(3.235.25.169) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/04/20 17:50
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:吳彥
論文名稱:廠商與供應商的合作關係之探討-以我國資訊業為例
論文名稱(外文):R&;D Sharing and Cooperation within the supply chain: the case of Taiwan IT companies
指導教授:吳豐祥教授
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:科技管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:100
語文別:英文
論文頁數:116
外文關鍵詞:New Product DevelopmentArchitecture changeModularityModularity trapBuyer-supplier relationshipknowledge management
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:56
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
The purpose of this study is to better understand the functioning of knowledge sharing in the supply chain of Taiwan IT industry and face the current practice of modular component outsourcing with a theoretical threat of architecture change and modularity trap.
Today, modularity and component outsourcing became almost an prerequisite for an successful IT company. Product architectures are widespread and well defined. It is however the question nobody dares to ask – what if this changes? How can the Taiwan suppliers make sure, that they will still be in the game even if the rules change? How can they assure that their position as the cutting edge component providers won`t be taken by someone else?

The basic premise of the research is, that the relationship management of supplier and buyers often seen in countries with Confucian tradition can overcome this threat thanks to deeply rooted trust and good and opened communication patterns.

This paper first introduces the Supplier-buyer relationship theory and background on its functioning within the New Product Development (NPD) area. The study also touches on the issue of Early Supplier Involvement (ESI) into the New Product Development.
Next the theory on Modularity and Modularity Trap are introduced. Based on the literature review, I construct an research framework, consisting of two bodies: The architecture as a variable and Buyer-supplier relationship and NPD.

The major conclusions of this study are (1) The architecture of the product to be developed is an important driver on the supplier-buyer relationship creation.
(2) To build the relationship with buyers is important step for the suppliers, but it can only be build around technology that is important for the buyer. (3) Supplier`s understanding of architecture knowledge of its buyers is crucial. (4) The main reason to invite supplier into New product development is buyers technological distance between what they can have and what they want to have. (5) Product Complexity (number of parts and their interconnections within the product) have a positive influence on the supplier role creation. (6) All buyers have a rather good component knowledge. (7) The management alignment will be greatly influenced byt architectural attributes of the product to be developed.

1 Introduction 1 1.1Research motivation 2 1.2Research objective 2
1.3 Research question 3
1.4 Outline of the study 4
2 Literature review 5
2.1 Buyer-supplier relationship and NPD 5
2.1.1 Supplier pool management 5
2.1.1.1 Supplier segmentation 6
2.1.1.2 Supplier roles 7
2.1.1.3. Supplier influence over the design 12
2.1. 1.4. Reason to integrate 13
2.1.2. Time frame of supplier involvement 15
2.1.3 Development responsibility and scope 18
2.1.3.1 Management alignment matrix 18
2.1.3.2 Degree of knowledge sharing 20
2.2 On modularity 22
2.2.1 Theories related to modularity 22
2.2.2 Modular product and organization design 25
2.2.3 Dominant design 27
2.2.4 Architectural innovation and Modularity trap 29
2.2.5 Architecture Change 32
2.3 Architecture as variable 35
2.3.1 Complexity 37
2.3.1.1 Differentiation 37
2.3.1.2 Connectivity 38
2.3.2 Innovativeness 39
2.3.2.1 Product newness 40
2.3.2.2 Time to market 41
4.4 Literature review summary 42
3 Research design 46
3.1. Research framework 46
3.2 Research method 48
3.2.1 Research strategy 48
3.2.2 Data collection method 50
3.3 Sample selection 52
3.4 Data collection 53
3.4.1 Primary data 53
3.4.2 Secondary data 54
4 Case presentment 55
4.1 Case background - Asus 55
4.1.1 Architecture 56
4.1.2 Buyer-supplier relationship and NPD 58
4.2 Case background – Advansus 63
4.2.1 Architecture 64
4.2.2 Buyer-supplier relationship and NPD 66
4.3 Case background - Sanav 71
4.3.1 Architecture 72
4.3.2 Buyer-supplier relationship and NPD 73
4.4 Case background – Thermal Management company 77
4.4.1 Architecture 78
4.4.2 Buyer-supplier relationship and NPD 80
4.5 Summary on cases presented 84
5 Research findings and discussion 89
5.1 Architecture as variable 89
5.1.1 Product innovativeness as involvement driver 89
5.2 Buyer-supplier relationship and NPD 91
5.2.1 Relationship importance 91
5.2.2 Architecture knowledge 92
5.2.3 Reasons to invite suppliers 94
5.3 The relationship between “Architecture as a variable" and “Buyer-supplier relationship in NPD” 96
5.3.1 Complexity and supplier roles 96
5.3.2 Component knowledge 97
5.3.3 Managerial alignment 99
6 Conclusion and suggestion 101
6.1 Conclusion 101
6.2 Suggestion to the industrial practitioners 103
6.3 Research limitations 106
6.4 Suggestion to the future research 107
7 Literature 108

