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研究生:黃泰翰
研究生(外文):Tai-HanHuang
論文名稱:綠道路認證中計畫要求及環境與水項目執行之困難評估與原因分析
論文名稱(外文):Difficulty assessment and reason analysis for achieving project requirements as well as environment and water in Greenroads
指導教授:張行道張行道引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shing-Tao Chang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:土木工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:106
中文關鍵詞:綠道路認證永續指標計畫要求環境與水永續項目困難與原因
外文關鍵詞:Greenroadssustainable indicatorsproject requirementsenvironment and watersustainable itemsdifficulty and reason
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:6
  • 點閱點閱:303
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  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
要著手永續設計或施工,先要了解其困難程度及原因,然後從相對不難的工作項目先執行,以及考量如何有系統地降低這些原因所造成的困難。本研究評估、分析美國的綠道路認證中,計畫要求(Project Requirements)及環境與水(Environment & Water)指標之要求,考量綠道路認證的指標完整、發展相對成熟,故以其為基礎找出於台灣執行之困難與原因。
首先分析綠道路中計畫要求及環境與水兩類指標的要求與文件規定,以美國五個道路計畫達成情形對照了解,然後檢視台灣的條件與法規,分析指標達成的困難及原因,再以文獻計算之計畫達成頻率,初步檢驗分析難度,而後將綠道路指標與台灣的公路設計永續項目連結,確認本研究推導的困難程度與原因。
於計畫要求11個指標,難度以PR-8低影響發展最高,其餘皆中等難度以下,困難原因會在於資料不足(29%)、準則規範(27%),業主政策法規(20%)。環境與水8個指標中,難度以EW-7生態連接最高,其次是EW-6棲息地復原,容易達成之指標僅有EW-5現場植被,困難原因以資料不足(22%)及經驗不足(22%)所占比例最高。
本研究指出之指標困難與原因,經對應永續項目及文獻之計畫達成比例,顯示於計畫要求之指標差異較大,此為綠道路認證中多要求管理面,而永續項目性質為技術面。於環境與水指標之困難與原因,其相關程度皆在中度以上,因為環境與水項目為技術性考量,可依計畫性質、範圍等選擇執行,與永續項目及實際計畫相似,分析結果也大致相符。
When initiating a sustainable design or construction, the engineers should figure out possible difficulties and correspondent reasons, start looking from the items with less difficulty, and weight how to decrease the difficulties. This research assessesd and analysed the requirements of the indicators of Project Requirements (PR) and Environment & Water (EW) from the US Greenroads’ certification system, to point out their difficulties and reasons if implemented in Taiwan.
The requirements and documentations of the PR/EW indicators were evaluated based on Taiwan’s conditions and regulations. Five Greenroads pilot projects in the US were reviewed to help understand possible difficulties and reasons. The difficulties and reasons were then identified for the 11 PR and 8 EW indicators. The studies of indicator achievement and roadway sustainable design items were compared to examine the appropriateness of the identified difficulties and reasons.
Among the 11 PR indicators, PR-8 low impact development is at the difficult level to implement, and others are at intermediate or easy level. The difficultiy resons are lack of data (29%); criteria and specifications (27%); the owner, policies, and regulations (20%).
Among the 8 EW indicators, EW-7 ecological connectivity is the hardest, and followed by EW-6 habitat restoration; EW-5 site vegetation is easier to achieve. Lack of data (22%) and lack of experience (22%) are the major reasons for the difficulties.
After the comparison with indicator achievement frequency and sustainable items, the results show that the differences of difficulty levels and reasons are large in PR and small in EW. For PR, the Greenroads indicators are more environment management requirements while the sustainable items are technical. The difficulties and reasons for EW indicators are closer to sustainable items and project achievement frequency, because they are all technical considerations.

