跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(3.236.23.193) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/07/26 07:44
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:馬映永
研究生(外文):BatmyagmarMyagmar
論文名稱:An Alternative Pricing Framework for the Mongolian Rail Network
論文名稱(外文):An Alternative Pricing Framework for the Mongolian Rail Network
指導教授:耶偉倫
指導教授(外文):Alan J. Webb
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:國際經營管理研究所碩士班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:英文
論文頁數:79
外文關鍵詞:Railway reformInfrastructure vertical separationInfrastructure charging price
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:49
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
This study examines the result of infrastructure vertical separation in Mongolian railway. Mongolian railway started railway reform it include a lot of steps with the aim of increase railway capacity and performance. One main step is to implement infrastructure vertical separation and to find out optimal Infrastructure charging price. We used secondary data from Ulaabaatar Railway and Authority of Mongolian railway from 2005 to 2011. In order to see the infrastructure vertical separation result we have chosen possible infrastructure charging price then forecasted necessarily variable until 2014 after that formulated LP model.
The results of this study suggest that, infrastructure vertical separation can increase the Mongolian railway capacity with less government cost compared with direct investment to UBR. Beginning of study we considered suitable infrastructure charging price important for private investment. The results also suggest that obligation level from government is another technique to promote private company investment in Mongolian case.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I
ABSTRACT II
TABLE OF CONTENTS III
LIST OF TABLES V
LIST OF FIGURES VII
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 8
1.1 Research Background. 8
1.1.1 General Condition of Economic and Transport of Mongolia. 8
1.1.2 Mongolian Railway. 11
1.1.3 Starting Rail Sector Reform. 13
1.1.4 Some Result of Reform. 14
1.2 Research Objectives. 16
1.3 Research Contribution. 17
CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW 18
2.1 Railway Reform and Vertical Separation. 18
2.2 Infrastructure Separation for Mongolian Railway. 21
2.3 Railway Infrastructure Charging Price Related Literatures. 23
2.4 Alternative Infrastructure Charging Price for Mongolian Railway. 28
2.5 Influencing Variables of the result. 31
CHAPTER THREE RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY 33
3.1 Introduction. 33
3.2 Mathematical Development of the Conceptual Framework. 35
3.3 Research Question. 40
3.4 Data Collection. 41
CHAPTER FOUR 42
DATA ANALYSIS 42
4.1 Introduction. 42
4.2 Data Collection. 42
4.2.1 Transported Production Data 42
4.2.2 UBR Cost Statement Data 47
4.2.3 Pricing Data Collection. 48
4.3 Forecasting 50
4.3.1 Moving Average 52
4.3.2 Weighted Moving Average 53
4.3.3 Exponential Smoothing 54
4.3.4 Least – Squares Method 56
4.4 Linear Programming 59
4.4.1 Linear Programming variables and constraints 59
4.4.2 Linear Programming in First Case 60
4.4.3 Linear Programming in Second Case 64
CHAPTER FIVE 69
CONCLUSIONS 69
5.1 Conclusions and discussion. 69
5.2 Limitation of Study and Future Work 73
REFERENCES 74
APPENDICES 76
Appendix 1: 76
Appendix 2: 78

Bitzan, J. D. (2003). Railroad costs and competition: The implications of introducing competition to railroad networks Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, 37(2), 201-255.
Borts, G. H. (1960). The estimation of rail cost functions. Econometrica, 28(1), 108-131.
Bouf, D., Crozet, Y., Guihery, L., & Peguy, P.-Y. (1999). Compared performance of railways companies in Europe. Paper presented at the Operating Railways for Traffic Growth and Profit. Proceedings of Seminar A, AET European Transport Conference.
Calvo, F., Ona, J. d., & Nash, A. (2007). Proposed infrastructure pricing methodology formixed-use rail networks. Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 9-16.
Caves, D. W., Christensen, L. R., & Tretheway, M. W. (1980). Flexible cost functions for multiproduct firms. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 62(3), 477-481.
Caves, D. W., Christnesen, L. R., & Tretheway, M. W. (1980). Flexible cost functions for multiproduct firm. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 62(3), 477-481.
Charney, A. H., Sidhu, N. D., & Due, J. F. (1977). Short run cost functions for class II railroads. Logistics and Transportation Review, 13(4), 345-359.
