跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(3.236.23.193) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/07/24 13:58
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:陳伯龍
研究生(外文):Chen, Bo-Lung
論文名稱:改良式反電動勢偵測法之直流無刷馬達無感測控制
論文名稱(外文):An Improved Back-EMF Detection Method Of Sensorless Control On Brushless DC Motor
指導教授:陳盛基陳盛基引用關係
口試委員:蔡耀文蕭永嘉陳盛基
口試日期:2012-07-13
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:大葉大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:107
中文關鍵詞:永磁直流無刷馬達反電動勢無感測控制脈衝寬度調變
外文關鍵詞:Permanent magnet brushless DC motorBack-EMFsensorless controlPulse width modulation
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:865
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本文主要以反電動勢偵測方式達到永磁直流無刷馬達(PMBLDCM)的無感測控制。控制核心採用Microchip公司所生產之33FJ32MC204晶片,此晶片結合了類比與數位控制的特殊技術,並且擁有PWM模組,是整合直流無刷馬達無感測控制及驅動功率模組設計的關鍵。在無感測控制方面,本文以反電動勢過零點法為基礎,偵測端電壓訊號與馬達中性點電壓比較,並使用數位濾波器正確的判斷出反電動勢過零點位置,使PMBLDCM達到無感測換相控制。依啟動程序使馬達從靜止以開迴路運轉,隨後將馬達轉速提高到足以偵測BEMF過零點訊號,即切換至無感測驅動模式。並透過使用六個PWM訊號調變技術來達成轉速控制。由於本文完全不需要外加位置感測器,且使用數位濾波器來降低PMBLDCM製作成本,節省了馬達驅動電路的體積,使PMBLDCM的運用範圍更為廣泛。
In this paper, the back-EMF detection method of sensorless control on permanent magnet brushless DC motor (PMBLDC) was studied. The control unit adopts Microchip 33FJ32MC204 chip that is special purpose design. The chip combines analog and digital control and PWM module all in one chip. It is suitable for brushless DC motor sensorless control and design of power module drive. For the sensorless control, detecting the zero-crossing points of the back-EMF was based on motor terminal voltage and neutral voltage to compare. A digital filter was confirmed the zero-crossing points signal of the back-EMF and achieve the commutation of sensorless control on PMBLDCM. According to starting program, the motor is running in open-loop operation. When the motor speed increases to a certainly large enough value to detect the zero-crossing signal of the BEMF, then the controller got into the sensorless control using PWM signal to achieve the motor speed control. The sensorless control is not required external any position sensors so that the motor drive circuit reduce cost and size by using the digital filter. The PMBLDCM also have a wide range of speed control applications.
封面內頁
簽名頁
中文摘要....................iii
英文摘要....................iv
誌謝......................v
目錄......................vi
圖目錄.....................viii
表目錄.....................xii
符號說明....................xiii

第一章 緒論
1.1 前言...................1
1.2 研究目的.................2
1.3 研究步驟.................3
1.4 內容大綱.................4
1.5 本文特點與貢獻..............5
第二章 直流無刷馬達控制原理
2.1 直流無刷馬達基本介紹...........6
2.2 直流無刷馬達數學模型...........7
2.3 直流無刷馬達驅動方式...........11
2.4 六步方波控制驅動方式...........12

第三章 直流無刷馬無感測控制文獻回顧
3.1 反電動勢過零點偵測法...........17
3.2 反電動勢第三諧波偵測法..........23
3.3 飛輪二極體導通法.............29
3.4 磁通觀測法................32
3.5 小節討論.................37
第四章 直流無刷馬無感測控制策略
4.1中性點電壓比較法簡述............39
4.2系統架構..................41
4.3端電壓分析.................43
4.4低通濾波器.................45
4.5中性點電壓比較判斷邏輯...........46
4.6電壓脈波寬度調變..............52
4.7啟動原理..................55
4.8控制迴路..................56
第五章 系統架構與實驗結果
5.1控制核心33FJ32MC204介紹.........59
5.2控制板介紹.................61
5.3 DMCI控制數據狀態介面設置.........66
5.4程式流程..................71
5.5直流無刷馬達無感測控制實驗結果.......76
第六章 結論..................98
參考文獻....................99
附錄A.....................105


