跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.192.247.184) 您好!臺灣時間:2023/02/07 12:21
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:廣仲滔
論文名稱:Environmental pollution assessment of industrial shrimp farming in Kien Luong District, Kien Giang province
論文名稱(外文):Environmental pollution assessment of industrial shrimp farming in Kien Luong District, Kien Giang province
指導教授:莊德豐莊德豐引用關係
指導教授(外文):Der-Fong Juang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:美和科技大學
系所名稱:健康與生技產業研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:醫管學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:英文
中文關鍵詞:Environmental Pollution
外文關鍵詞:Environmental Pollution
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:271
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:2
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
In recent years, the development of nourishing aquatic product in Kien Giang, especially in exporting shrimp-framing, has been the important economy to eliminate hunger, reduce poverty and improve life quality. However, shrimping-farming without general and systematical plans as well as obeying both technical method and asynchronous community made the environment polluted seriously, generated epidemic diseases and affected the product quantity as well as human life. Therefore, this research evaluates the status of environmental pollution in shrimp farming and brings out the measures for sustainable development in Kien Luong.
Keywords: shrimp farming, environmental pollution, Kien Luong district, Kien Giang province

In recent years, the development of nourishing aquatic product in Kien Giang, especially in exporting shrimp-framing, has been the important economy to eliminate hunger, reduce poverty and improve life quality. However, shrimping-farming without general and systematical plans as well as obeying both technical method and asynchronous community made the environment polluted seriously, generated epidemic diseases and affected the product quantity as well as human life. Therefore, this research evaluates the status of environmental pollution in shrimp farming and brings out the measures for sustainable development in Kien Luong.
Keywords: shrimp farming, environmental pollution, Kien Luong district, Kien Giang province

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 1
ABSTRACT 2
Contents 3
Tables 5
Figures 6
Chapter 1. Introduction 9
1.1 Motivation 9
1.2 Research Purpose and Objectives 10
1.2.2 Research Object 10
1.2.3 Research Item 10
1.3 Research Scope and Limitations 11
Chapter 2. Literature Review 12
2.1 The Shrimp Farming Situation in Some Countries 12
2.2 Situation of Shrimp Farming in Vietnam 45
2.3 The General Conditions of Kien Luong District 54
2.3.1 Geographical Position 54
2.3.2 Terrain 55
2.3.3 Climate 56
2.3.4 Hydrological Characteristics 56
2.3.5 Acidic Conditions 57
2.3.6 The Effects of Tides and Saline Intrusion 57
2.3.7 Flood 58
2.3.8 Population - Labor 59
2.3.9 Shrimp Farming in Kien Luong District, Kien Giang Province 60
Chapter 3. Materials and Methods 62
3.1 Research Process 62
3.2 Research Methods 64
3.2.1 Collecting and Generalizing Documents 64
3.2.2 Investigation and Survey Methods 64
3.2.3 Methods for Sample Collection 64
3.2.4 Method of Analyzing Sample 67
3.2.5 Data Interpretation 68
3.2.6 Method of Comparing 68
Chapter 4. Results and Discussion 69
4.1 Present Situation of Industrial Shrimp farming in Kien Luong District 69
4.1.1 Area and production of shrimp over the years 69
4.1.2 Water Environment 70
4.1.3 Result of Observing Industrial Shrimp Nourishing 78
4.1.4 Analyzing Results of Water Quality 81
4.2 Proposing Solutions to Protect the Environmental Breed Area 89
4.2.1 Forecasting the Developed Situation of Industrial Shrimp Breeding to 2020 89
4.2.2 Some Solutions 90
Chapter 5. Conclusions and Recommendations 106
5.1 Conclusion 106
5.2 Recommendations 107
Literature Cited 109

I. Vietnamese
Bùi Đắc Thuyết. (2006). Xử lý nước thải từ các ao nuôi tôm thâm canh: các giải pháp sinh học và định hướng nghiên cứu.
Bùi Lai, Nguyễn Thị Kim Lan, Lê Thị Quỳnh Hà. (2007). Nghiên cứu quá trình ô nhiễm hữu cơ trong ao nuôi tôm sú công nghiệp.
Center for Information Science and Technology. (2007). Ấn phẩm số 40.
