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研究生:劉博宇
研究生(外文):Po-yu Liu
論文名稱:嬰兒車設計研發流程之改善
論文名稱(外文):An Improvement in the Design and Development of A Baby Stroller
指導教授:陳維隆陳維隆引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wei-Long Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:朝陽科技大學
系所名稱:優質化產品設計產業研發碩士專班
學門:設計學門
學類:產品設計學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:177
中文關鍵詞:NE-9110創新專案NE-9100折疊機構設計流程EN1888
外文關鍵詞:innovation projectfolding mechanismdesign procedureEN1888NE-9100NE-9110
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本論文為研究嬰兒車創新專案之有關造型、機構與結構的設計流程,並探討電腦輔助工程分析對於降低創新專案研發風險之可行性。
首先分析市場各式嬰兒車折疊機構之差異並進行分類與比較。第二步了解目標市場之產品安全規範,針對主要測試驗證項目評估專案研發可改進之方向。第三步以現有創新專案為案例,描述新產品之設計研發流程與過程。第四步以創新專案導入電腦輔助工程分析,主要以設計變更專案來做為修改前後之原設計組與改善組,並將樣品模型的實測數據與電腦分析數據進行比對驗證。最後則探討採用電腦分析模擬驗證取代實際測試驗證之可能性,並作為改善嬰兒車傳統設計研發流程之應用方式。
This research focused on the study of style, mechanism and structural design procedure related to baby stroller innovation projects and probed into the feasibility of introducing computer aided engineering, CAE to reduce the development risk on new products.
First, we analyzed the differences in the folding mechanism of all kinds of baby stroller in the market and did the comparison and categorization. Second, we focused on the main test items to evaluate the direction for project development improvement by understanding the product safety regulation in the target market. Third, we took a current innovation project as the example to describe the product design development procedure and process. Fourth, CAE was introduced into the innovation project. The original design and the improved design were included in the design change project. The actual test data of the sample model was compared and verified with the CAE data. At last, we discussed the possibility of replacing the actual test with the CAE simulation test, which provided a way to improve the traditional design development procedure of baby stroller.
中文摘要..................................................I
Abstract.................................................II
誌謝....................................................III
目錄.....................................................IV
表目錄..................................................VII
圖目錄.................................................VIII
第一章 緒論...............................................1
1.1 研究背景..........................................1
1.2 研究動機..........................................6
第二章 嬰兒車安全規範之探討...............................8
2.1 安全規範之標準化..................................8
2.2 嬰兒車安全規範之簡介..............................8
2.3 公司內部測試驗證內容簡介.........................10
2.4 安全規範測試項目之探討...........................12
2.5 兩項主要測試規範之簡介...........................12
2.5.1 「QE31:嬰兒車動態模擬測試」之規範...........12
2.5.2 「QE50:舉起下壓測試」之規範.................15
2.6 由安全規範探討研究動機...........................17
第三章 現有嬰兒車之折疊機構分類與探討....................18
3.1 嬰兒車之基本構成.................................18
3.2 嬰兒車產品之分類.................................19
3.2.1 輕便旅行款式(Travel Light Stroller)..........19
3.2.2 歐洲搖籃款式(Europe Pram)....................20
3.2.3 三輪運動款式(Baby Jogger)....................21
3.2.4 日式折疊款式(Japan Stroller).................21
3.2.5 歐洲豪華款式(Europe Deluxe Stroller).........22
3.2.6 仿雨傘折疊款式(Baby Buggy)...................23
3.2.7 特殊構型款式(Special Style Stroller).........23
3.3 各型嬰兒車型之產品特徵與機構比較.................24
3.4 現有嬰兒車產品之分析要項.........................28
第四章 以新產品專案探討研發流程與過程....................29
4.1 嬰兒車創新專案「NE-9100」........................29
4.2 嬰兒車專案之傳統設計流程與方法...................31
4.2.1 NE-9100步驟1:市場調查與產品分析.............34
4.2.2 NE-9100步驟2:針對創新構形與外觀初步提案.....37
4.2.3 NE-9100步驟3:以CAD進行創新架構之設計規劃....38
4.2.4 NE-9100步驟4:製作簡單樣品確認機構之可行性...42
4.2.5 NE-9100步驟5〜6:由外觀造型到結構化階段......44
4.2.6 NE-9100步驟7:新型與新式樣之專利申請.........48
4.2.7 NE-9100步驟8:樣品模型階段...................49
4.2.8 NE-9100步驟8→3:因應市場之設計變更階段......52
4.2.9 NE-9110步驟5〜6:由外觀造型到結構化階段......56
4.2.10 NE-9110步驟8:樣品模型階段..................59
4.2.11 NE-9110步驟9:靜態測試、發包模具與產品規格書62
4.3 機構與結構設計之流程步驟探討.....................66
4.4 產品材質對於測試驗證之影響.......................66
第五章 新產品專案之電腦輔助工程分析驗證與探討............68
5.1電腦輔助設計與輔助工程分析之概況..................68
5.2 嬰兒車以電腦輔助設計機構與結構之方法.............69
5.3 NE-9100&NE-9110導入電腦輔助工程分析..............71
5.3.1 NE-9100原設計組與改善組之分析................72
5.3.2 NE-9110原設計組與改善組之分析................81
5.3.3 NE-9100&NE-9110之分析結果....................90
5.4 NE-9100&NE-9110之分析數據與安全係數探討..........91
第六章 創新專案之構成分析與實測探討......................94
6.1 NE-9100之結構探討與樣品測試......................94
6.1.1 NE-9100A之構成分析...........................94
6.1.2 NE-9100F之構成分析...........................97
6.2 NE-9100之樣品模型測試比較........................99
6.3 NE-9110之構成分析與樣品探討....................102
6.3.1 NE-9110A之構成分析..........................102