Drew, J., & Nash, C. A. (2011). Vertical separation of railway infrastructure - does it always make sense? Retrieved March 12, 2012. from http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/.
European Commission. (2003). Calculating transport infrastructure costs. Retrieved February 20, 2012. from ec.europa.eu/transport/infrastructure/doc/infrastr-cost.pdf.
Friendlaender, A. F., & Spady, R. H. (1981). Freight transport regulation: Equity, efficiency and competition in the rail and trucking industries. London: The MIT press.
Griliches, Z. (1972). Cost allocation in railroad regulation. The Bell Journal of Economics and Management Science, 3(1), 26-41.
Harris, R. G. (1977). Economies of traffic density in the rail freight industry. The Bell Journal of Economics and Management Science, 8(2), 556-564.
Ivaldi, M., & Cullough, G. J. M. (2004). Density and integration effects on class I US freight railroads. Journal of Regulatory Economics, 19(2), 161-182.
Keeler, T. (1974). Railroad costs, returns to scale, and excess capacity. Review of Economics and Statistics, 56(2), 201-208.
Macário, R., Teixeira, P., & Rothengatter, W. (2010). Deploying business logic for railway infrastructure charging. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2159(2010), 44-51.
Merkert, R., Smith, A., & Nash, C. (2010). Benchmarking of train operating firms - a transaction cost efficiency analysis. Transportation Planning and Technology, 33(1), 35-53.
National Statistical Office of Mogolia (2008). Mongolian statistical yearbook 2008. Ulaanbaatar.
National Statistical Office of Mogolia (2011). Monthly news. Retrieved January 18, 2012. from http://www.nso.mn/v3/.
Nash, C. (2003). UNITE (UNIfication of accounts and marginal costs for Transport Efficiency). Leeds: Funded by the European Commission 5th Framework Programme, Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds,o. Document Number)
Nash, C., Matthews, B., Link, H., P.Bonsall, Lindberg, G., Voorde, E. v. d., et al. (2008). Policy conclusions. GRACE (Generalisation of Research on Accounts and Cost Estimation) Deliverable 10. Retrieved February 10, 2012. from www.transport-research.info › Projects & Analysis.
Nash, C., & Sansom, T. (2001). Pricing European transport systems: Recent developments and evidence from case studies. Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, 35(3), 363-380.
Nash, C., & Toner, M. (1998). Background notes o. Document Number)
Pietrantonio, L. D., & Pelkmans, J. (2004). The economics of EU railway reform o. Document Number 13
Pittman, R. A. (2003). A Note on non-discriminatory access to railroad infrastructure: Department of Justice Antitrust Division. Economic Analysis
Groupo. Document Number)
Railway, U. (2009). Finantiol statement of UBR. Ulaanbaataro. Document Number 1
Railway, U. (2011). Finantiol statement of UBR. Ulaanbaataro. Document Number 3
Render, B., Ralph M. Stair, J., & Hanna, M. E. (2009). Quantitative analysis for management (10th ed.): Pearson international edition.
Rivera-Trujillo, C. (2004). Measuring the productivity and efficiency of railways (An International Comparison). Unpublished, Leeds.
Simple trans. (2010). Mongolian railway route map.
Thomas, J., Dionori, F., & Foster, A. (2003). EU Task force on rail infrastructure charging: Summary findings on best practice in marginal cost pricing. European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research, 3(4), 415-431.
Tsionas, E. G., Baltas, N. C., & Chionis, D. P. (2010). Rail infrastructure charging in Hellenic railways. Journal of Policy Modeling, 33(2011), 370-380.
W.Caves, D., Christnesen, L. R., & Tretheway, M. W. (1980). Flexible cost functions for multiproduct firm. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 62(3), 477-481.
World Bank. (2010). GDP of Mongolia. Retrieved January 13, 2012. from http://www.google.com/publicdata/explore?ds=d5bncppjof8f9_&met_y=ny_gdp_mktp_cd&idim=country:MNG&dl=en&hl=en&q=gdp+of+mongolia.
World Bank. (2011). Railway reform: Toolkit for improving rail sector performance. Retrieved January 13, 2012. from web.worldbank.org.

QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top