Hoàng Thị Ty, Lê Thị Hưng. (2004). Đánh giá mức độ nhiễm bẩn môi trường nước bằng phương pháp sinh học thông qua các sinh vật chỉ thị.
Lai, B., Lan, N.T.K, Hà, L.T.Q. (2007). Department of Science and Technology of Ho Chi Minh city. Meteorological and Hydrological Institute. Nghiên cứu quá trình ô nhiễm hữu cơ trong ao nuôi tôm sú công nghiệp. In: Tân, L.M., Nghiên cứu các yếu tố ảnh hưởng chất lượng nước nuôi tôm trong các ao nuôi huyện Cần Giờ và đề xuất các biện pháp cải thiện môi trường nước nuôi tôm.
Lê Mạnh Tân, Msc. Nguyễn Thị Thanh Mỹ. (2006). Department of Science and Technology of Ho Chi Minh city. Meteorological and Hydrological Institute. Nghiên cứu các yếu tố ảnh hưởng đến chất lượng nước nuôi tôm trong các ao nuôi Huyện Cần Giờ và đề xuất các biện pháp cải thiện môi trường nước nuôi tôm.
Lê Văn Cát, Đỗ Thị Nhung và Ngô Ngọc Cát. (2006). Publishing House for Science and Technology. Nước nuôi thủy sản: Chất lượng và giải pháp cải thiện chất lượng.
Lương Đức Phẩm. (2003). Education Publishing House. Công nghệ xử lý nước thải bằng biện pháp sinh học.
Lưu, T.K. (2007). Hệ thống quan trắc cảnh báo môi trường khu vực nuôi hải sản cảng cá, bến cá tập trung và khu bảo tồn biển. Hội thảo khoa học: Quan trắc cảnh báo môi trường và phòng ngừa dịch bệnh thủy sản Nha Trang.
Mai Văn Tài và ctv.. (2003). Điều tra đánh giá hiện trạng các loại thuốc, hoá chất và chế phẩm sinh học dùng trong nuôi trồng thuỷ sản nhằm đề xuất các giải pháp quản lý.
Ministry of Fisheries. (2010). UNDP, FAO. Mô hình trình diễn nuôi tôm sú. Dự Án VIE/97/030.
Ministry of Fisheries. (2010). Báo cáo tổng kết nuôi thủy sản năm 2005 và kế hoạch phát triển đến 2010 ở Việt Nam.
Ministry of Fisheries. (2003). Kết quả nuôi trồng thủy sản năm 2002, kế hoạch và giải pháp thực hiện năm 2003.
Ministry of Fisheries. (2001). Nuôi trồng thuỷ sản thiên niên kỷ thứ 3.
Ministry of Fisheries. (2003). Thông tin khoa học – kinh tế thủy sản, số 5/2003.
Ministry of Fisheries. (2004). Thông tin khoa học – kinh tế thủy sản, số 6/2004.
Nguyễn Đình Kim, Dr. Vũ Văn Dũng. (2004). Institute for aquaculture. Đề tài báo cáo khoa học: Nghiên cứu công nghệ xử lý bùn ao nuôi tôm góp phần làm sạch môi trường nuôi thủy sản và sản xuất phân bón hữu cơ – vi sinh.
Nguyễn Quang Diệu. (2002). Cơ sở khoa học hình thành quan trắc Môi trường để cảnh báo Môi trường và dịch bệnh của các thủy vực lợ, ngọt Miền Bắc Việt Nam. Chương trình quản lý nhà nước về Môi trường ngành Thủy Sản.
Nguyễn Văn Hảo. (2004). Agriculture Publishing House in Ho Chi Minh city. Một số bệnh thường gặp trên tôm sú: các phương pháp chuẩn đoán và biện pháp phòng trị.
Research Institute of Aquaculture No1. (2004). Báo cáo nghiên cứu khả thi: Dự án xây dựng mạng quan trắc và cảnh báo Môi trường dịch bệnh thủy sản khu vực Miền Bắc. Việt, N.T và Diệu, T.T.M. (2004). Công nghệ tổng hợp xử lý nước thải nuôi tôm và định hướng nghiên cứu. Đề tài Nghiên Cứu Ứng Dụng Công Nghệ Xử Lý Chất Thải Trong Các Vùng Nuôi Tập Trung.
