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研究生:李佩蓉
研究生(外文):Pei-Jung Lee
論文名稱:噪音暴露下聽障者的聽覺空間知覺特性研究
論文名稱(外文):The auditory spatial perception of hearing impaired under noise exposure
指導教授:黃國珍黃國珍引用關係
指導教授(外文):作者未提供
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:銘傳大學
系所名稱:商品設計學系碩士班
學門:設計學門
學類:綜合設計學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:91
中文關鍵詞:噪音聽覺障礙聽覺空間知覺聽覺閾值
外文關鍵詞:auditory spatial perceptionhearing impairmentauditory thresholdsnoise
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哲學家羅倫茲歐肯曾說:「眼睛將人類帶入世界,耳朵則將世界帶給人類。」顯見聽覺是人類接收外界訊息的重要管道,更影響個體的溝通能力。聽覺障礙勢必影響個人的生活、學習與溝通效率,更會導致生活品質的下降與人際網絡建構的困難。聽覺障礙者除需面對聽覺機能損傷所帶來的生活與行動之不便外,更可能造成人身安全的顧慮或意外,因此,如何設計並提升聽障者所用產品的使用性,以增進其福祉,應是刻不容緩的課題。本研究有兩個實驗,實驗一在探討聲源類型、呈現方位與呈現距離對聽障者其空間知覺之影響;實驗二在探討聽覺類型、刺激聲音呈現時間與聲音頻率對聽障者在噪音暴露下的聽覺特性研究,結果發現,實驗一聲音頻率、聲源距離、聲源方位與受試者的優勢耳皆顯著影響判斷聲源方位的誤差量,另外,實驗一共發現二個2維的交互作用,即聲音頻率×聲源方位與聲音頻率×聲音距離。實驗二刺激聲音呈現時間與刺激聲音頻率顯著影響受試者的前聽覺閾值與後聽覺閾值之誤差量,另外,實驗二發現一個2維的交互作用,即聽覺類型×刺激聲音呈現時間。期盼研究結果可提供設計聽障者所用產品之參考,以增進聽障族群的生活福祉。例:通訊器材的設計、醫用測聽器的校準、廣播器、警報器、門鈴、GPS導航、手機和倒車雷達設計等。
Philosopher Lorenzi Okun indicated that: "the human eye will be brought into the world, the ears will bring the world of mankind. " Obviously the hearing is an important way of human to receive external information, but also affect ability to communicate. Hearing impairment is bound to affect the lives learning and communication efficiency, but will also lead to a decline in the quality of life and the interpersonal relationship. Hearing impaired will make inconvenience of life and safety concerns, therefore, how to design and enhance the hearing impaired to improve usability to enhance their welfare should be an important issue.

The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of orientation of the sound source, distance, frequency and source of clues to the impaired spatial perception. The results of experiment one indicated that the frequency of a sound, the distance of the sound source, the ears of the advantages of the sound source position and the subjects are significant to determine the sound source position tolerance,also it has two-way interaction of the sound frequency × sound source and sound frequency × sound distance. Experiment two indicated significant of stimulate sound time and stimulate the subjects was affect to impact of sound frequencies before the auditory threshold after hearing threshold tolerance, In addition, the experiment found that the two way interaction of stimulate the auditory type x audio rendering time. The results can guidance the design of the hearing impaired products to enhance the life of the well-being of the hearing-impaired. Example: the design of communications equipment, medical audiometry, calibration, broadcaster, alarms, doorbells, GPS navigation, mobile phones and parking sensor design.
第壹章 緒論
第一節 研究背景與動機…………………………………………… 1
第二節 研究目的 ………………………………………………… 6
第三節 研究步驟…………………………………………………… 7

第貳章 文獻探討
第一節 聽覺障礙 ………………………………………………… 9
第二節 噪音暴露下的聽覺特性 ………………………………… 17
第三節 聽空間知覺 ……………………………………………… 23

第參章 聲源類型與呈現方位及距離之空間知覺效應 …………… 30
第一節 研究方法 ………………………………………………… 30
一、 受試者 ………………………………………………… 30
二、 實驗材料 ……………………………………………… 30
三、 實驗設備與環境 ……………………………………… 32
四、 實驗程序 ……………………………………………… 34
五、 效標 ………………………………………………… 36
第二節 研究結果 ………………………………………………… 36
第三節 討論 ……………………………………………………… 40

第肆章 聽障者在噪音暴露下的聽覺特性研究 …………………… 45
第一節 研究方法 ………………………………………………… 45
一、受試者 …………………………………………………… 45
二、實驗材料 ………………………………………………… 45
三、實驗設備與環境 ………………………………………… 46
四、實驗程序 ………………………………………………… 49
五、效標 …………………………………………………… 50
第二節 研究結果 ………………………………………………… 51
第三節 討論 ……………………………………………………… 55

第伍章 結論與建議
第一節 結論 ……………………………………………………… 58
第二節 研究限制 ………………………………………………… 59
第二節 後續建議 ………………………………………………… 61

參考文獻 ………………………………………………………………… 63
中文文獻 …………………………………………………………… 63
英文文獻 …………………………………………………………… 64
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