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研究生:郭濬鉞
研究生(外文):Kuo,Jiunn Yueh
論文名稱:遙控飛機休閒活動涉入與休閒效益之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Relationship between Leisure Involvement of Remote Control Plane Activities and Leisure Benefits
指導教授:邊瑞芬邊瑞芬引用關係
指導教授(外文):Cheryl Ruey-Fen Bain
口試委員:蔡榮捷許立宏
口試日期:2012-06-04
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:大葉大學
系所名稱:管理學院碩士在職專班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:111
中文關鍵詞:休閒涉入休閒效益遙控飛機
外文關鍵詞:Leisure InvolvementLeisure BenefitsRemote Control Plane
相關次數:
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  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
本研究以台灣本島實際進行遙控飛機活動的參與者(玩家)為研究對象,研究主要目的在於分析參與遙控飛機休閒活動者其休閒涉入(leisure involvement) 與其休閒效益(leisure benefits) 間的影響關係,也透過此研究了解台灣遙控飛機休閒活動推廣上所面臨的相關問題,本研究結果提供台灣未來在戶外遙控飛機休閒活動上,具實徵參考資訊,並提出營造與推動健康有益的戶外遙控飛機休閒活動的具體建議。
本研究採用問卷調查法來蒐集資料,在2012年1月經過文獻資料匯集,提出問卷初稿,後經一週以二十位實際進行遙控飛機活動的參與者(玩家)為試訪對象,並經三位專家對問卷效度與試訪問卷之休閒涉入與休閒效益態度量表進行信度分析考驗後,修正初稿問卷,於2012年2月15日完成正式問卷後,採用網路及實地面訪問卷調查來蒐集研究資料,至2012年3月15日截止,共回收網路問卷361份,實地面訪問卷30份,扣除無效問卷後,總計獲得371份有效問卷(有效問卷率: 網路問卷有效回收率98 %,實地面訪有效問卷回收率53 %),並利用SPSS17.0統計套裝軟體進行資料分析,此樣本調查所得全數都是男性,在實地訪查的過程中,卻不乏有女性參與其中,只是多為陪伴親友在旁觀看而已,本樣本年齡資料集中在30~49歲,八成已婚,居住地以北部地區較多有四成,其教育程度大學(專)佔了五成,平均月收入以三萬至六萬元佔多數(約五成),所以可以推估遙控飛機的玩家多為中高階層就業者且已婚的男性玩家佔大多數。分析結果得到以下結論:
(一)在遙控飛機玩家之休閒涉入分析方面
經因素分析萃取後,得到「吸引力」及「生活型態中心性」等兩不同休閒涉入因子,並經人口變項的變異數分析,獲知遙控飛機玩家其休閒涉入在居住地、參與次數與時間以及參與社團或網路社群上會表現出統計顯著上之差異。
(二)在遙控飛機玩家之休閒效益分析方面
經因素分析萃取後,得到得到「社交效益」、「自我成長效益」、「脫離規範效益」及「逃離現實效益」等四個休閒效益因子,其中遙控飛機玩家在社交效益的解釋變異量最高,研究判斷在台灣玩遙控飛機者主要獲得的休閒效益在社交功能上,其次為自我成長與脫離生活現實壓力;休閒效益在居住地、收入、參與次數、擁有遙控飛機的數量與機型上以及參與社團或網路社群上會表現出統計顯著上之差異。
(三)透過統計迴歸分析(regression analysis) 後發現休閒涉入與休閒效益間的影響關聯如下:
1.遙控飛機玩家在休閒涉入之吸引力得分較高者,會獲得較高的社交效益;
2.在休閒涉入之生活型態中心性得分較高者,會獲得較高的自我成長效益;
3.休閒涉入的吸引力除對社交效益具高的正向影響外,在自我成長效益、脫離規範效益及逃離現實效益等不具明顯影響貢獻,但休閒涉
入中生活型態中心性對自我成長效益與逃離現實效益上卻具正向且較高的影響貢獻。
台灣種種的限制阻礙了大多數人飛行夢想的實現,多數人只得轉而玩遙控飛機,從中獲得操控飛機的飛行樂趣。在Bryant (1979)的研究發現,人們的休閒活動會隨著時間而有不同階段的專業化(specialization)產生,本實證研究也發現玩遙控飛機所帶來的休閒效益,會因休閒涉入的不同,產生明顯差異的休閒效益,台灣應在開放飛行天空上,多多藉由推廣玩遙控飛機這項休閒活動上,來達到以休閒活動帶動航空教育的發展,周延地進行航空飛行教育與政策上的改善。
The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between the Leisure Involvement and Leisure Benefits of players’ in remote control aircraft activities. The researcher applied questionnaire to collect data and the results provided government and leisure education with empirical reference to improving outdoor recreational activities in Taiwan.
