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研究生:彭秦濠
研究生(外文):Chin-Hao Peng
論文名稱:以高分子膠態電解質應用於互補式電致色變元件之研究
論文名稱(外文):Study Of Gel Polymer Electrolyte On Complementary Electrochromic Devices
指導教授:王志明王志明引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chih-Ming Wang
口試委員:陳英忠王志明高國陞洪夣聰
口試委員(外文):Ying-Chung ChenChih-Ming WangKuo-Sheng KaoMeng-Jsong Hong
口試日期:2012-07-10
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:正修科技大學
系所名稱:電機工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:105
中文關鍵詞:高分子膠態電解質離子傳導率黏滯係數互補式電致色變元件著色效率
外文關鍵詞:Polymer gel electrolyteIonic conductivityViscosity coefficientComplementary electrochromic deviceColoration efficiency
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:3
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  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本研究以二甲基乙醯胺(N,N-Dimethylacetamide, DMA)、過氯酸鋰(Lithium perchlorate, LiClO4)和聚乙烯醇縮丁醛(Polyvinyl Butyral, PVB)製備成高分子膠態電解質,並將其應用在NiO-WO3互補式電致色變元件,進行元件的光學與電特性之探討。
結果顯示,以PVB和DMA備製成之膠合劑(10 wt.% PVB),添加6 wt.% LiClO4 後所得之高分子膠態電解質,其離子傳導率為7.73 mS/cm及黏滯係數為3360 mPa.s。將此高分子膠態電解質應用於NiO-WO3互補式電致色變元件,在驅動電壓為-1.8V時,具有最佳之電致色變特性,著色與褪色之響應時間分別為6秒和3秒,並於波長550 nm時其光學密度差(△T%)為73.4%、穿透率變化量(△OD)為 1.29、消耗電荷量(Q)為17.34 mC/cm2和著色效率(h)為74.40 cm2/C。
而元件的著色穿透率在24小時的期間內從原先的3.97%回復到16.94%,顯示元件仍具有良好的記憶特性。
In this study, dimethylacetylamine (DMA), lithium perchlorate (LiClO4) and polyvinyl butyral (PVB) were adopted to prepare the polymer gel electrolyte. This electrolyte was used to the NiO-WO3 complementary electrochromic device (CECD). The optical and electrical properties of CECD were investigated.
The experimental results showed that the polymer gel electrolyte can be obtained by mixing the glue (10 wt.% PVB and DMA) with 6 wt.% LiClO4. It exhibited the ionic conductivity of 7.73 mS /cm and viscosity coefficient for 3360 mPa.s. The polymer gel electrolyte was introduced to the NiO-WO3 complementary electrochromic device. The best electrochromic properties can be obtained by applying a voltage of -1.8 V and the response time of coloring and bleaching are 6 s and 3 s, respectively. The CECD exhibited transmittance variation (△T%) of 73.4%, optical density change (△OD) of 1.29, intercalation change (Q) of 17.34 mC/cm2 and coloration efficiency (h) of 74.40 cm2 /C. The transmittance of colored state varied from 3.97% to 16.94% after 24 h without voltage supply. It is indicated that the CECD exhibites a good memory characteristic.
摘要 .................................................................................................... I
總目錄............................................................. III
圖次............................................................. VII
表次............................................................. X
附錄............................................................. XI
第一章 前言............................................................................................... 1
1-1 概述 .............................................................................................. 1
1-2 研究動機 ...................................................................................... 1
1-3 文獻回顧 ...................................................................................... 3
1-3-1 高分子膠態電解質發展歷史 ................................................... 3
1-3-2 電致色變發展歷史 ..................................................................... 6
第二章 理論............................................................................................... 9
2-1 電解質之簡介 .............................................................................. 9
2-2 電解質之材料 .............................................................................. 9
2-3 電解質之種類 ............................................................................ 10
2-4 電解質傳輸機制 ........................................................................ 12
2-5 電致色變材料與薄膜沈積方式 ................................................ 15
2-6 電致色變元件結構 .................................................................... 17
2-6-1 電致色變元件基板 ................................................................... 17
2-6-2 互補式電致色變元件 ............................................................... 18
2-6-3 離子傳導層(Ion conductor) .................................................... 18
2-6-4 電致色變層(Electrochromic film) ........................................ 19
2-6-5 離子儲存層(Ion storage film or electrochromic film) ..... 21
2-7 電致色變機制 ............................................................................ 23
2-8 鍍膜技術 .................................................................................... 25
2-8-1 薄膜沈積 ...................................................................................... 26
2-8-2 蒸鍍法 ........................................................................................... 26
2-8-3 電子束的產生 ............................................................................. 27
2-8-4 電子束加速原理 ........................................................................ 28
2-9 光學性質 .................................................................................... 28
2-9-1 光穿透、吸收與反射 ............................................................... 29
第三章 實驗............................................................................................. 32
3-1 高分子膠態電解質之製備 ........................................................ 32
3-1-1 高分子膠態電解質之製備過程-布驟及參數 ................... 32
3-2 高分子膠態電解質之應用-互補式電致色變元件製備 ........... 33
3-2-1 基板之準備與清洗 ................................................................... 33
3-2-2 NiO與WO3材料選用與沈積方法 ...................................... 34
3-2-3 NiO與WO3薄膜之製備 ........................................................ 34
3-2-4 NiO與WO3鍍膜步驟 ............................................................. 34
3-3 薄膜製程參數 ............................................................................ 35
3-3-1 WO3薄膜製程參數 ................................................................... 35
3-3-2 NiO薄膜製程參數 .................................................................... 35
3-4 特性量測與分析 ........................................................................ 36
3-4-1 黏度係數與導電率量測 .......................................................... 36
3-4-2 循環伏安(Cyclic voltammogram, CV)分析 ....................... 36
3-4-3紫外-可見-紅外光譜儀(Ultraviolet-visible-infrared spectrometer, UV-Vis-NIR)分析 .................. 37
3-4-4 記憶效應(Memory effect)分析 .............................................. 37
3-4-5 響應時間 ...................................................................................... 37
3-4-6 元件壽命(Life time)量測 ........................................................ 38
第四章 結果與討論 ................................................................................ 39
4-1 膠合劑之量測 ............................................................................ 39
4-1-1 不同PVB添加比例與光學特性的關係 ............................ 39
4-1-2 不同PVB添加比例與黏度的關係 ..................................... 40
4-2 高分子膠態電解質之量測 ........................................................ 40
4-2-1 不同LiClO4添加比例與光學特性的關係 ........................ 40
4-2-2 不同LiClO4添加比例與離子傳導率的關係 ................... 40
4-2-3 不同LiClO4添加比例與黏度的關係 ................................. 41
4-2-4 不同溫度與黏度的關係 .......................................................... 41
4-2-5 不同溫度跟離子傳導率的關係 ............................................ 42
4-2-6 長時間下離子傳導率之變化關係 ....................................... 42
4-3 互補式電致色變元件之研究 .................................................... 42
4-3-1 著褪色電壓分析 ........................................................................ 42
4-3-2 T%、ΔT%及ΔOD分析 .......................................................... 43
4-3-3 Q和η分析 .................................................................................. 44
4-3-4 響應時間(λ@550 nm) .............................................................. 44
4-3-5 記憶效應分析 ............................................................................. 45
4-3-6 元件壽命量測 ............................................................................. 46
第五章 結論............................................................................................. 48
參考文獻 ................................................................................................... 50
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