、日、美地區輕質骨材混凝土產業成果研討會論文集,第1-31頁(2006)。
20.三浦律彦、近松竜一、十河茂幸,「高強度フライアッシュ人工骨材を用いた高耐久性の高強度軽量コンクリート」,大林組技術研究所報,No. 62,第77-82頁(2001)。
21.張勇,高性能輕集料的分析與發展,「粉煤灰綜合利用」,No. 4,第39-41頁(2002)。
22.趙順增、楊亞晉、劉立等,「高性能人造輕集料性能的初步研究」,建築砌塊與砌塊建築,No. 1,第36-38頁(2005)。
23.王順元、陳豪吉、郭玉順、黃明君、木村薰,「水庫淤泥研製高性能輕質骨材之初步探討」,台灣混凝土學會2007年混凝土工程研討會,Paper No. 040。
24.王景玟、鄭淑芬、劉蘭萍、林政江,「工業區污水處理廠污泥資源化案例探討」,綠基會通訊,第10–14頁,中華民國九十七年七月。
25.Kirby, R., Potential Energy Savings from the Use of Recycled Glass in Brick Manufacturing, Center for Environmentale Conomic Development (2006).
26.Hoff, G.C., Guide for the Use of Low-Density Concrete in Civil Works Projects, ERDC/SL TR-00-3, U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Vicksburg, MS. (2002).
27.Holm, T.A. and Bremner, T.W., State-of-the-Art Report on High-Strength High-Durability Structural Low-Density Concrete for Applications in Severe Marine Environments, ERDC/SL TR-02-13, U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Vicksburg, MS (2000).
28.Bremner, T.W., Holm, T.A. and Stepanova, V.F., “Lightweight concrete—a proven material for two millennia”, Proceedings of Advances in Cement and Concrete. University of New Hampshire, Durham. Sarkar, S. L. and Grutzeck, M. W. ed., pp. 37-41 (1994).
29.丁建彤、郭玉順,「中國大陸人造輕骨料及其混凝土和製品產業的發展」,臺、中、日、美地區輕質骨材混凝土產業成果研討會論文集,第210-249頁,中華民國95年09月。
30.閻振甲、何豔君,「陶粒生產實用技術」,化學工業出版社,北京,2006。
31.顏聰,「輕質混凝土之工學性質及工程特性」,混凝土工程技術研習會,台灣營建研究中心,1985。
32.高健章,張阿本,刑志平,「輕質混凝土用粗骨材之研究」,材料科學,第五卷第三號,1973。
33.許桂銘、黃兆龍,「飛灰輕質骨材性質及其在混凝土上之應用」,營建工程技術,第十三期,1980。
34.顏聰,曾元一,「人造骨材輕質混凝土之製造及工業化研究」,台灣營建研究中心,1993。
35.王櫻茂,顏聰,「人造輕質骨材燒製及其物理化學性質之試驗研究」,營建知訊,台灣營建研究中心,1992,pp.5-16。
36.Riley, R.M., “Relation of chemical properties to the bloating of clays”, ACI Journal, Vol. 34, No. 4, pp.121-128 (1951).
37.柳春圃等,「輕質料混凝土」,中國鐵道出版社,北京,1996。
38.楊時元,「陶粒原料性能及找尋方向探討」,建材地質,No. 4,pp. 14-19,1997。
39.中國建築科學研究院混凝土研究所編譯,「國外輕骨料混凝土應用」,中國建築工業出版社,第一版,1982。
40.許國乾、陳烈芳、劭濟華、舒培璋、李培基等,「陶粒」,建築工程出版社,第一版,1964。
41.馮乃謙,「人造輕骨料的試製與研究」,新型建築材料,No. 12,pp. 19-22,1995。
42.高振華、郭玉順、木村薰等,「高性能輕骨料的生產、性能及成因剖析」,混凝土,No. 2,pp. 3-6,2001。
43.范錦忠,胡錫恩,「高強陶粒生產技術方略」,牆材革新與建築節能,No.6,pp.32-33,2000。
44.Heller-Kallai, L., Miloslavski, I., Aizenshtat, Z., and Halicz, L., “Chemical and mass spectrometric analysis of volatiles derived from clays”, Am. Mineral, No. 73, pp. 376-382 (1988).