Southern Irrigation Science Institute. (2003). Báo cáo quan trắc chất chất lượng nước mặt ở Kiên Giang.
Trần Thị Việt Ngân. (2002). Agriculture Publishing House in Ho Chi Minh city. Hỏi đáp về kỹ thuật nuôi tôm sú.
Trần Văn Nhân, Ngô Thị Nga. (2003). Publishing House for Science and Technology. Giáo trình công nghệ xử lý nước thải.
Trịnh Ngọc Tuấn. (2005). Nghiên cứu hiện trạng khai thác, nuôi trồng thủy sản ở Việt Nam và đề xuất xử lý nước thải. Trung tâm nghiên cứu, quan trắc, cảnh báo Môi Trường và phòng ngừa dịch bệnh thủy sản khu vực phía Bắc.
Trung Son Company. (2002). Dự án xây dựng công ty Trung Sơn.
II. English
American Public Health Association (APHA). (1998). Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater (20th ed.). Washington D.C., U. S. A.
Arce, R.G. and C.E. Boyd. (1980).Water chemistry of Alabama ponds. Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station, Auburn University, Alabama, Bulletin 522. 35 p.
Avnimelech, Y.. (1996). Shrimp pond bottom soils: Processes and management. In: Briggs, M.R.P and Funge-Smith, S.J., 1998. Nitrient budgets in intensive shrimp ponds: implications for sustanability. Aquaculture. 164, 117-133.
Avnimelech, Y., Mokady, S., Schroeder, G.L.. (1989). Circulated ponds as efficient bioreactors for single-cell protein production. Israeli J. Aquaculture Bamidgeh 41 (2), 58–66.
B.Szuster. (2006). Coastal Shrimp Farming in Thailand: Searching for Sustainability (online), 27/11/2008, from <http://www.sciencedirect.com.>
Baticados MCL, Tendencia EA. (1991). Effects of Gusathion A on the survival and shell quality of juvenile Penaeus monodon. Aquaculture 1991; 93:9-19.
Beveridge, H.C.M., Phillips, M.J., Macintosh, D.J.. (1997). Aquaculture and the environment: the supply of and demand for environmental goods and services by Asian aquaculture and the implications for sustainability. Aquaculture Research 28 _10., 797-808.
Boyd CE, Clay JW. (1998). Shrimp aquaculture and the environment. Sci Am 1998; 278:42-49.
Boyd CE, Massaut L. Risks associated with the use of chemicals in pond aquaculture. (1999). Aquacult Eng; 20:113-132.
Boyd CE. (1995). Chemistry and efficacy of amendments used to treat water and soil quality imbalance in shrimp ponds. In: Browdy CL, Hopkins JS, editors. Swimming through troubled water, Proceedings of the special session on shrimp farming, Aquaculture’95. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: World Aquaculture Society.
Boyd, C. E. (2001). Queiroz Julio F. Reviews in Fisheries Science, Volume 9, Number 2, pp. 43-67 (25).
Boyd, C.E. (2003).Guidelines for aquaculture effluent management at the farm-level. Aquaculture 226,101– 112.
Boyd, C.E. (1998). Water quality for aquaculture ponds. Department of Fisheries and Allied Aquaculture, Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station.
Boyd, C.E. (1992). Shrimp pond bottom soil and sediment management. In: Briggs, M.R.P and Funge-Smith, S.J., 1998. Nitrient budgets in intensive shrimp ponds: implications for sustanability. Aquaculture. 164, 117-133.
Boyd, C.E., Gautier, D. (2000). Effluent composition and water quality standards. Global Aquaculture Advocate 3 (5), 61– 66.
Briggs M.R.P. and Funge-Smith S.J. (1994). A nutrient budget of some intensive marine shrimp ponds in Thailand. Aquaculture and Fisheries Management 25, 789-811.
Briggs, M.R.P and Funge-Smith, S.J. (1998). Nitrient budgets in intensive shrimp ponds: implications for sustanability. Aquaculture. 164, 117-133.
Bull RJ, Birnbaum LS, Cantor KP, Rose JB, Butterworth BE, Pegram R, Tuomisto J. (1995). Water chlorination: essential process or cancer hazard? Fund Appl Toxicol; 28:155-166.
