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研究生:楊哲嘉
研究生(外文):Chie-ChiaYoung
論文名稱:由脈聲儀數據利用逆歸圖示分析法探討人體疲勞狀態
論文名稱(外文):A Study of Human Fatigue State Based on an Audiocardiography System by Using Recurrence Plot Analysis
指導教授:尤芳忞
指導教授(外文):Fang-Min Yu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:航空太空工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:英文
論文頁數:76
中文關鍵詞:脈聲儀系統逆歸圖示法心跳變異率
外文關鍵詞:Audiocardiography systemrecurrence plotHRVRQA
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  • 被引用被引用:2
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脈聲儀系統是由血流動力學發展而來,利用微型麥克風偵測並記錄手腕橈動脈上的脈波訊號變化,此訊號包含了任何血流動力學中任何動態壓力變化的訊息,故使用脈聲儀作為訊號蒐集裝置。疲勞是一種由超時工作或環境壓力引起的生理狀態,會影響正常人體調節功能及心血管系統變化。本研究使用能量頻譜密度、潘凱圖及逆歸圖示法分析兩組受試者的疲勞狀況。第一組是長時間工作者,此組受試者為工時8到10小時的餐廳員工,結果顯示在工作後,其心跳變異律下降,副交感神經活躍;逆歸圖及其量化參數顯示心血管系統在工作前調節功能較好,在工作後則顯著下降。另一組是短時間工作者,此組受試者接受一為時60至75分鐘的駕駛測驗,能量頻譜密度顯示在駕駛時,受試者處於壓力狀態,交感神經活躍;逆歸圖示法及其量化參數顯示在試驗時心跳變異律提高、心血管系統處於面臨壓力的高度調節狀態。
The Audiocardiography system is developed from hemodynamics theory. It measuring and recording the pulse wave on the wrist artery which contains various cardiovascular system information. Human fatigue is a physiological condition, which due to over time work or stressful environment. At fatigue state, the physiological adjustment changes which cause a variation to the cardiovascular system. Recurrence plot analysis is a powerful method to analyze non-linear dynamic system and to observe hidden characters. This research collects data through an non-invasive audiocardiography system proposed by Dr. Yu. In this thesis, data from two groups of participants are collected and PSD, Poincare’ plot and recurrence plot is adopted to analyze fatigue. Group one is long-term working type from restaurant workers with 16 participants all experience 8 to 10 hour of work. The analysis result shows that that HRV is lower and parasympathetic nerves are activated after work. Recurrence plot and its’ quantitative indexes show that the adjustment function of cardiovascular is better before work and much worse after work. The other group is short-term working type from car drivers with 15 participants experience a 60 to 75 minutes driving task though a particular route. The PSD shows that the diners are at a stressful state during the task. Recurrence plot and its’ quantitative plot shows that the HRV is higher and the cardiovascular is adjusting actively through the task.
中文摘要 II
Abstract III
誌謝 V
Contents VI
Table contents. IX
Figure contents X
Symbols XI
中文主文提要 XIV
第一章 緒論 XIV
第二章 理論分析 XVI
第三章 實驗設備、方法與步驟 XVII
第四章 結果與討論 XVIII
第五章 結論與建議 XIX
Chapter 1 introduction 1
1-1 Preface 1
1-2 Motivation 3
1-3 Introduction of HRV, Fatigue and QRA 5
1-3-1 Heart rate variability 5
1-3-2 Fatigue analysis 8
1-3-3 Introduction to recurrence plot analysis 9
Chapter 2 Theoretical Analysis 14
2-1 Heart structure and current conduction process 14
2-2 Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) 16
2-3 HRV analysis 18
2-3-1 Time domain analysis 18
2-3-2 Frequency domain analysis 20
2-3-3 Poincare’ plot non-linear analysis 23
2-4 Window technique 24
2-5 Recurrence plot analysis 26
2-5-1 Recurrence plot 26
2-5-2 Features 27
2-5-3 Embedding dimension 30
2-5-4 Time delay 30
2-5-5 Threshold 31
2-5-6 Recurrence quantification analysis 32
Chapter 3 Experiment Devices, Methods and Procedures 34
3-1 Experiment devices 34
3-2 Experimental methods and procedures 36
3-2-1 Study fatigue from restaurant workers 37
3-2-2 Study fatigue from car drivers 38
3-3 Validation of condenser microphone 39
Chapter 4 Results and Discussion 41
4-1 Validation of microphone frequency response 41
4-2 Fatigue analysis of restaurant workers 42
4-3 Analysis of fatigue drive 43
Chapter 5 Conclusion and Recommends 46
5-1 Conclusion 46
5-2 Recommendation 47
References 48
Tables 54
Figures 57
自述 76

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