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研究生:廖俊弈
研究生(外文):Liao, Chun-Yi
論文名稱:小型風車控制系統設計
論文名稱(外文):Design of a Small Wind Turbine Control System
指導教授:蕭永嘉蕭永嘉引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hsiao, Yung-Chia
口試委員:李靖海陳盛基
口試委員(外文):Lee, Ching-HaiChen, Seng-Chi
口試日期:2012-07-03
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:明道大學
系所名稱:光電暨能源工程學系碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:綜合工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:42
中文關鍵詞:風力發電直線翼垂直軸風車永磁同步發電機背對背電壓源變流器最大功率點追蹤
外文關鍵詞:wind powerstraight wing non-articulated VAWTpermanent magnet synchronous generatorback-to-back voltage source converterMPPT
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對於小型垂直軸風車而言,效率的提升可增加對水平軸風車的競爭力。風力發電系統效率取決於葉片的功率係數、發電機效率、控制電路的耗損及最佳化控制法則。理想的風車具有高升力係數的翼型及輕量化以提升風車的輸出功率。另外兩繞組式發電機可在大部分的轉速下維持高效率。為提升風力發電機組的發電效率,本論文採用翼型為NACA3418與NACA0018 的直線翼垂直軸風車,直接連結具1kW 及3kW 兩獨立繞組的永磁同步發電機以組成4kW 風力發電機組。同時選用背對背電壓源變流器控制發電機的運作,以最大功率點追蹤為最佳化控制法則,調控風車的功率係數維持在最大值。經由風場測試後發現此風力發電系統其發電效率最大值為0.272。顯示4kW 垂直軸風力發電系統擁有不亞於水平軸風車的發電效率。
Increase in the power efficiency of a small vertical-axis wind turbine (VAWT) elevates its potential that compares with a horizontal-axis wind turbine (HAWT). The power efficiency depends on the power coefficient of the wind turbine, the efficiency of the generator, the loss of the control circuits, and the algorithm of the optimal control. A good turbine has an airfoil with a high lift coefficient and is constructed by composite material to increase the power and to decrease the mass of the turbine. Besides, a generator having two windings keeps high efficiency at a lot of rotational speeds. To maximize the electricity output of the wind turbine system, this thesis used a straight wing non-articulated VAWT having the airfoils NACA3418 and NACA0018 and directly coupled a permanent magnet synchronous generator having 1kW winding and 3kW winding with the turbine as a 4kW wind power system. Meanwhile, a back to back voltage source converter controls the operation of the generator. A maximum power point tracking adapts the wind turbine so that it gives its best performance. The maximum efficiency of the wind power system is 0.272 through field tests. The results demonstrate that the 4kW small VAWT system has the same potential as the small HAWT.
致謝 I
摘要 II
ABSTRACT III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 V
表目錄 VI
第一章 緒論 1
1.1前言 1
1.2研究動機與目的 1
1.3台灣風力發電之歷史回顧與現況 5
第二章 風機控制系統 8
2.1 風力發電機原理 8
2.2永磁同步發電機控制 8
2.2.1 雙繞組式發電機 9
2.3 風力發電機轉速控制 11
2.3風力發電機功率控制 12
2.4 風力發電機控制電路 14
2.5 二次電池充、放電控制 15
2.6煞車控制系統 17
2.7 風力發電系統軟體與硬體整合 20
第三章 最大功率點追蹤 25
3.1 最大功率點追蹤(MAXIMUM POWER POINT TRACKING,MPPT) 25
3.2 MPPT控制算法之步驟 26
第四章 數據分析 28
第五章 結論 32
5.1 結論 32
5.2 未來展望 32
參考文獻 33

一、中文部分
藍偉庭, 全球風力發電產業總覽, 工業技術研究院, 2007.
陳芙靜, 小型風力發電機組市場概況, 工業技術研究院, 2007.
王宏光, 孙建逵, “可变叶片安装角立轴风力机的转动力矩计算,” 太阳能学报, Vol.32, No. 2, pp. 185-188, 2011.
台灣電力公司風力機組台灣地區概況, http://cdnet.stpi.org.tw/techroom/policy/2008/policy_08_089.htm
劉萬琨, 張志英, 李銀風, 越萍, 風能與風力發電技術, 五南, 2009, pp. 271.

