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研究生:陳恪慶
研究生(外文):Ke-ChingChen
論文名稱:以肌電儀探討電子吉他之PRMD病變與設計應用
論文名稱(外文):Design Application and Research of Electric Guitar to Avoid PRMD with EMG Instrument
指導教授:賴新喜賴新喜引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hsin-Hsi Lai
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:工業設計學系碩博士班
學門:設計學門
學類:產品設計學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:66
中文關鍵詞:演奏相關肌肉骨骼不適症電子吉他肌電儀過度使用
外文關鍵詞:PRMDelectric guitarEMGoverused
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:183
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:5
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
演奏樂器是人類最複雜且細微的動作之一,演奏樂器時,時常繁複的使用手部的肌肉,在肌肉持續疲勞的情況下,容易累積傷害,若是沒有相當的休息或復健,對音樂家的演奏生命甚至日常生活皆會有嚴重的影響,此病症為Playing-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMD),可視為是音樂家特有的職業傷害,與MSDs類似,PRMD並不會造成生命危險,但仍然會讓人產生不適或不便。各種樂器發生PRMD的機率不同,其中吉他、鋼琴以及其他弦樂器的發生率最高,本研究將選用電子吉他作為研究對象,以訪談與文獻獲得改良電吉他的方針,並以肌電儀評估肌肉活動量,最後以改善左手腕(橈側屈腕肌)患病率較高的部位,實驗結果改良後的電吉他雖然沒有顯著降低左手腕(橈側屈腕肌)的iEMG值,但降低了右手腕(橈側屈腕肌)以及右手肘(肱三頭肌)的iEMG值,並且發現iEMG值與患病率有高度相關。
Playing music instrument is one of the most complicated and subtle movement. Hand muscles is used rapidly and frequently while playing music instrument. It is very easy to accumulate mischief being under fatigued condition continuously. The career of musician can be threatened if there is no rehabilitation or enough rest. The name of those symptoms called playing-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMD). It is regarded as the occupational injuries of musician. Just like MDS, there is no life threaten caused by PRMD. But still that cause inconvenience and discomfort. The prevalence of PRMD is different by each music instrument. Guitar, piano and other string instrument are highest. In this research, we picked electric guitar as subject. Gather the redesign factor by interview and reference, and evaluate the exercise level of muscles by EGM. Because of the higher prevalence we chose the muscles of left wrist as our main target. Al though the result shows that there is no significant decreasing of exercise level of left wrist muscles, there is decreasing of exercise level of right wrist and right elbow. This study also discovers that iEMG value is highly relevant with prevalence.
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究背景與動機: 1
1-2 研究目的: 2
1-3 問題陳述: 3
1-4 研究範圍與限制 3
1-5 研究架構 4
第二章 文獻回顧 6
2-1 Playing-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMD)演奏相關之肌肉骨骼不適症 6
2-1.1 患病率與現況 6
2-1.2 PRMD的風險要素 7
2-1.3 過度使用 8
2-1.4 不同樂器所造成不同的症狀 8
2-1.5 小結 10
2-2 電子吉他各部件構造及其功能 12
2-2.1 演奏電吉他時的姿勢與手腕 13
2-2.2 小結 13
2-3 前臂、手腕及手的肌肉構造 14
2-4 手腕的偏向 17
2-5 肌電儀 18
第三章 研究方方法與規劃 19
3-1 實驗方法與規劃 19
3-2 研究流程與步驟 20
3-3 測量部位 21
3-4 控制變項 22
3-4.1 電吉他選擇 23
3-4.2 受測者選擇 23
3-4.3 樂曲選擇 24
3-5 實驗設備 24
3-6 實驗內容 25
3-7 分析方法 25
第四章 結果分析 26
4-1 訪談 26
4-2 iEMG值之比較 28
4-3 iEMG值與患病率之相關性 31
4-4 主觀舒適度量表 33
4-5 設計要素 34
4-6 改良結果 35
4-7 分析與比較 37
4-8 ANOVA分析 40
4-9 曲目分析 42
第五章 結論與建議 52
5-1 研究成果 52
5-2 結論 53
5-3 討論 54
5-4 未來建議 56
參考文獻 58
附錄 60

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De Smet, L., Ghyselen, H., & Lysens, R. (1998). Incidence of overuse syndromes of the upper limb in young pianists and its correlation with hand size, hypermobility and playing habits. Annales de Chirurgie de la Main et du Membre Supérieur, 17(4),pp.309-313
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