Baccarini, D., (1996), The Concept of Project Complexity- a Review, International Journal of Project Management, Vol. 14, Issue 4, pp. 201-204.
Baldwin, C.Y., and Clark, K.B, (2000). Design Rules: The Power of Modularity. Boston: The MIT Press.
Barnett, B.D., and Clark, K.B., (1996), Technological Newness: An Empirical Study in the Process Industries, Journal of Engineering and Technology management, Vol. 13, No. 3-4, pp. 263-282.
Bidault, F., Despres, Ch., and Butler, C., (1998), The Drivers of Cooperation Between Buyers and Suppliers for Product Innovation, Research Policy, Vol. 26, No. 7-8, pp. 719-732.
Bozdogan, K., Deyst, J., Hoult, D., and Lucas, M., (1998), Architectural Innovation in Product Development Through Early Supplier Integration, R&;D Management, Vol. 28, No. 3, pp. 163- 173.
Booz, Allen, &; Hamilton, Inc. (1982). New Product Management for the 1980’s. New York: Booz, Allen, &; Hamilton, Inc.
Chesbrough, H.W., and Kusunoki, K., (2001), “The Modularity Trap: Innovation, Technology Phases Shifts and the Resulting Limits of Virtual Organizations”. In I. Nonaka, and D.J. Teece, (Eds.), Managing Industrial Knowledge: Creation, Transfer and Utilization (pp. 202- 230). London, UK: Sage Publications.
Clark, K.B., and Fujimoto, T., (1991), Product Development Performance: Strategy, Organization and Management in the World Auto Industry. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
Dyer, J., (1996), How Chrysler created an American Keirestu, Harvard Business Review, Vol. 74, No. 4, pp. 42-60.
Dyer, J., and Singh, H., (1998), The Relational View: Cooperative Strategy and Sources of Inter-organizational Competitive Advantage, The Academy of Management Review, Vol. 23, No. 4, pp. 660-679.
Dyer, J.H. Cho, D.S., and Chu, W., (1998), Strategic Supplier Segmentation: the Next ‘Best Practice’ in Supply Chain Management, California Management Review, Vol. 40, No.2, pp 57-77.
Ernst, D.,(2005), Limits to Modularity: Reflections on Recent Developments in Chip Design, Industry &; Innovation, Vol. 12, Issue 1, pp. 303-335.
Fine, Ch. H., (1996), Industry Clockspeed and Competency Chain Design: An Introductory Essay, Proceedings of the 1996 manufacturing and Service Operations Management Conference, Darthmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire.
Fine, Ch. H., and Whitney, D.E., (1996), Is the Make-buy Decision a Core Competence? New York: MIT Center for Technology, Policy and Industrial Development.
Garud, R., and Kumaraswamy, A., (1993), Technological and Organizational Designs for Realizing Economies of Substitution, Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 16, Issue S1, pp. 93-109.
Handfield, R.B., Ragatz, G.L., Petersen, K.J., and Monczka, R.M., (2000), Product Development: Strategies for Supplier Integration. Milwaukee, WI: American Society for Quality.
Henderson R.M., and Clark, K.B., (1990), Architectural Innovation: The Reconfiguration of Existing Product Technologies and the Failure of Established Firms, Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol. 35, No.1 Special Issue: Technology, Organizations, and Innovation, pp. 9-30.
Hippel,Von E., (1990), Task Partitioning: An Innovation Process Variable. Research Policy, Vol. 19, No. 5, pp. 407-418.
Kamath, R.R., and Liker, J.K., (1994), A Second Look at the Japanese Product Development, Harvard Business Review, Vol. 72, No. 6, pp. 154-170.
Langley, R.B., (2000), Smaller and smaller: The Evolution of the GPS Receiver, GPS World, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 54-58.
