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研究生:陳瑾霙
研究生(外文):Chin-YingChen
論文名稱:不同都市型態之緊湊程度對交通耗能影響分析
論文名稱(外文):Identification of Urban Compactness Effects on Transportation Energy Consumption among Different Urban Forms
指導教授:張學聖張學聖引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hsueh-Sheng Chang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:都市計劃學系碩博士班
學門:建築及都市規劃學門
學類:都市規劃學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:96
中文關鍵詞:都市型態緊湊都市能源消耗
外文關鍵詞:Urban FormCompact CityEnergy Consumption
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近年來人類對於能源需求的增加,未來恐造成能源枯竭之危機發生,由於台灣自產能源相當有限,隨著能源需求越來越大,對能源危機之議題探討,已成為各個領域相當重要之議題之一。相較於其他領域,在都市計畫領域而言,試圖從都市型態規劃及管理上,渴求達到能源消耗之最小值。各種都市型態規劃策略中,又以緊湊都市型態在高密度及混合使用下可節省能源,但近來有研究指出,緊湊都市若過度密集,會導致擁擠現象產生交通耗能,然由於不同都市有不同特性,有可能因不同都市型態變數,影響了都市緊湊程度跟能源消耗間之關係,因此本研究試圖以不同都市型態變數來找尋影響都市耗能之因素。為減少都市間之異質性,本研究先用集群分析法將同性質的都市歸類,最後再依各類型都市分別以曲線估計法探討其緊湊程度與交通耗能間的影響關係。
實證結果發現在不同都市規模及就業結構下之都市型態中,緊湊程度對交通耗能之影響即不同。在大規模都市,緊湊程度對交通耗能有顯著關係影響;在小規模都市則無顯著關係。在不同都市就業結構下,以三級產業就業人口比例或二級產業就業人口比例為主之都市中,緊湊程度對交通耗能有顯著關係影響;二三級產業就業人口比例相當或無明顯差距之情況下,緊湊程度對交通耗能則無顯著關係。
綜合以上,顯示當一都市要從都市計畫面向擬定節能之規劃時,並不能一味增加都市緊湊程度,更需要依據都市型態之不同,會影響都市的空間型態,都市的空間型態繼而影響都市中之交通型態,因此產生不同類型的能源消耗類型。同時,越緊湊的情況下,若無法減少私人運具持有率,將會因擁擠現象產生導致交通耗能的增加。為規劃出真正的節能都市,應先對都市型態做整體性探討,評估是否適合緊湊都市規劃,或者依循緊湊都市規劃,再搭配適當的交通規劃,達到真正的省能。
In recent years the humanity to increase of energy need, feared causes crisis of the energy depletion to occur, was getting bigger and bigger along with the energy need, the energy subject became one of various domains quite important topics. In the urban planning field, in each kind of urban planning strategy, the compact city may save the energy under the high density centralism. But recently there is the research to point out that if excessively crowded, will create more energy consumption. However, the different cities will have the different characteristic and the possibility, because the different cities have different variables. It has affected compact city with the relations of energy consumption. Therefore, this research will attempt by the different urban form variables to pursue affects the factor of the urban energy consumption.
This study focused on the discussion relationship compact city and transportation energy consumption. Elements of the urban form also affect energy consumption. In order to reduce heterogeneity between cities, the study first cluster analysis to classify the same characteristics of the city. According to various urban forms explore the relationship between compactness and transportation energy consumption.
The results showed that in a different urban size and employment structure, that is, different compactness of the impact of transportation energy consumption. There is a significant relationship between compactness and urban transportation energy consumption in large-scale city; but no significant relationship in the small-scale city.
In different urban employment structure, population of the urban tertiary industry employment proportion or secondary industry employment proportion is the most. There is a significant relationship between compactness and transport energy consumption; if there is no significant between the tertiary industry employment proportion and secondary industry employment proportion, there would be no significant relationship compactness and transport energy consumption.
As city would make energy-saving plan, increasing urban compactness is useless. Different urban form urban area, population size, employment structure will influence spatial patterns. Urban spatial patterns affect the transportation patterns city, and result different energy consumption type. The same time, more compact, due to their inability to reduce private vehicle ownership, will lead more transportation energy consumption for congestion. For a real energy-saving city, planner should investigate urban form, and assess the suitability of compact city. Or follow the compact city plan, and then with the appropriate transportation planning to achieve a real energy-saving.
目錄
第一章 緒論1
第一節 研究動機與目的 1
第二節 研究範疇 3
第三節 研究流程與內容 4
第四節 研究方法 6

第二章 文獻回顧 7
第一節 緊湊都市 7
第二節 都市型態 16
第三節 緊湊都市及都市型態對交通耗能之影響 20

第三章 研究設計 30
第一節 研究架構 30
第二節 研究範圍界定、變數選取與資料來源 31
第三節 資料分析方法 37

第四章 臺灣地區都市發展現況分析 38
第一節 臺灣地區都市緊湊程度現況分析 38
第二節 臺灣地區交通能源消耗之現況分析 41
第三節 臺灣地區都市型態分析 43

第五章 實證研究 49
第一節 依都市人口規模分群模型校估與分析 49
第二節 依都市就業結構分群模型校估與分析 51
第三節 綜合比較分析 56

第六章 結論與建議 87
第一節 結論 87
第二節 建議與後續研究 89

參考文獻 91
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