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研究生:周怡君
研究生(外文):Yi-ChunChou
論文名稱:螢幕色光三原色之色彩適應對視覺績效影響
論文名稱(外文):The Visual Performance based on the Chromatic Adaptation of Three Primary on LED Display
指導教授:吳豐光吳豐光引用關係
指導教授(外文):Fong-Gong Wu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:工業設計學系碩博士班
學門:設計學門
學類:產品設計學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:101
中文關鍵詞:色彩適應三原色螢幕色光視覺績效C型蘭道爾環
外文關鍵詞:Chromatic adaptationprimary colorscolor on LED displayvisual performanceLandolt rings
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螢幕類型科技顯然已成為現今之主流市場趨勢,螢幕色光呈現的產品於近年更有大幅度的成長。而現今螢幕色彩的呈現仍有許多不洽當、不易長久觀看,甚至於可能導致累積性視覺傷害或誘發疾病。於是本研究鑑於現今螢幕色光運用之廣泛,將以螢幕色光之色彩適應為研究重點,透過時間長兩分鐘之注視螢幕色彩來模擬實際產生螢幕色光色彩適應時之反應,以求了解使用者對於觀看螢幕色光而產生色彩適應時對不同螢幕色光之視覺能力,以達到螢幕色光設計增進視覺色彩能力之目的。
研究實驗階段主要可分為前置實驗、主觀訪談與主實驗。前置實驗包括C型蘭道爾環尺寸極限值及C型蘭道爾環螢幕色彩樣本選定,以此做為主實驗之實驗設計基礎;主觀訪談目的以探討色彩適應之可能發展方向,並彌補本研究者單為設計領域思考;主實驗則運用三個自變項因子,螢幕色彩、C型蘭道爾環色彩與時間點來進行色彩適應後蘭道爾環之反應任務。
 實驗結果顯示,五種螢幕色光產生之色彩適應視覺反應績效具有顯著差異,綜合觀察第一時間點與第二時間點,黑色螢幕色光與白色螢幕色光之反應時間較長,而三原色螢幕色光之反應時間較短;但若單純觀看色彩適應後第一時間點與第二時間點之差異可見,第一時間點之反應時間明顯較第二時間點長,且第二時間點時,黑、白色螢幕色光與三原色螢幕色光之反應時間差異轉為極小,推論色彩適應後之第一時間與色彩適應後短暫恢復後之視覺反應能力是具有一定差異,依據不同螢幕色光應採用不同螢幕色彩來滿足色彩適應對反應時間之影響原則,期許本研究結果能做為日後螢幕色光設計之前瞻考量。
With the development of knowledge, color has generally been regarded as an important element in product design, environment design, and symbol design, that is due to people start to pay more attention on the color theories and principles in their daily life. However, there are some problems that cannot combine those different colors into daily life efficiently, understanding how to display the color in an advantageous method, and low down other negative effects. Now, most of studies are focus on the visual physiology and physical science, seldom discuss about the relation of chromatic adaptation and visual sense.
This study can be divided into pre-test experiments, subjective interviews and the main experiment. This study will develop the chromatic adaptation with human center theory. In order to analyze the value of developing chromatic adaptation into our daily life, the study uses an experimental method to compare the reaction time with three primary colors. And the subjective interviews are with the purpose to explore the possible direction of development of color adaptation. The main experiment will use the three variable factors, color light on LED display, the color of Landolt-C rings and the five times to make the chromatic adaptation task. The results show that the five colors light on LED display with those two variable factors are significant. Finally, this study will propose an innovated color design principle with chromatic adaptation for widespread use.
摘要.............................................II
Abstract........................................III
致謝.............................................IV
目錄.............................................V
表目錄...........................................VIII
圖目錄...........................................IX
第一章 緒論.......................................1
1.1 研究背景......................................1
1.1.1 螢幕類型產品演變與現今市場趨勢..................1
1.1.2 色彩適應與視覺之關係..........................2
1.2 研究動機......................................4
1.2.2 螢幕色光設計不當案例..........................4
1.1.2色彩適應主觀訪談..............................7
1.3 研究目的.....................................11
1.4 研究範圍.....................................12
1.5 研究架構與流程................................13
第二章 文獻探討...................................16
2.1 色彩視覺與知覺................................16
2.1.1 色彩學理論.................................16
2.1.2 視覺感光細胞................................18
2.1.3 色光三原色與複合色...........................19
2.1.4 色彩知覺障礙(Color Vision Deficiency, CVD)..20
2.2 視覺適應能力探討...............................21
2.2.1 明暗視覺與色彩波長...........................21
2.2.2 明暗適應與時間..............................22
2.2.3 明暗適應與色彩適應...........................23
2.2.4 普金耶效應..................................25
2.2.5 色彩視覺與色光...............................27
2.3 視覺績效評估與實驗方法..........................28
2.3.1 人類資訊處理模式.............................28
2.3.2 反應時間...................................29
2.3.3 實驗差異因素...............................30
2.4 色彩相關文獻探討..............................31
2.5 小.........................................34
第三章 研究方法與步驟..............................35
3.1 整體實驗流程與架構.............................35
3.1.1 實驗流程...................................35
3.1.2 實驗架構...................................36
3.2 心理物理學...................................38
3.3 前置實驗一:C型蘭道爾環尺寸極限值測定.............39
3.3.1 實驗目的..................................39
3.3.2 實驗規劃與內容.............................39
3.3.4 實驗設備與場域.............................44
3.3.5 實驗流程..................................47
3.3.6 實驗評估方法 ...............................48
3.3.7 實驗結果分析...............................48
3.4 前置實驗二:C型蘭道爾環色彩樣本選定..............49
3.4.1 實驗目的..................................49
3.4.2 實驗規劃與內容.............................50
3.4.3 受測者....................................53
3.4.4 實驗設備與場域.............................53
3.4.5 實驗流程..................................53
3.4.6 實驗評估方法 ...............................54
3.4.7 實驗結果分析 ...............................54
3.5主實驗:螢幕色光之色彩適應模擬....................56
3.5.1 實驗目的...................................56
3.5.2 實驗規劃與內容..............................57
3.5.3 受測者....................................59
3.5.4 實驗設備與場域..............................59
3.5.5 實驗流程..................................60
3.5.6 實驗評估方法...............................62
第四章 結果與分析.................................63
4.1 主實驗三因子之績效分析.........................63
4.1.1受測者三因子反應時間敘述性統計..................64
4.1.2受測者三因子變異數事後比較檢定..................65
4.1.3 螢幕色光與C型環色彩交互作用之單純主要效果檢定.....67
4.1.4 螢幕色光與時間交互作用之單純主要效果檢定.........69
4.1.5 C型環色彩與時間交互作用之單純主要效果檢定........71
4.2 主實驗兩因子之績效分析..........................73
4.2.1 第一時間點之受測者兩因子變異數事後比較檢定........73
4.2.2 第二時間點之受測者兩因子變異數事後比較檢定........77
第五章 討論與結論..................................81
5.1 討論.........................................81
5.1.1 C型蘭道爾環尺寸極限值.........................81
5.1.2 C型蘭道爾環色彩樣本選定.......................81
5.1.3 主實驗之三因子績效...........................82
5.1.5 主實驗之兩因子績效...........................84
5.2 結論........................................85
5.2.1 前置實驗...................................86
5.2.2 主實驗.....................................87
5.3 未來研究與建議................................89
參考文獻.........................................90
附錄一...........................................98
附錄二...........................................100
附錄三...........................................101
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