跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(18.205.192.201) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/08/06 04:50
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:史馬多
研究生(外文):Amado CerrudBarrios
論文名稱:應用船舶技術增加漁業的貢獻於巴拿馬經濟與就業
論文名稱(外文):The Application of Naval Techniques to Increase the Contribution of Fishery in the Economy and Employment of Panama
指導教授:黃正清黃正清引用關係楊世安楊世安引用關係
指導教授(外文):Cheng-Chin HuangCheng-Chin Huang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:系統及船舶機電工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:英文
論文頁數:177
外文關鍵詞:Naval TechniquesPanama FisheryFRP
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:121
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
Being Panama favored with geographical and natural resources for fishery;
due to lack of technique and technology it has not been exploited. With the
right technique, the amount of industrial vessels will be increased and with that
the production in the fishery industry. The proposed vessel is technology
sufficient at an accessible price. The material chosen for this research is FRP,
which proposes not only characteristics of considerable resistance but also easy
handling and elaboration. A detailed plan on procedures, equipment and
facilities is give. After the implementation of the research as foreseen results it
is expected to achieve an annual increase in employment of 4%, with the
increase of production, exports will rise leading to an increase of 3% in GDP.
Keywords: Naval Techniques, Panama Fishery, FRP
Acknowledgement………………………………….…………..I
Abstract………………………………………………………………...II
INDEX…………………………………………………………….…………..III
List of figures…...…………………………………………XI
List of graphs…..………………………………………………XIII
1. Introduction………………………………... …………1
1.1 Related Market Analysis of Panama…………………………….…….1
1.1.1 Current Economy…………………………………….…………1
1.1.2 Fishery Data…………………………………………….…........4
1.1.3 Present Structure of the Fishery Sector……….……………..….9
1.1.3.1Industrial Fishery……….……………………………….11
1. 1.3.1.1 Shrimp Fishery……….…………………...…….12
1. 1.3.2 Anchovy and Herrings……….…………….…….…….13
1. 1.3.3 Craftsmanship Fishery ……….………………….…….14
1. 1.3.4 International waters Fishery……….…………..………15
1.2 Top landing sites……………………………………………….……..16
1.3 Usage and Consumption of the Product……………………….……..19
1.4 Why the need of the Research……………………………….……….21
1.5 Why currently Panama does not have shipyards for the construction of vessels? ……………………………………..……..…………….……….22
1.5.1 Technique………………………..……..…………….……..…23
1.5.2 Few companies and excess of repairing work………………...24
1.6 Foreseen impact of the project in the current economy of Panama….24
2. Procedures to establish a shipyard…………………………....……..……31
2.1 Definitions………………………..……………………………………31
2.2 Shipyard Certification………………………..……..…………………32
2.3 Environmental Requirements………………………………………...33
2.4 Safety conditions………………………..……..………………………34
2.5 Maritime concessions………………………..……..………….………35
2.5.1 General terms and conditions………………………….………37
2.5.2 Application and processing………………………..……..……38
2.5.3 Ways of losing the concession…………………………..…….41
2.5.4 Rent and fees…………………..………………………………42
2.6 Creating a company…………………..………………………………43
2.6.1 Deed of a company…………………..……..…………………45
2.6.2 Establishment of the company…………………..……..……...45
2.6.3 Inscription in the registry of commerce…………………..…...46
2.6.4 Unique tributary identity…………………..……..……………46
2.7 Change of land use application…………………..……..……………47
2.7.1 Certificate of preliminary information…………………..…….48
2.8 Location permit…………………..……..……………………………49
2.8.1 Requirements…………………..……..……………………….50
2.8.2 Technical qualification…………………..……..……………...51
2.9 Municipal Building Permit…………………..……..………………...53
2.10 Health report…………………..……..……………………………...54
2.10.1 Activity, process and establishment…………………..……...55
