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研究生:吳啟華
研究生(外文):Chi-HuaWu
論文名稱:服務創新構想之篩選模式–以App為例
論文名稱(外文):Screening Model for Service Innovation Proposals: An example of App industry
指導教授:陸定邦陸定邦引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ding-Bang Luh
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:工業設計學系碩博士班
學門:設計學門
學類:產品設計學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:163
中文關鍵詞:服務創新創新構想構想篩選App
外文關鍵詞:Service innovationinnovative ideaidea screeningApp
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服務業佔已開發國家GDP的比例在過去數十年內逐年升高,至今穩定維持60%到70%的水準,顯示世界經濟的重心已從製造經濟轉移到服務經濟,而我們已面對所謂的後工業化時代,新的機會使得新服務如同雨後春筍般出現,同時也帶來激烈的競爭,App產業的興起就是最好的例子。
2008年蘋果電腦推出名為App store的商業平台之後,應用程式的銷售量產生爆炸性的成長,但同時也造成應用程式間的高度競爭,競爭最激烈的遊戲App每半年就有新的排名,知名的憤怒鳥(Angry Bird)更失敗了52次才成功,可見創新不保證成功。正如競爭策略大師麥可波特所說的:「企業的競爭優勢源自於它能夠為客戶提供的價值(Porter,1999)」,有價值的創新才能帶來利潤,並為企業創造競爭優勢。
服務並無法免疫於如實體產品一樣的高創新失敗率(Lovelock&Wirtz,2007),而創新的成功關鍵在於構想的可行性與潛力,越早將市場趨勢與企業資源納入考慮,越能提高創新的成功率。因此本研究主要採用「創新構想篩選量化模式」之架構,針對服務與產品的異同進行文獻回顧,並基於原模式的精神進行調整,進而提出適用於服務產業的服務創新構想篩選模式,並驗證其有效性。

The service industry has taken account for the proportion of the GDP in developed countries and has increased to 60% to 70% over the past few decades. This shows that the world’s economy has shifted away from manufacturing to a service economy. As we have to face the so-called “post-industrial” era, new opportunities establish new service rises like springing, as well as bringing intense competition. The rise of App industry is one of the best examples.
In year 2008, Apple introduces a commercial platform “App store”. The sales numbers of application grows explosively, but also result in a highly competitive environment. Game is probably one of the best examples, as the download ranking renewed every half an year. The famous game application “Angry Bird” has failed 52 times before it succeeds, showing that innovation does not guarantee success in application. As competitive strategy master Michael Porter says: “Competitive advantages come from its ability to provide value to the customers”. Only valuable innovations can generate profits and create competitive advantages for the enterprises.
Since services cannot be immune to the high failure rate just like physical products. The key to success in innovation lies in the feasibility and potential of the idea. The earlier the market trend and enterprise resources taken into account, the more it can improve the success rate of innovation. Therefore, this research adopted the framework of “Innovation Idea Screening Model (IISM)”; focuses on the similarity and the differences between services and products in literature review, as well as making adjustments based on the spirit of the original model. Then proposing Innovation Idea Screening Model for Services (IISMS) that fits in the service industry, and verifying its effectiveness.

摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
致謝 IV
目錄 V
圖目錄 VII
表目錄 VIII
第一章 緒論 9
1.1. 研究背景與動機 9
1.2. 研究目的 11
第二章 文獻探討 12
2.1. 服務的定義與特性 12
2.2. 服務的分類 13
2.3. 服務創新 17
2.4. 成功的服務與成功因素 21
2.5. 服務品質衡量工具 23
2.6. APP 25
2.7. 創新構想篩選方法 29
2.8. 文獻小結 40
2.9. 研究架構 43
第三章 服務創新構想篩選模式 44
3.1. 服務構想描述問卷 45
3.2. 構想量化程式 55
3.3. 構想篩選矩陣 57
3.4. 預估功能構件 58
3.5. 研究假設 58
第四章 研究實證 59
4.1. 實驗流程 59
4.2. 研究方法與工具 59
4.3. 研究案例範圍 62
4.4. 研究案例選取 62
4.5. 受訪族群與前置作業 65
4.6. 案例填表說明 66
4.7. 量化結果分析 68
4.8. 結果與討論 73
第五章 結論與建議 75
參考文獻 77
附錄 84

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