45.程道腴、鄭武輝編譯,「工業陶瓷」,科學圖書大庫,徐氏基金會出版社,第31-65頁,1985。
46.Aurich, K., “Kleine Leichtbeton Kunde”, Bauverlag GMBH, Wiesbaden and Berlin, pp. 21-44 (1971).
47.Expanded Shale, Clay & Slate Institute, http://www.escsi.org/
48.Building Bridges and Marine Structures With Structural Lightweight Aggregate Concrete Expanded Shale, Clay & Slate Institute, Publication No. 4700 (2001).
49.http://www.wnccoins.com/Cooper%20River%20Bridge%204.jpg
50.http://www.aaroads.com/california/i-680_ca.html
51.The economic potential of lightweig ht aggregate concrete in c.i.p. concrete bridges, June 2000.
52.http://www.aaj.no/bruer/pdf/Nordhordland_flyt_eng.pdf
53.http://en.broer.no/bro/index.php?ID=9http://en.broer.no/bro/index.php?ID=9
54.http://www.aaj.no/english/bruer/ref_iframe.html
55.Helgesen, K. Hakon, “Lightweight Aggregate Concrete in Norway”, International Symposium on Structural Lightweight Aggregate Concrete, Norway (1995).
56.逢甲大學海峽兩岸科技研究中心編著,「The Management of Water Storage Facilities in Taiwan for 2008」,經濟部水利署出版,2009年12月。
57.資料來源-經濟部水利署「各項用水統計資料庫」http://wuss.wra.gov.tw/sediment.aspx
58.Chung-Sun Ho, “An introduction to the geology of Taiwan explanatory text of the geology map of taiwan”, Ministry of Economic Affairs Publication, 1986.
59.顏聰、黃兆龍等,「水庫淤泥輕質骨材產製及輕質骨材混凝土應用與推廣」,內政部建築研究所研究計畫成果報告,2003年。
60.資料來源-經濟部中央地質調查所「地質資料整合查詢」http://gis.moeacgs.gov.tw/gwh/gsb97-1/sys8/index.cfm
61.湯兆緯、顏聰、黃中和,「場鑄輕質粒料混凝土中空版梁之施作-以台灣南投石灼巷跨越橋為例」,輕質骨材混凝土,第六期,第9-20頁,2009。
62.Tang, C.W., “Residual Compressive Strength and Fire Endurance of Lightweight Concrete Made from Sedimentary Lightweight Aggregates”, Journal of Engineering, National Chung Hsing University, Vol. 20, No. 2, pp. 97-110(2009).
63.Tang, C.W., Yen, T., and Chen, H.J., “Shear Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Beams Made with Sedimentary Lightweight Aggregate without Shear Reinforcement”, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 21, No. 12, pp. 730-739 (2009).
64.Chen, H.J.,Wang, S.Y., andTang, C.W., “Reuse of incineration fly ashes and reaction ashes for manufacturing lightweight aggregate”, Construction & Building Materials, Vol. 24, No. 1, pp. 46-55 (2010).
65.Tang, C.W., “Engineering Properties of Lightweight Concrete Masonry Units Made from Sedimentary Lightweight Aggregates”, Journal of the Chinese Institute of Civil and Hydraulic Engineering, Vol. 22, No. 1, pp. 55-64 (2010).
66.Tang, C.W., Chen, H.J., Wang, S.Y., and Spaulding,J., “Production of synthetic lightweight aggregate using reservoir sediments for concrete and masonry”, Cement and Concrete Composites, Vol. 33, No. 2, pp. 292-300 (2011).