2.10.2 Sanitary facilities…………………..……..………………….56
2.10.3 Energy Facilities…………………..…………………………56
2.10.4 Steam equipment, hot water and lionizing radiation………...56
2.10.5 Qualified operators…………………..……..………………...57
2.10.6 Health and safety organization…………………..………...…57
2.11 Municipal patent…………………..……..………………………….58
3. General consideration to take into account to build a shipyard…………….60
3.1 Shipyard proposal…………………..……..………………………….60
3.2 Ramp building……………………...……..………………………….60
3.3 Grounding system…………………………………………...……….65
3.4 Winches……………………...…………....………………………….68
3.5 Lifting system……………………...………...……………………….69
3.6 Surface treatment……………………...………..…………………….72
3.7 Welding and plates cutting……………………..…………………….72
3.8 Area distribution…………………………..………………………….73
3.9 Safety conditions……………………...…………………..………….77
3.10 ISO standards……………………...………………………….…….78
3.11 Estimated costs of the shipyard structure………….80
3.12 Geographical location………………………………………...…….81
4. Building Materials………………………………..…..…………………….82
4.1 Comparison of the materials for naval constructions….82
4.2 Advantages and disadvantages of the vessels constructed with FRP in comparison with other materials….…………………….84
4.2.1 Advantages……………………………..……………..……….85
4.2.2 Disadvantages……………………..………...………..……….85
4.3 Introduction of FRP……………………..………….………..……….86
4.4 Equipment and materials………………….…..……………..……….87
4.5 FRP resins……………………..……………………………..……….90
4.5.1 Disposition of laminating resins………………….…..……….91
4.5.2 Finishing film resin (gelcoat) ……………………..………….93
4.5.3 Caulk resin……………………………..……………..……….93
4.5.4 Catalysts and accelerators……………………...……..……….94
4.6 Handling and use of FRP……………………..……………..……….95
4.6.1 Mixing of resing and gelcoat……………………..……..…….95
4.6.2 Applying……………………..………………………..……….97
4.6.3 Preparation of the reinforcements………………...…..……….98
4.6.4 Laminating……………………..……………………..……….99
4.6.5 Curing stages……………………..………….………..……...102
4.6.6 Tools used in FRP molding……………………..………....…103
4.6.7 Perforating……………………..………….…………….……104
4.6.8 Sawing……………………..…………………...……………104
4.6.9 Filing……………………..……………………….…..…...…105
4.6.10 Hammering…………………………...……………..……...105
4.6.11 Sanding……………………..………………………..…..…105
4.6.12 Effect of loads…………………….…….……………..……106
4.6.13 Cutting………………………………...……………….……106
4.6.14 Sealing edges…………………..……..…………….………106
4.7 FRP in tropics……………………………..…..………….....………107
4.7.1 Heat and humidity……………………..……………..………107
4.7.2 Adequate technology……………………..…………......……108
4.7.3 Workforce, skills and training……………………......………109
4.8 General Precautions………………….………..……………….……111
4.8.1 Fire hazards………………………….....……………..…...…111
4.8.2 Health risks………………………….....……………..………111
4.8.3 Delivery and storage……………………..…………..………112
4.8.3.1 Resins……………………….…..……………….…….112
4.8.3.2 Reinforcements……………………..……….....…..….114
5. Planning and construction of the proposed vessel……….115
5.1 Construction methods…………………..……………...….....…..….115
5.1.1 Single laminate…………………..……………...….....…..….115
5.1.2 Dual laminate construction…………………..……….…..….116
5.1.3 Production methods…………………..…………….....…..….118
5.1.3.1 Laminate by spraying…………………..……...…..….118
5.2 Design and construction considerations…………………..……..….119
5.2.1 Choosing an appropriate design…………………..……….....119
5.2.2 Choosing a construction method…………………..….…..….120
5.2.3 Structural and design requirements…………………..…...….121
5.2.4 Constructive details for a simple lamination………...125
5.2.4.1 Keels and areas that require reinforcement………..….126
5.2.4.2 Framings and stiffening sections…………………..….126
5.2.4.3 Bulkhead…………………………………….....…..….128
5.2.4.4 Decks and structures…………………..……….....…...130
5.2.4.5 Bonding between hull and deck………………….…...131
5.2.4.6 Fuel and water tanks …………………..………......….134
5.2.5 Conection and fasteners…………………..…….….....…..….135
5.2.5.1 Joints…………………..…………………….....…..….135