6.3.2 NE-9110D之構成分析..........................105
6.4 NE-9110D之樣品模型探討..........................107
6.5 嬰兒車之傳統設計研發流程的改善..................109
第七章 結論與建議.......................................111
參考文獻................................................113
附錄一 EN1888-2003 (歐洲)嬰兒車安全要求和測試方法.......115
附錄二 NE-9100德國新型專利證書..........................152
附錄三 NE-9100德國新式樣專利圖示(申請中)................170
簡歷....................................................177

表目錄
表2-1 EN1888驗證測試的項目與順序.............................................................9
表2-2 嬰兒車可量產性驗證項目.....................................................................10
表3-1 各款式嬰兒車之特徵.............................................................................25
表3-2 各款式嬰兒車之展開與收折狀態.........................................................26
表4-1 嬰兒車競爭產品之分析比較.................................................................36
表4-2 NE-9110產品展開之各部名稱與尺寸..................................................63
表4-3 NE-9110產品收折之各部名稱與尺寸..................................................64
表4-4 NE-9110產品包裝之各部名稱與尺寸..................................................64
表4-5 兩種塑膠材料之性質.............................................................................67
表5-1 NE-9100與NE-9110之原設計組與改善組之分析結果......................90
表5-2 各種材質的拉伸強度與耐久性極限比值.............................................92
表5-3 兩種塑膠材質與兩種抗拉強度單位數值 ...........................................92
表6-1 NE-9110原設計組與改善組之實測數據............................................102

圖目錄
圖1-1 動物拖拉之早期嬰兒車...........................................................................1
圖1-2 威廉理•查森發明之新型嬰兒車專利......................................................2
圖1-3 搖籃可換向之早期嬰兒車.......................................................................2
圖1-4 1943年紐約中央公園之嬰兒車款式.......................................................3
圖1-5 歐文•麥克拉倫發明的折疊式嬰兒車......................................................4
圖1-6 多元化之嬰兒車產品...............................................................................5
圖1-7運動型嬰兒車...........................................................................................5
圖2-1動態路況之實際測試狀況.....................................................................13
圖2-2路況測試的荷重物C..............................................................................13
圖2-3路況測試的荷重物F..............................................................................13
圖2-4路況測試的A型障礙物........................................................................14
圖2-5 路況測試的B型障礙物.........................................................................14
圖2-6 路況測試的障礙物排序.........................................................................14
圖2-7舉起下壓之實際測試狀況.....................................................................15
圖2-8 手把測試時車台的移動.........................................................................16
圖2-9 手把的動態抵抗力測試.........................................................................16
圖3-1 嬰兒車之基本構成零件與名稱.............................................................18
圖3-2 Travel Light Stroller款式車型................................................................20
圖3-3 Europe Pram款式車型............................................................................20
圖3-4 Baby Jogger款式車型.............................................................................21
圖3-5 Japan Stroller款式車型...........................................................................22
圖3-6 Europe Deluxe Stroller款式車型............................................................22
圖3-7 Baby Buggy款式車型.............................................................................23
圖3-8 Special Style Stroller款式車型...............................................................24
圖4-1 曲柄-連桿-滑塊機構..............................................................................31
圖4-2 法蘭盤.....................................................................................................32
圖4-3 嬰兒車專案之傳統設計流程.................................................................33
圖4-4 產品等級與價位帶之座標分布圖.........................................................34
圖4-5 產品創意性與價位帶之座標分布圖.....................................................35
圖4-6 NE-9100概念提案之雙人座嬰兒車......................................................37
圖4-7 NE-9100概念提案之車架收折狀態......................................................38
圖4-8 NE-9100概念提案之車架含座椅收折狀態...........................................38
圖4-9 傳統嬰兒車展開&收折之長度關係......................................................39
圖4-10NE-9100之基本構形.............................................................................40
圖4-11NE-9100機構收折動作一.....................................................................41
圖4-12NE-9100機構收折動作二.....................................................................41
圖4-13NE-9100車架展開&收折之長度關係..................................................42
