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研究生:蕭烈
研究生(外文):Poto sola Syrianus
論文名稱:紐曼樞機主教通才教育的概念根據他的大學理念
論文名稱(外文):JOHN HENRY CARDINAL NEWMAN’S CONCEPT OF LIBERAL EUDCATION: ACCORDING TO HIS IDEA OF A UNIVERSITY
指導教授:黎建球教授
指導教授(外文):Bernard C.C. Li
口試委員:鄔昆如教授, 陳文團教授
口試日期:2012-07-24
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:輔仁大學
系所名稱:哲學研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:哲學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:英文
論文頁數:83
中文關鍵詞:Universityliberal educationcultivate intellectgentlemensecularismprofessional educationhuman naturepluralismscience and postmodernism
外文關鍵詞:大學, 通才教育,培養智力,好人,世俗主義,職業教育,人性化,多元化,科學和後現代主義
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大學是一所培養智力和它的結果和結束具有廣泛和交織的知識,智力卓越。世俗主義,一方面,試圖排除神學和古典文學廢黜大學為主體的指令和在另一側,促進職業教育。此外,世俗主義也帶來了分裂和非人化,因為它會導致人們利己主義,實用主義和忽視團題的需要。每一段時間都有自己的困難,挑戰和機遇。在過去的時代, 通才教育所面臨的挑戰,如世俗化,功利,理性,非人性化和碎片。目前,新的挑戰將面臨的文科教育的多元化,科學,後現代主義等。我們相信,通才教育,強調智力卓越,意識和啟示將能夠克服這些整個問題。通才教育強調教育的人性。人類和知識都來自相同的資源,這是非常真實。我們承認所有的知識分支的相互聯繫和相互交織。它被稱為通用和通才知識。來自上主的知識和人類的所有分支。因此,每個人都是獨特的,神和他人面前人人平等,所有的知識分支是相互關聯的。因此,它是非常真實的,通才教育是聖的。
University is a place of cultivating the intellect and it results at and ends of having broad and interwoven knowledge, the intellectual excellence. Secularism, on the one side, tries to exclude theology and dethrone classical literature from university as subject of instructions; and on the other side, promotes professional education. Furthermore, secularism also brings fragmentation and dehumanization because it will lead people to egoism, pragmatism, and neglecting the need of community. Each period of times has its own difficulties, challenges and opportunities. The challenges of liberal education in the past age were such as secularism, utilitarianism, rationalism, dehumanization and fragmentation. And for the present time, the new challenges will be faced by liberal education are pluralism, science, postmodernism and so on. We believe that liberal education which stresses on intellectual excellence, consciousness and enlightenment will able to overcome these entire problems. Liberal education stresses on educating for humanity. It is very true that human beings and knowledge are derived from the same resource. As we acknowledge that all branch of knowledge is interconnected and interwoven to each other. It is known as universal and liberal knowledge. All branch of knowledge and human beings are derived from God. Thus each human person is unique and equal before God and others, as all branch of knowledge is interconnected. So it is very true that Liberal is divine
CONTENTS
CHAPTER I: GENERAL INTRODUCTION………….……….………...…….…………1
1.1. Introduction……………..…………...….……..………………………………..1
1. 2. Theme and Topic…………………………..………..…………………………2
1. 3. Motivation………………..…………….……...………………….…………….4
1. 4. Purpose……………………..…..…….…….………………………………….5
1. 5. Methodology………………..…..…….………………………………………..6
CHAPTER II: THE IDEA OF A UNIVERSITY ………………...……………………..…8
2. 1. The Background of the Idea of a University…………….…....…………….8
2. 2.The Idea of a University…….………………………….….………..………..12
2. 3. Newman’s Some Characters on Idea of a University……….….…….….17
2. 3.1. University should teach Universal Knowledge……......….…....….……17
2. 3. 2. University is Autonomy but not an Integral Institution……..…………..20
2. 3. 3. University is a Community……………………….…….…………………22
2. 3. 4. University Promotes Liberal Education……….………...………………24
2. 3. 5. University is Belonged to God………….…….……….…………………26
CHAPTER III: LIBERAL EDUCATION……..………………….………..……….……30
3.1. Liberal Education……………………………………………………………..30
3. 2. Newman’s Threefold Concept on Liberal Education ……….……………32
3. 2. 1. Liberal Education and Cultivating Intellect ...……..…….…………...32
3. 2. 2. Liberal Education Covers Professional Education…...…..…..….……35
3. 2. 3. Liberal Education is for the Interest of the Communal of the Community…………..………….…………………………………………..37
3. 3. Liberal Education and its Connection………..………….……..….………38
3. 3.1. Liberal Education and University………..…….……….…………...……38
3. 3. 2. Liberal Education and Liberal Knowledge…….………………….…….40
3. 3. 3. Liberal Education and Logos………………….…..……..………………43
3. 3. 4. Liberal Education and God……………….…….…….……….…………45

