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研究生:張學禮
研究生(外文):Hsueh-LiChang
論文名稱:政府健康支出成長與經濟成長的關係:以OECD國家為例
論文名稱(外文):The Effects of Increases in Government Health Expenditure on Economic Growth : Evidences from OECD Country Experiences
指導教授:王富美王富美引用關係
指導教授(外文):Fuh-Mei Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:經濟學系碩博士班
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:61
中文關鍵詞:健康支出經濟成長一般動差估計法
外文關鍵詞:health expenditureeconomic growthgeneralized method of moments
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本研究利用內生成長模型分析,探討政府的健康支出成長對於經濟成長之影響。再而,以經濟合作暨發展組織國家在1990年至2009年間的觀察值做為研究主體,採用固定效果模型、隨機效果模型以及系統性動差估計法進行驗證理論推論。發現:政府的健康支出增加對於經濟成長的影響存在一不確定之效果。可能原因為:政府的健康支出增加能提升生產力進而增加經濟成長率;然而稅收的課徵可能妨礙經濟成長,於是政府的健康支出增加對經濟成長的影響是不確定的。
Based on the endogenous growth theory, this paper investigates the effects of increases in government health expenditure on economic growth. Analytical results indicate that the effects of increases in health expenditure on economic growth are ambiguous. Applying the country experiences from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) over the period from 1990 to 2009, this research further conducts econometric estimations. Using the methods of fixed-effect model, random-effect model, and the system generalized method of moments (GMM), the empirical evidences verify the theoretical findings that the relationship between health spending and economic growth is nonlinear. Though increases in health spending lead to health improvement and higher productivity, they are associated with increases in tax collections as well as slower economic growth. The net effects are uncertain.
第一章 緒論1
第一節 研究動機與目的1
第二節 章節架構3
第二章 文獻回顧5
第一節 內生成長模型之相關文獻研究5
第二節 政府的建設性支出─國防支出對經濟成長的影響之相關文獻研究6
第三節 政府的建設性支出─教育支出對經濟成長的影響之相關文獻研究10
第四節 政府的建設性支出─健康支出對經濟成長的影響之相關文獻研究12
第五節 政府的消費性支出對經濟成長的影響之相關文獻研究14
第六節 貪汙對經濟成長的影響之相關文獻研究16
第三章 理論模型23
第一節 模型的基本設定23
第二節 最適決策25
第四章 實證方法28
第一節 固定效果模型28
第二節 隨機效果模型30
第三節 Hausman檢定31
第四節 一般動差估計法31
第五節 Sargan檢定與Arellano-Bond檢定33
第五章 實證分析結果34
第一節 變數介紹34
第二節 敘述統計37
第三節 固定效果模型之實證分析結果39
第四節 隨機效果模型之實證分析結果43
第五節 系統性動差估計法之實證分析結果45
第六節 實證分析結果之比較47
第六章 結論48
參考文獻49
附錄56
附錄一:OECD國家中英文名稱對照表56
附錄二:OECD國家依開發程度分類表57
附錄三:理論模型推導細節58
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