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研究生:陳建男
研究生(外文):Chian-nan Chen
論文名稱:碳灰行固/液向混合成型之配方與燃燒性質之探討
論文名稱(外文):Study the solid/liquid mixing formulation and combustibility for fine carbon ash
指導教授:張煜光張煜光引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yu-Kaung Chang
口試委員:張煜光陳松章蘇家弘張小道
口試委員(外文):Yu-Kaung ChangSung-Chang ChenChia-Hung SuHsaio-Dao Chang
口試日期:2012-07-15
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:明志科技大學
系所名稱:生化工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:84
中文關鍵詞:碳黑固態衍生燃料木黴菌螺旋擠壓成形
外文關鍵詞:Carbon blackRefuse-Derived FuelTrichodermaScrew extrusion
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  固體廢棄物可經破碎、分篩、乾燥、混合添加劑、壓縮及成型等過程製造為衍生燃料。以廢輪胎熱裂解後之碳黑為對象添加以適當木屑提高其燃燒效率,並改善國內木屑之分段式壓模成型為連續式擠壓生產。另木黴菌具適應性廣、適合常溫培養並具有芳香族碳氫化合物降解作用。結合二者達成連續生產新替代能源、加強廢棄物資源利用比例,有效降低廢料及排放之芳香族碳氫化合物,兼具環境保護、經濟價值及能源利用等優點。
  本研究針對廢輪胎回收之碳黑再生混合木屑,以水分原料、混合濟三項配比尋找適合成型條件。另施加木黴菌添加硝酸鈉為氮源以生物降解,用強度、熱值、燃燒試驗、灰分等個別分析判別其有效利用效率。研究結果顯示,成型條件中碳黑比例能有效解決木屑不易膠結情形,水分添加量因木屑吸水特性而隨木屑配比改變為壓縮固型之主要因子,而混合膠比例越高則越易成型。強度方面,對原料比例改變無明顯差異,而水分添加量高者其表現則明顯較優,膠量比例以7.5%最佳,其次10%,次之5%。
  熱值方面,碳黑量高者熱值變高,但其排放芳香族碳氫化合物變高。燃燒分析方面,木屑量高者燃燒快速且其灰分量較少。施以木黴菌生物處理後,對碳黑燃燒產生的芳香族碳氫化合物有明顯改善,同時在灰分方面更有明顯之降低。

Solid waste by crushing, sieving, drying, mixing additives, compression and molding manufacturing and other processes derived fuel. To add an appropriate wood waste tire pyrolysis carbon black object to improve the combustion efficiency, and improve domestic sawdust continuous molding for continuous extrusion. Another wooden mold with wide adaptability, suitable for room temperature culture and has aromatic hydrocarbon degradation. Combination of both to achieve a continuous production of new alternative energy, strengthening waste resource utilization ratio, reduce waste and emissions of aromatic hydrocarbons, both the advantages of environmental protection, economic value and utilization of energy.
In this study, renewable for waste tire recycling carbon black mixed-wood ratio to identify suitable moisture raw materials, mixed economy three molding conditions. Imposed by another wooden mold to add sodium nitrate as the nitrogen source, biodegradable, with the strength, the individual analysis of the calorific value, combustion testing, ash distinguish its effective utilization efficiency. The results show that the proportion of carbon black in the molding conditions can effectively solve the sawdust difficult to cement the case of water addition ratio with sawdust saw dust water absorption characteristics change for the compression of the main factor of the solid type, and the higher the proportion of mixed micelles is easier to shape. The intensity, the wood content of the fiber properties can significantly enhance the finished product strength. Calorific value, when a high proportion of carbon black, the results shows that higher calorific value, but its emissions of aromatic hydrocarbons is high. Combustion analysis of sawdust high levels of combustion fast and less gray component. Combustion of aromatic hydrocarbons imposes Trichoderma biological treatment of carbon black, a significant improvement, and while more obvious lower in ash

明志科技大學碩士學位論文指導教授推薦書...........Ⅰ
  明志科技大學碩士學位論文口試委員審定書...........Ⅱ
  明志科技大學碩士學位論文授權書...........Ⅲ
  誌謝...........Ⅳ
  中文摘要...........Ⅴ
  英文摘要...........Ⅵ
  目錄...........Ⅷ
  圖目錄...........Ⅹ
  表目錄...........XII
  第一章 前言...........1
    1.1 研究缘起...........1
    1.2 研究目的...........2
  第二章 文獻回顧...........3
    2.1 粉碎鑄型技術發展概况...........3
     2.1.1 粉碎鑄型技術的國際應用實例...........4
     2.1.2 粉碎鑄型製程的重點...........6
     2.1.3 粉碎鑄型產物之燃燒特質...........7
     2.1.4 粉碎鑄型需要被檢視的特性...........7
    2.2 生物降解應用實例...........10
     2.2.1 木黴菌介紹...........10
     2.2.2 木黴菌(Trichoderma spp.)的形態特徵...........11
    2.3 碳黑特性...........11
     2.3.1 碳黑特性介紹...........11
  第三章 實驗操作與方法...........13
    3.1 實驗材料...........13
    3.2 實驗設備...........13
    3.3 實驗流程與方法...........14
     3.3.1 樣品處理...........14
     3.3.2 菌源添加方式...........14
     3.3.3 基本特性分析...........15
  第四章 結果與討論...........16
    4.1 固態衍生物燃料的燃燒特性...........17
     4.1.1影響固態衍生物燃料之灰分變化條件...........17
     4.1.2影響固態衍生物燃料之熱值變化條件...........29
    4.2 固態衍生物燃料的物理特性...........41
     4.2.1影響固態衍生物燃料之強度變化條件...........41
    4.3 添加菌種對改善燃燒廢氣分析...........53
  第五章結論與建議...........56
  參考文獻...........58
  附錄...........64

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