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研究生:季彥達
研究生(外文):Chi, Yen Ta
論文名稱:環保政策與廠商生產效率關係之研究
論文名稱(外文):The relationship between environmental policy and production efficiency of firms
指導教授:陳坤銘陳坤銘引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:國際經營與貿易研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:貿易學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:56
中文關鍵詞:環保政策 生產效率 隨機邊界
外文關鍵詞:environmental policy production efficiency stochastic frontier
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Michael Porter於1991年首先對於以往環保政策會傷害廠商營運的論點提出反對的觀點,Porter認為環保政策可以刺激廠商進行創新及研發,最終將使廠商的營運情況提升,變得更有競爭力。Porter hypothesis(PH)提出之後,許多學者便針對PH的主張進行實證研究,然而至今學者間對於PH的存在與否仍無明確的共識。然而PH的主張對於像是中國大陸等發展中的國家尤為重要,而中國近期的十二五計畫亦將經濟發展及環境保護放在同等重要的位置,因此驗證PH是否成立以了解環保政策對於廠商及至國家經濟發展的影響則有助於政策的制定。本研究以實證分析的方式研究PH的主張是否存在於廠商的生產效率之中,並試圖找出造成過去實證研究矛盾的可能因素。本研究使用中國大陸的面板資料,分析模型對環保政策及廠商生產效率進行分析。

第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機與目的 1
第二節 研究內容與方法 2
第三節 研究架構 3
第二章 文獻回顧 4
第一節 Porter Hypothesis的主張 4
第二節 從理論面對Porter Hypothesis的研究 6
第三節 從實證面對Porter Hypothesis的研究 10
第三章 研究方法與資料分析 17
第一節 效率的估計方法 17
第二節 實證模型的建構 20
第三節 資料來源及分析 22
第四章 實證研究結果 29
第一節 整體廠商之迴歸分析 29
第二節 個別產業之迴歸分析 32
第三節 以污染排放高低分類之迴歸分析 41
第四節 實證結果綜合分析 42
第五章 結論與建議 46
第一節 研究結論 46
第二節 本研究於學術與政策面之意涵 47
第三節 限制與建議 48
參考文獻 50






一、 中文文獻
中國環境年鑑編委會編,『中國環境年鑑』(2001-2006),北京市:中國環境環境 科學。
中華人民共和國年鑑編輯部,『中國年鑑』(2001-2006),北京:中國年鑑社。
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