二、日文部分
山田 健二, “EV/HEV部品解剖(第7回)モータの巻線を切り替え 広い回転域で出力を維持,” 日経automotive technology(in Japanese), Vol.19, pp. 114-117, 2010-07.
塩田 剛, 井坂 勉, 佐野 孝, 関 和市, “直線翼垂直軸型風車と新型風力用発電装置の整合性に関する研究,” 電気学会論文誌B(in Japanese), pp. 1350-1358, 平成20年(2008)11月.

三、英文部分
Cooper, Paul and Kennedy, Oliver, “Development and Analysis of a Novel Vertical Axis Wind Turbine,”Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Solar Energy Society. Perth, Australia, 2004.
Hwang, In Seong, Min, Seung Yong, Jeong, In Oh, Lee, Yun Han, and Kim, Seung Jo, "Efficiency Improvement of a New Vertical Axis Wind Turbine by Individual Active Control of Blade Motion," Proceedings of SPIE 6173, 617311-Smart Structures and Materials 2006: Smart Structures and Integrated Systems, San Diego, CA, USA, Monday 27 February 2006.
Liu, Shuqin, “Magnetic suspension and self-pitch for vertical-axis wind turbines,” in Fundamental and Advanced Topics in Wind Power, Chapter 10, pp-233-248, edited by Rupp Carriveau, InTech, 2011.
Munteanu, Iulian, Bratcu, Antoneta Iuliana, Cutululis, Nicolaos-Antonio, and Ceangǎ, Emil, Optimal Control of Wind Energy Systems, Springer-Verlag, London, pp. 116-124, 2008.
Olimpo, A.L., Jenkins, Nick, Ekanayake, Janaka, Cartwright, Phill, and Hughes, Mike, Wind Energy Generation-Modelling and Control, John Wiley & Sons, pp.34, 2009.
Hilloowala R.M. and Sharaf A.F. “A utility interactive wind energy conversion scheme with an asynchronous DC link using a supplementary control loop.” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol.9, No.3, pp. 558-563, 1994.
Wang, Q. and Chang L., “An independent maximum power extrategy for wind energy conversion system,” In:Proceedings of the 1999 IEEE Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer, pp.1142-1147, 1999.
Schiemenz I. and Stiebler M., “Maximum power point tracker of a wind energy system with a permanent-magnet synchronous generator,” In: Proceedings of ICEM 2000, pp.1083-1086, 2000.
Schiemenz, I. and Stiebler, M., “Control of a permanent magnet synchronous generator used in a variable speed wind energy system,” In: The IEEE International Eletric Machines and Drives Conference –IEDMC 2001, pp.872-877, 2001.
Tsoumas, I., Safacas, A., Tsimplostefanakis, E., and Tatakis, E., “An optimal control strategy of a variable speed wind energy conversion system,” In: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Electrical Machines and System - ICEMS 2003, Vol. 1, pp.274-277, 2003.
Data, R., Ranganathan, V.T., “A method of tracking the peak power points for a variable speed wind energy conversion system,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol.18, No.1, pp.163-168, 2003.
Wang, Q. and Chang, L., “An intelligent maximum power extraction algorithm for inver-based variable speed wind turbine systems,” IEEE Transations on Power Electronics, Vol.19, No.5, pp.1242-1249, 2004.
Tan, K. and Islam, S., “Optimum control strategies in energy conversion of PMSG wind turbine system without mechanical sensors,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol.19, No.2, pp.392-399, 2004.
David Wood, Small Wind Turbines-Analysis, Design, and Application, Springer-Verlag, London, 2011, pp. 11.
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