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研究生:楊士杰
研究生(外文):Shih-JieYang
論文名稱:應用進化演算法於線性天線陣列之最佳化設計
論文名稱(外文):Application of Evolutionary Algorithms to the Optimum Design of Linear Antenna Arrays
指導教授:李坤洲李坤洲引用關係
指導教授(外文):Kun-Chou Lee
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:系統及船舶機電工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:84
中文關鍵詞:進化演算法線性天線陣列最佳化波束寬度
外文關鍵詞:Evolutionary algorithmsLinear antenna arraysOptimizationBeam-width
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
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天線陣列是一組發射與接收單元組成的天線系統,無線通訊的發射與接收都必須依靠它,故它為實現無線通訊的最基本工具。在佈設無線通訊的天線陣列時,經常需要作通訊天線陣列最佳化,使副波瓣的輻射場型被壓制到最低,以減少接收干擾訊號的機會。本論文依據天線陣列之特性,對於天線陣列的波束與場型進行研究,探討陣列波束形成,與場型函數中的各參數(如天線陣列元素位置、激發權重)對天線輻射場型圖的影響,改變參數可讓天線陣列的輻射場型產生改變,以便接收來自四面八方不同角度的訊號來完成場型分集。最後再進一步探討如何將天線陣列輻射場型作最佳化,提高陣列增益,降低副波瓣對通訊之影響。
本論文首先對天線陣列進行解析,再使用進化演算法,透過不同的參數調整方式,對天線輻射場型圖進行最佳化設計。本論文所採用的進化演算法包括單粒子的爬山演算法、眾所皆知的粒子群演算法、以及相似基因演算法聞名的差分演算法與增加更新策略的差分演算法。本論文所指的天線陣列最佳化,是要儘量將陣列輻射場型的副波瓣壓制到最低,同時限制半功率波束寬度,以提高波束圖的解析度與指向性,並透過疊代找出最佳的天線陣列元素之位置與激發權重。透過各章的模擬結果可知,本論文採用的進化演算法,能有效的找出此問題的全域解,降低落入區域解的可能性,適用於解決天線陣列問題。本論文成功的運用進化演算法去搜尋天線陣列最佳化位置與權重,所建立的最佳化流程,亦可被推廣到其它工程問題的非線性最佳化。

An antenna array is a system that contains many transmitting or receiving elements. It is a fundamental tool for wireless communications. In building an antenna array, optimal design of array parameters is important. For example, degrading the side-lobe level can reduce the opportunity of receiving noises. This then motivates us to develop optimization flowchart for degrading the side-lobe level of an antenna array.
In this study, the global optimization of an antenna array is given by evolutionary algorithms. Initially, the characteristics of an antenna array are introduced in this study. Next, different types of evolutionary algorithms are utilized to calculate the optimum positions and weights of an antenna array under the constraint of given beam-width. The evolutionary algorithms utilized in this study include the Climbing Algorithm, the Particle Swarm Algorithm, the Differential Algorithm and the Differential Algorithm of Changing Strategy. Simulation results show that our optimization flowchart can successfully achieve optimum positions and weights for elements of an antenna array. Due to the use of evolutionary algorithms, the convergence in this study is nearly globally optimum, but not locally optimum. The flowchart of optimization established in this study can also be applied to many other nonlinear optimization problems in engineering.

摘要II
AbstractIII
誌謝IV
目錄V
表目錄VII
圖目錄VIII
符號X

第一章 緒論1
1-1 研究動機與目的1
1-2 文獻回顧2
1-3 研究貢獻3
1-4 論文架構4
第二章 線性天線陣列5
2-1 簡介5
2-2 陣列波束函數6
2-3 天線陣列8
第三章 應用爬山演算法於線性天線陣列15
3-1 簡介15
3-2 公式16
3-3 模擬17
3-4 結語18
第四章 應用粒子群演算法於線性天線陣列29
4-1 簡介29
4-2 公式30
4-3 模擬32
4-4 結語33
第五章 應用差分演算法於線性天線陣列45
5-1 簡介45
5-2 公式46
5-3 模擬48
5-4 結語49
第六章 應用ASDE演算法於線性天線陣列62
6-1簡介62
6-2公式63
6-3模擬65
6-4結語66
第七章 結論與未來展望76
7-1結論76
7-2未來展望76
參考文獻80


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