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研究生:楊仲凱
研究生(外文):Chung Kai Yang
論文名稱:基於雲端平臺開之基於雲端平臺開發之遠程機器人實驗室
論文名稱(外文):Developing a remote robotic lab based on cloud services platform
指導教授:丁建文丁建文引用關係趙國仁趙國仁引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jen-Wen DingKuo-Jen Chao
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄應用科技大學
系所名稱:資訊管理系
學門:電算機學門
學類:電算機一般學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:85
中文關鍵詞:遠端實驗室雲端平台IaaS
外文關鍵詞:Remote Lab、Cloud ComputingIaaS
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目前許多產業在進行產品研發時,都會經過在實驗室進行實驗的過程,但實
驗室潛在的災害種類繁多,常常對操作者造成重大傷害,甚至死亡。因此很多學
校僅僅以紙上談兵代替實際的操作以避免重大災害,除此之外,設置實驗室往往
需要龐大的投資,不僅僅是金錢,甚至空間也是,這些投資對於位於偏遠地區且
資源稀少的學校而言,往往難以負擔,因此只能進行學科上的教學,省略了術科。
而過去已經有研究提出了遠端實驗室的概念來解決上述問題,操作者可以透
過網際網路連線至遠端的實驗室進行實驗控制,但過去的研究的系統架構都是以
一對一的配置方式來進行控制,也就是說使用者必頇記住遠端實驗室的 IP 位置,
才能進行連線。這樣的系統架構彈性較小,且實務上較不可行,如果有十間實驗
室,使用者就得記住十個 IP 位置。且過去研究並未將實驗過程紀錄起來,使資源
浪費。
因此本研究沿用先前研究的遠端實驗室的概念,並且結合了雲端平台(IaaS)作
為實驗室的控管中心,操作者只需透過此控管中心,即可得知全國各地有哪些閒
置的實驗室可以進行操作,以及將實驗過程記錄起來,讓對實驗操作有興趣的人
能透過此平台進行學習。
Currently, many industries during the product development will process
experiment in a laboratory. It usually causes dangers to operators. Therefore many
schools don’t let students to do the real experiment in order to avoid the dangerous
situations. Besides, establish a laboratory must needs huge investments, like money,
space. Some schools located in a remote area even can’t afford to pay such huge
investments.
For the past few years, there are many researches using idea of remote laboratory
to solve above problems. Operator can do an experiment at remote laboratory through
internet, but those researcher’s system architecture use one-to-one to connect. In other
words, user must remember the remote laboratory’s IP address before connect to remote
laboratory. It’s hard to work in our real world, cause if there are ten remote laboratories;
user needs to remember ten IP address. And past researches didn’t record during an
experiment, it wastes resources.
Therefore we use the idea of remote laboratory, and combine cloud services
platform to be our control center. Operator can know where the laboratories are through
connect to this control center. And our system will record during an experiment, student
can watch the video to learn how to do an experiment.
一、 緒論 .................................................................................................................. 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 ...................................................................................... 1
1.2 研究目的 .................................................................................................. 2
1.3 研究範圍與限制 ...................................................................................... 3
1.4 研究步驟 .................................................................................................. 3
1.5 論文架構 .................................................................................................. 3
二、 文獻回顧 .......................................................................................................... 5
2.1 使用機器人作為代理操作者 .................................................................. 5
2.2 使用手勢做為控制基礎 .......................................................................... 6
2.3 成為雲端運算中 SaaS 的優點 ................................................................ 7
三、 系統架構 ........................................................................................................ 10
3.1 Agent 端 ................................................................................................. 10
3.1.1 連結設備 ........................................................................................ 10
3.1.2 功能說明 ......................................................................................... 11
3.1.3 開發環境 ........................................................................................ 12
3.2 Client 端 ................................................................................................. 12
3.2.1 連結設備 ........................................................................................ 12
3.2.2 功能說明 ........................................................................................ 13
3.2.3 開發環境 ........................................................................................ 14
3.3 Cloud Service 端 .................................................................................... 14
3.3.1 功能說明: .................................................................................... 14
3.3.2 開發環境: .................................................................................... 18
3.4 系統流程 ................................................................................................ 18
3.4.1 系統流程以及畫面 ........................................................................ 18
3.4.2 系統流程以及畫面 ........................................................................ 20
四、 研究方法 ........................................................................................................ 23
4.1 實驗設計 ................................................................................................ 23
4.1.1 實驗對象 ........................................................................................ 23
4.1.2 實驗流程 ........................................................................................ 23
v

4.2 實驗執行 ................................................................................................ 29
4.2.1 實驗分組設計 ................................................................................ 29
4.2.2 實驗進行流程 ................................................................................ 30
4.3 研究工具 ................................................................................................ 36
4.3.1 學習成效前測與後測 .................................................................... 36
4.3.2 訪談問卷以及觀察 ........................................................................ 36
4.3.3 SUS(System Usability Scale) ......................................................... 36
4.3.4 資料分析方法 ................................................................................ 37
五、 結果與討論 .................................................................................................... 38
5.1 學習成效評估 ........................................................................................ 38
5.2 安全性評估 ............................................................................................ 42
5.3 需求性評估 ............................................................................................ 44
5.4 系統使用性(SUS) .................................................................................. 46
5.5 功能合適性 ............................................................................................ 47
5.6 系統操作性 ............................................................................................ 49
六、 結論與建議 .................................................................................................... 55
6.1 實驗結果與系統效益 ............................................................................ 55
6.2 建議與未來研究 .................................................................................... 56
參考文獻 ........................................................................................................................ 58
附錄 ................................................................................................................................ 61
58


參考文獻
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人之控制系統”, 碩士論文, 銘傳大學電腦與通訊工程學系,2009
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[7] WAVI Xtion; http://wiki.openvoxel.org/hardware/asus-wavi-xtion
[8] Kinect; http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/kinectforwindows/
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60

[17] Apache Http Server; http://httpd.apache.org/
[18] Apache Tomcat; http://tomcat.apache.org/
[19] MySQL; http://www.mysql.com/
[20] Oracle; http://www.oracle.com/tw/index.html
[21] Cloud Computing; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cloud_computing
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[25] 吳瀧川、戴瑞益(民 78)”化學實驗室的安全與管理之研究”, 行政院國家科學
委員會研究計畫, NSC78-011-S131-01E
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