CHAPTER IV: LIBERAL EDUCATION AND ITS CRITICS….…………...…………47
4. 1. Some Critics………….…………..………...………………………………...47
4. 1. 1. Secularism’s Critic………..………….……………………………………47
4. 1. 2. Utilitarian……………………………………..………………..…………..49
4. 2. Liberal education Responds to Its Critics……..….…….…………………50
4. 2.1. Responds to Secularism’s Critics….………….…………………………50
4. 2. 1. 1. Religion has Reason..…………….……….….……………………….51
4. 2. 1. 2. Religion is Knowledge…….….…..…………………………………...52
4. 2. 2. Responds to the Critics of Utilitarianism………….……………………53
4. 2. 2. 1. Latin is not only Literature but the Book of Humanity………..…….53
4. 2. 2. 2. Good is not Ordinary one but Integral and Ultimate…….………….55
CHAPTER V: LIBERAL EDUCATION AND HUMAN NATURE….…………………58
5. 1. Human Nature………...………….……….……………….…………………58
5. 1.1. Intellect or Mind…………….………………………………………………58
5. 1. 2. Individual and Society……..…………………...………………………...60
5. 2. Liberal Education Contribution’s for Human Nature in the Past Age..….61
5. 2. 1. Secularism………...…..………………………………….………….……61
5. 2. 2. Utilitarianism……………..….…….……..…………..……………………64
5. 2. 3. Rationalism……………….……….……………….………………………66
5. 2. 4. Dehumanization………….…...………………..…………………………68
5. 2. 5. Fragmentation……………….…………………...……….………………69
5. 3. Liberal Education Contributions for Human nature in the Present Age..70
5. 3. 1. Liberal Education and Pluralism………….……………………………..71
5. 3. 2. Liberal Education and Science……….…………………………………73
5. 3. 3. Liberal Education and Postmodernism…………………………………76

CHAPTER VI: CONCLUSION…… ……… ..………..………… … ………………….80

BIBLIOGRAPHY ………………..…………………………………… …………………84






















BIBLIOGRAPHY

Main Books

01. Dulles, Avery, S.J,.”Newman” London, Continuum, 2002
02 Daley, Brian E.,S.J. Splendor and wonder Jesuit Character, Georgetown Spirit and Liberal Education, Willam J. O’ Brien, (editor) Washington, D.C., Georgetown University Press, 1988
03. Everett Dean Martin “The Meaning of a Liberal Education” Garden City Publishing, Inc. USA. 1926
04. Heath, Douglas Heath, ”Growing up in college Liberal Education and Maturity,” Jossey-Bass, Inc., Publishers, USA, 1968
05. Harrold, Charles Frederick, “John Henry Newman; An Expository and Critical Study of His Mind, Thought and Art”, Longmans, Green and Co., Inc, New York, USA, 1945.
06. Ian Ker, “John Henry Newman: A Biography, Oxford University Press, 1990
07. John Paul II, “Apostolic Constitution on Catholic University” St. Paul Book & Media, Boston, 1990
08. Jaroslav Pelikan” The Idea of a university: A Reexamination, Yale University Press, USA, 1991,
09. Lee H. Yearly” The Ideas of Newman Christian and Human Religiosity, The Pennsylvania State University Press, USA, 1978
10. Mulcahy, D.G. “The Educated person: Toward a New paradigm for liberal education” Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc. USA. 2008
11. Newman, John Henry ”The Idea of a University, Martin J. Svaglic (ed), Richard & Co., Inc, USA, 1960
12. Newman, John Henry, “The Letters and Diaries of John Henry Newman” Vol. IV. “Ian Ker and Thomas Gornall, S. J.” (ed), Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1980
13. Newman, John Henry” Discourse to Mixed Congregations, Longmans, Green and Co.39 Paternoster Row, London, fourth Avenue 7 30th Street, New York, Bombay, Calcutta and Madras, 1916
14. Newman, John Henry ”Historical Sketches” Vol. III, Longmans, green and Co. 39 paternoster Row, London, New York, Bombay, 1903,
15. Newman, John Henry Newman “On the Scope and nature of university education” Wilfrid Ward, (intro), London, Garden City Press, 1915.
16. Newman, John Henry, “The Idea of a University” Frank M. Turner (ed), Yale University Press, USA, 1996.
17. Newman, John Henry “On the Scope and nature of university education” Introduction by Wilfrid Ward, London, Garden City Press, 1915
18. Newman, John Henry “An Essay on the Development of Christian Doctrine”
Indian, University of Notre Dame Press, USA, 1989
19. Roche, Mark W.”The Intellectual Appeal of Catholic and the Idea of a Catholic University” Indiana, University of Notre Dame Press, USA, 2003
20. Sille, Edward (ed), “The Philosophical Notebook of John Henry Newman, Vol. I. General introduction to the Study of Newman’s Philosophy, Edward Sillem (ed), Belgium, Nauwelaerts Publishing House, 1969


