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研究生:杜佳勳
研究生(外文):Jia-XunDu
論文名稱:使用MPCVD嫁接CNT於活性碳纖維布上以提高其使用於超級電容器之功率
論文名稱(外文):CNT-grafted ACC electrode for enhanced power density
指導教授:丁志明丁志明引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jyh-Ming Ting
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:材料科學及工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:材料工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:73
中文關鍵詞:高功率超級電容器奈米碳管活性碳布電雙層電容器
外文關鍵詞:high power supercapacitorCNTsACCsEDLCs
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:215
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:26
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
於本研究中,我們使用Fe-Si催化劑於微波輔助化學氣相沉積(microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition, MPCVD)系統中於活性碳纖維布(activated carbon cloth, ACC)上成長奈米碳管(carbon nanotubes, CNTs)並應用於超級電容器之電極上。關於CNTs/ACCs電極之電容器效能,我們使用循環伏安法(cyclic voltammetry, CV)和電化學阻抗頻譜(electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, EIS)來進行調查,而其它電極性質則是使用掃描式電子顯微鏡(scanning electron microscopy, SEM)、穿透式電子顯微鏡(transmission electron microscopy, TEM)、拉曼光譜儀、氮氣等溫吸附和X光電子能譜儀(X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, XPS)來分別調查電極的表面形態、微結構、品質、比表面積和表面化學組成。在CV之結果中,因為CNTs提升了離子於電極內之擴散速率,故CNT-grafted ACC電極充份表現出高速充放電之能力。而Nyquist plot更發現CNTs能有效地消除電極與集電器之接觸電阻,因此提升了CNT-grafted ACC電極之功率密度。經由這些分析和cycle life測試,顯示CNT-grafted ACC為一個高功率和長使用壽命之電化學電容器,最大功率密度可達10 kW/kg,使用壽命至少20,000圈以上。
In this study, CNTs were grafted onto ACC by Fe-Si catalyst using MPCVD method and used in supercapacitor electrode. The obtained CNTs/ACCs electrodes were examined its electrochemical capacitive behavior by CV and EIS in 2 M H2SO4 solution. Other analysis such as SEM, TEM, Raman spectroscopy, N2 isothermal adsorption, XPS were also used for investigating morphology, microstructure, quality, specific surface area, surface chemical composition, respectively. The CV results show a CNTs/ACCs electrode without quickly fading because the CNTs promoted the ion migration rate along the CNTs. The Nyquist plot shows CNT-grafted ACC electrode has an intimate contact with current collector by CNT bridges resulting in a 0 contact resistance and therefore enhances the power density. An electric double layer capacitor (EDLC) with long cycle life and high power density were demonstrated.
摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝 III
目錄 IV
表目錄 VII
圖目錄 VIII
一、研究動機與目的 1
1.1 緒論 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 3
二、文獻回顧 5
2.1 超級電容器之儲能方式 5
2.2 碳材料應用於EDLCs 8
2.2.1 活性碳做為EDLCs之電極 8
2.2.2 碳管做為EDLCs之電極 10
2.3 電化學電容器之阻抗頻譜分析 13
2.4 高速充放電之EDLCs 16
2.4.1碳管做為添加劑 17
2.4.2直接成長CNTs 20
2.4.2.1降低內電阻 21
2.4.2.2.消除接觸電阻 22
2.5 EDLCs上之偽電容 26
三、實驗設備與方法 29
3.1 實驗流程圖 29
3.2 材料與試片製備 30
3.2.1 材料 30
3.2.2 濺鍍Fe-Si催化劑 30
3.2.3 MPCVD成長碳管 30
3.2.4 組裝二極式電化學電容器 31
3.3 分析方法 32
3.3.1 表面形貌及微結構分析 32
3.3.2 循環伏安法 33
3.3.3 電化學阻抗頻譜 34
3.3.4 氮氣等溫吸附 35
3.3.5 X光光電子光譜 36
3.3.6 拉曼光譜 37
四、結果與討論 39
4.1 材料分析 39
4.1.1 表面形態觀察及微結構 39
4.1.2 BET之結果 41
4.1.3 CNTs/ACCs之Raman分析 45
4.2 電化學分析 47
4.2.1 CNTs/ACCs之CV結果 47
4.2.2 CNTs/ACCs之XPS結果 50
4.2.3 電容值與掃描速率之關係 53
4.2.4 CNTs/ACCs的Nyquist plot 56
4.3 CNTs/ACCs之EDLCs效能和cycle life 60
五、結論 65
六、參考文獻 66


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