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研究生:莊富喬
研究生(外文):Fu-Ciao Jhuang
論文名稱:應用於超高頻與高頻之射頻辨識讀取器之天線設計
論文名稱(外文):Design of Reader Antennas for UHF and HF RFID Applications
指導教授:陳華明陳華明引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hua-Ming Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄應用科技大學
系所名稱:光電與通訊研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:75
中文關鍵詞:近場天線讀取器悠游卡
外文關鍵詞:RFIDnea field antenna
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本論文以單極天線及迴圈天線作為研究基礎,應用於433 MHz與13.56 MHz頻段。分別於第二章提出螺旋單極天線之結構及最大化天線輻射面積之設計並且使用了大量短路機制提升天線增益,最後利用匹配電路之應用成功的達成匹配。第三章針對應用於近場RFID行動裝置之接收天線需求,將天線整合在接收電路的基板上,天線設計以感應距離為主要考量,其採用倒F型天線為基礎,結合環型天線之結構並以繞線之方式作為延長電流路徑同時達到強化磁場為目的。第四章針對需求應用於近場RFID悠游卡讀取器之接收天線,採用迴圈天線為基礎,使用了雙面設計延長電流路徑與耦合饋入之機制,且無須使用匹配電路即能達到良好的阻抗匹配。
In this thesis, the proposed antennas are based on the use of monopole and loop antenna for UHF (433) MHz and HF (13.56 MHz) RFID applications. In Chapter 2, the proposed monopole antenna with spiral is designed to maximize the radiation area of the antenna. Additional, a lot of shorting pins via the holes of the antenna substrate are also designed to enhance the antenna gain. In Chapter 3, the required antenna is applied for the RFID handheld devices, which is integrated into the PCB system board. For the near-field sensing distance, the proposed antenna is adopted inverted-F and loop structures to extend the current path and enhance the magnetic field for the near-field applications. In Chapter 4, the proposed antenna is designed for the HF RFID Reader applications. The proposed antenna is used a multi-loop antenna with a coupling strip in the back side of the substrate, however, the coupling loop antenna can achieve a good impedance matching without additional lump matching circuit.
目 錄

中文摘要 ---------------------------------------------------------------- i
英文摘要 ---------------------------------------------------------------- ii
目錄 ---------------------------------------------------------------- iii
致謝 ---------------------------------------------------------------- v
表目錄 ---------------------------------------------------------------- vi
圖目錄 ---------------------------------------------------------------- vii
第一章 序論---------------------------------------------------------- 1
1.1 研究背景---------------------------------------------------- 1
1.2 研究動機---------------------------------------------------- 4
1.3 文獻導覽---------------------------------------------------- 4
1.4 論文章節提要---------------------------------------------- 5
第二章 應用於433 MHz頻段之螺旋單極晶片天線設計---- 7
2.1 前言---------------------------------------------------------- 7
2.2 天線原理---------------------------------------------------- 10
2.3 天線設計---------------------------------------------------- 17
2.4 模擬與實驗結果暨相關參數分析---------------------- 22
2.5 結論---------------------------------------------------------- 27
第三章 應用於433 MHz頻段之耦合短路單極近場天線設計------------------------------------------------------------- 29
3.1 前言---------------------------------------------------------- 29
3.2 天線原理---------------------------------------------------- 33
3.3 天線設計---------------------------------------------------- 35
3.4 模擬與實驗結果暨相關參數分析---------------------- 40
3.5 結論---------------------------------------------------------- 46
第四章 應用於13.56MHz頻段之迴圈近場天線設計--------- 47
4.1 前言---------------------------------------------------------- 47
4.2 天線原理---------------------------------------------------- 49
4.3 天線設計---------------------------------------------------- 53
4.4 模擬與實驗結果暨相關參數分析---------------------- 59
4.5 結論---------------------------------------------------------- 63
第五章 結論---------------------------------------------------------- 64
5.1 測試背景---------------------------------------------------- 64
5.1.1 量測(I)------------------------------------------------------- 64
5.1.2 量測(II)------------------------------------------------------ 67
5.1.3 量測(III)----------------------------------------------------- 69
5.2 天線量測結果---------------------------------------------- 71
5.3 總結---------------------------------------------------------- 73
參考文獻 ---------------------------------------------------------------- 74
參考文獻
(References)
[1] H. D. Chen, W. S. Chen, Y. T. Chen, and Y. C. Lin, “Dualband meander monopole antenna,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol.3. pp.48-51, June 2003.
[2] R. Zaker, C. Ghobadi, and J. Nourinia, “Bandwidth enhancement of novel compact single and dual band-notched printed monopole antenna with a pair of L-Shaped slots,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Journals & Magazines, pp.3978-3983, Dec. 2009.
[3] Q. Luo, H. M.Salgado, and J. R. Pereira, “Compact printed monopole antenna array for dualband WLAN application,” IEEE International Conference on Computer as a Tool, Conference Publications, pp.1-4, April 2011.
[4] D. D. Krishna, M. Gopikrishna, and C. K. Aanandan, ” A CPW-fed triple band monopole antenna for WiMAX/WLAN applications,” IEEE Conference Publications, pp.897-900, Oct. 2008.
[5] K. Louertani, R. Guinvarch, R. T. Nicolas, and M. Darces, “Design of a spiral antenna with coplanar feeding solution,” IEEE Conference Publications, pp.1-4 July 2008.
[6] N. C. Cheng, and W. H. Chuang, “A novel dual-band spiral antenna for a satellite and terrestrial communication system,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Journals & Magazines, pp.624-626, 2009
[7] Y. W. Chi, and K. L. Wong, “Small-size multiband folded loop antenna for small-size mobile phone,” IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, Conference Publications, pp.1-4, July 2008.
[8] Y. W. Chi, and K. L. Wong, “Compact multiband folded loop chip antenna for small-size mobile phone,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Journals & Magazines, pp.3797-3803, Dec. 2008.
[9] Z. Gutman, M. Zontak, D. Razansky and Y. Nemirovsky, “Design of planar rectangular microelectronic inductors,” IEEE Transactions on Parts, Hybrids, and Packaging, Journals & Magazines, pp.101-109, Jun 1974.
[10] NXP, “NFC antenna design & RF tuning,” NXP, NFC Training, May 2011.
[11] N. Jussi, U. Leena, S. Lauri and K. Markku, “13,56 MHz RFID antenna for cell phone integrated reader,” IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, Conference Publications, pp.1088-1091, June 2007.
[12] G. Byun, C. Seo, B. J. Jang, and H. Choo, “Design of aircraft on-glass antennas using a coupled feed structure,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Journals & Magazines, pp.2088-2093, April 2012.
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