5.2.5.2 Metallic fasteners…………………..……….....…..….138
5.2.6 Joint to a different material other than FRP……….140
5.2.6.1 Junction with wood…………………..……….…....….140
5.2.6.2 Joint to a metal…………………..……….....……...….140
5.2.6.3 Other materials…………………..……….….....….….141
5.3 Plan of construction……………………………....……….....…..….141
5.3.1 Generalities…………………..……....................…..….141
5.3.2 Selection of the design, material and team……….….143
5.3.3 Problems with foreign exchangers…………………....…..….146
5.4 Technical specifications of the proposed project………….147
5.4.1 Generalities…………………………………………...…..….147
5.4.1.1 Description………………………………….....…..….147
5.4.1.2 Distribution………………...........…..….147
5.4.1.3 Drawings…………...............…..….147
5.4.1.4 Dimensions………………….….147
5.4.1.5 Quality and supervision……………….….148
5.4.1.6 Certificates…………148
5.4.1.7 Stability………….….148
5.4.1.8 Proof…………………....148
5.4.2 Construction details..…..….149
5.4.2.1 Hull………………..…..….149
5.4.2.2 Deck………………...…..….152
5.4.2.3 Gunwales…………………..….152
5.4.3 Equipment………….….152
5.4.3.1 Cover for the crew………………..….152
5.4.3.2 Fish storage……………….....…..….153
5.4.3.3 Engine room……………..….153
5.4.4 Main engine………………........…..….154
5.4.4.1 Main engine propulsion system……………….............154
5.4.4.2 Stern gear…………………………………..….............154
5.4.4.3 Instruments and alarms………………............154
5.4.4.4 Power take-of……………………...…….…….............155
5.4.4.5 Fuel system……………………………...…….............155
5.4.4.6 Exhaust system………………………….…….............155
5.4.4.7 Cooling system………………………….…….............155
5.4.4.8 Controls………………………….…………................156
5.4.5 Steering………………………….…………...................156
5.4.5.1 Rudder gear………………………….……………......156
5.4.6 Bilge and deck wash system……………………………......156
5.4.6.1 Bilge and deck wash………………………….….........156
5.4.6.2 Pipes……………………….…….………....................157
5.4.6.3 Hand Pumps……………………….…..…....................157
5.4.6.4 Auxiliary pump……………………….……….............157
5.4.7 Hydraulic system……………………….…….……...............157
5.4.7.1 Deck Machinery……………………….………...........157
5.4.7.2 Pumps and installation…………………………...........157
5.4.7.3 Piping………………………….…………....................157
5.4.8 Electrical system……………………….………….................158
5.4.8.1 General……………………….…………….................158
5.4.8.2 Cables and wires……………………….………….......158
5.4.8.3 Main board……………………….…………................158
5.4.8.4 Batteries…………………………………….................158
5.4.8.5 Switches…………………...…….………….................158
5.4.8.6 Lights……………………….……...……….................158
5.4.8.7 Electronics……………………….…………................159
5.4.9 Drinking water……………………….……………................159
5.4.10 Lifesaving equipment……………………….………............159
5.4.11 Firefighting equipment……………………….…………......160
5.4.12 Miscellaneous equipment……………………….………......160
5.4.13 Painting the hull and deck……………………….…….........160
6. Conclusion………………………………………………….…………......161
References...……………………..……………..…………….…………........164
Appendix 1: Scantling……………………….……………………..……......165
Appendix 2: Drawings……………………….……………………..……......177

1.Dirección General del Territorio Marítimo y de Marina Mercante. Boletín marítimo estadístico año 2003.

2Gerald L. Steele. Fiber GlassProjects and Procesures 黃正清. 漁船與船藝.

3Rules and Regulations for the Construction and Classification of Ships of Fibreglass Reinforced Plastics. China. China Corporation Register of Shipping.

4Terzaghi, Kart, Mecánica de suelos en la ingeniería práctica, 1973.

5Fishing Boat Construction: Building a fibreglass fishing boat. FAO

6Gestion y Propuesta en la instalacion de un astillero. Daniel Elias Valenzuela.

7Principles of Naval Architecture Second Revision. Edward Lewis. 1988.

8Fishery Country Profile. Food and agriculture organization of the united nations. 2007.


連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top