Cairns Jr. J, Heath AG, Parker BC. (1975). Temperature influence on chemical toxicity to aquatic organisms. J Water Pollut Control Fed; 47:267-280.
Capone, D.G.; Weston, D.P.; Miller, V. and Shoemaker, C. (1996). Antibacterial residues in marine sediments and invertebrates following chemotherapy in aquaculture, Aquaculture 145, 55-75.
Chang PS, Chen LJ, Wang YC. (1998). The effect of ultraviolet irradiation, heat, pH, ozone, salinity and chemical disinfectants on the infectivity of white spot syndrome baculovirus. Aquaculture; 166:1-17.
Chanratchakool, P. and Phillips, M.J. (2002). Social and economic impacts and management of shrimp disease among small-scale farmers in Thailand and Vietnam, FAO Fisheries Technical Papers 406, 177-189.
Chanratchakool, P., J.F. Turnbull, J. S. Funge-Smith, I.H. MacRae and C. Limsuwan. (2003). Health management in shrimp ponds. Third edition. Aquatic Animal Health Research Institute, Department of Fisheries, Kasetsart University Campus, Bangkok.
Chung-Huang Huang. (1997). Aquaculture and the Endogenous Damage Cost of Water Pollution: The Case of Taiwan (online), 27/11/2008, from http://www.sciencedirect.com.
Chuntapa, B.; Powtongsook, S. and Menasveta, P. (2003). Water quality control using Spirulina platensis in shrimp culture tanks, Aquaculture 220, 355 – 366.
Claude E. Boyd. (2003). Guidelines for aquaculture effluent management at the farm-level (online), 27/11/2008, from http://www.sciencedirect.com.
Danielle Johnston , Ngyuen Van Trong , Doan Van Tien ,Tran Thanh Xuan. (2000). Shrimp yields and harvest characteristics of mixed shrimp–mangrove forestry farms in southern Vietnam: factors affecting production (online), 27/11/2008, from http://www.sciencedirect.com.
David R. Teichert-Coddington, Delia Martinez and Eneida Ramírez. (2000). Partial nutrient budgets for semi-intensive shrimp farms in Honduras. Aquaculture, Volume 190, Issues 1-2, Pages 139-154.
David Tilley. (2007). Wastewater Treatment Wetlands. Department of Environmental Science &; Technology, University of Maryland, College Park.
Deb, A.K. (1998). Fake blue revolution: environmental and socio-economic impacts of shrimp culture in the coastal areas of Bangladesh. Ocean and Coastal Management 41, 63-88.
Denise L. Stanley. (1999). The economics of the adoption of BMPs: the case of mariculture water management (online), 27/11/2008, from http://www.sciencedirect.com.
Dominique Gautier. (2002). The integration of mangrove and shrimp farming: a case study on the caribbean coast of Colombia (online), 27/11/2008, from <http://www.sciencedirect.com.>
Emmannuela, Y. Perrodina, G. Keckc, J-M. Blanchrdb, P. Vermendeb. (2005). “Ecotoxicological risk assessment of hospital wastewater: a proposed framework for raw effluents discharging into urban sewer network”, Journal of Hazardous Materials A17, 1-11.
Enander, M. and M. Hasselstrom. (1994). An experimental wastewater treatment system for a shrimp farm. Infofish International 94(4):56-61.
Fairchild JF, Ruessler DS, Haverland PS, Carlson AR. (1997). Comparative sensitivity of Selenastrum capricornutum and Lemna minor to sixteen herbicides. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol;32:353-357.
FAO. (2007). Cultured Aquatic Species Information Programme – Penaeus monodon (Fabricius, 1798). (23/10/2008). < www.fao.org/docrep/004/ad497e/ad497e05.htm>
Fao Fisheries Technical Paper – 355, Food and Agriculture Oranization of the United Nations: Wastewater treatment in the fishery industry.
Flaherty M, Szuster B, Miller P. (2000). Low salinity inland shrimp farming in Thailand. Ambio;29:174-179.
Flegel, T. (1996). A turning point for sustainable aquaculture: the White Spot virus crisis in Asian shrimp culture. Aquaculture Asia, 29-34.