Langlois, R.N., (2003); The Vanishing Hand: The Changing Dynamics of Industrial Capitalism, Industrial and Corporate Change: Special Issue: Theory of the Firm, Learning and Organization, Vol. 12, No.2, pp. 351-385.
Monczka, R.M., Peterson, K.J., Handfield, R.B., (1998), Success Factors in Strategic Supplier Alliances: The Buying Company Perspective, A Journal of Decission Sciences institute, Vol. 29, No.3, pp. 553-577.
Nonaka, H., and Takeuchi, (1995), The Knowledge-Creating Company: How Japanese Companies Create the Dynamics of Innovation. Oxford University Press, USA.
Olson, E.M., Walker, O.C., and Ruekert, R.W., (1995), Organizing for Effective New Product Development: The Moderating Role of Product Innovativeness, Journal of marketing, Vol. 59, No.1, pp. 48-62.
Ragatz, G.L., Handfield, R.B., and Scannel, T.V., (1997), Success Factors for Integrating Suppliers into New Product Development, The Journal of Product Innovation Management, Vol. 14, No. 3, pp. 190-202.
Sanches, R. (1995), Strategic Flexibility in Product Competition, Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 16, No. S1, pp. 135-159.
Sanchez, R., and Mahoney, J.T., (1996), Modularity, Flexibility, and Knowledge Management in Product and Organization Design, Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 17, No.: Special Issue, pp. 63-76.
Sanchez, R., and Collins, R.P., (2001), Competing-and Learning-in Modular Markets, Long Range Planning, Vol. 34, Iss. 6, pp. 639-783.
Schling, MA (2000), Toward a General Modular Systems Theory and its Application to Interfirm Product Modularity, Academy of management review, Vol. 25, No. 2, pp. 312-334
Simon, H.A. (1962), The Architecture of Complexity, Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, Vol. 106, No.6, pp. 467-482.
Sturgeon, T., (2002), Modular Production networks: a New American Model of Industrial Organization, Industrial and Corporate Change, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 451-496.
Swink, M. (1999), Threats to New Product Manufacturability and the Effects of Development Team Integration Processes, Journal of Operations Management, Vol. 17, No. 6, pp. 691-701.
Takeishi, A., (2002), Knowledge Partitioning in the Interfirm Division of Labor: The Case of Automotive Product Development, Organization Science, Vol. 13, No. 3, pp. 321-338.
Ulrich, K., (1995), The Role Product Architecture in the Manufacturing Firm, Research Policy, Vol. 24, Issue 3, pp. 419-440.
Utterback, J.M., (1994), Mastering the Dynamics of Innovation. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
Veloso, F., and Fixson, S., (2000), Make-Buy Decisions in the Auto industry: New Perspectives on the Role of the Supplier as an Innovator, Technological forecasting and Social Change, Vol. 67, No. 2-3, pp. 239-257.
Weick, K.E., (1976), Educational Organizations as Loosely Coupled Systems, Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol. 21, No.1, pp. 1-19.
Willias, T.M., (1999), The Need for New Paradigms for Complex Projects, International Journal of Project management, Vol. 17, No. 5, pp. 269-273.
Wheelwright, S.C., and Clark, K.B., (1992), Product Development: Quantum Leaps in Speed, Efficiency and Quality. New York: Free Press.
Yin, R.K., (1994), Case study research: Design and Methods, Thousand Oaks, Calif.:Sage, International Education and Professional.

Internet resources:
Hewlett-Packard web page: www.hp.com
Asus web page: www.asus.com
Sanav web page: www.sanav.com
Wikipedia web page: www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/motherboard
www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/heat_pipe

連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊
 
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