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研究生:何妃代
研究生(外文):Fei-TaiHo
論文名稱:字頻與字型結構對國小學童中文字型相似度判斷之影響
論文名稱(外文):The Impact of Frequency and Configurational Structures on Taiwan Elementary School Students' Character Similarity Judgment
指導教授:陳世威陳世威引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shih-Wei Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:外國語文學系在職專班
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:英文
論文頁數:85
中文關鍵詞:中文字型結構字頻中文字型相似度判斷部件中文識字
外文關鍵詞:Chinese character configurational structures and componentsCharacter frequencyCharacter similarity judgmentChinese character recognition
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因為中文文字為意符文字而非拼音文字,因此視覺技巧(visual skills)在中文識字研究中,一直佔有重要的地位。在中文字字型分類研究中發現,字型分類的依據,隨著學習中文字的經驗多寡,有由單位較小的筆畫或部件發展到單位較大的字形結構之趨勢。本研究藉由中文字相似度判斷測驗嘗試了解國小學童對中文字相似度的判別依據是否也有由小單位的筆畫或部件到大單位的字型結構之發展,另外,國小學童在判斷中文字相似度時,其判斷依據是否受字頻及字型結構影響?除此之外,年紀、識字量與符號搜尋速度是否可以有效區辨國小學童在中文字相似度判斷的偏好?
研究結果顯示國小三、四、五、六年級學童在中文字相似度判斷測驗中,確實會以部件或是結構為判斷依據,但是,判斷依據為部件與結構間,並無明顯差別,亦即並未看到四個年級的學童其中文字相似度的判斷依據有由單位較小的筆畫或部件到單位較大的結構之發展趨勢。相反的,字頻與字形結構確實會影響國小學童在中文字相似度判斷的基準。在高頻字中,受試者傾向以結構做為字形相似度的判斷基準,但在低頻字中,以結構或部件的判斷基準並無顯著差別。在高頻字中,某些特殊字形結構,其判斷基準傾向為結構,但這些特殊字形結構之判斷基準在低頻字中卻有不同結果。結果顯示,雖然字頻與字形結構影響國小學童在中文字相似度判斷的基準,但卻無法找出一特定模式。除此之外,年紀、識字量與符號搜尋速度皆無法有效區辨國小學童在中文字相似度判斷的偏好。
Given that the Chinese orthography is logographic rather than alphabetic, visual skills have been shown to be important to Chinese character recognition, with units of processing following a developmental trend from local (strokes or components) to global features (configurational structures) in Chinese character classification. The purpose of this study was to further explore whether the units (components or structures) in Chinese character similarity judgment are also subject to character frequency and configurational structures. Confounding factors such as age, vocabulary size, and symbol search speed were also investigated. The results showed that elementary school students did find components or structures useful cues in judging similarity among characters, though the tendencies were not consistent. However, no significant development changes were found in terms of preferred cues. Character frequency, instead, was found to interact with configurational types in their influences on character similarity judgment. Elementary school students tended to base their similarity judgments on configurational structures with a subtype of high frequency characters. However, no consistent difference in preferences was found between components and structures with low-frequency items. In addition, the age, Chinese vocabulary size and speed of symbol search all failed to discriminate the preferences of character similarity judgment.
TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHINESE ABSTRACT I
ABSTRACT III
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT V
TABLE OF CONTENTS VI
LIST OF TABLES X
LIST OF FIGURES XII

Chapter One Introduction 1
Chapter Two Literature Review 6
2.1 Characteristics of Chinese Characters 6
2.1.1 Phonological Structure of Chinese 6
2.1.2 Orthography of Chinese 7
2.1.2.1 Strokes 8
2.1.2.2 Components 9
2.1.2.3 Structures 11
2.2 The Effects of Elements of Chinese Characters on Character Recognition 12
2.2.1 Effect of Stroke Counts 12
2.2.2 Effect of Components 13
2.2.3 Effect of Structures 15
2.2.4 Effect of Characters Frequency 21
2.2.5 Effect of Age 23
Chapter Three Methodology 26
3.1 Participants 26
3.2 Measurements 27
3.2.1 Character Similarity Judgment Test 27
3.2.2 The Chinese Character Reading Test 32
3.2.3 Symbol Search Test 33
3.3 Study Procedures 34
3.4 Data Analysis 35
Chapter Four Results 36
4.1 Results of the Character Similarity Judgment Test 36
4.2 Preferences in the Character Similarity Judgment Test for Seven Configurations of High and Low Frequency Characters 40
4.3 Preferences in the Character Similarity Judgment Test for High and Low Frequency Characters 51
4.4 Preferences in the Character Similarity Judgment Test for Seven Configurations 53
4.5 Investigation of Discriminabilities to the Preferences in Character Similarity Judgment 55
4.5.1 Discriminability of Age to the Preferences in Character Similarity Judgment 56
4.5.2 Discriminability of Vocabulary Size to the Preferences in Character Similarity Judgment 57
4.5.3 Discriminability of Speed of Symbol Search to the Preferences in Character Similarity Judgment 59
Chapter Five Discussion 62
5.1 Preferences in the Character Similarity Judgment among Four Graders 63
5.2 Preferences in the Character Similarity Judgment for High and Low Frequency Characters 64
5.3 Preferences in the Character Similarity Judgment for Seven Configurations of High and Low Frequency Characters 66
5.4 Discriminabilities of Age, Vocabulary Size, and Speed of Symbol Search to the Preferences in Character Similarity Judgment 69
Chapter Six Conclusion 71
6.1 Summary of the Findings 71
6.2 Limitations and Recommendations for Future Research 72
6.3 Pedagogical Implications 73

References 75

Appendices 82
Appendix A: Characters in Character Similarity Judgment Test 82
Appendix B: Answer Sheet 83
Appendix C: Letter of Consent 84
Appendix D: The Consent of The Chinese Character Reading Test 85
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