67.王順元,「廢棄物資源化再製輕質骨材之應用研究」,國立中興大學土木工程學系博士學位論文,2009。
68.歐陽嶠暉,「下水道工程學」,長松文化,2005年。
69.朱敬平,李篤中,「污泥處置(II):污泥之前處理」,國立臺灣大學「台大工程」學刊,第八十二期,第49–76頁,民國九十年六月。
70.朱敬平,李篤中,「污泥處置(III):污泥後處理」,國立臺灣大學「台大工程」學刊,第八十三期,第59–81頁,民國九十年十月。
71.朱敬平,李篤中,「污泥處置(IV):策略與永續利用」,國立臺灣大學「台大工程」學刊,第八十四期,第91–101頁,民國九十一年二月。
72.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sewage_treatment
73.歐陽嶠暉,許鎮龍,藍文忠,「都市污水處理廠污泥處理與資源化再利用之研究」,第八屆下水道技術研討會論文集,第19–33頁,民國八十七年。
74.Wang, K.S., Sun, C.J., and Yeh, C.C., “The thermo treatment of MSW incinerator fly ash for use as an aggregate: a study of the characteristics of size-fractioning”, Resources Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 35, pp. 177–190 (2002).
75.Cheeseman, C.R. and Virdi, G.S., “Properties and microstructure of lightweight aggregate produced from sintered sewage sludge ash”, Resources Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 45, pp. 18–30 (2005).
76.Lee, D. J. and Mueller, J.A., “Preliminary treatmentsin Sludge into Biosolids — Processing, Disposal, Utilization”, Editors: L. Spinosa and A. Vesilind, IWA Publishing, London, UK (2001).
77.Mueller, J.A., “Pretreatment processes for the recycling and reuse of sewage sludge”, Water Science and Technology, Vol. 42, No. 9 (2000).
78.余岳峰,「下水污泥焚化灰渣燒成輕質骨材特性之研究」,國立中央大學環境工程學研究所碩士論文,19990。
79.簡昭萸,「工業污泥燒結製作骨材之研究」,國立臺灣大學化學工程學研究所碩士論文,2001。
80.Tay, J.H., Show, K.Y., Hong, S.Y., Chien, C.Y., and Lee, D.J., “Potential reuse of wastewater sludge for innovative applications in construction industry”, Bulletin of the College of Engineering, N.T.U., No. 86 (2002).
81.黃進修、魏勇華,「廢水處理廠無機性污泥再利用」,永續產業發展雙月刊,第71–78頁,2003。
82.經濟部工業局,「廢棄物資源化建築骨材產品開發-冷結型輕質骨材」,86年度專案執行成果報告,工研院化學工業研究所,1997。
83.行政院環保署,「有害事業廢棄物水泥/石灰系固化體長期性能測試(2/2)」,1995。
84.經濟部技術處,「人工骨材替代材料關鍵技術開發-先期研究結案報告」,92年3月31日。
85.Fisher, R.A., Statistical methods for research workers, London: Oliver & Boyd (1925).
86.Montgomery, D.C., Design and analysis of experiments, New York: Wiley (2005).
87.Muthukumar M., Mohan, D., and Rajendran, M.,“Optimization of mix proportions of mineral aggregatesusing Box Behnken design of experiment”, Cement and Concrete Composites,Vol. 25, pp. 751-758 (2003).
88.Sullivan, P.J.E.,“A probabilistic method of testing for the assessment of deterioration and explosivespalling of high strength concrete beams in flexure at high temperature”,Cement and ConcreteComposites, Vol. 26, pp. 155-162 (2004).
89.Taguchi, G., Introduction to quality engineering: designingquality into products and processes, Asian ProductivityOrganization, Tokyo, Japan (1987).
90.Roy, R.K., A Primer on the Taguchi method,Competitive Manufacturing Series, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York (1990).
91.Panzera, T.H., Rubio, J.C., Bowen, C.R., and Walker, P.J., “Microstructural design of materials for aerostaticbearings”, Cement and Concrete Composites, Vol. 30, pp. 649-660 (2008).
92.Siddhartha, Patnaik A. and Bhatt, A.D.,“Mechanical and dry sliding wear characterization of epoxy-TiO2particulate filled functionally graded composites materials using Taguchi design of experiment”,Materials and Design Vol. 32, No. 2, pp. 615-627 (2011).
