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研究生:阮玉葉
研究生(外文):Nguyen ThiDiep
論文名稱:促進建築師與結構技師間之理解與溝通以改善設計團隊之協同合作
論文名稱(外文):Enhance Mutual Understanding and Communication Between Architects and Structural Engineers To Better Collaboration of Design Team
指導教授:蔡錦松蔡錦松引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jiin-Song Tsai
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:土木工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:英文
論文頁數:79
外文關鍵詞:architectsstructural engineerscollaborationcollaborative workingmisunderstandingcommunicationconflicts
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The collaboration between architects and structural engineers has long been recognized very important in the design process that is generally regarded to be the critical factor of success of construction projects. However, sometimes the relationship between two professional groups is strained and this may result in a project becoming unsuccessful in terms of cost, schedule, quality and ability to obtain future work.
The misunderstanding is known as the common problem which leads to conflicts and then detrimental impact on their relationship. A survey is carried out in Tainan, Taiwan with respondents as architects, structural engineers and students from these two disciplines. In a questionnaire table, the study suggests five causes: Inappropriate behavioral attitude, inaccurate design information, inadequate design documentation, lack of competence of participants and lack of professionalism of participants. The purpose of this survey is to identify two disciplines’ degree of agreement about the influence of those causes which contribute to misunderstanding. Findings indicate that these five suggested causes are the potential causes of misunderstanding and have impact on the relationship between two professional groups. Particularly, both architects and structural engineers agreed that the problems regarding behavioral attitudes, competence and professionalism of participants are critical causes in the misunderstanding.
In order to resolve the misunderstanding as well as enhance mutual understanding between two sides, based on found results, some suitable solutions are proposed for each cause, namely: (1) Listen actively and put yourself in other side’s place for the cause ‘’inappropriate behavioral attitude’’, (2) Understand clearly all information and requirements for design and check carefully the legend, specifications on all drawings before show to others for the cause ‘’inaccurate design information’’, (3) Prepare enough regarding documents and define important and suitable documents before meeting for the cause ‘’ inadequate design documentation’’, (4) Define competencies to be required and hold the meeting between participants frequently for the cause ‘’lack of competence of participants’’, (5) Realize both the difference and the same between yourself and your partners and improve in self-reflection for the cause ‘’lack of professionalism of participants’’. Finally, this study draws out conclusions and suggestions for further research.

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION…………..……………………………………1
1.1 Research background……………………………………………………………1
1.2 Motivation 2
1.3 Research objects and research questions 6
1.4 Research methodology 7
1.5 Thesis structure 9
CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW ….10
2.1 The nature of architectural profession and the role of Architect 10
2.2 The nature of structural engineering and the role of Structural Engineers 11
2.3 The importance of collaboration between Architects and Structural Engineers 13
2.4 The problem in collaboration between Architects and Structural Engineers 15
2.4.1 Conflict 16
2.4.2 The influence of conflict on collaboration 17
2.4.3 Source of conflict 19
2.5 Communication and potential causes for conflicts 20
2.5.1 Theory of communication 20
2.5.2 The way of communication and potential cause of conflict 23
CHAPTER 3 MISUNDERSTANDING BETWEEN ARCHITECTS & STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS ….24
3.1 Misunderstanding overview 24
3.1.1 Source of misunderstanding 24
3.1.2 The frequency and the consequence of misunderstanding 27
3.2 The main difference between Architects and Structural Engineers 29
3.3 Research hypothesis 34
CHAPTER 4 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY ….39
4.1 Subject Selection of research 39
4.2 Questionnaire 40
4.3 Data collection and analysis procedure 43
4.3.1 Descriptive statistical analysis 43
4.3.2 Purification and reliability test 44
4.3.3 T-test 44
CHAPTER 5 RESULT AND ANALYSIS ….45
5.1 Descriptive analysis of the respondents 45
5.2 Reliability test of data .46
5.3 Result analysis .51
5.3.1 Responses from architects 51
5.3.2 Responses from structural engineers 54
5.3.3 Responses from students 56
5.4 Proposed suitable solutions .59
CHAPTER 6 CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION ….65
6.1 Conclusion 65
6.2 Suggestion 66
REFERENCE…………………………………………………………………67
APPENDICES…………………………………………………………………72

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