Supplement Books
01. St. Aquinas, Commentary on the Metaphysics of Aristotle, John P. Rowan (trans), 先知, Taipei 1974.
02. St. Augustine” The Confession: The City of God and Christian Doctrine” University of Chicago, USA, 1952
03. Dohohue, John W. S.J,. “Thomas Aquinas & education, Random House, USA, 1968.
04. Hugh McLeod” Secularization in Western Europe 1848-1914, Macmillan Press, USA, 2007.
05. Hugh McLeod, “Secularization in Western Europe 1848-1914, Macmillan Press, 2000
06. John W. Donohue, S.J., “Thomas Aquinas & education, Random House, USA, 1968
07. John W. Donohue, S.J., “Thomas Aquinas & education, Random House, USA, 1968
08. Lyon, David, “Postmodernity” Open University Press, Buckingham, 1992
09. McGucken, William J.J., The Philosophy of Catholic Education, American Press, New York, USA
10. “Maskel, Duke & Robinson, Ian ”The New Idea of a University, Imprint Academic, UK, 2002
11. Parekh, Bhikhu, “Rethinking Multiculturalism: Cultural Diversity and Poliitcal Theory” London, Macmilla Press, 2000
12. Roger King, “The University in the Global Age” University into 21st Century, in the University in the Global Age, Roger King, et al. Palgrave, Macmillan, USA, 2004
13. Umson. J. O, The Concise Encyclopedia of Western Philosophy and Philosophers,Taipei, 先知, 1975
14. Usher Robun and Edward, Rihcard, “Postmodenism and education” London, Routledge, 1994


Theses

01. Kochuveettil, Petee, Historicity of man in the dialectical Hermeneutic of Hans-Geor Gadamer and the theory of karma in Hindusm” (Ph.D.Thesis), Pontificai Universitas Urbaniana, Rome, 1999
03. Klose, Roland, “Natural Law in Ethics and Law: The New Classical Theory” (MA. Thesis) Fu Jen Catholic university, 2009
03. Mulyatno, Carolus Borromeus, “The philosophy and civil education in the thought of John Dewey” (Ph.D.Thesis), Ponticia Universitas Urbaniana, Facultas Philosophiae, 2003

Articles
01. Mulcahy, D. G. Newman’s Theory of a liberal Education: A Reassessment and its implications. Journal of Philosophy of Education, Vol. 42, No 2, 2008, p. 219-230
02. Kristien Hays Lynning, Portraying Science as Humanism – A Historical Case Study of Cultural Boundary Work from the Dawn of the “Atomic Age” Science & Education (2007), p.481-4

Internet
01. Encyclopedia Britanica (www.Britanica.com)
02. Spiritual Education: Cultural, Religious, and Social Differences: New Perspec- tives for the 21 Centuries. Jan Erricker, et. all., Sussex Academic Press, Brighton, England 2001. www.googlescholar.com
03. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy


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