93.Yousefieh, M., Shamanian, M., and Saatchi, A.,“Optimization of the pulsed current gas tungsten arc welding(PCGTAW) parameters for corrosion resistance of super duplex stainless steel (UNS S32760) weldsusing the Taguchi method”, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 509, No. 3, pp. 782-788 (2011).
94.Chan, C.W. and Man, H.C.,“Laser welding of thin foil nickeltitanium shape memory alloy”, Optics and Lasersin Engineering; Vol. 49, No. 1, pp. 121-126 (2011).
95.Bendell, A., Disney, J., and Pridmore, W.A., Taguchi Methods:Applications in World Industry, IFS Publications: Bedford (1989).
96.Raj, C. and Quen, H.L., Advanced oxidation processesforwastewater treatment: Optimization of UV/H2O2 processthrough a statistical technique, Chem. Eng. Sci. 60:5305-5311 (2005).
97.Yang, J., Peng, J., and Guo, R., Optimization and thermodynamicassessment of ferrite (Fe3O4) synthesis in simulatedwastewater, J. Hazard. Mater. 149:106-114 (2007).
98.高傳楷,「田口法應用於透水性混凝土配比設計之研究」,國立台北科技大學碩士論文,2007。
99.張哲維,「環氧樹脂工程性質與修補成效之研究」,國立臺灣科技大學碩士論文,2009。
100.陳冠宇,「鹼激發爐石基膠體配比因子對其工程性質影響之研究」,國立臺灣科技大學碩士論文,2010。
101.李輝煌,「田口方法:品質設計的原理與實務」,初版,台北,高立圖書,2000。
102.黎正中,「穩健設計之品質工程」,台北,台北圖書,1993。
103.吳復強,「田口品質工程」,初版,台北,全威圖書,1992。
104.Phadke, M.S., Quality engineering using robust design, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey (1989).
105.內政部建築研究所,「輕質粒料混凝土參考使用準則暨施工技術參考規範」,2006。
106.內政部建築研究所,「水庫淤泥輕質骨材產製及輕質骨材混凝土應用與推廣分項計畫二:水庫淤泥輕質骨材混凝土標準規範訂定」,2003。
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
1. 73. 歐陽嶠暉,許鎮龍,藍文忠,「都市污水處理廠污泥處理與資源化再利用之研究」,第八屆下水道技術研討會論文集,第19–33頁,民國八十七年。
2. 71. 朱敬平,李篤中,「污泥處置(IV):策略與永續利用」,國立臺灣大學「台大工程」學刊,第八十四期,第91–101頁,民國九十一年二月。
3. 70. 朱敬平,李篤中,「污泥處置(III):污泥後處理」,國立臺灣大學「台大工程」學刊,第八十三期,第59–81頁,民國九十年十月。
4. 69. 朱敬平,李篤中,「污泥處置(II):污泥之前處理」,國立臺灣大學「台大工程」學刊,第八十二期,第49–76頁,民國九十年六月。
5. 59. 顏聰、黃兆龍等,「水庫淤泥輕質骨材產製及輕質骨材混凝土應用與推廣」,內政部建築研究所研究計畫成果報告,2003年。
6. 33. 許桂銘、黃兆龍,「飛灰輕質骨材性質及其在混凝土上之應用」,營建工程技術,第十三期,1980。
7. 10. 顏聰、湯兆緯、王順元、陳豪吉,「水庫淤泥輕質骨材混凝土燒製及應用」,人造輕質骨材及輕質骨材混凝土在兩岸的生產、應用和發展概況研討會論文集,第1-18頁,高雄,民國94年11月2日。
8. 32. 高健章,張阿本,刑志平,「輕質混凝土用粗骨材之研究」,材料科學,第五卷第三號,1973。
9. 31. 顏聰,「輕質混凝土之工學性質及工程特性」,混凝土工程技術研習會,台灣營建研究中心,1985。