圖4-14 NE-9100簡單樣品之車架展開狀態.....................................................43
圖4-15 NE-9100簡單樣品之車架收折狀態.....................................................43
圖4-16NE-9100A整體外觀造型之3D模型...................................................45
圖4-17 NE-9100A整體結構化之3D模型.......................................................45
圖4-18 NE-9100A之3D模型模擬渲染圖.......................................................46
圖4-19 NE-9100F整體外觀造型之3D模型....................................................46
圖4-20NE-9100F整體結構化之3D模型.......................................................47圖4-21 NE-9100F之3D模型模擬渲染圖........................................................47
圖4-22 NE-9100之新型專利圖示.....................................................................48
圖4-23 NE-9100之新式樣專利圖示.................................................................49
圖4-24NE-9100A樣品模型之車架展開狀態..................................................50圖4-25NE-9100A樣品模型之車架收折狀態..................................................50
圖4-26NE-9100F樣品模型之車架展開狀態...................................................51
圖4-27NE-9100F樣品模型之車架收折狀態...................................................51
圖4-28NE-9110之基本構型.............................................................................53
圖4-29NE-9110機構收折動作一.....................................................................54
圖4-30NE-9110機構收折動作二.....................................................................54
圖4-31NE-9110車架展開&收折之長度關係..................................................55圖4-32 NE-9100&NE-9110之車架收折長度比較...........................................55
圖4-33NE-9110A整體外觀造型之3D模型...................................................56
圖4-34NE-9110A整體結構化之3D模型.......................................................57
圖4-35NE-9110A之3D模型模擬渲染圖.......................................................57
圖4-36 NE-9110D整體外觀造型之3D模型....................................................58
圖4-37 NE-9110D整體結構化之3D模型........................................................58
圖4-38NE-9110F之3D模型模擬渲染圖........................................................59
圖4-39NE-9110A樣品模型之車架展開狀態..................................................60
圖4-40NE-9110A樣品模型之車架收折狀態..................................................60
圖4-41 NE-9110D樣品模型之車架展開狀態..................................................61
圖4-42 NE-9110D樣品模型之車架收折狀態..................................................61
圖4-43 NE-9110D之內部靜態測試報告..........................................................62
圖4-44NE-9110產品展開之各部尺寸編號.....................................................63
圖4-45NE-9110產品收折之各部尺寸編號.....................................................64
圖4-46NE-9110產品包裝之各部尺寸編號.....................................................64
圖4-47NE-9110產品宣傳目錄.........................................................................65圖5-1創新專案以CAD軟體模擬動態收折....................................................70
圖5-2 NE-9100A車架部分之3D模型.............................................................72
圖5-3 NE-9100F車架部分之3D模型..............................................................72
圖5-4 NE-9100A之3D模型簡化特徵.............................................................73
圖5-5 NE-9100F之3D模型簡化特徵..............................................................73
圖5-6 NE-9100A之3D模型材質設定.............................................................74
圖5-7 NE-9100F之3D模型材質設定..............................................................74
圖5-8 NE-9100A之3D模型結合方式設定.....................................................75
圖5-9 NE-9100F之3D模型結合方式設定......................................................75
圖5-10 NE-9100A之3D模型切割面數量設定...............................................76
圖5-11 NE-9100A之3D模型切割面數量局部示意.......................................76
圖5-12 NE-9100F之3D模型切割面數量設定................................................77
圖5-13 NE-9100F之3D模型切割面數量局部示意........................................77
圖5-14 NE-9100A之3D模型施力方向與力量設定.......................................78
圖5-15 NE-9100F之3D模型施力方向與力量設定........................................78
圖5-16 NE-9100A之3D模型總變形量分布圖...............................................79
圖5-17 NE-9100A之3D模型應力分布圖.......................................................79
圖5-18 NE-9100F之3D模型總變形量分布圖................................................80
圖5-19 NE-9100F之3D模型應力分布圖........................................................80
圖5-20 NE-9110A車架部分之3D模型...........................................................81
圖5-21 NE-9110D車架部分之3D模型...........................................................81
圖5-22 NE-9110A之3D模型簡化特徵...........................................................82
圖5-23 NE-9110D之3D模型簡化特徵...........................................................82
圖5-24 NE-9110A之3D模型各部材質設定...................................................83
圖5-25 NE-9110D之3D模型各部材質設定...................................................83
