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研究生:羅芙瀅
研究生(外文):Fu-ying Lo
論文名稱:國中教師之角色壓力與工作滿意度、工作投入及幸福感之關聯:以自我效能與主動性人格為調節變項
論文名稱(外文):The relationship among role stress, job satisfaction, work engagement and well-being of junior high school teachers: Self efficacy and proactive personality as moderators
指導教授:高旭繁高旭繁引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shu-fang Kao
口試委員:陸洛吳欣蓓
口試委員(外文):Luo LuHsin-Pei Wu
口試日期:2012-06-30
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:玄奘大學
系所名稱:應用心理學系碩士在職專班
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:73
中文關鍵詞:國中教師角色壓力角色模糊角色衝突工作滿意度工作投入幸福感自我效能主動性人格
外文關鍵詞:junior high school teacherrole stressrole ambiguityrole conflictjob satisfactionwork engagementwell-beingself-efficacyproactive personality
相關次數:
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本研究旨在探討國中教師角色壓力對工作滿意度、工作投入及幸福感的影響,並進一步探討其自我效能及主動性人格對角色壓力與工作滿意度、工作投入及幸福感之關係的調節效果。
本研究以桃園、新竹、苗栗地區之國中教師為樣本,採用立意取樣,進行結構式問卷施測,共計回收382份有效問卷。研究結果如下:
一、國中教師之角色模糊與工作滿意度、工作投入及幸福感皆有顯著的負相關。
二、國中教師之角色衝突與工作滿意度及幸福感有顯著的負相關。
三、國中教師之工作滿意度及工作投入與幸福感有顯著的正相關。
四、不同教師類別(特教教師、普通教師)之教師在「角色衝突」及「工作投入」上有顯著差異。
五、國中教師之「自我效能」及「主動性人格」均無法調節角色壓力與工作滿意度、工作投入及幸福感之間的關係。但「自我效能」與「主動性人格」對工作滿意度、工作投入及幸福感,均有顯著之主效果。

The purpose of this study was to explore the influence of junior high school teachers’ role stress on job satisfaction, work engagement and well-being. In addition, we also examined the moderating effects of self -efficacy and proactive personality on the relationship among role stress,
job satisfaction, work engagement and well-being.
The purposive sampling method was used to conduct surveys with structured questionnaires among junior high school teachers in Taoyuan, Hsinchu and Miaoli Counties. A total of 382 participants returned valid responses for further analysis. The major findings were as follows:
1.The role ambiguity was negatively associated with job satisfaction, work engagement and well-being.
2.The role conflict was negatively associated with job satisfaction and well-being.
3.The job satisfaction and work engagement were positively associated with well-being.
4.There were significant differences in role conflict and work engagement between special education teachers and regular education teachers.
5.Self-efficacy and proactive personality could not moderate the relationship among role stress, job satisfaction, work engagement and well-being. But, self-efficacy and proactive personality had main effects on job satisfaction, work engagement and well-being.

目 錄
第一章 緒論………………………………………01
第一節 研究背景及動機.………………………01
第二節 研究目的…………………………………04
第二章 文獻探討…………………………………05
第一節 角色壓力之定義與內涵………….……05
第二節 角色壓力與工作滿意度、工作投入及幸福感之關聯...08
第三節 自我效能與主動性人格作為角色壓力與工作滿意度、工作投入及幸福感之調節因子………16
第三章 研究方法………………………………………22
第一節 研究架構………………………………………22
第二節 研究假設………………………………………23
第三節 研究對象………………………………………24
第四節 研究工具………………………………………24
第四章 研究結果………………………………………28
第一節 樣本描述………………………………………28
第二節 研究變項描述性統計分析……………………30
第三節 不同教師類別在主要變項上的差異…………31
第四節 變項間相關分析………………………………33
第五節 階層迴歸分析…………………………………38
第五章 結論與建議……………………………………46
第一節 結論……………………………………………46
第二節 討論與建議……………………………………49
第三節 研究限制與未來研究建議……………………53
參考文獻……………………………………………………55
附錄一 問卷…………………………………………………65

表目錄
表4-1-1 樣本描述性統計表………………………………29
表4-2-1 主要研究變項描述性統計及信度分析…………30
表4-3-1 不同教師類別在主要變項上之差異:T檢定……32
表4-4-1 人口學變項與主要研究變項間相關分析………34
表4-4-2 主要研究變項間之相關…………………………37
表4-5-1 階層迴歸分析表-主效果1…………………40
表4-5-2 階層迴歸分析表-主效果2……………………41
表4-5-3 階層迴歸分析表-以自我效能與主動性人格為調節變項1(自變項-角色模糊)……44
表4-5-4 階層迴歸分析表-以自我效能與主動性人格為調節變項2(自變項-角色衝突)……45
表5-1-1 研究假設結果彙整表………………………………………48

圖目錄
圖3-1-1研究架構………………………………………………………22


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