摘要 i
Abstract ii
誌謝 iii
目錄 iv
表目錄 viii
圖目錄 x
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機與目的 1
1.2 研究方法與步驟 2
1.3 研究範圍與限制 4
第二章 文獻回顧 5
2.1 永續工程之發展 5
2.1.1 永續營建發展背景 5
2.1.2 交通運輸之永續性 7
2.2 道路之永續指標與工具 7
2.2.1 永續設計指標與架構 8
2.2.2 永續績效衡量與計算 8
2.3 永續道路評估與困難 9
2.3.1 綠道路評分系統 10
2.3.2 永續項目 11
2.3.3 永續考量之困難與阻礙 12
第三章 計畫要求之達成與困難原因分析 14
3.1 案例與困難原因 14
3.1.1 案例介紹 14
3.1.2 困難原因 16
3.2 環境審查過程 17
3.2.1 要求與文件 18
3.2.2 案例達成情形 19
3.2.3 困難原因分析 20
3.3 生命週期成本分析 22
3.3.1 要求與文件 22
3.3.2 案例達成情形 23
3.3.3 困難原因分析 23
3.4 生命週期清單 25
3.4.1 要求與文件 25
3.4.2 案例達成情形 26
3.4.3 困難原因分析 26
3.5 品質控制計畫 27
3.5.1 要求與文件 27
3.5.2案例達成情形 28
3.5.3困難原因分析 29
3.6 噪音減低計畫 30
3.6.1要求與文件 30
3.6.2案例達成情形 31
3.6.3困難原因分析 31
3.7 廢棄物管理計畫 32
3.7.1要求與文件 33
3.7.2案例達成情形 33
3.7.3困難原因分析 34
3.8汙染物防治計畫 35
3.8.1要求與文件 35
3.8.2案例達成情形 36
3.8.3困難原因分析 36
3.9 低影響發展 37
3.9.1要求與文件 38
3.9.2案例達成情形 38
3.9.3困難原因分析 39
3.10 鋪面管理系統 40
3.10.1要求與文件 40
3.10.2案例達成情形 41
3.10.3困難原因分析 41
3.11 現場維持計畫 42
3.11.1要求與文件 43
3.11.2案例達成情形 44
3.11.3困難原因分析 44
3.12教育推廣 45
3.12.1要求與文件 45
3.12.2案例達成情形 46
3.12.3困難原因分析 46
3.13 綜合分析 47
3.13.1 案例達成要求 47
3.13.2 要求達成困難 48
3.13.3 計畫分析 51
第四章 環境與水之達成與困難原因分析 54
4.1 環境管理系統 54
4.1.1 要求與文件 54
4.1.2 案例達成情形 55
4.1.3 困難原因分析 55
4.2 逕流量控制 56
4.2.1 要求與文件 56
4.2.2 案例達成情形 57
4.2.3 困難原因分析 57
4.3 逕流品質控制 58
4.3.1 要求與文件 59
4.3.2 案例達成情形 59
4.3.3 困難原因分析 60
4.4 暴雨成本分析 61
4.4.1 要求與文件 61
4.4.2案例達成情形 62
4.4.3困難原因分析 62
4.5 現場植被 63
4.5.1要求與文件 63
4.5.2案例達成情形 63
4.5.3困難原因分析 64
4.6 棲息地復原 65
4.6.1要求與文件 65
4.6.2案例達成情形 66
4.6.3困難原因分析 67
4.7 生態連接 68
4.7.1要求與文件 68
4.7.2案例達成情形 69
4.7.3困難原因分析 69
4.8光害 70
4.8.1要求與文件 70
4.8.2案例達成情形 71
4.8.3困難原因分析 71
4.9 綜合分析 72
4.9.1 案例達成要求 72
4.9.2 要求達成困難 74
4.9.3 計畫分析 77
第五章 永續項目之對應與分析 79
5.1 與永續項目之對應 79
5.1.1 永續項目 79
5.1.2 指標對應永續項目 82
5.2 基於永續項目之難易程度與原因 85
5.2.1 計畫要求 85
5.2.2 環境與水 89
5.3難易程度與原因檢驗 92
5.3.1 計畫要求指標 92
5.3.2 環境與水指標 94
第六章 結論與建議 97
6.1 結論 97
6.2 建議 99
參考文獻 101

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