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研究生:玉昌訓
研究生(外文):Ok, Chang Hoon
論文名稱:科技創新與韓國公司營運成效間之關聯
論文名稱(外文):Correlation between technological innovation and performance of Korean firms
指導教授:吳文傑吳文傑引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jack Wu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:國際經營管理英語碩士學位學程(IMBA)
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:英文
論文頁數:68
中文關鍵詞:韓國公司科技創新
外文關鍵詞:Korean FirmsTechnological Innovation
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Globalization provides all business players with equal threats as well as equal opportunities at the same time. Information can be obtained with low cost through wire, wireless technology, learning by themselves and partnership of strategic alliance. High technology and special know-how may take more time to be built than buy. Now the global market is open and flat. Competition which normally erodes profit of firms is taken for granted and can’t be avoided. Joseph A. Schumpeter believed that entrepreneurs would do “creative destruction” to avoid from stationary state of economy and to seek new profit opportunities, and he considered the concept of innovation to be new products, new method of productions, new markets and environment which can change rules of the game of business players. Many Korean firms have jumped into international competitive markets to expand their presences to pursue both profit and growth. Creating competitive advantages by low cost or differentiation of strategy and products in the competitive business environment are very important factors. Innovation is one of the competitive advantages. Innovation may be categorized into three parts; technology, manufacturing process, strategy and marketing. Here in the thesis, I take technology as vehicle of comparison, and use the number of granted patents as the degree of technological innovation. This thesis will make comparison among the firms which have more number of patents and less number of patents to see if technological innovation contributes better financial performances. Patents are used as barrier against new entrants and defending vehicle in the time of patents conflict with market competitors. This thesis will analyze and verify whether the more a firm is innovative in technology, the better financial performance it may enjoy in the severe competitive environment.
Chapter 1 1
1.1 Introduction 1
Chapter 2 12
2.1 Literature review
R&D, innovation, patents and company performance 12
Chapter 3 21
Financial analysis of correlation between technological innovation and performance of Korean firms
3.1 Technological innovation 21
3.1.1 Granted patent data 21
3.2 Hypothesis 23
3.3 Methodology 24
3.3.1 Past Financial Performance 24
3.3.1.1 Correlation between patents and sales growth 25
3.3.1.2 Correlation between patents and gross profit 26
3.3.1.3 Correlation between patents and ROE 28
3.3.2 Comparative Financial Performance 29
3.3.2.1 Profitability 29
3.3.2.2 Stability 38
3.3.2.3 Liquidity 42
3.3.2.4 Efficiency Ratio 44
3.3.2.5 R&D expense and gross profit 50
3.3.3 Comparison between Korea GDP growth and sales growth 54
3.3.3.1 Korea GDP and sales growth 2005-2006 54
3.3.3.2 Korea GDP and sales growth 2006-2007 56
3.3.3.3 Korea GDP and sales growth 2007-2008 57
3.4 Challenges of correlation between Technological Innovation and Performance 59
Chapter 4 60
4.1 Patent as a tool of competitive advantage 60
Chapter 5 61
5.1 Results 61
Chapter 6 64
6.1 Conclusion 64
References 67

【 1】Alfred Kleinknecht, Kees Van Montfort, Eric Brouwer. 2002. The non-trivial choice between innovation indicators. Economy, Innovation and New technology. volume 11(2) p109 – p121
【 2】Arther A.Thompson, A.J.Strickland III, John E. Gamble. 2008. 16th edition. McGraw-Hill International Edition. Crafting & Executing Strategy, Tailoring strategy to fit specific industry and company situations.ppt file
【 3】Bodie, Zane: Alex Kane, Alan J. Marcus. 2004. 5th edition of McGraw-Hill Irwin. Essential of Investment. p458-460
【 4】Christian Helmers. 2009. Patents, Spillovers and Firm Performance. Evidence from UK Start-Ups.
【 5】Economy Research Center of Korea Development Bank. Corporate Finance Analysis
http://rd.kdb.co.kr/jsp/st/ststa0201.jsp
【 6】Edward M. Bergman, David Charles, Pim Den Hertog. 2001. Drivers of national innovation systems, Innovative Cluster. OECD report.
【 7】Financial Supervisory Service of Korea. Electronic Publication system. Data Analysis, Retrieval and Transfer. www.dart.fss.or.kr.
【 8】Financial Supervisory Service of Korea. Financial Statistics Information System
www.fisis.fss.or.kr
【10】Finn Robert Lewell. 2009. The Role of Intellectual Rights, Innovation and Competition Law in European Software Industry. If there is no promise of monopoly, would there be any incentives to innovate ?
【11】Hans Loof and Almas Heshmati. 2002. On the relationship between innovation and performance . A sensitive analysis.
【12】Holger Ernst. 1998. J. Engineering & Technology management vol. 15. Patents portfolios for strategic R&D planning. p279 – p308
【13】Hwang, Inseong. 2006. 2007. 2008. CEO information. Review of Koran Economy
【14】John Cantwell. 2000. Innovation, Profit and Growth : Schumpeter and Penrose.
【15】John Hagedoorn. 1996. Innovation and Entrepreneurship. Shumpter Revisited p4-p12
【16】John Hagedoorn, Myriam Cloodt. 2002. Measuring Innovative Performance. Is there an advantage in using multiple indicators. Research Policy p1365 – p1379
【17】Korea Industry Statistics and Analysis System. www.istans.or.kr
【18】Korean Intellectual Property Office. 2009. Statistics of Patents Registrations.
By year and by comparison of domestic and foreign organization /individuals
【19】Korea Investor’s Network for Disclosure, 2010.
【20】Korea National Science and Technology Service. http://sts.ntis.go.kr
【21】Luuk Klomp and George Van Leeuwen. 1999. The importance of innovation for company performance. Netherlands Official Statictics. Volume 14.
【22】Matthew A. Zook. 1997. Technological Innovation and Theories of Regional Development. Inside field statement
【23】Nicholas Bloom and John Van Reenan. 2002. The Economic Journal. Royal Economic Society. Patents, real options and firm performance. p97-p116
【24】Patent trend of Korea. 2007, 2008 and 2009.
【25】Peter Neuhausler, Rainer Frietsch, Torben Schubert, Knut Blind. Fraunhofer. 2011. Patents and the financial performance of firms Innovation systems and policy analysis. ICI discussion paper No 28
【26】Reinier Wintels. 2011. External Acquired Innovation and the Drivers for Firm Performance. An exploratory research into the drivers on firm performance when firm acquire an external innovation in the construction industry.
【27】R.G.M. Kemp, M.Forkeringa, J.P.J. De Jong, E.F.M. Wubben, Joetemeer. 2003. Innovation and Firm Performance. Scientific Analysis of Enterpreneurship and SMEs.
【28】Robert A. Burgelman, Modesto A. Maidique, Steven C. Wheelwright. Strategic Management of Technology and Innovation, 2nd edition. p2 – p9, p152 – p159
【29】Wesley M. Cohen. 2002. FTC/DOJ Hearings on Competition and Intellectual Property
Law in Knowledge-based Economy. Patents, their effectiveness and rols p10-p20

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