This study applied online and interview questionnaire survey, the polite and filed test of questionnaire were impletment in January 2012. There were twenty players participated as subjects and their answers provided the researcher to revise the questionnaire. There were also three experts viewed and suggestion on the attitude scales on the Leisure Involvement and Leisure Benefits for reliability analysis. Finally the formal questionnaire completed by February 15, 2012, and data collected data by internet and face-to-face survey in March 2012.
There were 361 online responses and 30 face-to-face interview in the survey. A total of 371 valid questionnaires (effective questionnaires rate: the effective rate of 98% of the online questionnaires, 53% of face-to-face visited. ). This researcher used SPSS17.0 statistical software package for data analysis. In the sample of 371 cases that most of players are as middle class with college education and married men. The following findings provide an empirical study for understanding leisure behaviors of remote control aircraft players in leisure involvement and benefits.
(A)There were two leisure involvement factors extracted: "Attractive" and "Lifestyle Center". In the ANOVA difference analysis, the demographic variables had informed that players were shown significant differences in the place of residence, frequency, time, and participation in society or a web community.
(B) There were four leisure benefits factors extracted: the major of "Social Function", and followed by "Self-growth", "Out of Daily Life " and "Escaping from Reality". Lesiure benefits had shown significant differences base on residence, income, participation times, the number of remote-controlled aircraft models, participation in the societies and the internet community.
(C) An advanced regression analysis found that the impact of leisure involvemen on leisure benefits:
1.Players who reach the higher score in leisure involvement indicate to get the higher social benefits;
2.Players who reach the higher score in lifestyle center get more self growth ;
3.Players’ leisure involvement has a positive impact on the Social Function as well as Self-growth, Out of Daily Life and Escaping from Reality. There are statistical significant impacts of Life Center to Self-growth and Escaping from Reality.
In Taiwan, a lot of constraints on the dream of being an aviator. People in Taiwan can only play the remote control aircraft. This empirical research found that the recreational benefits of remote control aircraft provided various leisure benefits by different leisure involvement. Taiwan should open the sky and promot the remote control aircraft leisure activities, especially the development of aviation education , and arouse policy improvement.
目 錄
中文摘要 iii
英文摘要 v
誌謝辭 viii
目 錄 ix
表目錄 xi
圖目錄 xiii
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究緣起 1
第二節 研究動機 5
第三節 研究目的 9
第二章 文獻探討 10
第一節 遙控飛機休閒活動 10
第二節 休閒涉入 15
第三節 休閒效益 22
第三章 研究方法 33
第一節 研究架構 33
第二節 統計假設 34
第三節 研究對象 34
第四節 研究工具 36
第五節 資料處理與分析 37
第六節 預試問卷的項目分析與信度分析 38
第四章 研究結果與討論 47
第一節 遙控飛機玩家之抽樣調查所得資料分析 47
第二節 遙控飛機玩家之休閒涉入分析 54
第三節 遙控飛機玩家之休閒效益分析 64
第四節 遙控飛機休閒涉入與休閒效益迴歸預測 77
第五節 研究結果假設分析 80
第五章 結論與建議 82
第一節 研究結論 82
第二節 研究建議 86
參考文獻 89
附錄一 正式問卷 102
附錄二 國內有申請登記之飛行運動團體 107
附錄三 網路問卷張貼在飛行披薩網站的頁面 110
附錄四 網路問卷的頁面內容 111


一、中文部分
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林宜蔓(2002) ,游泳者持續參與在休閒效益與幸福成之研究,國立 雲林科技大學休閒運動研究所未出版之碩士論文。
林一貞(2011),自行車活動參與者休閒涉入與休閒效益之研究-以屏東縣自行車道為例,國立屏東教育大學生態休閒教育研究所未出版之碩士論文。
洪煌佳(2002),突破休閒活動之休閒效益研究,國立臺灣師範大學運動休閒與管理研究所未出版之碩士論文。
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許惠玲(2008),參與登山健行之高齡者其休閒涉入、休閒效益及幸福感關係之研究-以高雄縣市郊山為例,國立嘉義大學休閒事業管理研究所未出版碩士論文。
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曾德峰、鄭淑婷、邱紹雯(2008,July 4),白馬飛場「禁飛」,改闢河濱公園,自由電子報﹝線上資料﹞,來源:http://www.libertytimes. com.tw/2008/new/jul/4/today-life4.htm
黃帥通(2010),連鎖健身俱樂部會員休閒涉入與休閒效益之研究-以台中地區為例,國立臺灣體育運動大學休閒運動管理研究所未出版之碩士論文。
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葉純菊(2004),遊客參與台灣咖啡節的休閒動機、休閒效益與滿意度之相關研究,國立雲林科技大學休閒運動研究所未出版之碩士論文。
溫瑞麟(2008,Jaunary 14),「直升機」變血滴子,發燒友爆頭命危,香港文匯報﹝線上資料﹞,來源:http://paper.wenweipo.com/ 2008/01/14/HK0801140005.htm
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盧心炎(2003),舞蹈休閒活動參與歷程之研究,國立臺灣師範大學體育研究所未出版碩士論文。
二、英文部分
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