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研究生:邱耀勝
研究生(外文):Yau-ShengChiu
論文名稱:應用福衛二號高時空分辨率衛星影像進行高屏河口沖淡水團分類
論文名稱(外文):Classification of Gaoping River Plume Using Formosat-2 High-spatiotemporal Imagery
指導教授:劉正千劉正千引用關係
指導教授(外文):Cheng-Chien Liu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:地球科學系碩博士班
學門:自然科學學門
學類:地球科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:80
中文關鍵詞:福衛二號沖淡水團分類
外文關鍵詞:Formosat-2river plumeclassification
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  • 被引用被引用:0
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  • 下載下載:12
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
沖淡水團是陸源物質經由河川被輸送流入河口地區的區域,這些陸源物質包含了懸浮沉積物、有機物質及人為汙染物等,在河口生態系中扮演重要的角色。傳統上對沖淡水團的研究方式是透過不同船載平台觀測並採水樣分析,考慮到沖淡水團的動態變化,這種方法同時受到空間與時間領域上的限制,隨著過去數十年來科技的發展,從不同的太空平台進行觀測方式已經被廣泛使用於海洋學的研究,這些太空平台大多為水色衛星,但是沖淡水團的變化迅速,水色衛星資料的時間跟空間解析度不足以研究其動態變化,因此有一些研究嘗試利用高時空分辨率影像來進行研究,即使波段與頻譜解析度不足以應用於現存的海洋水色演算法。本研究中使用福衛二號高時空分辨率影像,對位於台灣西南(22.3°N and 120.25°E)的高屏河口沖淡水團進行監督式分類,簡單分成沖淡水團、其他水體與離岸水體三類並討論時空變化與相關因素。
The river plume is the region where terrigenous particles are transported by river flow and injected into estuary. These particles, including suspended sediment, organic and pollutants, play a significant role in estuarine ecosystem. The general approach to study the river plume is to take water samples and make observations from various ship-borne platforms. Considering the dynamics of river plumes, this approach is limited both in temporal and spatial domain. As technology advances in past few decades, observations made from various space-borne platforms have been widely used for oceanographic researches. The spatial and temporal resolutions of ocean color data, however, are insufficient for studying the dynamic changes of river plumes. Therefore, a few attempts have been made recently to employ the high-spatial-resolution images, even though their spectral bands and spectral resolution are not enough to apply the existing ocean color algorithms. In this study, we report the results of using Formosat-2 High-spatiotemporal Imagery to classify the Gaoping River Plume located in the south-western coast of Taiwan (22.3°N and 120.25°E).
摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 IX
第 1 章 前言 1
1.1 緣起 1
1.2 研究目的與策略 8
1.3 論文架構 8
第 2 章 研究材料 9
2.1 研究區域 9
2.2 福衛二號影像 13
2.3 觀測資料 15
2.3.1 高屏溪流域降雨量 18
2.3.2 高屏溪流量與含砂量 19
2.3.3 潮汐變化 22
第 3 章 研究方法 23
3.1 福衛二號影像處理 24
3.1.1 幾何修正 24
3.1.2 多期影像相對輻射校正 28
3.1.3 陸地與雲覆遮罩 32
3.2 沖淡水團分類 32
第 4 章 結果與討論 36
4.1 時空變化 37
4.1.1 季節變化 37
4.1.2 年間變化 37
4.2 降雨與流量影響 39
4.3 潮汐影響 44
第 5 章 結論與建議 46
5.1 結論 46
5.2 建議 46
參考文獻 47
附錄 50
附錄一 高屏河口2005年至2008年福衛二號影像列表 50
附錄二 高雄港潮位資料與潮汐判定結果 63
附錄三 綠光波段輻射強度與最大似然法分類結果 67

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