Flegel, T.W., Boonyaratpalin, S., Withyachumnamkul, B. (1996). Current status of research on yellow-head virus and white spot virus in Thailand. In: Briggs, M.R.P and Funge-Smith, S.J., 1998. Nitrient budgets in intensive shrimp ponds: implications for sustanability. Aquaculture. 164, 117-133.
Forsius, J. (2008). Dfs: Key models and capabilities. Mekong river commisision secretariat. Vientiane, Lao PDR.
Fry, J.C. (1987). Functional roles of the major groups of bacteria associated with detritus. In: Moriarty, D.J.W., Pullin, R.S.V._Eds.., Detritus and Microbial Ecology in Aquaculture, ICLARM Conference Proceedings 14. ICLARM, Manila, Philippines, 420 pp.
Funge-Smith, S.J., Stewart, J.A. (1996). Coastal Aquaculture: Identification of Social, Economic and Environmental Constraints to Sustainability with Reference to Shrimp Culture. In: Briggs, M.R.P and Funge-Smith, S.J., 1998. Nitrient budgets in intensive shrimp ponds: implications for sustanability. Aquaculture. 164, 117-133.
Gautier, D.; Amador, J. and Newmark, F. (2001). The use of mangrove wetland as a biofilter to treat shrimp pond effluents: preliminary results of an experiment on the Caribbean coast of Colombia, Aquaculture Research 32, 787-799.
GESAMP (IMO/FAO/Unesco/WMO/WHO/IAEA/UN/UNEP). (1997). Towards safe and effective use of chemicals in coastal aquaculture, GEASMP Report Studies No 65, Rome.
GESAMP (IMO/FAO/Unesco/WMO/WHO/IAEA/UN/UNEP). (2001). Planning and management for sustainable coastal aquaculture, GEASMP Report Studies. No 68, Rome.
Gräslund, S. and Bengtsson, B.E. (2001). Chemicals and biological products used in south-east Asian shrimp farming, and their potential impact on the environment - a review, The Science of The Total Environment 280, 93-131.
Hairston, J.E., Kown, S., Meetze, J., Norton, E.L., Dakes, P.L., Payne, V., Rogers, K.M. (1995). Protecting Water Quality on Alabama Farms. Alabama Soil and Water Conservation Committee, Montgomery, AL.124 pp.
Holmström, K.; Gräslund, S.; Wahlström, A.; Poungshompoo, S.; Bengtsson, B.E. and Kautsky, N. (2003). Antibiotic use in shrimp farming and implications for environmental impacts and human health, International journal of Food Science and Technology 38, 255-266.
I.v. Stejskal. (2000). Obtaining Approvals for Oil and Gas Projects in Shallow Water Marine Areas in Western Australia using an Environmental Risk Assessment Framework (online), 28/11/2008, from <http://www.sciencedirect.com.>
Institute of Fisheries Management Research Institute for Aquaculture Number 1 Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific. (2006). Guidelines for Environmental Management of Aquaculture Investments in Vietnam (online), 28/11/2008, from http://www.sciencedirect.com.
J. Paniagua-Michel and O. Garcia. (2003). Ex-situ bioremediation of shrimp culture effluent using constructed microbial mats. Aquacultural Engineering, Volume 28, Issue 3-4, Pages 131 - 139.
Jones, A.B. and Preston, N.P. (1999). Sydney rock oyster, Saccostrea commercialis (Iredale &; Roughley), filtration of shrimp farms effluent: the effects on water quality. Aquaculture Research 30, 51-57.
Jones, N P Preston and W C Dennison. (2002). The efficiency and condition of oysters and macroalgae used as biological filters of shrimp pond effluent. Aquaculture Research, Volume 33, Issue 1, Pages 1 – 19.
Jones, W. C. Dennison and N. P. Preston. (2001). Integrated treatment of shrimp effluent by sedimentation, oyster filtration and macroalgal absorption: a laboratory scale study. Aquaculture Research, Volume 193, Issues 1-2, Pages 155-178.
Kaur I, Mathur RP, Tandon SN, Dureja P. (1998). Persistance of endosulfan (technical) in water and soil. Environ Technol;19(1):115-119.
Kautsky N, Ronnback P, Tedengren M, Troell M. (2000). Ecosystem perspectives on management of disease in shrimp pond farming. Aquaculture;191:145-161.