[1]梁賢達、黃惠容,”電工機械II”,台科大圖書,2009。
[2]曾智堂,”永磁直流無刷馬達無感測控制技術之研究”,碩士論文,私立大葉大學,電機工程學系,2010。
[3]黃冠霖,”無刷直流馬達驅動器之設計與製作”,碩士論文,私立逢甲大學,電機工程學系,2009。
[4]陳融生,”無量測器直流無刷馬達控制系統設計與製作”,碩士論文,國立台灣科技大學,電機工程學系,2003
[5]詹晉榮,”直流無刷馬達驅動系統實務設計”,碩士論文,私立大葉大學,電機工程學系,2003。
[6]孫清華,「最新直流無刷馬達」,全華科技圖書,2001。
[7]Ward Brown, “Brushless DC motor control made easy,” Microchip Technology, 2002.
[8]吳大偉、王漢堃、謝宗煌、吳清章,”電機機械”,文京圖書有限公司,1995.
[9]J. X. Shen, and K. J. Tseng, “Analyses and compensation of rotor position detection error in sensorless PM brushless DC motor drives,” IEEE Trans on Energy Conversion, vol. 18, no. 1, 2003.
[10]C. Elliott and S. Bowling, “Using the dsPIC30F for Sensorless BLDC Control,” Microchip Technology, 2004.
[11]K. Uzuka and Uzuhashi et al., “Microcomputer control for sensorless brushless motor,” IEEE Trans on Industry Application,vol. IA-21, no. 4, 1985.
[12]P. Damodharan, Krishna Vasudevan, “Indirect Back-EMF Zero Crossing Detection for Sensorless BLDC Motor Operation,” IEEE Conference, 2005.
[13]C. H. Chen and M. Y. Cheng, “A new sensorless commutation drive for brushless DC motors and alternators,” IEEE ISIE, 2006.
[14]C. H. Chen and M. Y. Cheng, “A new cost effective sensorless commutation without phase shift circuit and neutral voltage,” IEEE vol. 22, no. 2, 2007.
[15]P. Damodharan and Krishna Vasudevan, “Sensorless brushless DC motor drive based on the zero-crossing detection of back electromotive Force (EMF) from the line voltage difference,” IEEE Trans on Energy Conversion, vol. 25, no. 3, 2010.
[16]Jianwen Shao, Dennis Nolan, Maxime Teissier, and David Swanson , “A novel microcontroller-based sensorless brushless DC (BLDC) motor drive for automotive fuel pumps,” IEEE Trans
on Industry Application, vol. 39, no. 6, 2003.
[17]R. C. Becerra, T. M. Jahns, and M. Ehsani, “Four-Quadrant
sensorless Brushless ECM drive,” IEEE Conference,1991.
[18]Jianwen Shao, Dennis Nolan, and Thomas Hopkins “A novel direct back EMF detection for sensorless brushless DC (BLDC) motor drives,” IEEE Conference, 2002.
[19]Jianwen Shao, “An improved microcontroller-based sensorless direct back EMF detection for sensorless brushless DC (BLDC) motor drives for automotive applications,” IEEE Trans on Industry Application, vol. 42, no. 5, 2006.
[20]林政達,”以反電動勢零交越點為基礎之直流無刷馬達無感測控制器之設計與實現”,碩士論文,國立台灣科技大學,電機工程學系,2006。
[21]陳柏勳,”具相位超前之無刷馬達無感測控制系統”,碩士論文,國立成功大學,系統及船舶機電工程學系,2007。
[22]J. C. Moreita, “Indirect sensing for rotor flux position of permanent AC motor operating in a wide speed rang,” IEEE Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting, 1996.
[23]J. X. Shen, Z. Q. Zhu, “Sensorless control of ultrahigh-speed PM brushless motor using PLL and third harmonic back EMF,” IEEE Trans on Industry Applications, vol.40, no. 6, 2004.
[24]S. Ogasawara and H. Akagi, “An approach to position sensorless drive for brushless dc motor,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 27, no. 5, 1991.
[25]C. M. Uang, Z. S. Ho, P. C. Wang, S.H. Liu, “Sensorless position optimal control strategy of brushless DC motor,” IEEE PEDS, 2011.
[26]M. B. B. Sharifian, T. Herizchi and K. G. Firouzjah, “Field oriented control of permanent magnet synchronous motor using predictive space vector modulation,” IEEE Symposium on Industrial Electronics and Applications, vol. 2, pp.574-579, 2009.
[27]X. Wang, R. Na and N. Liu, “Simulation of PMSM field-oriented control based on SVPWM,” IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference, pp. 1465-1469, 2009.
[28]J. Zambade and D. Ded, “Sensorless field oriented control of PMSM”, Microchip Technology, 2010
[29]洪琮閔,”永磁無刷直流馬達無感測磁場導向控制”,碩士論文,私立大葉大學,電機工程學系,2010。
[30]T.Y. Kim and J. Lyou, “Commutation instant detector for sensorless drive of BLDC motor,” Electronics Lettets 10th, vol. 47, no. 23, 2011.
[31]D. K. Kim, K. W. Lee, and B.I. Kwon,” Commutation torque ripple reduction in a position sensorless brushless DC motor drive,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 21 no. 6,
2006.
[32]J. X. Shen, “Sensorless control of ultrahigh-speed PM brushless motor using PLL and third harmonic back EMF,” IEEE Trans on Industry Electronics, vol. 53, no. 2, 2006.
[33]G. H. Jang and M. G. Kim, “Optimal commutation of a BLDC motor by utilizing the symmetric terminal voltage,” IEEE Trans on Magnetics, vol. 42, no. 10, 2006.
[34]Yuanyuan Wu, Zhiquan Deng, Xiaolin Wang, Xing Ling, and Xin Cao, “Position sensorless control based on coordinate transformation for brushless DC motor drives,” IEEE Trans on Power Electronics, vol. 25, no. 9, 2010.
[35]Li Qiang, Lin Mingyao, Hu Minqiang ,Gu Weigang, “Reserch on filters for back EMF zero-crossing detecting in sensorless BLDC motor drives,” IEEE Conference, 2005.
[36]Daniel Torres, “Sensorless BLDC motor control using a Majority Function” Microchip Technology, 2008.
[37]T. Daniel, “Sensorless BLDC control with back-EMF filtering using a majority function,” Microchip Technology, 2008.
[38]Reston Condit Microchip Technology, “Sensorless BLDC Control with back-EMF filtering,” Microchip Technology, 2007.
[39]Justin Milks, “Intelligent Fan Control,” Microchip Technology, 2008.
[40]W. J. Lee, “A new starting method of BLDC motors without position sensor,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol.42, no. 9 , 2006.
[41]S. D. Souza, “Sensored BLDC motor control using dsPIC30F2010,” Microchip Technology, 2004.
[42]Microchip, “dsPIC33FJ32MC202/204 and PIC33FJ16MC304 data sheet,” Microchip Technology, 2009.
[43]曾百由,”數位訊號控制器原理與應用”,宏友圖書,2007。
[44]Microchip Regional Training Center, “BLDC Control Techniques with 16 bit dsPIC processors,” Microchip Technology, 2008.
[45]Microchip, “dsPICDEMTM MCLV development board user's guide,” Microchip Technology, 2008.

QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top