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研究生:張清棟
研究生(外文):Ching-TungChang
論文名稱:海膽狀二氧化鈦之合成及其於染料敏化太陽能電池之應用
論文名稱(外文):Preparation of Sea-Urchin Like Titanium Dioxide Applied for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
指導教授:郭炳林郭炳林引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ping-Lin Kuo
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:化學工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:83
中文關鍵詞:二氧化鈦染料敏化太陽能電池海膽狀板鈦礦
外文關鍵詞:sea urchin-likebrookitetitanium dioxideDSSCs
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
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  • 下載下載:11
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本研究利用水熱法於鹼性環境下合成出具連續一維結構的海膽狀二氧化鈦,並透過改變溶液中的鹼性濃度,獲得混合晶型比例不同的二氧化鈦。發現在不同鹼性濃度下,皆有銳鈦礦(Anatase)及板鈦礦(Brookite)的訊號出現,板鈦礦比例最高可達40%。

在特定鹼性濃度條件下利用不同時間取樣來觀察其合成機制的實驗中,發現板鈦礦晶型伴隨著海膽狀結構一起出現,故推論海膽狀結構可能因板鈦礦晶型的自身應力所造成。

將海膽狀二氧化鈦做為光電極主層進行光電效率測試發現,海膽狀TiO2與商用品CCIC-400在整體的轉換效率表現相近。由電化學頻譜阻抗分析(EIS)測試可以發現,海膽狀TiO2有較高的τeff 值,此意謂著電子在海膽狀TiO2中具有較長的電子存活時間,但由於其結構並非單一晶型組成,而形成結晶錯位的障礙,不利於電子傳導,故電子在傳遞時具有較高Rw。

In this study, the sea urchin-like titanium dioxide particles were synthesized by hydrothermal treatment with changing the concentration of base, the composites with different ratios of brookite and anatase were obtained. The brookite sea urchin-like morphology in the picture shows high uniformity and a clean surface without any contamination, then they were tested through SEM, TEM, XRD and BET.

In the XRD and BET test, we have the detailed informations about phase composition and specific surface area of the above materials. The titanium dioxide particles with different ratios of brookite in the range of 10% to 40% through changing the concentration of base. To observe the surface morphology and particle size, the SEM and TEM images of some samples were carried out.

To understand the formation mechanism, the samples with different reaction times were sampled. And the TEM images of TiO2 show that nanosheets are the key steps in synthesis.

In order to achieve a improvement in energy conversion efficiency of Dye-sensitized solar cells(DSSCs), One possible solution is to increase the electron diffusion length in the anode. Electron transport in crystalline sea urchin-like titanium dioxide particles is expected to be faster than percolation through a random nanoparticle film.

The photovoltaic characterization results show that the differences of the performances of sea urchin-like particles and CCIC-400 are not remarkable. From EIS measurements under open-circuit voltage conditions, We also confirmed that our particles have the better electron diffusion ability by longer effective lifetime ( τeff ) and better short circuit current ( Jsc ) values of DSSCs.

中文摘要 II
英文摘要 III
致謝 IV
目錄 V
圖目錄 IX
表目錄 XI
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 前言 1
1-2 太陽能電池簡介與種類 3
1-2-1 太陽能電池簡介 3
1-2-2 太陽能電池種類 4
1-3 研究動機與目的 9
第二章 理論說明與文獻回顧 11
2-1 二氧化鈦簡介 11
2-1-1 二氧化鈦晶體特性 11
2-1-2 二氧化鈦的合成方法 13
2-1-3 二氧化鈦的結構 14
2-2 染料敏化太陽能電池 16
2-2-1 染料敏化太陽能電池之簡介 16
2-2-2 染料敏化太陽能電池工作原理 19
2-2-3 染料敏化太陽能電池構造 22
2-2-4 影響光電轉換效率之因素 27
第三章 實驗方法 34
3-1 實驗藥品與設備 34
3-1-1 實驗藥品與器材 34
3-1-2 實驗設備 35
3-2 海膽狀二氧化鈦之製備 36
3-2-1 不同鹼類濃度下海膽狀二氧化鈦之製備 36
3-3 材料特性鑑定 38
3-3-1 穿透式電子顯微鏡(TEM) 38
3-3-2 場發射掃描式電子顯微鏡(FESEM) 38
3-3-3 X-射線繞射光譜(XRD) 38
3-3-4 光電極膜厚量測 40
3-3-5 氮氣等溫吸附與脫附 40
3-4 染料敏化太陽能電池之組成製備、組裝及效能測試 43
3-4-1 染料之配製 43
3-4-2 電解液之配製 43
3-4-3 二氧化鈦漿料製作 44
3-4-4 二氧化鈦光電極製作 44
3-4-5 白金對電極之製作 47
3-5 染料敏化太陽能電池之組裝 47
3-6 染料敏化太陽能電池的光電效能測試 48
第四章 結果與討論 49
4-1 水熱法合成二氧化鈦 49
4-1-1 弱螯合劑條件合成二氧化鈦之分析 49
4-2 海膽狀二氧化鈦 51
4-2-1 不同鹼性濃度下合成之海膽狀二氧化鈦的物性分析 51
4-2-1-1 TEM分析 52
4-2-1-2 XRD分析 54
4-2-1-3 氮氣吸脫附測試 55
4-2-1-4 高溫鍛燒後二氧化鈦的狀態變化 59
4-2-1-5 加入螯合劑對海膽狀結構進行改善 60
4-2-2 固定鹼性濃度不同水熱時間下合成之海膽狀TiO2的物性分析 62
4-2-2-1 鹼性濃度70%下以不同反應時間探討海膽狀二氧化鈦合成機制 63
4-2-2-2 鹼性濃度10%下以不同反應時間探討海膽狀二氧化鈦合成機制 65
4-3 二氧化鈦光電極表面鑑定 67
4-3-1 SEM分析 67
4-3-2 UV穿透度 68
4-4 海膽狀TiO2做為散射層(scattering layer)之光電效率討論 69
4-5 海膽狀TiO2做為光電極主層(main layer)之光電效率討論 70
第五章 結論與建議 74
5-1 結論 74
5-2 建議 75
第六章 參考文獻 76

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