Kongkeo H. (1997). Comparison of intensive shrimp farming systems in Indonesia, Philippines, Taiwan and Thailand. Aquacult Res; 28:789-796.
Landis, W.J., Moore, D.R.J, Norton, S.B. (1998). Ecological: looking in looking out. In: Douben PET, editor. Pollution risk assessment and managemnt. New york: Wiley. pp. 273-310.
Leight AK, Van Dolah RF. (1999). Acute toxicity of the insecticides endosulfan, chlorpyrifos, and malathion to the epibenthic estuarine amphipod Gammarus palustris (Bousfield). Environ Toxicol Chem; 18:958-964.
LeMoullac G, Soyez C, Saulnier D, Ansquer D, Avarre JC, Levy P. (1998). Effect of hypoxic stress on the immune response and the resistance to vibriosis of the shrimp Penaeus stylirostris. Fish Shellfish Immun; 8:621-629.
Liao, I.C. (1990). Aquaculture in Taiwan. In: Joseph, M.M._Ed.., Aquaculture in Asia. Asian Fisheries Society, Indian Branch, Mangalore, pp. 345-369.
Lightner, D.V., Redman, R.M. (1992). Penaeid virus diseases of the shrimp culture industry of the Americas. In: Fast, A.W., Lester, L.J._Eds.., Marine Shrimp Culture: Principles and Practices. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 569-588.
Lightner, D.V., Redman, R.M., Poulos, B.T., Nunan, L.M., Mari, J.L., Hasson, K.W. (1997). Risk of spread of penaeid shrimp viruses in the Americas by the international movement of live and frozen shrimp. Rev. Sci. Tech. Off. Int. Epiz., 146-160.
M. Guerbet, J.M. Jouany. (2002). Value of the SIRIS method for the classification of a series of 90 chemicals according to risk for the aquatic environment (online), 28/11/2008, from <http://www.sciencedirect.com.>
Martin W. Marsden. (1989). Forth River Purification Board, Alloa Road, Stirling FK9 5PN, Scotland Wiley InterScience.
McIntosh, T. M. Samocha, E. R. Jones, A. L. Lawrence, D. A. McKee, S. Horowitz and A Horowitz. (2000). The effect of a commercial bacterial supplement on the high- density culturing of Litopenaeus vannamei with a low-protein diet in an outdoor tank system and no water exchange, Aquacultural Engineering, Volume 21, Issue 3, Pages 215-227.
Metcalf &; Eddy. (1999). Wastewater Engineering Treatment, Disposal, Reuse. Mc Craw – Hill International Edition.
Nils Kautsky , Patrik Ro¨nnb¨ack , Michael Tedengren ,Max Troell. (2000). Ecosystem perspectives on management of disease in shrimp pond farming (online), 27/11/2008, from http://www.sciencedirect.com.
Paniagua-Michel J.; Garcia O. (2003). Ex-situ bioremediation of shrimp culture effluent using constructed microbial mats. Aquacultural Engineering, Volume 28, Number 3, pp. 131-139(9).
Poleksic V, Karan V. (1999). Effects of trifluralin on carp: biochemical and histological evaluation. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf; 43:213-221.
Primavera, J.H. (1997). Socioeconomic impacts of shrimp culture. Aquaculture Research 28-10., 815-827.
Primavera, J.H., (1998). Tropical shrimp farming and its sustanability. In:, Kautsky, N. et al. Ecosystem perspectives on management of disease in shrimp pond farming. Aquaculture. 191, 145-161.
Primavera, J.H., Lavilla-Pitogo, J.H., Ladja, C.R., Dela Pena, J.M. (1993). A survey of chemical and biological products used in intensive prawn farms in the Philippines. Marine Pollution Bulletin 26(1),35-40.
R. Boopathy_, C. Bonvillain, Q. Fontenot, M. Kilgen. (2005). Biological treatment of low-salinity shrimp aquaculture wastewater using sequencing batch reactor. Department of Biological Sciences, Nicholls State University, P.O. Box 2021, hibodaux, LA 70310, USA.1-4.
R. Casillas-Hernández, F. Magallón-Barajas, G. Portillo-Clarck, F. Páez-Osuna. (2006). Nutrient mass balances in semi-intensive shrimp ponds from Sonora, Mexico using two feeding strategies: Trays and mechanical dispersal, Aquaculture 258, 289–298.
