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研究生:沈志翔
研究生(外文):Chih-Hsiang, Shen
論文名稱:流入明星發明人與組織內發明人合作之創新價值─知識相似性與網絡中心性之調節效果
論文名稱(外文):The Innovation Value of Collaboration Between Flow in Star Inventor and Inventors in Corporation: The Moderate Effect of Knowledge Similarity and Network Centrality
指導教授:楊君琦楊君琦引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chun-Chi, Yang
口試委員:吳秉恩胡昌亞
口試日期:2012-06-13
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:輔仁大學
系所名稱:企業管理學系管理學碩士班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:41
中文關鍵詞:明星發明人合作知識相似性網絡中心性流動發明人
外文關鍵詞:knowledge similaritycollaboratenetwork centralityflow inventorstar inventor
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由於組織新專利發表數與新專利類別代表新產品與機會的產生,因此本研究欲探討組織新專利發表數與新專利類別,進而探討流動發明人與組織發明人之合作次數對組織新專利發表數與新專利類別之影響。但是在何種情況下合作才能提升創新績效?那些情況下不適合讓發明人合作?和怎樣的人合作可以使他們的績效更佳呢?所以本研究以發明人知識相似性與網絡中心性為調節變數。本研究資料來源為Gartner資料庫與USPTO專利資料庫,於資料收集與研究變項之計算後,使用SPSS18.0統計軟體進行實證分析。最後歸納出三項研究發現:(1) 流動明星發明人與組織內發明人合作頻率愈高,組織內發明人新發表專利之績效愈差; (2)組織內發明人網絡中心性愈高,將弱化流動明星發明人與組織內發明人合作次數對組織內發明人新發表專利之負向影響;(3)組織內發明人網絡中心性愈高,將弱化流動明星發明人與組織內發明人合作次數對組織內發明人產生新專利類別之負向影響。研究結果顯示合作頻率對績效確實有顯著影響,並突顯發明人之間網絡關係之重要性。
Owing to new patent category, new issues patient represents new products and new opportunity for corporation and that is the reason why we want to discuss the organization new patent category and new issues patient; and further, We focus on impact of the collaborate frequency of flow inventor with organization intra-inventor on organization new patients and new patient category. But what person that they collaborate can make them a better performance? What the situation maybe inventors are not suitable for collaboration? So, we used the inventor knowledge similarity and network central to be moderator. This research data come from Gartner database and the USPTO patent database. After collecting data and calculating variables, we used SPSS17.0 statistical software to analysis. Finally, I had four consequences: (1) If flow star inventor collaborate with intra-organization inventor more, the innovation performance will be poor. (2) If the centrality of intra-organization inventor is higher, it will weaken the negative impact of flow star inventor collaborate with intra-organization inventor on the innovation performance. (3) If the centrality of intra-organization inventor is higher, it will weaken the negative impact of flow star inventor collaborate with intra-organization inventor on the innovation performance.
目 錄
第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 研究目的 2
第三節 研究流程與論文結構 3
第貳章 文獻探討 5
第一節 知識移轉與合作 5
第二節 吸收能力與知識對創新的影響 6
第三節 發明人之網絡關係對創新的影響 7
第參章 研究方法 9
第一節 研究架構與假說 9
第二節 研究對象與資料庫建構 10
第三節 變數定義與衡量方式 15
第四節 實證模型與分析方法 18
第肆章 研究結果 19
第一節 研究變項敘述統計與相關係數 19
第二節 實證結果與分析 20
第伍章 結論與建議 28

第一節 結論 28
第二節 管理意涵 29
第三節 研究限制與未來研究建議 31
參考文獻 34
附錄一、本研究樣本之廠商名單 40




























表 目 錄
表4-1-1 研究變項之敘述統計表 19
表4-1-2 研究變項之相關分析表 20
表4-2-1 流入明星發明人與組織內發明人合作次數、知識相似性、組織內發明人網絡中心性與組織內發明人新發表專利迴歸分析表 22
表4-2-2 流入明星發明人與組織內發明人合作、知識相似性、組織內發明人網絡中心性與組織內發明人新專利類別迴歸分析表 23
表4-2-3假設驗證匯整表 27











圖 目 錄
圖1-3-1 研究流程圖 3
圖3-1-1 研究架構圖 9
圖3-2-1 資料處理流程圖 14
圖3-3-1 人力組合結構圖 15
圖4-2-1 組織內發明人網絡中心性對兩者合作與組織內發明人新專利發表數之影響圖 25
圖4-2-2 組織內發明人網絡中心性對兩者合作與組織內發明人新專利類別之影響圖 25


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