圖5-26 NE-9110A之3D模型結合方式設定...................................................84
圖5-27 NE-9110D之3D模型結合方式設定...................................................84
圖5-28 NE-9110A之3D模型切割面數量設定...............................................85
圖5-29 NE-9110A之3D模型切割面數量局部示意.......................................85
圖5-30 NE-9110D之3D模型切割面數量設定...............................................86
圖5-31 NE-9110D之3D模型切割面數量局部示意.......................................86
圖5-32 NE-9110A之3D模型施力方向與力量設定.......................................87
圖5-33 NE-9110D之3D模型施力方向與力量設定.......................................87
圖5-34 NE-9110A之3D模型總變形量分布圖...............................................88
圖5-35 NE-9110A之3D模型應力分布圖.......................................................88
圖5-36 NE-9110D之3D模型總變形量分布圖...............................................89
圖5-37 NE-9110D之3D模型應力分布圖.......................................................89
圖5-38 鋼的耐力極限曲線S-N關係圖...........................................................91
圖5-39 四個專案與兩種塑膠材質應力值關係圖...........................................93
圖6-1 NE-9100A本體之構成結構件...............................................................95
圖6-2 NE-9100A連動機構件............................................................................95
圖6-3 NE-9100A收車作動機構........................................................................96
圖6-4 NE-9100F本體之構成結構件.................................................................97
圖6-5 NE-9100F連動機構件.............................................................................98
圖6-6 NE-9100F收車作動機構.........................................................................98
圖6-7 NE-9100A之實測樣品模型..................................................................100
圖6-8 NE-9100F之實測樣品模型...................................................................101
圖6-9 NE-9110A本體之構成結構件..............................................................103
圖6-10 NE-9110A連動機構件........................................................................103
圖6-11 NE-9110A收車作動機構....................................................................104
圖6-12 NE-9110D本體之構成結構件............................................................105
圖6-13 NE-9110D連動機構件........................................................................106
圖6-14 NE-9110D收車作動機構....................................................................106
圖6-15 NE-9110D車架構成型態一...............................................................108
圖6-16 NE-9110D車架構成型態二................................................................108圖6-17 嬰兒車專案之改善設計流程(虛線為改變之步驟) ..........................110
中文文獻
[1] 晏初宏,2011,《幾何量公差配合與技術測量》,上海科學技術出版社。
[2] 陳昭福,1994,《模具學》,科有圖書出版。
[3] EN 1888:2003(E)+A1/A2/A3 (歐洲)嬰兒車安全要求和測試方法。
德文文獻
[4] 德國專利證號DE 202011107261U1新型專利證書。
[5] 德國專利送審中之NE-9100新式樣專利圖示。
英文文獻
[6] E.Paul Degarmo&J T. Black&Ronald A. Kohser, “MATERIALS AND
PROCESSES IN MANUFACTURING”
網路文獻
[7] From Thehistoryof.net to The History of Baby Strollers-Rolling Along, http://www.thehistoryof.net/history-of-strollers.html
[8] From Stroller, http://riowang.blogspot.com/2011/05/childrens-stroller.html
[9] From The Baby Stroller to A Visual History, http://thebirdfeednyc.com/2011/11/28/the-baby-stroller-a-visual-history/
[10] From My Strollers to iCandy Apple Frame With Flavour Hood and Core
Seat Snuggle In Imperial,
http://www.mystrollers.com/shop/product.aspx?sku=IW110-IC211
[11] From Silver Cross UK Web to Sleepover Elegance,
http://www.silvercross.co.uk/pram-systems/Sleepover-Elegance/Black/

[12] From My Strollers to Mountain Buggy Urban Jungle In Black Dot,
http://www.mystrollers.com/shop/product.aspx?sku=MB1-U102
[13] From My Strollers to 2012 Peg-Perego Uno In Newmoon - Taupe/Black,
http://www.mystrollers.com/shop/product.aspx?sku=
IPUN13NA34RO01NM47
[14] From My Strollers to iCandy Cherry Stroller In Liquorice,
http://www. mystrollers.com/shop/product.aspx?sku=IW124
[15] From My Strollers to SALE!!! Zooper Twist Stroller In Amber Yellow, http://www.mystrollers.com/shop/product.aspx?sku=BU822B-YELLOW
[16] From My Storllers to Bugaboo Cameleon Limited Edition In Denim With Canvas Fabric In Denim, http://www.mystrollers.com/shop/product.aspx?sku=71110DE02
[17] From http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E8%AF%95%E9%94%99
[18] From
http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E4%B8%AA%E4%BA%BA%E7%94%B5%E8%84%91
[19] From http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E4%B8%89%E7%BB%B4%E8%AE%A1%E7%AE%97%E6%9C%BA%E5%9B%BE%E5%BD%A2
[20] From http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E8%AE%A1%E7%AE%97%E6%9C%BA%E8%BE%85%E5%8A%A9%E8%AE%BE%E8%AE%A1
[21] From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computer-aided_engineering
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