(34.237.52.11) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/05/18 14:07
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

: 
twitterline
研究生:陳靖萍
研究生(外文):Jing-Ping Chen
論文名稱:聚苯胺奈米纖維及其鍛燒之衍生物作為氫能燃料電池導電觸媒載體的應用研究
論文名稱(外文):Polyaniline Nanofibers and its Carbonized Derivatives as Pt-Catalyst Conducting Support for Hydrogen Fuel Cell Applications
指導教授:何國賢何國賢引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ko-Shan Ho
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄應用科技大學
系所名稱:化學工程與材料工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:101
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:102
中文關鍵詞:氫能燃料電池;觸媒載體;鍛燒聚苯胺
外文關鍵詞:hydrogen fuel cellcatalyst supportcarbonation polyaniline
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:3
  • 點閱點閱:280
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:12
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
聚苯胺(PANI)奈米纖維是導電高分子中最為廣泛應用的材料,它擁有獨特的導電性與三維奈米結構可作為氫能燃料電池觸媒載體方面的發展。本研究是利用醇類還原法進行製備Pt/PANI觸媒,鑑定其觸媒特性與電池效能分析。經由分析探討後,進行聚苯胺載體的改善以提升電池效率為目標。本實驗的載體改良方式是針對聚苯胺在氮氣環境下進行高溫1100℃熱處理使其部份碳化,進而提升導電度;並進行酸化反應,在鍛燒後的奈米聚苯胺表面接枝-COOH、-OH官能基,不僅可以提高表面親水性、更可使其比表面積大幅增加。利用此聚苯胺衍生物(c-1100PANI)作為鉑觸媒載體,將鉑離子還原成金屬沉積於此載體表面,有助於觸媒氧化還原時電子的傳遞,並藉由聚苯胺奈米結構的形態增加氫氣和氧氣的傳輸通道,應用於氫能燃料電池薄膜電極放電性能測試,可產生最大的能量密度307.41mWcm-2與原始的聚苯胺奈米纖維載體比較,可呈現更優越的性能。最後並以相同的還原手法製備傳統鉑/碳觸媒(Pt/XC-72),進行觸媒特性與電池效能的比較。
Polyaniline nanofiber was one of the well developed and applicable conducting polymers. Its unique conductivity and three-dimensional nanostructure make it one of the qualified candidates to become a catalyst support of the hydrogen fuel cell (HFC) electrode. In this study, we used the alcohol reduction method to prepare Pt/PANI catalyst, and characterize the Pt/PANI catalyst properties and carry out the single cell performance analysis. After some improvements on polyaniline, we can enhance the efficiency of HFC. The improving way concerns with carbonizing polyaniline at the high temperature of 1100℃ in the nitrogen atmosphere to increase its conductivity which proved to be higher than that before heating. Followed by acidification in mixture of concentrated sulfuric and nitric acids,
-COOH and –OH functional groups can be grafted on the surface of carbonized polyaniline which is named as c-1100PANI, which not only increased its surface hydrophilicity but also specific surface area to improve the adsorption of the reduced Pt atoms. The conductivity and nanostructure of c-1100PANI as the conducting support of nano-platinum particle were characterized as well. The conductivity and dense network structures of c-1100PANI play an important role not only on the transportation of electrons and fuel gas but on the activity and conductivity of the entire electrode. The Pt/c-1100PANI membrane electrode assemblies (MEA) demonstrated a maximum power density of 307.41mWcm-2, which is far higher than the original PANI nanofiber as the Pt conducting support during the performance analysis as a HFC.Finally, using the same reduction method and synthesis, the traditional platinum carbon catalyst (Pt/C) was compared with the catalyst on the same characterization properties and with the same cell performance analysis.
摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
誌謝 IV
目錄 VI
圖目錄 VIII
表目錄 X
第一章 緒論 1
1-1前言 1
1-2 研究動機 2
1-3 研究架構 4
第二章 文獻回顧 6
2-1 燃料電池發展與優勢 6
2-2 燃料電池基本發電原理 11
2-3 燃料電池的種類與應用 13
2-4 質子交換膜燃料電池(PEMFC)簡介 16
2-4-1 PEMFC之發電原理 17
2-4-2 PEMFC之構造及關鍵元件 18
2-4-3單電池測試之極化現象 19
2-5 薄膜電極組(MEA)簡介 22
2-5-1 質子交換膜 23
2-5-2 觸媒層 24
2-5-3 氣體擴散層 25
2-6 奈米觸媒之醇類還原法 26
2-7 奈米觸媒之導電載體介紹 28
2-8導電高分子(Conducting Polymers)發展過程 32
2-9 聚苯胺 (Polyaniline) 35
2-9-1 聚苯胺合成 41
2-9-2 聚苯胺之掺雜 45
2-9-3 聚苯胺之性質 48
2-9-3-1 聚苯胺紅外線光譜分析 48
2-9-3-2 聚苯胺之熱性質 49
第三章 實驗程序 50
3-1實驗藥品與材料 50
3-2儀器設備與樣品檢測 54
3-3實驗步驟 60
3-3-1 聚苯胺載體製備 60
3-3-1-a 鍛燒程序製備聚苯胺載體 61
3-3-1-b 酸化程序改質鍛燒後聚苯胺載體 61
3-3-2 觸媒合成 62
3-3-2-a 氯鉑酸濃度20 wt%-以不同聚苯胺載體製備觸媒 63
3-3-2-b 氯鉑酸濃度25 wt%-以c-1100PANI、XC-72 載體製備觸媒 64
3-3-3 電化學分析 66
3-3-4 薄膜電極(MEA)製作 67
3-3-5 MEA之電池效能分析 69
第四章 結果與討論 71
4-1 氯鉑酸濃度20 wt% -PANI載體製備觸媒之分析 72
4-2 氯鉑酸濃度20 wt% -以1100PANI與c-1100PANI載體製備觸媒之分析 80
4-3 氯鉑酸濃度25wt%-以c-1100PANI、XC-72載體製備觸媒之分析並比較 88
第五章 結論 95
第六章 參考文獻 98
[1] E. Antolini, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 2010, 100, 413.
[2] G.A. Gruver, J. Electrochem, Soc. 1978, 125, 1719.
[3] P. Stonehart, Carbon 1984, 22, 423.
[4] J. McBreen, H. Olender, J. Appl. Electrochem. 1981, 11, 787.
[5] K. H. Kangasniemi, D. A. Condit, T. D. Jarvi, J. Electrochem. Soc. 2004, 151, 125.
[6] R. L. Borup, J. R. Davey, F. H. Garzon, D. L. Wood, M. A. Inbody, J. Power Sources 2006, 163, 76.
[7] J. Wang, G. Yin, Y. Shao, S. Zhang, Z. Wang, Y. Gao, J. Power
Sources 2007, 171, 331.
[8] E. Antolini, E. R. Gonzalez, Applied Catalysis A: General 2009,
365, 1.
[9] G. Inzelt, M. Pineri, J.W. Schultze, M.A. Vorotyntsev, Electrochim. Acta.2000, 45, 2403.
[10] A. Ambrosi, A. Morrin, M.R. Smyth, A.J. Killard, Anal. Chim.
Acta.2008, 609, 37.
[11] K. Brazdziuviene, I. Jureviciute, A. Malinauskas, Electrochim. Acta.2007, 53, 785.
[12] Y. Y. Wang, X. L. Jing, Polymer 2004, 36, 374.
[13] A. J. Epstein, J. M. Ginder, F. Zuo, R. W. Bigelow, H. S. Woo, D.B.Tanner, Synth. Met. 1987, 18, 303.
[14] K. Ghanbari, M.F. Mousavi, M. Shamsipur, H. Karami , J. Power
Sources 2007, 170, 513.
[15] A.G. MacDiarmid, A.J. Epstein , Faraday Discuss Chem Soc.
1989, 88, 317.
[16] 黃鎮江,燃料電池,全華出版社,2005.
[17] 林昇佃等合著,燃料電池新世紀能源,2006.
[18] 衣寶廉 編著,黃朝榮、林修正校訂燃料電池-原理與應用,2005.
[19] 莊清男,苯胺醛系乾式高燃料濃度燃料電池之固態電解質之研
究, 2007,高雄應用科技大學,碩士論文
[20] 蔡明哲,聚苯胺在氫燃料電池觸媒電極上的應用,2010,高雄
應用科技大學,碩士論文
[21] S.J. Peighambardoust , S. Rowshanzamir , M. Amjadi,
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY 2010, 35 9349.