Rang HP, Dale MM. (1987). Pharmacology. New York: Churchill Livingstone, 736 pp.
Ratchtasettakul, A. (2007). Microbial ecosystem in shrimp pond. http://agriviet.com.
Rebecca Goldburg and Tracy Triplett. (1997). Murky Waters: Environmental Effects of Aquaculture in the US (online), 28/11/2008, from <http://www.sciencedirect.com.>
Richardson ML, editor. (1992). The dictionary of substances and their effects, 7 volumes. Cambridge: The Royal Society of Chemistry.
Rosenberry B, editor. (1995). World shrimp farming 1995, Shrimp News International, San Diego, USA
Rosenberry B, editor. (1997). World shrimp farming 1997, Shrimp News International, San Diego, USA.
Rosenberry B, editor. (1999). World shrimp farming 1999, Shrimp News International, San Diego, USA
Sara Gr¨aslund, Bengt-Erik Bengtsson. (2000). Chemicals and biological products used in south-east Asian shrimp farming, and their potential impact on the environment _ a review (online), 27/11/2008, from http://www.sciencedirect.com.
Shivappa, R.B. (1997). Efficacy of probiotics and disinfectants in controlling luminescent bacteria in shrimp post larvae under normal and stressed conditions. MSc Thesis, Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok.
Simon J. Funge-Smith ), Matthew R.P. Briggs. (1998). Nutrient budgets in intensive shrimp ponds:implications for sustainability (online), 27/11/2008, from http://www.sciencedirect.com.
St-Laurent D, Blaise C. (1992). Comparative assessment of herbicide phytotoxicity to Selenastrum capricornutum using microplate and flask bioassay procedures. Environ Toxic Water; 7:35-48.
Thakur and C. Kwei Lin. (2003). Water quality and nutrient budget in closed shrimp (Penaeus monodon) culture systems. Aquacultural Engineering, Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 159-176.
The World Bank. (2008). Agriculture Competitiveness Project.
Thompson, F.L.; Abreu, P.C. and Wasielesky, W. (2002). Importance of biofilm for water quality and nourishment in intensive shrimp culture. Aquaculture 2003, 263-278.
Tian, X., D. Li, S. Dong, G. Liu, Z. Qi, and J. Lu. (2001). Water quality of closed polyculture of penaeid shrimp with tilapia and constricted tagelus. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 12(2):287-292.
Tonguthai K. (1996). Use of chemicals in aquaculture. Aquacult Asia; July - September:42-46.
Wang, J., D. Li, S. Dong, K. Wang, and X. Tian. (1998). Experimental studies on polyculture in closed shrimp ponds: Intensive polyculture of Chinese shrimp (Penaeus chinensis) with tilapia hybrids. Aquaculture, 163(1-2): 11-27.
Xuegong Xu, Huiping Lin, Zaiyi Fu. (2003). Probe into the method of regional ecological risk assessment—a case study of wetland in the Yellow River Delta in China (online), 28/11/2008, from http://www.sciencedirect.com.
III. Website
www.baobinhdinh.com.vn
www.biotec.or.th/shrinfo/Others/Shrimp_Statistics
www.camau.gov.vn
www.cifpen.org
www.dbc.uci.edu/~sustain/suscoasts/chapter5.htm
www.fao.org
www.fistenet.gov.vn
www.gso.gov.vn/default.aspx?tabid=390&;idmid=3&;ItemID=6108
www.nafec.gov.vn
www.netcenter.com.vn/if/I_Detail.aspx?I=9&;C=7&;P=23011
www.shrimpnews.com
www.sokhcn.cantho.gov.vn
www.tcvn.gov.vn
www.vietlinh.com.vn/dbase/VLTTShowContent.asp?ID=4686
http://agriviet.com
http://eds.mofi.gov.vn
http://lms.ctu.edu.vn/lms/courses/TS526/work/452d871a38999qal.doc
http://nuoitomsu.blogspot.com
http://ria1.mofi.gov.vn
http://thuvien.ntu.edu.vn/gdmt/Nuoi/Nuoi.htm
http://vndgkhktnn.vietnamgateway.org/phobienkienthuc.php?page=9&;catalogid=54
http://vst.vista.gov.vn



連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top