[22] D. M. Bernardi ,M. W. Verbrugge, J. Electrochem. Soc. 1992, 139.
[23] J. Kim, S.M. Lee, S. Srinivasan, J. Electrochem. Soc. 1995, 142.
[24] 陳威志,不同流道寬度對微型直接甲醇燃料電池性能影響,
2008,國立中山大學,碩士論文
[25] M. Michel, F. Ettingshausen, F. Scheiba, Phys. Chem. Chem.
Phys. 2008, 10, 3796.
[26] J. Zhang, K. Sasaki, E. Sutter, R.R. Adzic, Science 2007, 315, 220.
[27] H.R. Colon-Mercado, B.N. Popov, J. Power Sources 2006, 155, 253.
[28] Y.G. Chen, J.J. Wang, H. Liu, R.Y. Li, X.L. Sun, S.Y. Ye, S.
Knights, Electrochem. Commun. 2009, 11, 2071.
[29] H. Lv, S. Mu, N. Cheng, M. Pan, Applied Catalysis B:
Environmental 2010, 100, 190.
[30] S. Litster, G. McLean, Journal of Power Sources 2004, 130, 61.
[31] A. Esmaeilifar,S. Rowshanzamir, M.H. Eikani, E. Ghazanfari, Energy 2010, 35, 3941.
[32] K.A. Starz , E. Auer, Th. Lehmann, R. Zuber, Journal of Power Sources 1999, 84, 167.
[33] S.Y. Huang, P. Ganesan, B. N. Popov, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 2009, 93, 75.
[34] N. Gavrilov , M. Dašić-Tomić , I. Pašti , G. Ćirić-Marjanović , S. Mentus, Materials Letters 2011, 65, 962.
[35] Y.F. Huang, C.W. Lin, C.S. Chang, M.J. Ho, Electrochimica Acta 2011, 56, 5679.
[36] L. Cindrella , A.M. Kannan, Journal of Power Sources 2009, 193,
447.
[37] S. Iijima, Nature 1991, 354 , 56.
[38] S. Komamrnei, J. Mater. Chem. 1982, 2 , 1219.
[39] G. Harsanyi, Polymer Films in Sensor Applications 1995 , 3, 209.
[40] 塑膠資訊, 1996, 8 , 2.
[41] H. Letheby, Journal of Chemical Society 1862, 15, 161.
[42] A.G. MacDiarmid, J.C. Chiang, M. Halpern,W.S. Huang, S.L. Mu,
N.L. D. Somasir,W.Wu, and S.I. Yaniger, Molecular Crystals and
Liquid Crystals 1985, 121, 173.
[43] Frank Lux, Polymer 1994 , 35, 2915.
[44]N. Gospodinova, L.Terlemezyan, Prog. Polym. Sci.1998, 23, 1443.
[45] Y. Wei, X. Tang, Y. Sun, Journal of Polymer Science: Part A:
Polymer Chemistry (in Wiely) 1989, 27, 2385.
[46] G. E. Asturias, A.G. MacDiarmid, Synthetic Metals 1989, 29, 157.
[47] 謝璧任,聚苯胺奈米管之合成及其機制,2008,高雄應用科技大學,碩士論文
[48] D. M. Mohilner ; R. N. Adams; W. J. Argersinger, Am. Chem.Soc.
1962, 84, 3618.
[49] J. Stejskal, Polymer 1999, 40, 2487.
[50] 郭仲文,苯胺醛二次摻合物對聚苯胺導電性質的影響,2001,成功大學,碩士論文
[51] W. Luzny, Synthetic Metals 1997, 90, 19.
[52] T.Ohsaka,Y.Ohnuki,N.Oyama,G.Katagiri, K. Kamisako, J.
Electroanal. Chem. 1984, 161, 399.
[53] J. Tang, X. Jing, B. Wang, F. Wang, Synth. Met. 1988 , 24, 231.
[54] N. Chandrakanthi , M. A. Careem, Polym. Bull. 2000 , 44, 101.
[55] E.S.Matveeva,R.D.Calleja,V.P.Parkhutik, Synth. Met. 1995, 72, 105.
[56] C. H. Chen, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2003, 89, 2142.
[57] 吳家昇,聚苯胺插層奈米黏土機構之研究,2004,高雄應用科技大學,碩士論文
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